Greenup County, Kentucky

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Greenup County, Kentucky
Greenup County, Kentucky courthouse.jpg
Greenup County courthouse in Greenup, Kentucky
Map of Kentucky highlighting Greenup County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1803
Named for Christopher Greenup
Seat Greenup
Largest city Flatwoods
Area
 • Total 354.51 sq mi (918 km2)
 • Land 346.11 sq mi (896 km2)
 • Water 8.41 sq mi (22 km2), 2.37%
Population
 • (2010) 36,910
 • Density 107/sq mi (41/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.tourgreenupcounty.com

Greenup County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 36,910.[1] The county was founded in 1803 and named in honor of Christopher Greenup.[2] Its county seat is Greenup.[3]

Greenup County is part of the Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), as well as the Charleston-Huntington-Ashland, WV-OH-KY Combined Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the MSA had a population of 287,702. New definitions from February 28, 2013 placed the population at 363,000.[4]

History[edit]

Greenup County was formed by an act of the General Assembly of Kentucky on December 12, 1803 from Mason County which covered the majority of eastern Kentucky at the time.

Three courthouses have served Greenup County.[5] The first courthouse, built of logs, was replaced by a brick structure in 1811.[6]

Notable natives[edit]

Greenup County natives of note include:

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 354.51 square miles (918.2 km2), of which 346.11 square miles (896.4 km2) (or 97.63%) is land and 8.41 square miles (21.8 km2) (or 2.37%) is water.[9]

Major highways[edit]

A view of the intersection of U.S. 23, KY 10, & Ohio SR 253 just after crossing the Jesse Stuart Memorial Bridge in Greenup

U.S. Highway 23 is the primary route for travel through Greenup County. It enters Greenup County at the southeastern most point and follows the Ohio River north along the eastern border passing through Russell, Flatwoods, Raceland, Wurtland, and Greenup. It then exits just west of South Shore crossing the Ohio River again via the U.S. Grant Bridge into Portsmouth, Ohio and continuing north towards Columbus, Ohio.

The AA Highway begins at U.S. Highway 23 and connects to U.S. Highway 52 via the Jesse Stuart Memorial Bridge. The AA Highway (also known as Route 10) runs west intersecting Route 7 and eventually exiting west into Lewis County. Since its completion in 1995, the AA Highway has allowed Northeastern Kentucky residents to more easily travel to Maysville, Kentucky as well as Northern Kentucky and Cincinnati, Ohio.

The northern terminus of the Industrial Parkway (Kentucky State Route 67) ends at U.S. Highway 23 at Wurtland. This highway serves to connect Wurtland and the surrounding towns of Greenup, Flatwoods and the unincorporated area of Argillite to the EastPark industrial park and Interstate 64 in Carter County.

Geographic Features[edit]

Like most eastern Kentucky counties, Greenup County is predominantly made up of rolling hills and valleys. The land in the Ohio River valley is generally flat and mostly populated by industry, commerce and residential development. Beyond this the land gives way to a series of hills and valleys that are representative of the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains and is relatively sparsely inhabited by farmers. Among these hills, popular fishing spots can be found among the Little Sandy River, Greenbo Lake, and Tygarts Creek. Greenup County's land is still predominantly covered by forest with minimal clear cutting of the old forests.

Greenup County's soil has long been supportive of a healthy agriculture and livestock industry. Traditionally, this has meant a sizeable tobacco base and cattle ranching, but in recent years, as traditional agriculture products have come under the dominance of agri-corporations, growth has been seen in non-traditional products such as American Quarter Horses, ostriches, and marijuana.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,369
1820 4,311 82.0%
1830 5,852 35.7%
1840 6,297 7.6%
1850 9,654 53.3%
1860 8,760 −9.3%
1870 11,463 30.9%
1880 13,371 16.6%
1890 11,911 −10.9%
1900 15,432 29.6%
1910 18,475 19.7%
1920 20,062 8.6%
1930 24,554 22.4%
1940 24,971 1.7%
1950 24,887 −0.3%
1960 29,238 17.5%
1970 33,192 13.5%
1980 39,132 17.9%
1990 36,742 −6.1%
2000 36,891 0.4%
2010 36,910 0.1%
Est. 2012 36,707 −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2012 Estimate[11]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 36,891 people, 14,536 households, and 11,032 families residing in the county. The population density was 107 per square mile (41 /km2). There were 15,977 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile (18 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.07% White, 0.57% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. 0.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,536 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.30% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.10% were non-families. 21.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 27.90% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,142, and the median income for a family was $38,928. Males had a median income of $35,475 versus $21,198 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,137. About 11.60% of families and 14.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.60% of those under age 18 and 9.90% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Education[edit]

Public school districts[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

Alcohol Sales[edit]

Greenup County is a limited dry county, meaning that sale of alcohol in the county is prohibited except in certain areas as voted on by the residents of the area. In the case of Greenup County, by the drink alcohol sales are permitted in two areas:

  • Restaurants in the city of Russell which seat at least 100 diners and derive at least 70% of their total sales from food.
  • The Bellefonte Country Club in the city of Bellefonte allows alcohol sales under a provision that allows voters of an otherwise dry precinct to allow alcohol sales at a specific, voter approved, USGA regulation golf course.[13]

A special election occurred in Greenup County on January 22, 2013 to decide if the county would remain limited dry or become wet, based on a wet/dry petition that was presented in late 2012. The ballot question to go wet was defeated by a vote of 4,872 to 3,830.[14] As the residents voted down the petition to go wet, according to KRS 232.030(5), another petition cannot be presented to Greenup County voters until January 2016.[15] This election did not effect the previous elections in Russell and Bellefonte and their limited status remains unchanged.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.kyenc.org/entry/g/GREEN06.html
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Population statistics". 
  5. ^ Hogan, Roseann Reinemuth (1992). "Kentucky Ancestry: A Guide to Genealogical and Historical Research". Ancestry Publishing. p. 243. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  6. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1996). "The WPA Guide to Kentucky". University Press of Kentucky. p. 234. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  7. ^ http://www.pulitzer.org/awards/1978
  8. ^ http://www.uky.edu/CommInfoStudies/IRJCI/RichWhitt.htm
  9. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 1, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 1, 2013. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ Wet and Dry Counties in Kentucky as of 7/12/2010
  14. ^ Greenup County Votes to Stay Dry
  15. ^ KRS 232.030 Date of local option election.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°32′N 82°55′W / 38.54°N 82.92°W / 38.54; -82.92