Louisa, Kentucky

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City of Louisa, Kentucky
City
Main Street
Main Street
Nickname(s): "Gem of the Big Sandy"
Location of Louisa, Kentucky
Location of Louisa, Kentucky
Coordinates: 38°6′43″N 82°36′21″W / 38.11194°N 82.60583°W / 38.11194; -82.60583Coordinates: 38°6′43″N 82°36′21″W / 38.11194°N 82.60583°W / 38.11194; -82.60583
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Lawrence
Established December 11, 1822
Incorporated 1869
Government
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Mayor Teddy Preston
Area
 • Total 1.4 sq mi (3.6 km2)
 • Land 1.3 sq mi (3.5 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 584 ft (178 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,467
 • Density 1,762.1/sq mi (685.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 41201, 41230
Area code(s) 606
FIPS code 21-47854
GNIS feature ID 0497204
Website www.cityoflouisa.com

Louisa is a 5th-class city located at the merger of the Levisa and Tug Forks into the Big Sandy River. It is located in Lawrence County, Kentucky, in the United States and is the seat of its county.[1] The population was 2,467 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The origin of the city's name is unclear. Theories include that it was named for Louisa County, Virginia, or a corruption of the name of the Levisa or that it was named after Louisa Swetnam, one of the first children born in the area to Europeans. The Levisa Fork was originally written and spoken as the "Louisa Fork" which is the likely origin of the name. Explorer Dr. Thomas Walker named the river after a family member. An 1856 map still shows the river under the name "Louisa." Settlement attempts began as early as 1790 but did not take hold until 1818. Louisa became the county seat in 1822 and a city in 1823.

During the Civil War, Union troops under future president James A. Garfield occupied the city from December 1861 until the end of the war, despite several Confederate takeover attempts.

General view of the needle dam and lock as originally built in 1896 at Louisa

The Chattaroi Railroad (now a part of CSX) connected to Louisa in 1881. The city is also served by US 23. The first needle dam constructed in the United States was completed just north of town in 1896.[2]

The city was home to Fred M. Vinson, the 13th Chief Justice of the United States, and to the York Brothers, a popular country music act of the 1940s and 1950s.[3]

Geography[edit]

Louisa is located at 38°6′43″N 82°36′21″W / 38.11194°N 82.60583°W / 38.11194; -82.60583 (38.112054, -82.605796).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.4 square miles (3.6 km²), of which 1.4 square miles (3.5 km²) is land and 0.04 square mile (0.1 km²) (2.17%) is water.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Louisa has a Humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[5]

Point of Interest[edit]

The bridge from Louisa, in eastern Lawrence County, to Fort Gay, West Virginia is something of a geographic and architectural oddity. The quarter-mile concrete span spans two forks of the Big Sandy River, connects two states and has a right turn at its halfway point, which connects traffic to the Point Section neighborhood of Louisa.

Culture[edit]

Every second weekend in September, Louisa hosts the regional Septemberfest that features several local and national acts performing for three days, as well as the huge arts and crafts section on the northwestern side of town and the many food vendors featuring Southeastern cuisine.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 255
1870 425 66.7%
1880 496 16.7%
1890 834 68.1%
1900 1,099 31.8%
1910 1,356 23.4%
1920 2,011 48.3%
1930 1,961 −2.5%
1940 2,023 3.2%
1950 2,015 −0.4%
1960 2,071 2.8%
1970 1,781 −14.0%
1980 1,832 2.9%
1990 1,990 8.6%
2000 2,018 1.4%
2010 2,467 22.2%
Est. 2013 2,482 [6] 0.6%
U.S. Census Bureau[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 2,018 people, 927 households, and 548 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,496.2 people per square mile (577.2/km²). There were 1,065 housing units at an average density of 789.6 per square mile (304.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.61% White, 0.50% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.05% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.20% of the population.

There were 927 households out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.8% were non-families. 38.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 79.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $16,690, and the median income for a family was $24,474. Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,746. About 27.5% of families and 32.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.9% of those under age 18 and 17.4% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Secondary Schools[edit]

Primary Schools[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ Thomas, B.F. & Watt, D.A. "The Improvement of Rivers: A Treatise on the Methods Employed For Improving Streams for Open Navigation, and for Navigation by Means of Locks and Dams", p. 563. 1913.
  3. ^ Bopping.org. "York Brothers".
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ Climate Summary for Lousia, Kentucky
  6. ^ Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 Population Estimates U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-05-23
  7. ^ http://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/decennial/ Retrieved on 2010-1-23
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]