Hazard, Kentucky

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Hazard
City
Hazardkentucky.jpg
Official seal of Hazard
Seal
Motto: Queen City of the Mountains
Location of Hazard, Kentucky
Location of Hazard, Kentucky
Coordinates: 37°14′55″N 083°11′42″W / 37.24861°N 83.19500°W / 37.24861; -83.19500Coordinates: 37°14′55″N 083°11′42″W / 37.24861°N 83.19500°W / 37.24861; -83.19500
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Perry
Incorporated April 30, 1884
Named for Cdre. Oliver Hazard Perry
Government
 • Mayor Nan Gorman[1]
 • City Manager Carlos Combs[2]
 • Assistant City Manager Paul Townes[2]
 • City Treasurer / Secretary to the Mayor Beverly Combs Maggard[2]
Area
 • Total 7.0 sq mi (18.2 km2)
 • Land 7.0 sq mi (18.2 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 928 ft (283 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,465
 • Density 637.9/sq mi (245.3/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 41701, 41702
Area code 606
FIPS code 21-35362
GNIS feature ID 0512617
Website cityofhazard.com

Hazard is a 3rd-class city in Perry County, Kentucky, in the United States. It is the seat of its county.[3] The population was 4,456 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Local landowner Elijah Combs Sr. laid out the town in 1824 as the planned seat of the newly established Perry County. Both the town and the county were named for Cdre. Oliver Hazard Perry, the hero of the 1813 Battle of Lake Erie in the War of 1812. The post office was initially known as Perry Court House but the name was officially changed to Hazard in 1854.[4] The city was formally incorporated by the state assembly in 1884.[5]

Coal miners' children cross a footbridge into Hazard, Kentucky, July 1940. Photograph by Marion Post Wolcott.

Long isolated by the surrounding mountains, Hazard was opened to the outside world by the arrival of the railroad in 1912. The only access to the valley had previously been 45 miles down the North Fork of the Kentucky River or a two-week trip over the surrounding mountains. The railroad brought boom times to the town, but the Great Depression saw prosperity end as quickly as it had begun.

The song "High Sheriff of Hazard" was written by Tom Paxton in reference to a coal miner's strike in 1964.

The CBS television series The Dukes of Hazzard got its name from Hazard, Kentucky. To avoid legal problems, the producers added an extra "Z" and set the show in a fictional county in Georgia. In 1981, several members of the show's cast – viz., Catherine Bach, James Best, Sorrell Booke, and Rick Hurst – visited Hazard during its Black Gold Festival.[6] Soon afterwards, the show's stars Tom Wopat and John Schneider made appearances in Hazard.

Although there has been a steady decline in Hazard's population since the 1950s, there have been numerous commercial and residential developments within the city. The city is also actively working on a downtown renaissance plan to rejuvenate its business district. Nonetheless, in July 1999, Hazard was the first stop on Pres. Bill Clinton's tour of poverty-stricken communities that had failed to share in the boom of the 1990s. Clinton's wife Hillary visited Hazard on November 2, 2008, at a political rally for Democratic U.S. Senate candidate Bruce Lunsford.[7][8]

Geography[edit]

Hazard is located at 37°15′21″N 83°11′37″W / 37.25583°N 83.19361°W / 37.25583; -83.19361 (37.255910, -83.193706)[9].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.0 square miles (18 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 537
1920 4,348 709.7%
1930 7,021 61.5%
1940 7,397 5.4%
1950 6,985 −5.6%
1960 5,958 −14.7%
1970 5,459 −8.4%
1980 5,371 −1.6%
1990 5,416 0.8%
2000 4,806 −11.3%
2010 4,456 −7.3%
U.S. Census Bureau[10]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 4,806 people, 1,946 households, and 1,266 families residing in the city. The population density was 684.6 people per square mile (264.3/km²). There were 2,291 housing units at an average density of 326.4 per square mile (126.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.26% White, 6.58% African American, 0.08% Native American, 2.06% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.46% of the population.

There were 1,946 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.9% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 85.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,690, and the median income for a family was $27,226. Males had a median income of $34,398 versus $22,386 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,782. About 30.9% of families and 30.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 44.3% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.

Schools[edit]

Media[edit]

The Mother Goose House in Hazard, Kentucky.

Television[edit]

Radio[edit]

Main Street

Newspapers[edit]

  • Hazard Herald

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hazard has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nan Gorman sworn in as Hazard mayor". Hazard Herald. 18 October 2010. Retrieved 19 October 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "City Managers, City of Hazard, KY". Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 134–135. Retrieved 28 Apr 2013. 
  5. ^ Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Hazard, Kentucky". Accessed 29 Jul 2013.
  6. ^ Hensley, Steve (2009-09-17). "A look back at the 1981 Black Gold Festival". WYMT-TV. Retrieved 2009-09-17. 
  7. ^ "Hillary makes pick in KY House speaker race?" Pol Watchers. Accessed 2 Nov 2008.
  8. ^ "Hillary Clinton Stumps For Bruce Lunsford". WYMT-TV. Accessed 2 Nov 2008.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ Census Bureau Retrieved on 2010-2-12
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ http://timesfreepress.com/news/2011/apr/29/q-justin-townes-earle/
  13. ^ Climate Summary for Hazard, Kentucky

External links[edit]