Henri Coandă International Airport

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Bucharest Henri Coandǎ International Airport
Aeroportul Internațional Henri Coandă
Bucharest airports logo.png
Henri Coandă International Airport, March 2013.jpg
IATA: OTPICAO: LROP
Summary
Airport type Public/Military
Operator The National Company "Bucharest Airports" S.A.
Serves Bucharest, Romania
Location Otopeni
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 314 ft / 96 m
Coordinates 44°34′16″N 026°05′06″E / 44.57111°N 26.08500°E / 44.57111; 26.08500Coordinates: 44°34′16″N 026°05′06″E / 44.57111°N 26.08500°E / 44.57111; 26.08500
Website bucharestairports.ro
Map
OTP is located in Romania
OTP
OTP
Location within Romania
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08R/26L 3,500 11,484 Asphalt
08L/26R 3,500 11,484 Asphalt
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H1 3.5 11 Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 7,643,467
Aircraft movements 106,159
Source: Romanian AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]

Henri Coandă International Airport (Romanian: Aeroportul Internațional Henri Coandă) (IATA: OTPICAO: LROP) is Romania's busiest international airport, located 16.5 km (10.3 mi) northwest of the city of Bucharest, within Otopeni city limits.[1] One of two airports serving the capital, the other being Băneasa, it is named after Romanian flight pioneer Henri Coandă, builder of Coandă-1910 aircraft and discoverer of the Coandă effect of fluidics. Until May 2004, the official name was Bucharest Otopeni International Airport (Romanian: Aeroportul Internațional București Otopeni), which remains the name by which it is generally known. The military section of the airport is used by the 90th Airlift Flotilla of the Romanian Air Force.

Henri Coandă International Airport serves as headquarters for TAROM, the country's national airline, and Țiriac Air.[2][3] It also serves as a base of operations for charter or low-cost airlines Air Bucharest, Blue Air and Wizz Air. It is managed by The National Company Bucharest Airports S.A. (Compania Națională Aeroporturi București S.A.).[4]

History[edit]

Arrivals Hall

During World War II, the airport in Otopeni was used as an airbase by the German air force. Up to 1965, it was restricted for military use and was one of the major bases of the Romanian Air Force, with a runway of 1,200 metres (3,900 ft). Băneasa Airport was the only airport that Bucharest used for commercial flights. In 1965, with the growth of air traffic, a new commercial airport was constructed in the settlement of Otopeni, where the military air base used to be. The runway was modernised and extended up to 3,500 metres (11,500 ft), making it one of the longest in Europe at that time.[5]

In August 1969, when President Nixon of the United States visited Romania, a VIP lounge was inaugurated. A new passenger terminal (designed by Cezar Lăzărescu), with a capacity of 1,200,000 passengers per year, was opened on 13 April 1970, for domestic and international flights.[5] The airport slowly became more and more used by airlines, with a growing number of passengers. In 1986, it entered a new phase of development. A second 3500-metre runway was constructed, as well as related taxiways. The airport lighting system was improved and the capacity was increased to 35 airport movements per hour.[5]

In 1992, Otopeni Airport became a regular member of Airports Council International (ACI). In the same year a long-term, multi-stage upgrade plan was devised, anticipating a sharp increase in traffic as traveling restrictions to and from Romania were lifted.

The first stage of the plan (Phase I), taking place between 1994 and 1998, involved the construction a new departures terminal and of a new airside concourse with five jetways and nine gates (referred to as 'the Finger') as well as the extension of airport ramps and of their associated taxiways.[6]

The second phase (labeled Phase II/IIe) of the plan led to the construction of a terminal dedicated to domestic flights and of a multi-story car park (2003), the complete overhaul of the control tower (between 2005–2007) as well as the transformation of the old terminal building in a dedicated arrivals hall (in 2000). During the same phase, two high-speed taxiways (Oscar and Victor) were constructed. Phase II was completed in 2007.[6]

The third stage of the plan (Phase III), started in 2009, involves the extension of the airside concourse ('the Finger') with 15 new gates (of which nine jetways), as well as the expansion of Departure Hall (eight new gates) and Arrivals Hall. The airside concourse, designed by Studio Capelli Architettura & Associati, was inaugurated on 29 March 2011.[6][7] It was followed, in November 2012, by the extension of the Departure Hall.[8]

The airport has ILS CAT III A status on runway 08L, CAT III B on runway 08R, and CAT II on runways 26L and 26R.[9]

Current and future development[edit]

The airport is undertaking Phase III of its development program, a €150 million investment, which consist of the expansion of Departure Hall, Arrivals Hall and the concourse. At the end of this phase, the terminal will have a processing capacity of 4,500 passengers per hour,[10] and capacity is expected to rise to 6 million passengers annually on domestic and international routes.[11]

Beyond Phase III, a new terminal building (Henri Coandă 2), at the eastern end of the current location is envisaged. Henri Coandă 2 will be of a modular design, consisting of four separate buildings, each capable of handling 5 million passengers annually. Each module will be built as traffic demands dictate. Thus, by 2023, Terminal 2 alone should be able to handle the 20 million passengers per year indicated by estimates. The terminal will be directly connected to A3 motorway, to the railway system, and to the Bucharest Metro system as Bucharest Metro Line M6.[12]

Terminals[edit]

The airport's facilities consist of a single terminal with two main buildings (occasionally considered to be separate terminals). These buildings are the Departures Hall (formerly known as International Departures Hall) and the Arrivals Hall (formerly known as International Arrivals/Domestic Hall).[13] A walkway with shops connects the buildings. The airside concourse (the so-called finger terminal) is organized in two (Schengen/non-Schengen) passengers transit flows.[14]

The airport has 32 gates (of which 14 equipped with jetways).[8]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Bucharest Otopeni Airport is TAROM's main base.
Bucharest Otopeni Airport new extended finger terminal.
Air France at Bucharest Otopeni Airport
Wizz Air at Bucharest Otopeni Departures terminal
Lufthansa at Bucharest Otopeni Airport

Passenger scheduled flights[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air Moldova Chișinău
Air Serbia Belgrade
airBaltic Riga (begins 3 June 2014)[15]
Alitalia Milan-Linate, Rome-Fiumicino
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna
Blue Air Barcelona, Beauvais, Bergamo, Bologna, Brussels, Catania, Cologne/Bonn (begins 16 June 2014), Dublin, Larnaca, London-Luton, Madrid, Málaga, Naples, Nice, Rome-Fiumicino, Stuttgart, Valencia
British Airways London-Heathrow
Czech Airlines Prague
easyJet London-Gatwick
El Al Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
flydubai Dubai
Fly Romania
operated by Ten Airways
Genoa (begins 17 May 2014), Hahn (begins 2 June 2014), Palermo (begins 8 May 2014), Reus (begins 2 June 2014), Timişoara (begins 15 May 2014), Tulcea (begins 16 May 2014), Verona (begins 15 May 2014)
Germanwings
operated by Eurowings
Düsseldorf (begins 1 June 2014)
KLM Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Eurowings
Düsseldorf (ends 31 May 2014)
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Frankfurt, Munich
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Qatar Airways Doha, Sofia
Ryanair Dublin, London-Stansted
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAP Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Amman-Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Athens, Baia Mare, Barcelona, Beirut, Belgrade, Brussels, Budapest, Chișinău, Cluj-Napoca, Dubai, Dublin, Frankfurt, Geneva, Iași, Istanbul-Atatürk, Larnaca, London-Heathrow, Madrid, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Munich, Nice, Oradea, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Satu Mare, Sofia, Stockholm-Arlanda (resumes 2 June 2014), Târgu Mureș, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Thessaloniki, Timișoara, Vienna
Seasonal: Cairo, Dubrovnik, Palma de Mallorca
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona, Bilbao, Madrid
Wizz Air Alghero, Barcelona, Bari, Beauvais, Bergamo, Bologna, Charleroi, Catania, Cuneo, Doncaster/Sheffield (begins 13 June 2014), Dortmund, Dubai-World Central, Eindhoven, Geneva, Larnaca, London-Luton, Madrid, Málaga (begins 15 June 2014), Malmö (begins 13 June 2014), Malta (begins 12 June 2014), Milan-Malpensa, Naples, Perugia, Pisa, Rome-Ciampino, Sandefjord, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Treviso, Valencia, Verona, Zaragoza
Seasonal: Alicante (resumes 30 May 2014), Girona (resumes 14 June 2014), Palma de Mallorca (resumes 15 June 2014)

Passenger charter flights[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Kos, Mykonos, Santorini, Rhodes, Zakynthos
Air Bucharest Seasonal: Antalya, Bodrum, Corfu, Heraklion, Hurghada, Kos, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes
Air Europa Tenerife-South
Air Malta Malta
Fly Romania
operated by Ten Airways
Seasonal: Antalya
Nouvelair Seasonal: Tunis
TAROM Seasonal: Antalya, Bodrum, Corfu, Heraklion, Hurghada, Kos, Mykonos, Preveza/Lefkada, Rhodes, Santorini, Sharm el-Sheikh, Skiathos, Tenerife-South
Tunisair Seasonal: Tunis

Passenger destination maps[edit]

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
DHL Aviation Bergamo, Budapest, Chişinău, Treviso
TNT Airways Liège, Munich, Sofia
UPS Airlines
operated by Farnair Switzerland
Cologne/Bonn, Katowice

Services[edit]

Shopping area located inside the Departures Hall

Services for passengers[edit]

The International Departure area hosts a variety of shops, cafes, lounges, Internet cafes and many more. There is also a chapel at the first level of the International Departures Hall. The facilities inside the airport are easily accessible for the persons with disabilities. Airlines distribute Romanian- and English-language newspapers at the departure gates.

Ancillary services[edit]

A business lounge.

The main handling agent in the airport is Globeground, the second being Menzies. The catering services are provided by Alpha Rocas [3].

Traffic and statistics[edit]

In 2013, Henri Coandă International received 7,643,467 passengers, an increase of 7.6% compared to 2012.

OTP traffic
Year Passengers (total)[16] Passengers (domestic flights) Aircraft movements[16] Cargo
2005 2,972,799
-
49,593 16,887 tonnes
2006 3,497,938
-
55,056 18,089 tonnes
2007 4,937,683 410,916 67,372 17,423 tonnes
2008 5,063,555 497,208 69,916
-
2009 4,480,765 496,391 69,692
-
2010 4,802,510
-
71,481
-
2011 5,049,443
-
-
-
2012 7,101,712
-
98,600
-
2013 7,643,467
-
106,159
-
Busiest routes at Henri Coandă Airport
City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(January 2014)
Airlines
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London Heathrow Airport, Gatwick Airport, Luton Airport, Stansted Airport
49
Blue Air, British Airways, EasyJet, Ryanair, TAROM, Wizz Air
Flag of Austria.svg Vienna Vienna Airport
48
Austrian Airlines, TAROM
Flag of France.svg Paris Beauvais–Tillé Airport, Charles de Gaulle Airport
43
Air France, Blue Air, TAROM, Wizz Air
Flag of Turkey.svg Istanbul Atatürk Airport, Sabiha Gökçen Airport
39
Pegasus Airlines, TAROM, Turkish Airlines
Flag of Italy.svg Rome Fiumicino Airport, Ciampino Airport
38
Alitalia, Blue Air, TAROM. Wizz Air
Flag of Germany.svg Munich Munich Airport
35
Lufthansa, Lufthansa Cityline, TAROM
Flag of Germany.svg Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport
31
Lufthansa, TAROM
Flag of Romania.svg Cluj-Napoca Cluj-Napoca Airport
31
TAROM
Flag of Romania.svg Iași Iași Airport
26
TAROM
Flag of Romania.svg Timișoara Traian Vuia Airport
26
TAROM
Flag of Moldova.svg Chisinau Chisinau Airport
25
Air Moldova, TAROM

Ground transportation[edit]

RATB Route 783 diagram (connections to Bucharest Metro lines shown)

Train[edit]

A direct train service to the main railway station, Gara de Nord, runs from the Airport railway station, about 900 m from the airport. Shuttle buses connect this station with the departures and arrivals halls; the tickets are valid for the train and for the transfer bus.[17]

The next phase of the expansion aims to locate the train station in the airport itself.

Bus[edit]

Henri Coandă Airport is connected to the public transport company RATB system. The 780 route provides express bus service to Gara de Nord railway station in Bucharest, and the 783 route provides express bus service to the city center 24 hours a day.[18]

Taxi[edit]

As of May 2013, taxis serving Henri Coandă Airport can be ordered using a touch screen system in the arrivals terminal, allowing the taxi drivers to enter the pick-up area. This measure was taken after many complaints from passengers who were being ripped off when using illegal, high-price taxis.[19]

Car Rental[edit]

Companies such as Avis, Hertz, Europcar and Sixt are located between international departures hall (upper floor) and arrivals hall.[20]

Car[edit]

The airport is 16.5 km (10.3 mi) north of central Bucharest, to which it is connected by route DN1. The A3 motorway will connect the airport and the city, when finished.

Underground[edit]

Construction of the M6 line will start in 2014, connecting Henri Coanda Intl. to Gara de Nord train station.

In popular culture[edit]

Season 14 of The Amazing Race was filmed here during the first portion of the third leg. The nine teams present arrived at the airport on three flights before they completed the rest of the leg.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b EAD Basic
  2. ^ "TAROM S.A. – Identification Data
  3. ^ About Țiriac Air
  4. ^ "Contact." Henri Coandă International Airport. Retrieved on 1 December 2011. "The National Company "Bucharest Airports" S.A. Calea Bucurestilor nr. 224 E Otopeni, Ilfov County Postal code 075150 Romania" – Address in Romanian: "Compania Nationala "Aeroporturi Bucuresti" S.A. Calea Bucurestilor nr. 224 E Otopeni, județul Ilfov Cod postal 075150 Romania"
  5. ^ a b c AIHCB 2007 Report at bucharestairports.ro
  6. ^ a b c [1] (Romanian) Romanian Ministry of Transportation – Descriptive Note – Otopeni Airport Development Strategy
  7. ^ "The Bucharest Airport at a10.eu
  8. ^ a b New Departing Hall extension opened (Romanian)
  9. ^ Technical information at bucharestairports.ro
  10. ^ Bucharest Henri Coandă Airport – Development&Modernization – Phase III
  11. ^ Extensions to the Coandă Airport (Romanian)
  12. ^ [2] (Romanian) The Romanian Ministry of Transportation
  13. ^ Bucharest Otopeni Airport, the last frontier (Romanian)
  14. ^ A new terminal (Romanian)
  15. ^ "airBaltic to Launch Riga – Bucharest, Romania". airBaltic. Retrieved 6 March 2014. 
  16. ^ a b ORDIN 169/1.801. Planul national de actiune privind reducerea emisiilor de gaze cu efect de seră în domeniul aviatiei civile (Romanian)
  17. ^ Henri Coanda Express trains
  18. ^ Public transport at Henri Coandă International
  19. ^ "Touch screen installed for cab ordering at Otopeni airport in Bucharest". Romania Insider. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  20. ^ Rent-a-car services at Henri Coandă International

External links[edit]

Media related to Henri Coandă International Airport at Wikimedia Commons