Naples International Airport

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Naples International Airport
Aeroporto di Napoli-Capodichino
IATA: NAPICAO: LIRN
NAP is located in Italy
NAP
NAP
Location of Airport in Italy
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator GE.S.A.C.
Serves Naples, Italy
Location Capodichino
Focus city for Alitalia CityLiner
Elevation AMSL 294 ft / 90 m
Coordinates 40°53′04″N 014°17′27″E / 40.88444°N 14.29083°E / 40.88444; 14.29083 (Naples Airport)Coordinates: 40°53′04″N 014°17′27″E / 40.88444°N 14.29083°E / 40.88444; 14.29083 (Naples Airport)
Website www.portal.gesac.it
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 2,628 8,622 Bitumen
Statistics (2012)
Passengers 5,801,836
Passenger change 11–12 Increase 0.6%
Aircraft movements 61,113
Movements change 11–12 Decrease -2.8%
Source: Italian AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]
Statistics from Assaeroporti[2]

Naples International Airport (IATA: NAPICAO: LIRN) (Italian: Aeroporto Internazionale di Napoli, official name: Ugo Niutta) is the international airport serving Naples, Italy. It is located 3.2 NM (5.9 km; 3.7 mi) north-northeast[1] of the city in the Capodichino district of Naples. The airport has two terminal buildings: Terminal 1 is for departing travellers and Terminal 2, located away from the airfield, is used for charter operations.

Naples, with a metropolitan population of nearly three million[3] is the largest metropolitan area of Europe which does not serve as a hub nor secondary hub of any airline.[4]

History[edit]

The district of Capodichino – in the area known as "Campo di Marte" – hosted in 1910 the first flight exhibitions in Naples. During the First World War, "Campo di Marte" became a military airport in order to defend the town against Austro-Hungarian and German air attacks. Dedicated to Ugo Niutta (an Italian aviator), Capodichino Airport was a military air base during the Fascist Era and Second World War.[citation needed]

During World War II the airport was used by the United States Army Air Forces extensively during the Italian Campaign. It was used by the Twelfth Air Force as a combat airfield, which stationed the following units at the airport: 79th Fighter Group (January – May 1944, P-40 Warhawk/P-47 Thunderbolt); 47th Bombardment Group (March – April 1944, A-20 Havoc); 33d Fighter Group (April – May 1944, P-40 Warhawk). When the combat units moved out, Air Transport Command used the airport as a major transshipment hub for cargo, transiting aircraft and personnel for the remainder of the war.[5]

Commercial traffic started in 1950. In 1980 GE.S.A.C. ("Gestione Servizi Aeroporto Capodichino") was established to administer the airport; in 1982 it became "Gestione Servizi Aeroporti Campani") and participated in by the City Council, the province of Naples and Alitalia. In 1995 GE.S.A.C. drew up – with BAA assistance – a new master plan, which marked the beginning of a twenty-year development plan. After two years (1997) GE.S.A.C. was the first airport management company in Italy to be privatised: BAA acquires 70% of the share package from the City Council and Province of Naples. In 1998 the "Galleria Napoli" opened, a shopping arcade open 365 days a year inside Terminal 1. In 2002 H.R.H. Prince Charles inaugurated the new departure lounge.

Facilities[edit]

The airport has a single runway (orientation: 06/24 – 2,628 m × 45 m (8,622 ft × 148 ft) – resistance: PCN90/F/B/W/T – assistance: PAPI, ILS) in bituminous conglomerate and concrete, with one taxiway. There is one apron with 29 stands, 9 of which self-maneuvering and the remaining Push Back. The airport is class 4D ICAO and has the classification of military airport opened to commercial air traffic 24 hours/day.

The airport management company is fully responsible for managing the airport and co-ordinating and control activities of all the private operators present in the airport. Capodichino hosts some aeronautical industrial activities, like Atitech, Alenia Aeronautica, Aeronavali, Tecnam Costruzioni Aeronautiche.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens (begins 15 June 2015)[6]
Aer Lingus Seasonal: Dublin
Air Arabia Maroc Casablanca (begins 29 March 2015)[7]
Air Berlin Stuttgart
Seasonal: Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Munich, Zürich
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Toulouse
Alitalia Milan-Linate, Rome-Fiumicino, Turin
Alitalia
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Catania, Milan-Linate, Palermo, Rome-Fiumicino, Trieste, Turin
Seasonal: Olbia
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Seasonal: Vienna
B&H Airlines Seasonal charter: Sarajevo, Mostar
Blue Air Bucharest
British Airways London-Gatwick
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels
easyJet Berlin-Schönefeld, Brussels, Catania, Hamburg, London-Gatwick, London Luton (begins 29 October 2014), London-Stansted, Milan-Malpensa, Nice, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly, Venice-Marco Polo
Seasonal: Bristol, Corfu, Edinburgh, Liverpool, Malta, Mykonos, Ibiza, Palma de Mallorca
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki (begins 25 May 2015)
Germanwings Cologne/Bonn, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Hannover
Germanwings
operated by Eurowings
Düsseldorf (begins 26 October 2014)
HOP! Seasonal: Lyon
Iberia
operated by Air Nostrum
Seasonal: Madrid
InterSky Seasonal: Memmingen
Jetairfly Seasonal: Brussels
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg
Meridiana Athens, Bologna (begins 27 October 2014), Cagliari, Catania, Geneva (begins 11 December 2014), Genoa (begins 27 October 2014), Kiev-Boryspil, London-Gatwick, Madrid (begins 26 October 2014), Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa (begins 26 October 2014), Moscow-Domodedovo, Olbia, Turin, Venice-Marco Polo, Verona
Seasonal: Mykonos, Nice, New York-JFK, Rhodes, Santorini
Seasonal charter: Heraklion, Ibiza, Lourdes, Palma de Mallorca, Zakynthos
Mistral Air Mostar
Seasonal: Corfu,[8] Zakynthos
Monarch Airlines London-Luton, Manchester
Rossiya Seasonal charter: St Petersburg
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal: Copenhagen
SmartWings
operated by Travel Service Airlines
Seasonal: Prague
Thomas Cook Airlines Seasonal charter: Manchester, London-Gatwick
Thomson Airways Seasonal: Birmingham, Bristol, East Midlands, Glasgow, London-Gatwick, London-Luton (begins 15 May 2015), Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Transavia.com Amsterdam, Eindhoven
Transavia.com France Paris-Orly
TunisAir Express Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Volotea Genoa, Palermo
Seasonal: Bordeaux, Heraklion (begins 30 June 2015), Mykonos, Nantes, Olbia, Santorini, Skiathos (begins 30 June 2015)
Vueling Barcelona
Wizz Air Bucharest, Budapest, Katowice , Prague
Wizz Air Ukraine Kyiv-Zhulyany, Lviv (begins 23 December 2014)
XL Airways France Seasonal: Paris-Charles de Gaulle

Statistics[edit]

Annual passenger statistics from 2000 through 2011:[9]

  • 2000: 4,136,508 passengers (+13%)
  • 2001: 4,003,001 passengers (−3.2%)
  • 2002: 4,132,874 passengers (+3.2%)
  • 2003: 4,587,163 passengers (+11%)
  • 2004: 4,632,388 passengers (+1%)
  • 2005: 4,588,695 passengers (−0.9%)
  • 2006: 5,095,969 passengers (+11.1%)
  • 2007: 5,775,838 passengers (+13.3%)
  • 2008: 5,642,267 passengers (−2.3%)
  • 2009: 5,322,161 passengers (−5.7%)
  • 2010: 5,584,114 passengers (+4.9%)
  • 2011: 5,768,873 passengers (+3.3%)

Ground transportation[edit]

Car[edit]

Capodichino is easily accessible from all the city thanks to the exit of the so-called "Tangenziale", an urban highway (A56) connecting the city of Naples to metropolitan area and highways to Rome (A1), Salerno (A3) and Bari (A16).[10] Fixed taxi rates are in use for the main destinations within the city limits of Naples from Airport to: Naples Centre, Molo Beverello (Port), Mergellina (Hydrofoils to Capri and Ischia Islands).[11]

Bus[edit]

Bus line 3S and Alibus, operated by ANM, connect the airport to Piazza Garibaldi and Piazza Municipio.[12] Distance airport/centre city is about 7 km (4.3 mi). The airport is also connected to Avellino, Benevento, Caserta, Sorrento, Salerno and Serre.[13]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 15 February 1958, a United States Air Force Douglas VC-47A Skytrain, 42-93817, c/n 13771, built as a C-47A-25-DK and upgraded,[14] en route from its home base, Ramstein-Landstuhl Air Base, Germany, to Istanbul, departed Capodichino Airport on a flight to Athens, with 16 servicemen aboard. Following a report 30 minutes after departure when the crew reported en route at 6500 feet and switching to the Rome ATC, nothing further was heard from the flight, which never contacted Rome,[15] nor arrived in Greece. Dense fog over the Ionian Sea and mountainous southern Italy on 17 February greatly impeded search efforts for the missing aircraft. "U.S. authorities did not exclude the possibility the plane might have been forced down in Communist Albania."[16] The burned and scattered wreckage was found 19 February high on the rugged slope of Mount Vesuvius at the 3,800-foot level, about 200 feet below the top of the cone of the volcano. A search plane first spotted the wreckage following "four days of fruitless ground, sea and air search impeded by fog, rain and snow." Patrols of U.S. servicemen, Italian soldiers and carabinieri reached the crash site four hours after it was found, battling though heavy snow, but reported no survivors amongst the 16 on board. They stated that all had been identified. "A surgeon said death apparently was instantaneous." There were 15 Air Force officers and men from Ramstein-Landstuhl Air Base, and one seaman of the USS Tripoli on board. "Officials declined to venture a theory on the cause of the crash except that the weather was bad and the pilot, Capt. Martin S. Schwartz of Ashland, Kentucky, had not previously flown from Capodichino field."[17]

Trivia[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b EAD Basic
  2. ^ Associazione Italiana Gestori Aeroportuali
  3. ^ List of metropolitan areas in Europe by population
  4. ^ Airline hub
  5. ^ Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  6. ^ https://www.amadeus.net
  7. ^ JL (2014-10-10). "Air Arabia Maroc Adds Naples Service from late-March 2015". airlineroute.net. Retrieved 2014-10-18. 
  8. ^ Mistral Air Summer 2014 Routes
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ (Italian) Autostrade per l'Italia
  11. ^ Taxi fares
  12. ^ Lombardi, Matthew, ed. (2007). Fodor's Italy 2007. Fodor's Travel Guides. p. 755. ISBN 978-1-4000-1689-1. Retrieved 14 October 2011. 
  13. ^ (Italian) azienda napoletana mobilità
  14. ^ http://www.joebaugher.com/usaf_serials/1942_5.html
  15. ^ http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19580215-0
  16. ^ Associated Press, "Fog Hurts Search For Missing Plane", The State, Columbia, South Carolina, Tuesday 18 February 1958, Number 24,290, page 5-A
  17. ^ Associated Press, "On Mount Vesuvius: Plane Is Found; 16 Dead", The State, Columbia, South Carolina, Thursday 20 February 1958, Number 24,292, page 3-A.

External links[edit]