|• Body||Hosur Municipality|
|• Municipal Chairman||P. Balakrishna Reddy |
|Elevation||879 m (2,884 ft)|
|• Official||Tamil, Telugu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||635109 / 635110 / 635126|
|Vehicle registration||TN-70,TN-24-T to TN-24-Z,|
|Sex ratio||1.118 ♂/♀|
Hosur is a town and a municipality in Krishnagiri district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is the headquarters of the Hosur taluk of Krishnagiri district. It is located about 35 kilometres (22 mi) south east of Bangalore, 48 kilometres (30 mi) north west of Krishnagiri, the district headquarters and 306 kilometres (190 mi) west of Chennai, the state capital. Hosur is known for its expanding manufacturing industries and its pleasant climate.
Rock paintings and carvings suggest that the area has been occupied during the Paleolithic, Neolithic, and Mesolithic ages.Hosur is said to be more than 800 years old on modern Era. Hosur was part of Mysore Kingdom until 1799, when Tipu Sultan lost the third Anglo-Mysore war, he handed over southern part of Mysore kingdom as a part settlement to English government, which includes Hosur, Denkannikotta, Thally, Krishnagiri, Dharmapuri and subsequently British government made Hosur as the capital of then Salem District.
Hosur was constituted as a Selection Grade Town Panchayat in the 1962. And it was upgraded to Second Grade Municipality in the Year 1992. In the year 1998 it was upgraded to Selection Grade Municipality vide G.O. (MAWS) No.85 Dtd. 22.05.1998. In 2011 Vide Go.no.127 dt.08.09.2011 town panchayat Mathigiri, Village Panchayats Zuzuvadi, Mookandapalli, Avalapalli, Chennathur included in Hosur Municipality. On 1980s industrialization began with the help of SIPCOT and Hosur became an Industrial Town.
Hosur experiences a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw) with distinct wet and dry seasons. Due to its high elevation, Hosur usually enjoys a more moderate climate throughout the year, with occasional heat waves. The coolest month is January with an average low temperature of 17.1 °C and the hottest month is April with an average high temperature of 33.6 °C. Winter temperatures rarely drop below 12 °C, and summer temperatures seldom exceed 36 °C. Hosur receives rainfall from both the northeast and the southwest monsoons and the wettest months are September, October and August, in that order. The summer heat is moderated by fairly frequent thunderstorms but no flooding. Humidity is 31% and average rainfall is 84 cm.
|Climate data for Hosur|
|Average high °C (°F)||27.4
|Average low °C (°F)||14.9
|Rainfall mm (inches)||3
According to 2011 census, Hosur had a population of 116,821 with a sex-ratio of 968 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 14,307 were under the age of six, constituting 7,274 males and 7,033 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 8.08% and .17% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the city was 76.69%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The city had a total of 29255 households. There were a total of 43,959 workers, comprising 212 cultivators, 308 main agricultural labourers, 747 in house hold industries, 38,463 other workers, 4,229 marginal workers, 57 marginal cultivators, 62 marginal agricultural labourers, 189 marginal workers in household industries and 3,921 other marginal workers.
Hosur is an industrial hub for several Automobile and Manufacturing industries. The major industries are like TVS Motor Company Ltd, Ashok Leyland Limited,Vmi Plastics Pvt Ltd, Titan Industries, Hindustan Motors, Kamaz Vectra Motors Ltd, Faiveley Transport Rail Technologies India Ltd, Caterpillar India Pvt Ltd, Carborundum Universal Limited, Taneja aerospace and aviation Limited, Exide Industries Ltd, Hindustan Motors, Hindustan Lever Ltd, TTK Prestige Limited, Bata India Ltd, Kansai Nerolac Paints, INEL-India Nippon Electricals Ltd, Sundaram Fasteners Ltd, Easun Reyrolle Ltd, Supreme Industries Ltd, Field Fresh Foods Private Ltd,[terex india pvt ltd] [nerolac paints] [ weg india ] Tenneco Automotive India Pvt Ltd, New Tech Engineering , Datum Data, Duroflex Ltd, Asia Tobacco Co.Ltd (I.T.C), Base Corporation Ltd, GRB Dairy Foods Pvt Ltd, Harita Seating Systems Limited, LuK India Pvt Ltd, AVTEC Limited, Gabriel India Limited, APL Apollo Tubes Ltd,Granite companies like Aro Granite Industries Ltd, Madhucon Granites Ltd, Tab India Granite Pvt Ltd, etc. are several companies which have their manufacturing units in Hosur.
There have been plans for the development of an Information Technology Special Economic Zone at Vishwanathapuram in Hosur. ELCOT has called for applications for the allotment of land in the IT Park of Hosur in the month of June 2010.
The National Highway NH 207 starts from Hosur in Tamil Nadu and it ends at Dobbaspet in Karnataka. National Highway NH 44(Old Number NH7) is starting from (Varanasi or Banaras) in Uttar Pradesh and it ends at Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu and this road passing through this city. This city has well connected by road and rail network.
Hosur has a satellite Bus station at the center of city name on Ammarar K. Appavu Pillai Ex. President of Hosur. In August 31, 2007 old Bus Stand was demolished and it was re-constructed as a new modern satellite Bus station and it opened on July 18, 2010.
The Government of Tamil Nadu owned buses runs to many cities and towns in Tamil Nadu and also to other south Indian states. Rout no-503 Volvo Air condition buses also operated from Hosur to Chennai by Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation.This Volvo Air condition buses are operated for selected cities in Tamil Nadu. TNSTC and private operators also operate local city bus services connecting Hosur to nearby places like Bagalur, Denkanikottai, Thally, Rayakottai, Shoolagiri, and Attibele in Karnataka . Autorickshaws are another means of transport in Hosur.
Hosur is well connected by road to important cities of south india .Several operators like KPN, KALLADA, KALLADA G4, S.R.S. Travel's. Provides connectivity to Thiruvananthapuram, Chennai, Coimbatore, Madurai, Ernakulam. Kallada Travels, Aeon Connect Provides Connectivity to Hyderabad Via- Bangalore. Seabird Travels provide Connectivity to Mumbai, Panaji, Hubli. The premium state operator KSRTC Provides daily connectivity to Chennai, Coimbatore, Pondicherry, Trichy, Madurai, Thirunallar, Ernakulam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kodaikanal, Kumily, Kottayam
Hosur has a railway station, located on the Bangalore-Salem railway line and falls under the Bangalore Division of the South Western Railway. Hosur is well connected to Bangalore, Coimbatore, Ernakulam, Kannur, Kochuveli Garibrath Exp, Madurai, Nagercoil, Quilon, Tiruchchirapalli, Mysore, Mumbai, Puducherry, and New Delhi by rail.
The Hosur Aerodrome is owned by Taneja aerospace and aviation Limited (TAAL) it was established in 1994 as the India's first private sector company to manufacture General Aviation aircraft in India. It has 7012 feet long and 150 feet wide runway. The nearest airport is the Bengaluru International Airport at Devanahalli, about 80 km from Hosur.
A rich variety of fruits and vegetables are cultivated in Hosur. The land is very fertile and there is significant access to fresh water as well as trained labor. Crops consist of tomatoes, cabbages, onions, mangoes, capsicum, carrot, cucumber, beans, coriander leaves, noolkol, radish. It has a large vegetable wholesale market of 250 shops which caters south India with daily 100 lorry loads. Hosur and its surrounding area contribute to making the Krishnagiri district the largest producers of mangos in India.
Hosur exports most of the roses from India. Amudagondapally village near Hosur is the home to TANFLORA, the largest exporter of roses to various European countries during Valentine's Day. The roses grown by the growers are collected and processed in the post harvest facilities of Tanflora, packed and marketed under the brand name of Tanflora, primarily exported to Europe, Australia, Middle East, Far East and Japan. Also due to increase in domestic market, good quantities of flowers are sold in domestic market mainly in Delhi, Hyderabad, Chennai etc.
District Livestock Farm Hosur)
Hosur Cattle Farm was started in 1824 by the British in an area of 1641.41 acres. The Tamil Nadu government maintains this green belt, along with a livestock research station focused on rare breeds of cattle, horse, poultry, sheep. A golf club is being planned by the district administration.
Central Sericultural Germplasm Resources Centre (CSGRC), Hosur
The center was established in 1991 at hosur. It has a mandate to collect, protect and conserve mulberry and silkworm germplasm resources. This is also a National Repository Centre for mulberry germplasm and a National Active Germplasm Site (NAGS) for mulberry germplasm under NBPGR. Over 10 Scientists are engaged in collection and conservation activity. For exchange and dissection of information the center has developed on-line multiple query based Mulberry Germplasm Information System (MGIS) with retrieval facility
In city Government owned Hotel is available for tourist named as Hotel Tamil Nadu. Denkanikottai and Thally is located 25 km from Hosur. It is covered by a number of hills so the climate is very cool and pleasant. It experiences cold and cloudy weather resembling England. Hence it is popular with the name "Little England" since British Regime. Kelevarapalli Reservoir was constructed in 1995 AD. It is situated at a distance of 10 km from Hosur. Rajaji Memorial is the memory of the great leader Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, the Tamil Nadu Government has converted the house as a memorial in Thorapalli where Rajaji was born, . It is located 10 km from Hosur.
Historical Images of Hosur
Sketches of James Hunter
James Hunter served as a Lieutenant in the Royal Artillery. He was a military painter, and his sketches portrayed aspects of military and everyday life. Hunter served the British India Army and took part in Tippu Sultan Campaigns.
Hunter has sketched different landscapes of South India, including Bangalore, Mysore, Hosur, Kancheepuram, Madras, Arcot, Sriperumbadur, etc. These paintings were published in 'A Brief history of ancient and modern India embellished with coloured engravings', published by Edward Orme, London between 1802-05.
Hunter died in India in 1792. Some of his paintings of Hosur are below
It shows the fortified town of Hosur, which lies to the south east of Bangalore. It held strategic importance to the British during the wars against Haider Ali Khan (c.1722 - 1782) and his son, Tipu Sultan (1753 -1799), in the late Eighteenth Century
The Hosur fort was built by a British engineer named Hamilton forcibly for Tipu Sultan. Hamilton was one of the prisoners beheaded by Tipu Sultan in 1791 as the army of Cornwallis approached. The fortifications seen in the drawing are European rather than an Indian. It was abandoned to the British under Major Gowdie in July 1791 and returned to Tipu after the treaty of 1792. The fort occupied a well chosen defensive site, with natural glacis on two sides, and was a massive structure with outer ramparts over 300 yards long. The southern rampart was protected by the Rama Nayakkan tank, from which the moat could be flooded. Colonel James Welsh wrote in his 'Military reminiscences,' published in 1830, 'This fort is a perfect ruin, but the fragments record its former importance; it had two entire walls of solid masonry, one within the other, and a stone counterscarp and wet ditch with two large out-works in front of the two gateways. The outer wall had many bomb-proof apartments below the ramparts, and there was a capital magazine underground; besides all this it had a square citadel in the centre, where Tipu's garrison made their last stand.' (Vol.1, p. 309).
The Telugu dialect spoken is Hosur is called the Hosur Mandalikam. The Telugu population of Hosur is nearly 80%. The MLA of Hosur speaks in the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly in Telugu. When Jayalalithaa was the Chief Minister, she used to reply to the queries in Telugu, and also translate into Tamil for the benefit of the other members.
The town has a good number of schools and colleges. There are three Industrial Training Institutes(ITI) which one is government owned, two polytechnics, three arts colleges of which one is exclusively for women two engineering colleges(adhiyamman college of engineering and pmc tech) and one Government Arts college which was opened during 2013-14 academic year onwards.
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