London station group

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The London station group is a ring of 18 railway stations served by the National Rail network in central London. Most are terminal stations, although a few are through-stations or have a combination of terminal and through platforms. Each distinct station is part of a notional "common location" to which tickets from stations outside that group are issued. The station group is rendered on tickets as London Terminals.[1]

All current stations in the group fall within London fare zone 1. The large number of terminal stations is explained by the refusal of Parliament to allow railway lines to enter the centre of London in the 19th century, causing them to form a ring, connected by underground railways.[2] The majority of the larger stations managed by Network Rail are in the group.[3]

Group members[edit]

As of 2014, the group comprises:[1][4]

Former members[edit]

Station statistics[edit]

Station Image Location Coordinates Managed by London services National services Annual
entry/exit
(millions)
2006/7[7]
Annual
entry/exit
(millions)
2007/8[7]
Annual
entry/exit
(millions)
2008/9[7]
Annual
entry/exit
(millions)
2009/10[7]
Open
date
Terminal
platforms[5]
Through
platforms[6]
Category
Blackfriars Blackfriars station main entrance.JPG City of London 51°30′40″N 0°06′11″W / 51.511°N 0.103°W / 51.511; -0.103 (Blackfriars) First Capital Connect NW, N, S, SE Thameslink, Gatwick Airport, Luton Airport Increase 11.852 Increase 12.440 Increase 12.959 Decrease 12.089 1886 2 2 A
Cannon Street Cannon Street station.jpg City of London 51°30′36″N 0°05′24″W / 51.510°N 0.090°W / 51.510; -0.090 (Cannon Street) Network Rail[3] SE Kent and East Sussex Increase 21.106 Increase 22.045 Decrease 21.646 Decrease 20.229 1866 7 0 A
Charing Cross Charing Cross stn building from platforms.JPG Westminster 51°30′25″N 0°07′23″W / 51.507°N 0.123°W / 51.507; -0.123 (Charing Cross) Network Rail[3] SE Kent and East Sussex Increase 34.779 Increase 36.294 Increase 36.660 Decrease 36.460 1864 6 0 A
City Thameslink City Thameslink stn Ludgate Hill entrance.JPG City of London 51°30′58″N 0°06′11″W / 51.516°N 0.103°W / 51.516; -0.103 (City Thameslink) First Capital Connect NW, N, S, SE Thameslink, Gatwick Airport, Luton Airport Increase 5.479 Decrease 5.370 Decrease 5.294 Decrease 5.163 1988 0 2 C
Euston Euston station facade.jpg Camden 51°31′41″N 0°07′59″W / 51.528°N 0.133°W / 51.528; -0.133 (Euston) Network Rail[3] NW West Coast Main Line Decrease 25.585 Increase 28.739 Increase 31.179 Decrease 30.068 1837 18 0 A
Fenchurch Street Fenchurch street station.jpg City of London 51°30′40″N 0°04′41″W / 51.511°N 0.078°W / 51.511; -0.078 (Fenchurch Street) Network Rail[3] E Southend-on-Sea Decrease 15.189 Increase 15.976 Increase 16.576 Decrease 15.093 1841 4 0 A
Kings Cross King's Cross stn building.JPG Camden 51°31′55″N 0°07′23″W / 51.532°N 0.123°W / 51.532; -0.123 (Kings Cross) Network Rail[3] N East Coast Main Line Increase 22.504 Increase 23.945 Increase 24.641 Increase 24.818 1852 12 0 A
Liverpool Street Liverpool Street station entrance Bishopsgate.JPG City of London 51°31′05″N 0°04′52″W / 51.518°N 0.081°W / 51.518; -0.081 (Liverpool Street) Network Rail[3] E, NE East of England, Stansted Airport Increase 55.266 Increase 57.790 Decrease 56.198 Decrease 51.596 1874 18 0 A
London Bridge London Bridge mainline stn Tooley Street entrance.JPG Southwark 51°30′18″N 0°05′10″W / 51.505°N 0.086°W / 51.505; -0.086 (London Bridge) Network Rail[3] S, SE, NW Kent, East Sussex, Gatwick Airport Increase 47.577 Increase 50.602 Decrease 49.901 Decrease 48.723 1836 9 6 A
Marylebone Marylebone station entrance.JPG Westminster 51°31′19″N 0°09′47″W / 51.522°N 0.163°W / 51.522; -0.163 (Marylebone) Chiltern Railways NW Birmingham Increase 11.639 Decrease 11.559 Increase 11.645 Increase 11.758 1899 6 0 A
Moorgate Moorgate entrance Mfields.JPG City of London 51°31′05″N 0°05′17″W / 51.518°N 0.088°W / 51.518; -0.088 (Moorgate) London Underground N Hertfordshire Increase 9.236 Increase 10.109 Decrease 9.374 Decrease 6.737 1865 2 0 E
Old Street Old Street stn northwest entrance.JPG Islington 51°31′30″N 0°05′13″W / 51.525°N 0.087°W / 51.525; -0.087 (Old Street) London Underground N Hertfordshire 0.734 Increase 0.813 Increase 0.828 Increase 1.372 1901 0 2 E
Paddington Paddington Station 01.jpg Westminster 51°31′01″N 0°10′37″W / 51.517°N 0.177°W / 51.517; -0.177 (Paddington) Network Rail[3] W Great Western Main Line, Heathrow Airport Increase 27.259 Decrease 26.521 Increase 32.697 Decrease 29.104 1854 14 0 A
St Pancras St Pancras International stn east entrance.JPG Camden 51°31′48″N 0°07′30″W / 51.530°N 0.125°W / 51.530; -0.125 (St Pancras) Network Rail[3] N, NW, S, SE Midland Main Line, Gatwick Airport, Luton Airport, Kent, Belgium, France Increase 5.777 Increase 6.624 Increase 19.326 [7] Decrease 18.020 1868 13 2 A/C[8]
Vauxhall Vauxhall mainline stn north building.JPG Lambeth 51°29′06″N 0°07′19″W / 51.485°N 0.122°W / 51.485; -0.122 (Vauxhall) South West Trains SW South West England Increase 10.469 Increase 15.420 Decrease 14.582 Decrease 13.890 1848 0 10 B
Victoria London Victoria Station frontage.jpg Westminster 51°29′46″N 0°08′38″W / 51.496°N 0.144°W / 51.496; -0.144 (Victoria) Network Rail[3] S, SE, SW Kent, Sussex, Gatwick Airport Increase 66.749 Increase 70.854 Decrease 70.157 Increase 70.224 1862 19 0 A
Waterloo Waterloo station.JPG Lambeth 51°30′11″N 0°06′47″W / 51.503°N 0.113°W / 51.503; -0.113 (Waterloo) Network Rail[3] SW South West England Increase 89.993 Increase 91.452 Decrease 88.548 Decrease 86.397 1848 20 0 A
Waterloo East Waterloo East stn entrance Waterloo concourse.JPG Lambeth 51°30′14″N 0°06′36″W / 51.504°N 0.110°W / 51.504; -0.110 (Waterloo East) Southeastern S, SE Kent and East Sussex Increase 6.329 Increase 6.537 Increase 6.675 Increase 6.714 1869 0 4 B

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  • ^a for Thameslink from the north only[1]
  • ^b for Thameslink from the south only[1]
  • ^c does not include London Underground
  • ^d from 2008/2009, King's Cross Thameslink passengers are grouped with St Pancras. In addition, full Eurostar services began from St Pancras on 9 December 2007.
  • ^e international and domestic category A; Thameslink category C[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d NFM 98. National Fares Manuals. London: Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC Ltd). January 2008. Section A. 
  2. ^ Wolmar, Christian (2004). The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How it Changed the City Forever. Atlantic Books. ISBN 1-84354-023-1. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Stations Run by Network Rail". Network Rail. 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  4. ^ "Travelling to, from and via London". National Rail Enquiries website. Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC Ltd). 2011. 
  5. ^ NFM 57. National Fares Manuals. London: British Railways Board. May 1994. Section A. 
  6. ^ NFM 97. National Fares Manuals. London: Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC Ltd). May 2007. Section A. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Station usage". Office of Rail Regulation. Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  8. ^ "Part D: Annexes". Better Rail Stations. Department for Transport. 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2010.