Maryland's 3rd congressional district
|Maryland's 3rd congressional district|
|Current Representative||John Sarbanes (D–Towson)|
|Distribution||98.4% urban, 1.3% rural|
|Ethnicity||77.3% White, 16.3% Black, 3.2% Asian, 2.9% Hispanic, 0.3% Native American, 1.1% other|
|Occupation||15.7% blue collar, 71.7% white collar, 12.5% gray collar|
Maryland's 3rd congressional district is a congressional district in the state of Maryland. It comprises portions of Baltimore, Howard, Montgomery and Anne Arundel counties, as well as a significant part of the independent city of Baltimore. The seat is currently represented by John Sarbanes, a Democrat. Landmarks in the district include Fort McHenry and the Maryland Science Center.
The last three people to represent Maryland in the United States Senate were all former representatives of the 3rd district. Those include the two current Maryland senators, Ben Cardin and Barbara Mikulski, as well as retired senator Paul Sarbanes.
The district's odd shape is attributed to gerrymandering in order to favor Democratic candidates following the 2000 and 2010 censuses. In 2012 the district was found to be the third least compact congressional district in the United States. However, the district was heavily Democratic even before then; a Republican hasn't held it since 1927.
- United States House of Representatives elections in Maryland, 2010
- United States House of Representatives elections in Maryland, 2008
- United States House of Representatives elections in Maryland, 2006
Historical boundaries and composition
Maryland's 3rd district was one of the 50 or so districts that elected a representative to the 1st United States Congress. It also has the distinction of being one of the few congressional districts that once included areas not currently in the state they are in. The 3rd congressional district originally was composed of Prince George's County, Maryland and Anne Arundel County, Maryland. At that point what is now Howard County, Maryland was in Anne Arundel County, and Prince George's County included the eastern half of the District of Columbia.
In 1792 the Maryland 3rd Congressional District was moved to include Montgomery County, Maryland and the eastern half of Frederick County, Maryland. The population was about 33,000. However, the western portion of what is today Carroll County, Maryland was at this point in Frederick County, and the western half of the District of Columbia was in Montgomery County. This latter fact explains why the district lost population even though it in theory did not experience redistricting after the 1800 census. With the population of Georgetown, D. C. no longer in the district, its 1800 population was about 31,000. At this point the 3rd was Maryland's least populous district, barely having half the population of the Baltimore City and County 5th district, which in 1800 had just above 59,000 inhabitants.
The boundaries remained the same after the 1810, 1820 and 1830 censuses. While in 1820 the district had about 36,000 inhabitants its population had risen to 53,622 in 1830. With the formation of Carroll County in the 1830s as well as Maryland falling from 8 to 6 congressional seats, the boundaries of the 3rd Congressional District were drastically redrawn. The only area that remained in the 3rd Congressional District was the part of Carroll County that had been in Frederick County. The 3rd also included Baltimore County and the western half of the city of Baltimore. Its new population was 69,923, 24.5% of whom were black.
In 1853 the 3rd district was redrawn again. The new district consisted of Baltimore County except for the northern and western parts of the county and about the eastern third of the City of Baltimore. The district now had a population of 95,729. In the redistricting following the 1860 census, Maryland was reduced to five congressional districts. The 3rd was moved so that it contained the part of Baltimore that had not been in the 3rd before 1863. It now a population of 130,040. In 1873 the 3rd district was moved again, to be the east side of Baltimore. It now had a population of 120,978.
List of representatives
|Name||Took office||Left office||Party||Notes/Events|
|1||Benjamin Contee||March 4, 1789||March 3, 1791||Anti-Administration|
|2||William Pinkney||March 4, 1791||November, 1791||Pro-Administration||resigned|
|3||John Francis Mercer||February 5, 1792||March 3, 1793||Anti-Administration|
|4||Uriah Forrest||March 4, 1793||November 8, 1794||Pro-Administration||resigned|
|5||Benjamin Edwards||January 2, 1795||March 3, 1795||Pro-Administration|
|6||Jeremiah Crabb||March 4, 1795||June 1, 1796||Federalist||resigned|
|7||William Craik||December 5, 1796||March 3, 1801||Federalist|
|8||Thomas Plater||March 4, 1801||March 3, 1805||Federalist|
|9||Patrick Magruder||March 4, 1805||March 3, 1807||Democratic-Republican|
|10||Philip Barton Key||March 4, 1807||March 3, 1813||Federalist|
|11||Alexander Contee Hanson||March 4, 1813||1816||Federalist||resigned|
|12||George Peter||October 7, 1816||March 3, 1819||Federalist|
|13||Henry Ridgely Warfield||March 4, 1819||March 3, 1823||Federalist|
|March 4, 1823||March 3, 1825||Adams Federalist|
|14||George Peter||March 4, 1825||March 3, 1827||Jacksonian|
|15||George Corbin Washington||March 4, 1827||March 3, 1829||Adams|
|March 4, 1829||March 3, 1833||Anti-Jacksonian|
|17||James Turner||March 4, 1833||March 3, 1837||Jacksonian|
|18||John Tolley Hood Worthington||March 4, 1837||March 3, 1841||Democratic|
|19||James Wray Williams||March 4, 1841||December 2, 1842||Democratic||died|
|20||Charles S. Sewall||January 2, 1843||March 3, 1843||Democratic|
|21||John Wethered||March 4, 1843||March 3, 1845||Whig|
|22||Thomas Watkins Ligon||March 4, 1845||March 3, 1849||Democratic|
|23||Edward Hammond||March 4, 1849||March 3, 1853||Democratic|
|24||Joshua Van Sant||March 4, 1853||March 3, 1855||Democratic|
|25||James Morrison Harris||March 4, 1855||March 3, 1861||Know-Nothing|
|26||Cornelius Lawrence Ludlow Leary||March 4, 1861||March 3, 1863||Unionist|
|27||Henry Winter Davis||March 4, 1863||March 3, 1865||Unconditional Unionist|
|28||Charles Edward Phelps||March 4, 1865||March 3, 1867||Unconditional Unionist|
|March 4, 1867||March 4, 1869||Conservative|
|29||Thomas Swann||March 4, 1869||March 3, 1873||Democratic||Redistricted to the 4th district|
|30||William James O'Brien||March 4, 1873||March 3, 1877||Democratic|
|31||William Kimmel||March 4, 1877||March 3, 1881||Democratic|
|32||Fetter Schrier Hoblitzell||March 4, 1881||March 3, 1885||Democratic|
|33||William Hinson Cole||March 4, 1885||July 8, 1886||Democratic||died|
|34||Harry Welles Rusk||November 2, 1886||March 3, 1897||Democratic|
|35||William Samuel Booze||March 4, 1897||March 3, 1899||Republican|
|36||Frank Charles Wachter||March 4, 1899||March 3, 1907||Democratic|
|37||Harry Benjamin Wolf||March 4, 1907||March 3, 1909||Democratic|
|38||John Kronmiller||March 4, 1909||March 3, 1911||Republican|
|39||George Konig||March 4, 1911||May 31, 1913||Democratic||died|
|40||Charles Pearce Coady||November 4, 1913||March 3, 1921||Democratic|
|41||John Boynton Philip Clayton Hill||March 4, 1921||March 3, 1927||Republican|
|42||Vincent Palmisano||March 4, 1927||January 3, 1939||Democratic|
|43||Thomas D'Alesandro, Jr.||January 3, 1939||May 16, 1947||Democratic||resigned to become Mayor of Baltimore|
|44||Edward Garmatz||July 15, 1947||January 3, 1973||Democratic|
|45||Paul Sarbanes||January 3, 1973||January 3, 1977||Democratic||Redistricted from the 4th district|
|46||Barbara Mikulski||January 3, 1977||January 3, 1987||Democratic|
|47||Benjamin Cardin||January 3, 1987||January 3, 2007||Democratic|
|48||John Sarbanes||January 3, 2007||Incumbent||Democratic|
- "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008". The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10.
- "Politics Makes Strange Bedfellows, Even Stranger Congressional Boundaries". Maryland Newsline, University of Maryland. 20 February 2004. Retrieved 2007-05-06.
- "Maryland Redistricting Plan Advances". The Washington Post.
- Lazarick, Len (3 October 2012). "Maryland has least compact congressional districts in nation". MarylandReporter.com. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- Parson, Stanley B., William W. Beach and Dan Hermann. United States Congressional Districts, 1788-1841 (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1978) p. 8-9
- Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 42-43
- Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 93-94
- Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 94
- Parsons. Congressional Districts p. 234, 318
- Parson, Stanley B., William W. Beach and Michael J. Durbin. United States Congressioal Districts, 1843-1883 (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1986) p. 16
- Parsosns. Con. Dis. 1843-1883 p. 64
- Parsons. Con. Dis. 1843-1883 p. 115
- Parsons. Con. Dis. 1843-1883 p. 177