13th United States Congress

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13th United States Congress
US Capitol 1814c.jpg
United States Capitol (1814)

Duration: March 4, 1813 – March 4, 1815

Senate President: Elbridge Gerry (1813–1814)
Vacant (1814–1815)
Senate Pres. pro tem: William H. Crawford
Joseph Bradley Varnum
John Gaillard
House Speaker: Henry Clay
Langdon Cheves
Members: 36 Senators
182 Representatives
4 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic-Republican
House Majority: Democratic-Republican

Sessions
1st: May 24, 1813 – August 2, 1813
2nd: December 6, 1813 – April 18, 1814
3rd: September 19, 1814 – March 3, 1815
<12th 14th>

The Thirteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1813 to March 4, 1815, during the fifth and sixth years of James Madison's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Third Census of the United States in 1810. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.

Elbridge Gerry, President of the Senate
President pro tempore
Joseph Varnum
Speaker of the House
Henry Clay

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Treaties ratified[edit]

Party summary[edit]

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic-
Republican

(DR)
Federalist
(F)
Unknown
End of the previous congress 30 6 0 36 0
Begin 27 6 0 33 3
End 24 10 1 35 1
Final voting share 68.6% 28.6% 2.9%
Beginning of the next congress 21 11 1 33 3

House of Representatives[edit]

Following the 1810 census, the size of the House was increased to 182 seats from 142.

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic-
Republican

(DR)
Federalist
(F)
End of the previous congress 105 36 141 1
Begin 108 68 176 6
End 115 67 182 0
Final voting share 63.2% 36.8%
Beginning of the next congress 131 46 177 5

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1814; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1816; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1818.

House of Representatives[edit]

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • replacements: 9
  • deaths: 2
  • resignations: 10
  • interim appointments: 3
  • vacancies: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 15


State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
New Hampshire
(3)
Vacant Appointed to fill vacancy Charles Cutts (DR) Appointed April 2, 1813
Maryland
(3)
Vacant Failure to elect Robert H. Goldsborough (F) Seated May 21, 1813
Delaware
(2)
Vacant James A. Bayard (F) resigned at the end of the previous Congress William H. Wells (F) Seated May 28, 1813
Georgia
(2)
William H. Crawford (DR) Resigned March 23, 1813 William B. Bulloch (DR) Seated April 8, 1813
Connecticut
(3)
Chauncey Goodrich (F) Resigned May 1813 to become Lieutenant Governor David Daggett (F) Seated May 13, 1813
Massachusetts
(1)
James Lloyd (F) Resigned May 1, 1813 Christopher Gore (F) Seated May 5, 1813
New Hampshire
(3)
Charles Cutts (DR) Successor elected June 10, 1813 Jeremiah Mason (F) Seated June 10, 1813
Georgia
(2)
William B. Bulloch (DR) Successor elected November 6, 1813 William W. Bibb (DR) Seated November 6, 1813
Tennessee
(2)
George W. Campbell (DR) Resigned February 11, 1814 after being appointed US Secretary of the Treasury Jesse Wharton (DR) Seated March 17, 1814
Pennsylvania
(1)
Michael Leib (DR) Resigned February 14, 1814 after becoming Postmaster of Philadelphia Jonathan Roberts (DR) Seated February 24, 1814
New Hampshire
(2)
Nicholas Gilman (DR) Died May 2, 1814 Thomas W. Thompson (F) Seated June 24, 1814
Kentucky
(2)
George M. Bibb (DR) Resigned August 23, 1814 George Walker (DR) Seated August 30, 1814
Ohio
(1)
Thomas Worthington (DR) Resigned December 1, 1814 after being elected Governor Joseph Kerr (DR) Seated December 10, 1814
Kentucky
(2)
George Walker (DR) Successor elected December 16, 1814 William T. Barry (DR) Seated December 16, 1814
North Carolina
(3)
David Stone (DR) Resigned December 24, 1814. His successor was elected. Francis Locke Never seated for failing to qualify
Kentucky
(3)
Jesse Bledsoe (DR) Resigned December 24, 1814 Isham Talbot (DR) Seated February 2, 1815
Virginia
(1)
Richard Brent (DR) Died December 30, 1814 James Barbour (DR) Seated January 2, 1815
Virginia
(2)
William B. Giles (DR) Resigned March 3, 1815 Vacant Vacant for remainder of term

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 13
  • deaths: 6
  • resignations: 13
  • contested election: 1
  • vacancies: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 19


District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Kentucky
8th
Vacant Rep.-elect John Simpson died before this Congress began Stephen Ormsby (DR) Seated May 28, 1813
Ohio
6th
Vacant Rep.-elect John Stark Edwards died before this Congress began Reasin Beall (DR) Seated June 8, 1813
Pennsylvania
15th
Vacant Rep.-elect Abner Lacock resigned before commencement of Congress after being elected US Senator Thomas Wilson (DR) Seated May 28, 1813
Pennsylvania
13th
Vacant Rep.-elect John Smilie died before this Congress began Isaac Griffin (DR) Seated May 24, 1813
New York
15th
Vacant Rep-elect William Dowse died on February 18, 1813 John M. Bowers (F) Seated June 21, 1813
Ohio
3rd
Vacant Duncan McArthur Resigned April 5, 1813, having not qualified William Creighton, Jr. (DR) Seated June 15, 1813
Pennsylvania
5th
Robert Whitehill (DR) Died April 8, 1813 John Rea (DR) Seated May 28, 1813
New York
2nd
Egbert Benson (F) Resigned August 2, 1813 William Irving (DR) Seated January 22, 1814
Pennsylvania
3rd
John Gloninger (F) Resigned August 2, 1813 Edward Crouch (DR) Seated December 6, 1813
Pennsylvania
7th
John M. Hyneman (DR) Resigned August 2, 1813 Daniel Udree (DR) Seated December 6, 1813
Illinois Territory
At-large
Shadrach Bond Until August 2, 1813 Benjamin Stephenson Seated November 14, 1814
Georgia
At-large
William W. Bibb (DR) Resigned November 6, 1813 after being elected to US Senate Alfred Cuthbert (DR) Seated February 7, 1814
New York
15th
John M. Bowers (F) Contested election, Bowers ousted on December 20, 1813 Isaac Williams, Jr. (DR) Seated January 24, 1814
Tennessee
5th
Felix Grundy (DR) Resigned sometime in 1814 Newton Cannon (DR) Seated October 15, 1814
Kentucky
2nd
Henry Clay (DR) Resigned January 19, 1814 Joseph H. Hawkins (DR) Seated March 29, 1814
Massachusetts
12th
Daniel Dewey (F) Resigned February 24, 1814 after being appointed Associate Judge of Massachusetts Supreme Court John W. Hulbert (F) Seated September 26, 1814
Pennsylvania
2nd
Jonathan Roberts (DR) Resigned February 24, 1814 after being elected US Senator Samuel Henderson (F) Seated November 29, 1814
Virginia
11th
John Dawson (DR) Died March 31, 1814 Philip Barbour (DR) Seated September 19, 1814
Massachusetts
4th
William M. Richardson (DR) Resigned April 18, 1814 Samuel Dana (DR) Seated September 22, 1814
New Jersey
3rd
Jacob Hufty (F) Died May 20, 1814 Thomas Bines (DR) Seated November 2, 1814
Ohio
6th
Reasin Beall (DR) Resigned June 7, 1814 David Clendenin (DR) Seated December 22, 1814
Pennsylvania
3rd
James Whitehill (DR) Resigned September 1, 1814 Amos Slaymaker (F) Seated December 12, 1814
Missouri Territory
At-large
Edward Hempstead Until September 17, 1814 Rufus Easton Seated November 16, 1814

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]