The Michigan Central Railroad Standish Depot is a Richardsonian Romanesque structure built using fieldstones gathered by local farmers. It served as a passenger depot until 1955, and is currently used as a welcome center along US 23.
The first Arenac Courthouse, dating from 1883, burned in 1889. The county built this second courthouse at the same site in 1890, but in 1892 a county-wide vote moved the county seat to Standish. This building became the Omer Masonic Hall until the Lodge move in 1997. It is now owned by the Arenac County Historical Society.
Assinins was founded in 1843 by Bishop Frederic Baraga, and is one of the earliest Catholicmissions in the Upper Peninsula associated with the Bishop. Baraga built the Old St. Joseph Orphanage and School on the site in 1860; wings were added to the building in 1866 and 1877. The settlement served as an important link in establishing rapport between the local Ottawa and Chippewa tribes and settlers arriving from the east.
In 1915, when this hall was built, the area was still a sparsely settled frontier, and the township government played an important role in the local community. The hall was used as a community center hosted public meetings. It continues to be used for meetings, as well as amateur theatrical productions, community pageants, ethnic music festivals, and other recreational activities.
The Canyon Falls Bridge is constructed of a two-hinged, girder-ribbed arch. The configuration of the bridge is highly simplified, with some minimal decoration on ancillary components. Guardrails have ornamental steel rails and balusters, and a decorative concrete pylon tops each arch pedestal. The appearance of the pylons and the profile of the arched ribs gives the bridge a distinctive Art Moderne look.
The Hanka Farm was occupied by members of the Hanka family, Finnish immigrants, from 1896 until 1966. The farm was originally homesteaded at a time of mass immigration from Finland to the United States, as well as a migration from the mining locations in the Upper Peninsula to more rural locations. The homestead is relatively intact and unaltered from its appearance in the 1920s.
The logging town of Pequaming was founded by Charles Hebard in 1878. In 1915, Hebard's son Daniel built this lodge as his periodic residence. In 1923, Henry Ford bought the town, the mill, and the surrounding 40,000 acres of timber. Ford used the lodge as his summer residence until 1941.
Now known as the Zeba United Indian Methodist Church, the Kewawenon Mission was founded by Methodist missionaries in 1832. The current church is the third such building at the site, and is a vernacular Gothic Revival building covered with hand-made shingling.
The Old US-41 – Backwater Creek Bridge is a rigidly connected Warren pony truss, 80 feet long with an 18 foot roadway. Built in 1918, it is one of the earliest examples of a standard Michigan State Highway Department pony truss design in the state.
This house was constructed between 1901 and 1902 by Austin H. Dwight and his wife Frankie. The house was significant both for its architecture and or the use of advanced engineering techniques, where timber trusses with iron tie rods were used to house a large public space in the first floor. It was demolished in 2005. After a period of vacancy, the house was remodeled and used as the Bay Pointe Restaurant. It was demolished in 2004 and a new Bay Pointe Inn erected at the site.
The Shriner-Ketcham House was constructed in 1868 by local dairy owner and farmer William Shriner. John C. Ketcham, a six-term US Congressman, purchased the house from Shriner, and lived there until his death in 1941.
Daniel Striker was an early banker and politician, and in 1870 was elected as Michigan Secretary of State, a position he held for four years. He constructed this house in the 1880s; it was contemporaneously called "the handsomest residence in Hastings." He lived there until his death in 1898.
The original Frankfort North Breakwater lighthouse was built in 1873; the current light was built in 1932 the end of what is now the northern concrete pier at the entrance to the harbor of Frankfort. The original pyramid style lighthouse was increased in size by placing it on top of a two-story addition.
Construction on this light began in 1854 and was not completed until 1858, with service beginning in the shipping season of 1859. The light was the site of one of the earliest Life Saving Station, built in 1875 under the auspices of the United States Life-Saving Service. The Point Betsie light was the last manned lighthouse on Lake Michigan and the last Michigan lighthouse to lose its keeper.
Mason District Number 5 Schoolhouse is a former two room rural schoolhouse built in 1874; the school could hold up to 110 students. The school operated until 1959, and the building was transformed into the Mason Township Hall in 1964.
The Clare Congregational Church (now the Clare Congregational United Church of Christ) was built in 1908-09, and is one of the few churches in Michigan that reflect the architectural adoption by early twentieth-century Protestants of the Early Christian central plan churches of the fifth- and sixth-century.
George Hitchcock went into the logging business with his brother-in-law Edmund Hall. In 1871, they founded the village of Farwell. George Hitchcock and his wife Martha hired the Detroit firm of Mason & Rice to design this house; construction was completed in 1885.
The Douglas House, also known North Branch Outing Club, was constructed in 1916 by Thomas E. Douglas to draw wealthy tourists to the area. Early club members included Henry Ford and his son Edsel, John and Horace Dodge, and Charles Nash.
The Edward E. Hartwick Memorial Building is a 1-1/2 story rustic log structure built entirely of Michigan pine, and is one of the few remaining examples of the rustic log architecture used in the 1920s and 1930s by the Michigan State Park system.
The bridge is significant as perhaps the earliest rigid-frame bridge built by the Michigan State Highway Department, and is the only example of a steel (as opposed to concrete) rigid-frame bridge in Michigan.
In 1908, John T. Jones built this experimental blast furnace, named the "Ardis Furnace" after his daughter, to test an iron extraction process he developed. The furnace as originally built was a huge rotating metal tube installed at a slight incline and held in place by a series of concrete supports. The Ardis Furnace was initially a success, but a fundamental heat problem limited its durability, and within two years Jones lost his personal fortune and the project was abandoned. Some elements of Jones's technology were incorporated into later successful operations, but the ruins of the concrete supports are the only remnants of the Ardis furnace.
The Chapin Mine Steam Pump Engine, also known as The Cornish Pump, was built by the E. P. Allis Company (now Allis-Chalmers) in 1890-91, and is still the largest reciprocating steam-driven engine ever built in the United States. It was use in the 1890s at the Chapin Mine "D" shaft, and from 1907-1914 at the nearby Ludington Mine "C" shaft. At the "C" shaft, the engine was connected to a series of eight pumps, the deepest of which was 1,500 feet (460 m) below ground. The total capacity of the pump system was 3,400 US gallons (13,000 l) per minute. The system was replaced in 1914 by electric pumps, and the Cornish Pump has served as a tourist attraction since 1934.
The Immaculate Conception Church is an Italian Renaissance Revival church built in 1902 by Italian Catholics living on the north side of Iron Mountain. It was designed by parish priest Father Giovanni Sinopoli di Giunta, who also oversaw the construction of the building.
This highway bridge between Dickinson County, Michigan and Florence County, Wisconsin was built in 1910-11 because the Twin Falls Power Dam would soon flood the previous bridge. It is one of two pin-connected, camelback, through-truss bridges remaining in Wisconsin. Site of liquor inspections from 1914-20, when Michigan was dry and Wisconsin wet.
This depot was built in 1892 by the Milwaukee, Lake Shore and Western Railroad, a predecessor of the Chicago and North Western Railway. The red brick and sandstone structure with a one-block long platform was used for passenger traffic until 1970, and freight until 1971. It currently houses the Ironwood Area Historical Society.
Solomon S. Curry was the president of the Metropolitan Iron and Land Company, which began extensive mining in the Gogebic Range in the early 1880s. The iron mines in the area led to the establisheent of Ironwood, and Curry was one of the founding fathers of the city. After a devastating 1887 fire, Curry built this vernacular Queen Anne house for his own use.
Gogebic County was split from Ontonagon County in 1887. The county immediately started work on a courthouse, a rectangular Romanesque red sandstone building designed by the firm of Charlton and Kuenzli and constructed in 1888 for $50,000. The courthouse, built when Gogebic County was a booming mining area, and reflects the economic prosperity of the times and the enthusiasm of county residents at a time when Gogebic County was a newly created political entity.
The city of Ironwood was first settled in 1885 as the commercial center of the newly opening Gogebic iron range. The city was incorporated in 1889, and architect George Mennie designed this city hall, which was constructed the following year. The two-story, rectangular, vernacular Richardsonian structure had an exterior of tan brick with smooth brownstone belt cornices. It originally held the city jail, police department, fire station, library, and city offices, but soon the police and fire departments exclusively used the building. Despite was being listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980, the building was demolished in 1989.
The Ironwood Theatre opened in 1928, and featured first run films and vaudeville shows. It continued to show movies until 1982. In 1988, it was reopened as a non-profit cultural organization featuring a wide range of programming. The theatre houses a restored Barton Organ, one of only four still existing in playble condition.
The Main Street – Black River Bridge was constructed in 1923 to replace a 19th-century bridge that was bottlenecking vehicular traffic in what was then the village of Ramsay. The concrete through girder bridge design used for this bridge was a standard Michigan State Highway Department design from 1913 through about 1930, during which time perhaps hundreds of them were built throughout the state. The Main Street – Black River Bridge is an unusual and visually striking example, having a triple-span design and tapered concrete piers.
The Ironwood Memorial Building is a two-story Neoclassical structure, built to house the municipal offices of the city and as a recreational and social center. It also serves as a memorial for area men who served during the Civil War, Spanish-American War, and World War I, sontaining murals, statues, and stained glass windows honoring veterans.
This factory was built in portions over the span of 1893-1909 by the J.J. Deal and Son Carriage Company. The company produced multiple models of the Deal Automobile here from 1908-1911, but went out of business in 1915. It was later used by the Kiddie Brush & Toy Company.
Grace Episcopal Church is a 1-1/2 story rectangular Greek Revival frame structure covered in clapboard. Built in 1844-48, it is one of the first church buildings constructed in Michigan west of Detroit, and is one of the few surviving exampes of indigenous church architecture in the state.
The Hillsdale Downtown Historic District is a commercial historic district containing 95 buildings constructed from the 1860s to the 1930s. These include structures associated with many of the city's oldest civic and commercial institutions, and structures that represent many of the broad trends in American and Midwestern architecture extant during Hillsdale's history.
Trunk Line Bridge No. 237 was built in 1918 by the Michigan State Highway Department according to a standard plan on what was then State Highway 308. The bridge is a concrete, barrel vaulteddeck arch bridge. Its single arch spans 31 feet (9.4 m) across Silver Creek. The parapet railings are constructed of solid concrete and have five rectangular recesses on the inside and outside faces. The bridge currently carries the unpaved Burt Road in a rural, wooded area of Ransom Township.
The Alabaster Historic District encompasses a former open-pit gypsum mine, along with associated processing buildings, shops, and offices, as well as the company town. The mine was established in 1862, but above-ground structures date from after a 1891 fire.
The Cook Dam began generating electricity in December 1911, with an original capacity of 9,000 kilowatts. The electrical output was transmitted 125 miles to Flint at 140,000 volts, establishing a world record.
The Five Channels Dam Archeological District encompasses the site of the former worker's camp, used during dam construction in 1911-1912. At the completion of dam construction, the worker's camp buildings were moved to the next construction site (the Loud Dam) or razed.
The Tawas Point Light was originally constructed in 1852-53. However, the structure began to degrade, and a new lighthouse was built in 1876 at a cost of $30,000. The tower is 70 feet (21 m) tall including the base, with a diameter at base of 16 feet (4.9 m) and a diameter at parapet of 9 feet 6 inches (2.90 m) It is constructed of a brick outer wall, and an inner wall: 24 inches/8 inches thick, respectively. There is an air space between walls of 24 inches (610 mm).
The Doughty House was built in about 1865 and purchased by Wilkinson Doughty, an early civic leader in Mt. Pleasant, in 1869. He was a founder of Central Michigan Normal School (now Central Michigan University), and lived here until his death in 1909.
The Michigan Condensed Milk Factory (owned by the Borden family) was constructed in 1908 and used as a creamery until 1960. After laying vacant for 40 years, it was refurbished in 2003-2009, and now houses the offices of the City of Mount Pleasant.
The Sherman City Union Church was built in 1871 as the "Guard of American Revolution Hall," and in 1898 was refitted as a nondenominational church. The church was abandoned in about 1960, but was rescued and refurbished in 1977-78 by local citizens.
St. John's Episcopal Church was initially established as a mission church in 1876 by circuit riders. In 1882, the cornerstone of the current church, modeled on the riding stable of the English estate of the Duke of Devonshire, was laid. The Rt. Rev. George D. Gillespie consecrated the church on January 10, 1884. The church cintains historic stained-glass windows representing the Holy Sacrament, St. John the Evangelist, and St. Mary, the Mother of God. In 1996, the church building underwent extensive restoration and renovations, much of which was completed by parishioners.
Idlewild is a vacation and retirement community founded in 1912 for African-American residents. It was one of only a few resorts in the country where African-Americans were allowed to vacation and purchase property before this discrimination became illegal in 1964. At its peak it was the most popular resort in the Midwest and as many as 25,000 would come to Idlewild in the height of the summer season to enjoy camping, swimming, boating, fishing, hunting, horseback riding, roller skating and night-time entertainment. The second set of boundaries represents a boundary increase of 02010-08-06August 6, 2010
In the 1890s, the Great Northern Portland Cement Company constructed a cement plant at this site to produce cement from the local marl. Production boomed, and in 1902, the company also began construction of a nearby village, dubbed Marlborough, for plant workers. By 1905, Marlborough had 400 citizens, but production problems quickly arose, and the company entered receivership in 1906. The village houses were sold for salvage, the plant was dynamited for scrap iron, and by 1910 only ruins remained.
John and Katharine Podjun purchased the land this farm sits on in 1914, and slowly constructed a complex of farm buildings between 1914 and 1930. The entire property is still owned by Podjun family members.
The Luce County Sheriff's House and Jail was built in 1894, only 12 years after the founding of Newberry and 7 years after the organization of Luce County. The opulent structure, built to complement the nearby now-demolished courthouse, reflected the prosperity of the Victorian era community. The structure served as the jail and sheriff's residence for over 70 years. In 1975, the Luce County Historical Society rescued the jail from demolition and in 1976 reopened it as the Luce County Historical Museum.
The SS Badger is a coal-fired ferry carrying both passengers and vehicles. The ship has operated in Lake Michigan since 1953, and is the only remaining coal-fired passenger vessel operating on the Great Lakes. The Badger was originally built as a rail car ferry, but in 1991-92 was refit to exclusively carry passengers and automobiles.
The Big Sable Point Light was built in 1867; at 112 feet it is one of the few Michigan lights over 100 feet in height. The tower is built of brick, but in 1900 a steel plate encasement was constructed around the tower to protect the bricks. The station was the last light on the Great Lakes to be electrified, in 1949. The light was automated in 1968, and still serves as an aid to navigation.
The Ludington Light Station was established in 1871, but thefirst light was not lit until 1924. The light tower is structurally part of the reinforced concrete pier beneath it. The light was automated in 1972, and is still used.
The first life-saving station at Ludington. was built in 1879. In 1933, the original station was moved to become a private residence, and the set of building currently at the site were constructed. In 2003, ground was broken on a new station nearby, and the Coast Guard moved the next year
The oral tradition of the Odawa people holds that the Not-A-Pe-Ka-Gon Site, along the Pere Marquette River, was the site of an important 17th century battle between the Odawa and Mascouten peoples. Many men from both sides of the conflict died in the battle, and their skulls were placed on sticks along the riverbank; the site became known as "Notipekago" or "Notipekagon" - literally, "heads on sticks."
The Scottville School was constructed in 1888, and served as Scottville's only school until the 1950s. Additions were made to the school in 1893, 1903, 1911, and 1927. It was used as the high school and middle school until 1976.
The Fairman Building was constructed in 1880 for businessman Ferdinand Fairman, who dealt in a substantial amount of real estate, investment, and other non-lumbering activities in what was then a primarily lumbering town. In 2003, the Fairman Building, along with the nearby Nisbett Building, were refurbished into senior citizen housing, and are now known as the Nisbett-Fairman Residences.
Daniel F. Comstock began construction began on the Nisbett Building in 1885; after enclosing and partially completing the ambition project, Comstock went bankrupt. The building was eventually purchased and finished in 1900 by William Nisbett. In 2003, the Nisbett Building, along with the nearby Fairman Building, were refurbished into senior citizen housing, and are now known as the Nisbett-Fairman Residences.
The Aetna Earthworks consists of two circular ditch-and-bank structures of around 50 metres (160 ft) diameter located atop a glacial esker. The layout of the site is thought to represent the Midewiwin origin tale of Bear's Journey.
Giles Glibert was a significa figure in the lumbering business in Stanton in the late 1860s-early 1980s. In 1877, he built this house for his own use, and lived there until 1882, when he moved to Mecosta, Michigan to continue lumbering. The house in Stanton was later owned by James Willet, another prominent lumberman and mayor of Stanton
The Greenville Downtown Historic District is a commercial historic district containing 60 contributing buildings dating from the later nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The oldest dates to 1869.
The Croton Dam Mound Group consists of three mounds designated Croton Dam A (20NE105), Croton Dam B (20NE112), and Croton Dam C (20NE116). The largest mound, Croton Dam A, measures about 35 feet in diameter, and included a cache of animal bones and weapons points. The two smaller mounds, Croton Dam B and C, contained red ochre and cremated human remains.
Croton Dam was built in 1907 under the direction of William D. Fargo by the Grand Rapids - Muskegon Power Company, a predecessor of Consumers Energy. The 40-foot-high (12 m) dam impounds 7.2 billion U.S. gallons (6 billion imp. gal/27 billion L) of water in its 1,209-acre (489 ha) reservoir and is capable of producing 8,850 kilowatts at peak outflow. The Croton Dam is one of the earliest examples of the use of hydraulic sluicing in construction east of the Mississippi River. The complex also includes the adjoining powerhouse.
The former Fremont High School consists of three distinct sections: the original two-story Arts and Crafts-inspired 1926 school building, a one- and two- story 1961 International Style gymnasium/natatorium, and a 1988 connector between the two earlier buildings. The building was vacated in fall 2012.
At the time of its completion in 1931, the Hardy Dam was the largest earthen dam in North America east of the Mississippi, and is still the third largest earthen dam in the world and the largest east of the Mississippi River.
The Jared H. Gay House is a log house built in 1861 by Jared Gay and his wife Catherine. The Gays were the first permanent European settlers in the area, and were instrumental in the development of Crystal Valley. They lived in this house until 1902.
The Little Sable Point Light was constructed in 1874 from a design by Col. Orlando M. Poe. The light sits atop a brick tower with a stone base. Prior to 1900, the brick was left in its natural color and state, as it was unusually hard and held up well to the elements. In 1900 the light was painted white for the first time, to assuage the complaints of mariners who said the brick was difficult to see. It remained that color until 1975, when it was sand blasted, and returned to its natural color. The lantern is capped by a copper roof.
The Navigation Structures at Pentwater Harbor include a pair of concrete piers flanking the channel from Lake Michigan to Pentwater Lake, and the pierhead lights at the end of each pier. The channel itself dates to 1855, when Charles Mears first dregded it for his lumber business.
The US 31–Pentwater River Bridge is a three-span steel bridge with a total length of 270 feet (82 m). The two anchor spans are 84 feet (26 m) long and cantilever over the piers to support the 102-foot (31 m) center span, 60 feet (18 m) of which is suspended.
The Bergland Administrative Site, also known as the Bergland Ranger Station, is a government administrative complex consisting of six buildings, built in 1936 by the Civilian Conservation Corps. It was one of the first administrative offices built in the Ottawa National Forest, and now houses the Bergland Cultural & Heritage Center and the The Bergland/Matchwood Historical Society Museum.
The Ontonagon County Courthouse is a two-story Romanesque Revival structure, designed by the architectural firm of Charlton, Gilbert & Demar, and built of brick on a sandstone foundation. Three sides have similar facades a central entrance in a gabled pavilion flanked by tall double-hung windows. The building was completed in 1886, but a disastrous 1896 fire destroyed most of the city, including this courthouse. The foundation and brick walls were salvaged, and the interior was redesiged and rebuilt.
In 1860, the Army Corps of Engineers began designing pier structures in Ontonagon at the mouth of the river. The initial construction of the Ontonagon piers was carried out during 1868-1872, and further additions and reconstructions were carried out through the rest of the nineteenth century and into the twentieth. The east and west entrance piers are now 2,315 feet and 2,563 feet long, respectively
The original Ontonagon Lighthouse, a wooden structure, was built in 1852/53. This lighthouse quickly deteriorated, and the current lighthouse, constructed of brick, was built in 1866. This lighthouse is a rectangular, 1-1/2-story cream-colored brick keeper's house on a stone foundation, integral with a three-story, 34-foot tall tower. The lighthouse was decommissioned in 1964, and ownership of the structure was transferred to the Ontonagon County Historical Society in 2003. The society undertook a complete restoration of the structure, and conducts tours for visitors.
The Ontonagon School was originally constructed in 1912 as a high school. The architecturally significant portion of the building is the 1938 elementary school addition. This building, was designed by architect architect A.B. Nelson to be child-friendly, and features stained-glass art, floor- and wall-tiles with fairytale characters, built-in child-sized benches, reversing blackboards, and an Art Deco fish pond in the kindergarten room.
The Oscoda County Courthouse was built in 1888-89 at a cost of about $3800 by George E. Hunter from a Classical Revival design by architects Pratt and Koeppe. Unlike the stone and brick courthouses commonly built at the time, the Oscoda County Courthouse is a modest wood frame building, originally sided with wooden clapboards. The building is fronted by a projected bay topped with a hip-roofed steeple. One-story wings extend from both sides of the courthouse.
The Johannesburg Manufacturing Company was incorporated in 1901 by lumbermen Ernest Salling, Rasmus Hanson, and Nels Michelson. The trio built Johannesburg as a lumber mill and company town, and the first building constructed in the new town was this company store.
The F.T. Barney was a schooner built in 1856. It sank in 1868 in a collision with anothre schooner; the wreck lay undiscovered until 1987. It is in 160 feet of water, and is one of the most complete of a schooner of its era.
In the mid-1800s, as lights were built along the coasts of the Great Lakes, the New Presque Isle Light's range of visibility of 19 miles (31 km) and the Cheboygan Crib Light's visible range of 13 miles (21 km) left an unlighted 18-mile (29 km) intervening stretch of coastline along which mariners had to navigate blind. In 1895, money was appropriated to build this light, 40 miles (64 km) south of Mackinac Point. The plan for this light is nearly identical to the one for the Big Bay Point Lighthouse on Lake Superior that was constructed at the same time.
Hoeft State Park is built on land donated in 1922 by lumber baron Paul H. Hoeft. The heavily wooded park sits on 1-mile (1.6 km) of Lake Huron shoreline and offers 143 campsites along with 4 miles (6.4 km) of hiking trails, hunting, play grounds, a picnic pavilion and a lodge erected in the late 1930s by the Civilian Conservation Corps.
The Old Presque Isle Light was the first lighthouse in the Presque Isle, Michigan area. The light was built in 1840, and was constructed of two-thirds stone and one-third brick. However, the tower and dwelling did not last long in the harsh weather, however, and by 1867 they were deteriorated enough for Congress to find need for a newer station. The New Presque Isle Light was constructed in 1870, and the Old Presque Isle Light was deactivated in 1871. The old light currently serves as a museum.
One of the oldest state parks in Michigan, Onaway State Park was dedicated in 1921. Located on Black Lake, it contains sand cobblestone beaches, large rock outcroppings, a campground, and a nature trail highlighting a diversity of trees.
This building, also known as the Onaway Courthouse, was constructed in 1908 by Merritt Chandler in an effort to wrest the county seat away from Rogers City. Although he was unsuccessful, as a compromise county court sessions were alternated between Rogers City and Onaway until the 1940s. The building now houses a public library, Historical Museum, the Chamber of Commerce, and offices of the City of Onaway.
The Radka-Bradley House, also known as just the Bradley House was for 13 years the home of Carl D. Bradley, who propelled the Michigan Limestone and Chemical Company to national prominence. After Bradley's death, his successors as Michigan Limestone's CEO lived in the house; it now serves as the Presque Isle County Historical Museum.
The Ekdahl-Goudreau Site, also known as the Seul Choix site, is an archaeological site located a few hundred feet back from a natural harbor on Lake Michigan. Pottery artifacts date the site to the Late Woodland period.
In the 1910s, a new breakwater was built to protect the Manistique harbor. When the breakwater was finished, construction was started on this light, which was put into service in 1916. As the century progressed, Manistique's importance as a port waned, and the light was automated in 1969.
The Manistique Pumping Station was constructed in 1921/22, and was in use as a waterworks until 1954. The tower is notable for the architectural approach to the design of the fundamentally utilitarian structure. The exterior of the tower is octagonal, and the interior has 16 sides, strengthening the eight exterior corners that supported the weight of the water tank.
This light marks the location of the only harbor in a long stretch of dangerous Lake Michigan shore. Before it was constructed in 1895, there were no lighthouses in a 100-mile stretch of shoreline. The light was designed by Orlando M. Poe, who designed seven other lighthouses in the area.
The Michigan State Highway Department developed standard plans for long-span concrete through girder bridges with arched girders on cantilevered brackets in 1921-22. An early version of this type of bridge was the 90 foot span, designated Bridge Number 750 02, built in 1923 for the Germfask crossing of the Manistique River.
In 1873, Horace Sebring and Mitchell Hogmire constructed this grain elevator alongside the railroad tracks. The building has had multiple owners through the years, until 2002 when it was purchased by the city of Bangor, then substantially refurbished. It is now available for rental as a reception hall
The main stone building in this complex was constructed in 1940 by William C. Houppert, after a fire destroyed the earlier building. Due to the fire, Houppert went bankrupt in 1943, but the site was operated as a winery by Warner Vineyards until the mid-1970s. It has been refurbished and now operated at the Lawton Heritage Community Center.
Marshall's Store, also known as DeHaven's Store, was constructed in 1874 by Hannibal M. Marshall. In 1906, the store was purchased by Levi C. DeHaven, and was run by DeHaven and Henry R. Phillips until 1965, marking nearly 90 years as the main grocery and dry goods store in Lawrence. The stiore is one of the best preserved and most distinctive Italianate commercial buildings in the region.
This Greek Revival structure was built in 1842-1845 as the first Van Buren County Courthouse, a function it served for over 50 years. In 1900, it was moved from the courthouse site to its present location, and now serves as the Paw Paw City Hall.
Frank J. Cobbs was the son of Jonathan W. Cobbs, who, with William W. Mitchell, founded the lumbering firm of Cobbs & Mitchell which was a large employer in Cadilac for decades. Frank J. Cobbs built this house in 1898, the year he was married and his father died, leaving the management of Cobbs & Mitchell to Frank.
Cobbs & Mitchell was among the largest lumbering firms in Michigan, at its high point, using 100,000 feet of raw lumber daily. In 1905, Cobbs & Mitchell hired George D. Mason of Detroit to design this brick and limestone building as a showplace for their products. The building is finished throughout using nine varieties of wood native to Michigan: elm, white maple, bird's-eye maple, sap birch, red birch, curly red birch, red beech, red oak and hemlock.
In 1874, Cadillac founder George Mitchell built this house in the Second Empire style, including ornate caved woodwork inside and a mansard roof outside. Mitchell lived there until 1878; in 1922, his great-nephew Charles T. Mitchell purchased the house, and in 1926, completely renovated it to reflect the then-current Prairie School trend in architecture.
This engine is a Shay locomotive engine designed by local logger Ephraim Shay. The Shay locomotive was small and powerful, and was built to operate on temporary tracks to haul logs. It was geared to operate on steep grades and articulated to handle sharp curves.
^The Sand Point site is an address restricted site, but is described in the following document as being "east and south" of the camping facility maintained by the Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, on land owned by the KBIC: Sand Point Concept Master Plan, Keweenaw Bay Indian Community The geographic coordinates given are approximate.
^The NRIS database gives the location of the Archeological District as "address restricted." However, the Menominee River Park is easily identified in Kingsford. The given geocoordinates are approximate.
^The NRIS gives the location as "address resticted." However, the Michigan SHPO has placed a historical marker at the site. The given geo-coordinates are of the dam itself.
^The NRIS lists the Croton Dam Mound Group as "address restricted;" however, references show it is located near Croton. The geo-coordinates given are approximate.
^The NRIS lists the Toft Lake Village Site as "address restricted;" however, references show it is located on the shore of Toft Lake. The geo-coordinates given are approximate.
^The NRIS gives the location of the Dumaw Creek Site as "address restricted." However, references indicate it is located in Weare Township alongside Dumaw Creek. The geo-coordinates given are approximate.
^Staff. "Oscoda County Courthouse". State Historic Preservation Office. Michigan State Housing Development Authority. Retrieved April 6, 2012.