Eurovision Song Contest 1976

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Eurovision Song Contest 1976
ESC 1976 logo.png
Dates
Final date 3 April 1976
Host
Venue Nederlands Congrescentrum
The Hague, Netherlands
Presenter(s) Corry Brokken
Conductor Jan Steulen
Director Theo Ordeman
Executive supervisor Clifford Brown
Host broadcaster Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS)
Interval act The Dutch Swing College Band
Participants
Number of entries 18
Debuting countries None
Returning countries
Withdrawing countries
Vote
Voting system Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 points to their 10 favourite songs
Nul points None
Winning song  United Kingdom
"Save Your Kisses for Me"
Eurovision Song Contest
◄1975 1976 1977►

The Eurovision Song Contest 1976 was the 21st edition of the contest hosted by NOS and held in The Hague, Netherlands. The arena for the event was the Nederlands Congrescentrum. Teach-In's victory in Stockholm the previous year gave The Netherlands the right to host the contest for the third time. The Contest was won by Brotherhood of Man, who sang "Save Your Kisses for Me" in English, representing the United Kingdom.[1]

Location[edit]

For more details on the host city, see The Hague.
Nederlands Congrescentrum, The Hague. Host venue of the 1976 Eurovision Song Contest.

The songfestival was hosted in The Hague, at the Nederlands Congrescentrum (presently known as the World Forum). The venue was constructed in 1969.

Format[edit]

The scoring system introduced in the previous year's competition returned in 1976. Each jury gave 12 points to the best song, 10 to the second best, then 8 to the third, 7 to the fourth, 6 to the fifth and so forth until the tenth best song (in the jury's opinion) received a single point. Unlike today, the points were not given in order (from 1 up to 12), but in the order the songs were performed. The current procedure was not established until 1980.

Participating countries[edit]

Sweden, Malta and Turkey withdrew from this contest reducing the number of participating countries down to eighteen from the previous competitions record of nineteen countries that took part. Austria and Greece returned to the contest.[1]

Sweden withdrew from the contest, as the broadcaster Sveriges Radio (SR) did not have enough money to host another contest if Sweden won again. A new rule was therefore introduced that in the future each broadcaster participating would have to pay a part of the cost of staging the contest. As the author and historian John Kennedy O'Connor notes in his book The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official History, there had been public demonstrations in Sweden against the contest, which also played a part in SR's decision to withdraw.[2] The same book also notes that the victorious song went on to become the biggest selling winning single in the history of the contest and won with 80.39% of the possible maximum score; a record under the voting system introduced in 1975.[3]

Malta, having selected Enzo Guzman with the song "Sing Your Song, Country Boy" to represent them, then withdrew from the contest for undisclosed reasons, as the singer has confirmed.[4] Malta would not return to the competition until 1991. The entry from Greece aroused controversy as it was about the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. The previous year Greece had withdrawn from the contest in protest over this matter. This year it was Turkey's turn to withdraw.

Liechtenstein attempted to submit an entry to the contest, but as they had no broadcasting service of their own, they were not allowed to. Their entry would have been "Little Cowboy" by Biggi Bachmann.[4][5]

Conductors[edit]

Each performance had a conductor who maestro the orchestra.

Returning artists[edit]

Four artists returned to the contest in 1976. Fredi who represented Finland in 1967, Sandra Reemer returned having represented Netherlands in 1972, Peter, Sue and Marc also returned having represented Switzerland in 1971, and finally Anne-Karine Strøm represented Norway again having last done so in 1974; she repeated her finishing result by coming last once more.

Results[edit]

Draw Country Language[6] Artist Song English translation Place Points
01  United Kingdom English Brotherhood of Man "Save Your Kisses for Me" - 1 164
02  Switzerland English Peter, Sue and Marc "Djambo, Djambo" - 4 91
03  Germany German Les Humphries Singers "Sing Sang Song" - 15 12
04  Israel Hebrew Chocolate, Menta, Mastik "Emor Shalom" (אמור שלום) Say Hello 6 77
05  Luxembourg French Jürgen Marcus "Chansons pour ceux qui s'aiment" Songs for Those Who Love Each Other 14 17
06  Belgium French Pierre Rapsat "Judy et Cie" Judy and Company 8 68
07  Ireland English Red Hurley "When" - 10 54
08  Netherlands English Sandra Reemer "The Party's Over" - 9 56
09  Norway English Anne-Karine Strøm "Mata Hari" - 18 7
10  Greece Greek Mariza Koch "Panagia Mou, Panagia Mou"
(Παναγιά μου, Παναγιά μου)
Oh! Virgin Mary (x2)[7] 13 20
11  Finland English Fredi & Ystävät "Pump-Pump" - 11 44
12  Spain Spanish Braulio "Sobran las palabras" Words are Unnecessary 16 11
13  Italy English, Italian Al Bano & Romina Power "We'll Live It All Again"
(Noi lo rivivremo di nuovo)
- 7 69
14  Austria English Waterloo & Robinson "My Little World" - 5 80
15  Portugal Portuguese Carlos do Carmo "Uma flor de verde pinho" A Green Pine Flower 12 24
16  Monaco French Mary Christy "Toi, la musique et moi" You, the Music and Me 3 93
17  France French Catherine Ferry "Un, deux, trois" One, Two, Three 2 147
18  Yugoslavia Bosnian Ambasadori "Ne mogu skriti svoju bol" I Can't Hide My Pain 17 10

Scoreboard[edit]

Results
Total Score United Kingdom Switzerland Germany Israel Luxembourg Belgium Ireland Netherlands Norway Greece Finland Spain Italy Austria Portugal Monaco France Yugoslavia
Contestants United Kingdom 164 12 8 12 8 12 3 10 12 12 10 12 4 10 12 10 7 10
Switzerland 91 12 5 4 1 7 1 6 10 2 7 4 8 7 4 6 7
Germany 12 2 2 1 2 2 3
Israel 77 6 7 3 7 5 4 2 7 8 1 10 6 2 1 8
Luxembourg 17 6 6 5
Belgium 68 7 6 1 4 6 12 8 3 8 8 5
Ireland 54 10 1 3 3 8 5 12 2 6 3 1
Netherlands 56 4 4 8 4 4 2 1 7 3 2 4 6 2 5
Norway 7 3 4
Greece 20 2 4 5 1 8
Finland 44 2 6 6 5 1 4 6 7 7
Spain 11 3 1 3 3 1
Italy 69 1 8 2 12 3 10 6 1 10 10 6
Austria 80 4 3 10 10 5 3 10 7 2 6 5 8 5 2
Portugal 24 6 4 1 1 12
Monaco 93 5 5 7 7 12 8 8 8 5 2 7 7 5 3 4
France 147 8 10 12 5 10 10 7 12 8 5 3 10 6 12 5 12 12
Yugoslavia 10 1 2 3 4

12 points[edit]

Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:

N. Contestant Voting nation
7 United Kingdom Belgium, Greece, Israel, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland
5 France Austria, Germany, Monaco, Netherlands, Yugoslavia
1 Belgium Finland
Italy Ireland
Ireland Italy
Monaco Luxembourg
Portugal France
Switzerland United Kingdom

International broadcasts and voting[edit]

The table below shows the order in which votes were cast during the 1976 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country.

Voting and spokespersons[edit]

  1.  United Kingdom - Ray Moore
  2.  Switzerland - Michel Stocker[8]
  3.  Germany - Max Schautzer
  4.  Israel - Yitzhak Shim'oni[9]
  5.  Luxembourg - Jacques Harvey
  6.  Belgium - André Hagon
  7.  Ireland - Brendan Balfe
  8.  Netherlands – Dick van Bommel
  9.  Norway - Sverre Christophersen[10]
  10.  Greece - TBC
  11.  Finland - Erkki Vihtonen[11]
  12.  Spain - José María Íñigo
  13.  Italy - Rosanna Vaudetti
  14.  Austria - Jenny Pippal
  15.  Portugal - Ana Zanatti[12]
  16.  Monaco - Carole Chabrier
  17.  France - Michel Drucker
  18.  Yugoslavia - Sandi Colnik

Television commentators[edit]

Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language.

Radio commentators[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Eurovision Song Contest 1976". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  2. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy (2007). The Eurovision Song Contest: The Official History. UK: Carlton Books. pp. 64–67. ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3. 
  3. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy (2007). The Eurovision Song Contest: The Official History. UK: Carlton Books. ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3. 
  4. ^ a b "No, No, Never!!! - Songs That Did Not Make It To Eurovision". eurovisionsongs.net. Retrieved 2009-07-23. 
  5. ^ "The Eurovision Song Contest 1956 - present". BBC. 2007-04-26. Retrieved 2009-07-23. 
  6. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1976". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  7. ^ (E.g. It is a common expression in Greek asking for consolation from Jesus Christ's Mother, Virgin Mary)
  8. ^ Baumann, Peter Ramón (OGAE Switzerland)
  9. ^ "פורום אירוויזיון". Sf.tapuz.co.il. 1999-09-13. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  10. ^ a b Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)
  11. ^ "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  12. ^ "Comentadores Do ESC - escportugalforum.pt.vu | o forum eurovisivo português". 21595.activeboard.com. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  13. ^ "Concours Eurovision de la Chanson • Consulter le sujet - Commentateurs des pays francophones". Eurovision.vosforums.com. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  14. ^ Adriaens, Manu & Loeckx-Van Cauwenberge, Joken. Blijven kiken!. Lannoo, Belgium. 2003 ISBN 90-209-5274-9
  15. ^ "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  16. ^ Christian Masson. "1976 - La Haye". Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  17. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1974". Ecgermany.de. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  18. ^ "Η Μακώ Γεωργιάδου και η EUROVISION (1970-1986)". Retromaniax.gr. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  19. ^ "Nederlandse televisiecommentatoren bij het Eurovisie Songfestival". Eurovision Artists (in Dutch). 
  20. ^ "Hvem kommenterte før Jostein Pedersen? - Debattforum". Nrk.no. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  21. ^ "FORO FESTIVAL DE EUROVISIÓN • Ver Tema - Uribarri comentarista Eurovision 2010". Eurosongcontest.phpbb3.es. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  22. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 1976 BBC Archives
  23. ^ http://timarit.is/view_page_init.jsp?issId=226990&pageId=3061053&lang=is&q=Eurovision
  24. ^ RadioVisie.eu (1976-04-17). "RetroVisie: april 1976 [ RadioVisie.eu /nl /actueel ]". Radiovisie.eu. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  25. ^ Roxburgh, Gordon (2014). Songs For Europe - The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest Volume Two: The 1970's. UK: Telos Publishing. p. 116. ISBN 978-1-84583-065-6. 
  26. ^ "Infosajten.com". Infosajten.com. Retrieved 2012-08-10.