Eurovision Song Contest 1972
|Eurovision Song Contest 1972
|Final date||25 March 1972|
Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
|Executive supervisor||Clifford Brown|
|Host broadcaster||British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)|
|Interval act||Tattoo at Edinburgh Castle|
|Number of entries||18|
|Voting system||Each country had two jury members, one aged between 16 and 25 and one aged between 26 and 55. They each awarded 1 to 5 points for each song (other than the song from their own country) immediately after it was performed and the votes were collected and counted as soon as they were cast. The juries watched the show on TV from the keep of Edinburgh Castle and appeared on screen to confirm their scores.|
|Winning song|| Luxembourg
|Eurovision Song Contest|
The Eurovision Song Contest 1972 was the 17th annual edition in the series and was held in Edinburgh, Scotland. Although Monaco had won the previous year's contest, the principality was unable to meet the demands of hosting the event (on January 31, 1972, Monaco's ruler Rainier III of Monaco received a letter from the European Broadcasting Union about holding the 1972 Eurovision in Monaco, he was unable to provide a venue, the props and everything else so in February 1972, Prince Rainier declined because of the expenses).
Séverine made the trip to the Scottish capital Edinburgh to pass on the 'Grand Prix' to Vicky Leandros. However, she looked thoroughly uninterested in the Monegasque entry when seen by viewers checking her watch after the song was performed. This marked the fourth time that the contest was held in Britain, however this is the only time when a UK-hosted Eurovision song contest was held outside England.
Luxembourg's win was their third. Yves Dessca also wrote the text for "Un Banc, Un Arbre, Une Rue" that won in 1971, and other than conductors of the winning song, became the second person to win the Contest twice, the first person to win for two different countries and the first person to win two years in a row.
Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland, was one of the historical major centres of the Enlightenment, led by the University of Edinburgh, helping to earn it the nickname Athens of the North. The Old Town and New Town districts of Edinburgh were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995 in recognition of the unique character of the Medieval Old Town and the planned Georgian New Town. It covers both the Old and New Towns together with the Dean Village and the Calton Hill areas. There are over 4,500 listed buildings within the city.
The city is know to play host of the annual Edinburgh Festival, a group of official and independent festivals held annually over about four weeks beginning in early August. The number of visitors attracted to Edinburgh for the Festival is roughly equal to the settled population of the city. The best-known of these events are the Edinburgh Fringe, the largest performing-arts festival in the world; the Edinburgh International Festival; the Edinburgh Military Tattoo; and the Edinburgh International Book Festival. Other annual events include the Hogmanay street party and the Beltane Fire Festival. Edinburgh attracts over 1 million overseas visitors a year, making it the second most visited tourist destination in the United Kingdom.
The Usher Hall, venue for the 1972 contest, is a concert hall, situated on Lothian Road, in the west end of Edinburgh, Scotland. It has hosted concerts and events since its construction in 1914 and can hold approximately 2,900 people in its recently restored auditorium, which is well loved by performers due to its acoustics. The Hall is flanked by The Royal Lyceum Theatre on the right and The Traverse Theatre on the left. Historic Scotland has registered the Hall with Category A listed building status.
The Irish entry was in the Irish language, so far the country's only entry in that language. The contest was broadcast for a first time in live to Asia. The contest was broadcast to Japan, Tawian, Thailand, the Philippines & Hong Kong. The contest was broadcast to in Iceland and Israel few days later. Brazil and Greece also broadcast the contest live.
Participating countries 
All countries who participated in the 1971 contest were present this year; with no withdrawals, returns, or débutantes.
Returning artists 
Four artists returned to the competition this year. Luxembourg's Vicky Leandros who last performed for the nation in 1967; Carlos Mendes for Portugal who last participated in 1968; Swedish entry Family Four who returned for a second consecutive year; and finally Yugoslavia's Tereza Kesovija who previous represented Monaco in 1966.
Each country had two jury members, one aged between 16 and 25 and one aged between 26 and 55. They each awarded 1 to 5 points for each song, other than the song from their own country. The jury was stationed in the safety of the Great Hall of Edinburgh Castle. The jurors cast their votes immediately after each song was performed and they were then collected and counted. During the voting sequence on screen, they displayed their scores for each song, which were visual verifications of the scores they had awarded earlier. Meanwhile the interval act also came from the Castle, this time the vast Esplanade outside.
The voting procedure itself turned out to be a rather dull affair, there was no real challenge to Vicky Leandros. Interestingly the winning score of 128 was exactly the same as Monaco's the year before.
International broadcasts and voting 
The table below shows the order in which votes were cast during the 1972 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country. Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language. Details of the commentators and the broadcasting station for which they represented are also included in the table below.
|Voting order||Country||Jury members||Commentator||Broadcaster|
|01||Germany||TBC||Hanns Verres||ARD Deutsches Fernsehen|
|Wolf Mittler||Deutschlandfunk/Bayern 2|
|02||France||TBC||Pierre Tchernia||Première Chaîne ORTF|
|03||Ireland||TBC||Mike Murphy||RTÉ Television|
|Kevin Roche||Radio Éireann|
|04||Spain||Emma Cohen (under 25) and Luis María Ansón (over 25)||Julio Rico||TVE1|
|Miguel de los Santos||Primer Programa RNE|
|05||United Kingdom||Doreen Samuels (under 25) and Robert Bruce Walker (over 25)||Tom Fleming||BBC1|
|Pete Murray||BBC Radio 1|
|06||Norway||Signe Abusdal and Rachel Mord||Roald Øyen||NRK|
|Erik Heyerdahl||NRK P1|
|07||Portugal||Pedro Sousa Macedo (under 25) and Maria João Aguiar (over 25)||Henrique Mendes||RTP1|
|Amadeu Meireles||RDP Antena 1|
|08||Switzerland||TBC||Theodor Haller||TV DRS|
|09||Malta||Mary Rose Mallia (under 25) and Joe Zerafa (over 25)||Norman Hamilton||MTV|
|10||Finland||Merita Merikoski (under 25) and Åke Granholm (over 25)||Heikki Seppälä||YLE TV1|
|Poppe Berg||YLE Radio 1|
|Hubert Gaisbauer||Hitradio Ö3|
|12||Italy||TBC||Renato Tagliani||Programma Nazionale|
|Secondo Programma Radio|
|13||Yugoslavia||Vera Zlokovic (under 25) and Veljko Bakasun (over 25)||Milovan Ilić||Televizija Beograd|
|Oliver Mlakar||Televizija Zagreb|
|Tomaž Terček||Televizija Ljubljana|
|14||Sweden||Titti Sjöblom (under 25) and Arne Domnérus (over 25)||Bo Billtén||SR TV1|
|Björn Bjelfvenstam||SR P3|
|15||Monaco||Pierre Tchernia||Télé Monte Carlo|
|Nand Baert||BRT Radio 1|
|André Hagon||RTB La Première|
|Camillo Felgen||RTL Radio|
|18||Netherlands||Jennifer Baljet (under 25) and Cornelis Wagter (over 25)||Pim Jacobs||Nederland 1|
Non-participating countries 
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