Eurovision Song Contest 1972
|Eurovision Song Contest 1972
|Final date||25 March 1972|
Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
|Executive supervisor||Clifford Brown|
|Host broadcaster||British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)|
|Interval act||Tattoo at Edinburgh Castle|
|Number of entries||18|
|Voting system||Two jury members from each country, with each of them awarding between 1 to 5 points for each song.|
|Winning song|| Luxembourg
|Eurovision Song Contest|
The Eurovision Song Contest 1972 was the 17th annual Eurovision Song Contest. It was held in Edinburgh, United Kingdom. Although Monaco had won the previous year's contest, the principality was unable to meet the demands of hosting the event (on January 31, 1972, Monaco's ruler Rainier III of Monaco received a letter from the European Broadcasting Union about holding the 1972 Eurovision in Monaco, he was unable to provide a venue, the props and everything else so in February 1972, Prince Rainier declined because of the expenses).
Séverine made the trip to the Scottish capital Edinburgh to pass on the 'Grand Prix' to Vicky Leandros. However, she looked thoroughly uninterested in the Monegasque entry when seen by viewers checking her watch before the song was performed. This marked the fourth time that the contest was held in the United Kingdom. However, this is the first (and, so far, only) time that the UK hosted the Eurovision Song Contest in a venue outside England.
Luxembourg's win was their third. Yves Dessca also wrote the text for "Un Banc, Un Arbre, Une Rue" that won in 1971, and other than conductors of the winning song, became the second person to win the Contest twice, the first person to win for two different countries and the first person to win two years in a row.
Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland, was one of the historical major centres of the Enlightenment, led by the University of Edinburgh, helping to earn it the nickname Athens of the North. The Old Town and New Town districts of Edinburgh were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995 in recognition of the unique character of the Medieval Old Town and the planned Georgian New Town. It covers both the Old and New Towns together with the Dean Village and the Calton Hill areas. There are over 4,500 listed buildings within the city.
The city is know to play host of the annual Edinburgh Festival, a group of official and independent festivals held annually over about four weeks beginning in early August. The number of visitors attracted to Edinburgh for the Festival is roughly equal to the settled population of the city. The best-known of these events are the Edinburgh Fringe, the largest performing-arts festival in the world; the Edinburgh International Festival; the Edinburgh Military Tattoo; and the Edinburgh International Book Festival. Other annual events include the Hogmanay street party and the Beltane Fire Festival. Edinburgh attracts over 1 million overseas visitors a year, making it the second most visited tourist destination in the United Kingdom.
The Usher Hall, venue for the 1972 contest, is a concert hall, situated on Lothian Road, in the west end of Edinburgh, Scotland. It has hosted concerts and events since its construction in 1914 and can hold approximately 2,900 people in its recently restored auditorium, which is well loved by performers due to its acoustics. The Hall is flanked by The Royal Lyceum Theatre on the right and The Traverse Theatre on the left. Historic Scotland has registered the Hall with Category A listed building status.
The stage design included a screen to introduce and accompany the on stage competing performances, and to show an interval act and voting sequence that were done at Edinburgh Castle. Before each country's performance, a picture of each song's performers along with their names and the song's title were projected on the screen, and during each performance, animated spiral shapes were projected as additional visual effect. The interval act was performed at the outside vast Esplanade of the Great Hall of Edinburgh Castle. The jurors were stationed in the safety of the castle, and watched the competing performances at Usher Hall on TV.
Each country had two jury members, one aged between 16 and 25 and one aged between 26 and 55. They each awarded 1 to 5 points for each song, other than the song of their own country. They cast their votes immediately after each song was performed and the votes were then collected and counted. For the public voting sequence after the interval act, the jury members were shown on the stage's screen with each lifting a signboard with the number between 1 to 5 for each song, as a visual verification of the scores they had awarded earlier. The eventual winner, Luxembourg, remained in a strong scoring position throughout the voting.
1972 was the first year that had no ties in the voting. Every year prior to 1972, at least two countries had received the same score.
All countries who participated in the 1971 contest were present this year; with no withdrawals, returns, or débutantes. The Irish entry was in Gaelic, so far the country's only entry in that language.
Four artists returned to the competition this year. Luxembourg's Vicky Leandros who last performed for the nation in 1967; Carlos Mendes for Portugal who last participated in 1968; Swedish entry Family Four who returned for a second consecutive year; and Yugoslavia's Tereza Kesovija who previously represented Monaco in 1966.
Below is a summary of all perfect 10 scores that were given during the voting.
|2||Luxembourg||United Kingdom, Yugoslavia|
International broadcasts and voting
Each national broadcaster sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the event in their own native language. Apart from the participating countries, the contest was transmitted in live for the first time in the continent of Asia, in the countries Japan, Tawian, Thailand, the Philippines and Hong Kong. Brazil and Greece also provided live broadcasting. Iceland and Israel broadcast it a few days later. The table below shows the order in which the votes were cast along with each country's two jury members, commentator and broadcasting station.
|Voting order||Country||Jury members||Commentator||Broadcaster|
|01||Germany||TBC||Hanns Verres||ARD Deutsches Fernsehen|
|Wolf Mittler||Deutschlandfunk/Bayern 2|
|02||France||TBC||Pierre Tchernia||Première Chaîne ORTF|
|03||Ireland||TBC||Mike Murphy||RTÉ Television|
|Kevin Roche||Radio Éireann|
|04||Spain||Emma Cohen (under 25) and Luis María Ansón (over 25)||Julio Rico||TVE1|
|Miguel de los Santos||Primer Programa RNE|
|05||United Kingdom||Doreen Samuels (under 25) and Robert Bruce Walker (over 25)||Tom Fleming||BBC1|
|Pete Murray||BBC Radio 1|
|Terry James||British Forces Radio|
|06||Norway||Signe Abusdal and Rachel Mord||Roald Øyen||NRK|
|Erik Heyerdahl||NRK P1|
|07||Portugal||Pedro Sousa Macedo (under 25) and Maria João Aguiar (over 25)||Henrique Mendes||RTP1|
|Amadeu Meireles||RDP Antena 1|
|08||Switzerland||TBC||Theodor Haller||TV DRS|
|09||Malta||Mary Rose Mallia (under 25) and Joe Zerafa (over 25)||Norman Hamilton||MTV|
|10||Finland||Merita Merikoski (under 25) and Åke Granholm (over 25)||Heikki Seppälä||YLE TV1|
|Poppe Berg||YLE Radio 1|
|Hubert Gaisbauer||Hitradio Ö3|
|12||Italy||TBC||Renato Tagliani||Programma Nazionale|
|Secondo Programma Radio|
|13||Yugoslavia||Vera Zlokovic (under 25) and Veljko Bakasun (over 25)||Milovan Ilić||Televizija Beograd|
|Oliver Mlakar||Televizija Zagreb|
|Tomaž Terček||Televizija Ljubljana|
|14||Sweden||Titti Sjöblom (under 25) and Arne Domnérus (over 25)||Bo Billtén||SR TV1|
|Björn Bjelfvenstam||SR P3|
|15||Monaco||Pierre Tchernia||Télé Monte Carlo|
|Nand Baert||BRT Radio 1|
|André Hagon||RTB La Première|
|Camillo Felgen||RTL Radio|
|18||Netherlands||Jennifer Baljet (under 25) and Cornelis Wagter (over 25)||Pim Jacobs||Nederland 1|
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