Eurovision Song Contest 1968

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Eurovision Song Contest 1968
ESC 1968 logo.png
Dates
Final date 6 April 1968
Host
Venue Royal Albert Hall
London, UK
Presenter(s) Katie Boyle
Conductor Norrie Paramor
Director Stewart Morris
Executive supervisor Clifford Brown
Host broadcaster British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
Interval act Impressions from London
Participants
Number of entries 17
Debuting countries None
Returning countries None
Withdrawing countries None
Vote
Voting system Each country had 10 jury members who each cast one vote for their favourite song
Nul points None
Winning song  Spain
"La, la, la"
Eurovision Song Contest
◄1967 1968 1969►

The Eurovision Song Contest 1968 was the 13th Eurovision Song Contest. The contest was won by the Spanish song "La, la, la", performed by Massiel. Originally Spain entered Joan Manuel Serrat to sing "La La La", but his demand to sing in Catalan was an affront to Francoist Spain. Serrat was withdrawn and replaced by Massiel, who sang the same song in Spanish.[1]

Location[edit]

For more details on the host city, see London.
Royal Albert Hall, London. Host venue of the 1968 Eurovision Song Contest.

The 1968 venue was the Royal Albert Hall, a concert hall situated on the northern edge of the South Kensington area, in the City of Westminster, London, England, best known for holding the annual summer Proms concerts since 1941.

Since its opening by Queen Victoria in 1871, the world's leading artists from several performance genres have appeared on its stage and it has become one of the UK's most treasured and distinctive buildings. Each year it hosts more than 350 events including classical concerts, rock and pop, ballet and opera, sports, award ceremonies, school and community events, charity performances and banquets.

The hall was originally supposed to have been called The Central Hall of Arts and Sciences, but the name was changed by Queen Victoria to Royal Albert Hall of Arts and Sciences when laying the foundation stone as a dedication to her deceased husband and consort Prince Albert. It forms the practical part of a national memorial to the Prince Consort – the decorative part is the Albert Memorial directly to the north in Kensington Gardens, now separated from the Hall by the road Kensington Gore.

Format[edit]

1968 was the first time that the Eurovision Song Contest was broadcast in colour. The countries that broadcast it in colour were France, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom, although in the UK it was broadcast as an encore presentation in colour on BBC Two the next day. Also all of Eastern Europe and Tunisia broadcast the contest. Katie Boyle hosted the contest for a third time.[1]

Vote rigging allegations[edit]

In May 2008, a documentary by Spanish film-maker Montse Fernández Villa, 1968. Yo viví el mayo español, centred on the effects of May 1968 in Francoist Spain,[2] and alleged that the 1968 Eurovision Song Contest was rigged by the Spanish dictator Francisco Franco, who would have sent state television officials across Europe offering cash and promising to buy television series and contract unknown artists.[3] The allegation was based on a testimony by journalist José María Íñigo, a TVE employee at the time, who claimed the rigging was common knowledge and suggested that Spanish record label representatives offered to release albums by Bulgarian and Czech artists (neither Bulgaria nor Czechoslovakia were members of the European Broadcasting Union at the time).[4]

The documentary claimed that the contest should in fact have been won by the United Kingdom's entry – "Congratulations" performed by Cliff Richard – which finished second by one vote.[5] Massiel, the performer of the winning entry, was outraged by the allegations, and claimed that if there had been fixes, "other singers, who were more keen on Franco's regime, would have benefited". José María Iñigo, author of the statement in the documentary, personally apologized to Massiel and said that he had repeated a widespread rumour. Both Massiel and Iñigo accused television channel La Sexta, broadcaster of the documentary, of manufacturing the scandal.[6]

Participating countries[edit]

There were no withdrawing, returning, or débutantes in the 1968 contest.[1]

Conductors[edit]

Each performance had a conductor who maestro the orchestra.[7]

Returning artists[edit]

Only one artist returned in this year's contest. The winner of the 1962 contest, Isabelle Aubret, returned once more for France.[1]

Results[edit]

Draw Country Language[8] Artist Song English translation Place Votes
01  Portugal Portuguese Carlos Mendes "Verão" Summer 11 5
02  Netherlands Dutch Ronnie Tober "Morgen" Tomorrow 16 1
03  Belgium French Claude Lombard "Quand tu reviendras" When you come back 7 8
04  Austria German Karel Gott "Tausend Fenster" One thousand windows 13 2
05  Luxembourg French Chris Baldo & Sophie Garel "Nous vivrons d'amour" We will live by love 11 5
06  Switzerland Italian Gianni Mascolo "Guardando il sole" Looking into the sun 13 2
07  Monaco French Line & Willy "À chacun sa chanson" To everyone his song 7 8
08  Sweden Swedish Claes-Göran Hederström "Det börjar verka kärlek, banne mej" It's beginning to look like love, damn it 5 15
09  Finland Finnish Kristina Hautala "Kun kello käy" When time goes by 16 1
10  France French Isabelle Aubret "La source" The source 3 20
11  Italy Italian Sergio Endrigo "Marianne" 10 7
12  United Kingdom English Cliff Richard "Congratulations" 2 28
13  Norway Norwegian Odd Børre "Stress" 13 2
14  Ireland English Pat McGuigan "Chance of a Lifetime" 4 18
15  Spain Spanish Massiel "La, la, la" 1 29
16  Germany German Wenche Myhre "Ein Hoch der Liebe" A toast to love 6 11
17  Yugoslavia Croatian Dubrovački trubaduri "Jedan dan" One day 7 8

Scoreboard[edit]

Results
Total Score Portugal Netherlands Belgium Austria Luxembourg Switzerland Monaco Sweden Finland France Italy United Kingdom Norway Ireland Spain Germany Yugoslavia
Contestants Portugal 5 2 3
Netherlands 1 1
Belgium 8 1 1 1 3 1 1
Austria 2 2
Luxembourg 5 1 1 1 1 1
Switzerland 2 2
Monaco 8 2 1 3 1 1
Sweden 15 1 1 1 2 6 4
Finland 1 1
France 20 3 6 2 3 3 1 2
Italy 7 1 2 2 2
United Kingdom 28 1 2 2 1 4 5 3 2 4 1 1 2
Norway 2 1 1
Ireland 18 1 1 1 4 1 4 6
Spain 29 4 2 1 4 3 4 3 1 1 6
Germany 11 1 1 2 5 2
Yugoslavia 8 1 1 1 1 3 1

International broadcasts and voting[edit]

The table below shows the order in which votes were cast during the 1968 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country. Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language. Details of the commentators and the broadcasting station for which they represented are also included in the table below.[1]

Voting order Country Spokespersons Commentator Broadcaster
01  Portugal Maria Manuela Furtado Fialho Gouveia RTP
02  Netherlands Willem Duys Elles Berger Nederland 1[9]
03  Belgium André Hagon Janine Lambotte RTB)
Herman Verelst BRT
04  Austria TBC Emil Kollpacher ORF
05  Luxembourg TBC Jacques Navadic Télé-Luxembourg
06  Switzerland Alexandre Burger Theodor Haller TV DRS
Georges Hardy TSR)
Giovanni Bertini TSI
07  Monaco TBC Pierre Tchernia Télé Monte Carlo
08  Sweden Edvard Matz[10] Christina Hansegård[11] Sveriges Radio-TV
09  Finland Poppe Berg[12] Aarno Walli[13] TV-ohjelma 1
10  France TBC Pierre Tchernia[14] Deuxième Chaîne ORTF
11  Italy Mike Bongiorno Renato Tagliani Secondo Programma
12  United Kingdom Michael Aspel No commentator BBC1
Pete Murray[15] BBC Radio 1
13  Norway Sverre Christophersen[16] Roald Øyen NRK[16][17]
14  Ireland Gay Byrne Brendan O'Reilly RTÉ Television
Kevin Roche Radio Éireann
15  Spain Joaquín Prat Federico Gallo TVE1[18]
16  Germany Hans-Otto Grünefeldt Hans-Joachim Rauschenbach[19] ARD Deutsches Fernsehen
17  Yugoslavia Snežana Lipkovska-Hadžinaumova Miloje Orlović Televizija Beograd
Mladen Delić Televizija Zagreb
Tomaž Terček Televizija Ljubljana

Non-participating countries[edit]

Several non-participating countries also decided to broadcast the contest on their respective television stations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Eurovision Song Contest 1968". EBU. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "Massiel sí, Madelman no: así fue el Mayo del 68 en España" (in Spanish). Público. 3 May 2008. Retrieved 3 December 2009. 
  3. ^ "TVE 'compró' los votos para que Massiel ganará Eurovisión" (in Spanish). 20 minutos. 5 May 2008. Retrieved 3 December 2009. 
  4. ^ "Vea el vídeo donde José Maríá Iñigo 'descubre' a Massiel" (in Spanish). 20 minutos. 5 May 2008. Retrieved 3 December 2009. 
  5. ^ Govan, Fiona (4 May 2008). "How Franco cheated Cliff out of Eurovision title". The Telegraph. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  6. ^ "Massiel e Iñigo acusan a La Sexta de "urdir todo para favorecer a Chiquilicuatre"" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 6 May 2008. Retrieved 3 December 2009. 
  7. ^ "Conductors 1968". 4Lyrics.com. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  8. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1968". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  9. ^ "Nederlandse televisiecommentatoren bij het Eurovisie Songfestival". Eurovision Artists (in Dutch). 
  10. ^ Infosajten.com[dead link]
  11. ^ Leif Thorsson. Melodifestivalen genom tiderna ["Melodifestivalen through time"] (2006), p. 74. Stockholm: Premium Publishing AB. ISBN 91-89136-29-2
  12. ^ Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? (Finnish) Viisukuppila, 18 April 2005
  13. ^ The Eurovision Song Contest (1968) - Full cast and crew IMDb
  14. ^ CONCOURS EUROVISION DE LA CHANSON 1968 (French) SongContest
  15. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 1968 Songs4Europe.com
  16. ^ a b Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)
  17. ^ NRK.no[dead link]
  18. ^ Uribarri comentarista Eurovision 2010 (Spanish) FORO FESTIVAL DE EUROVISIÓN
  19. ^ Rau, Oliver (OGAE Germany)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°30′03.40″N 00°10′38.77″W / 51.5009444°N 0.1774361°W / 51.5009444; -0.1774361