Eurovision Song Contest 2003

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Eurovision 2003" redirects here. For the Junior Contest, see Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2003.
Eurovision Song Contest 2003
"Magical Rendez-vous"
Eurovision Song Contest 2003 logo.svg
Dates
Final date 24 May 2003 (2003-05-24)
Host
Venue Skonto Hall
Riga, Latvia
Presenter(s) Marie N
Renārs Kaupers
Director Sven Stojanovic
Executive supervisor Sarah Yuen
Executive producer Brigita Rozenbrika
Host broadcaster Latvijas Televīzija (LTV)
Interval act Iļģi, Brainstorm, Marie N and Raimonds Pauls
Participants
Number of entries 26
Debuting countries  Ukraine
Returning countries
Withdrawing countries
Vote
Voting system Each country awards 1–8, 10, and 12 points to their ten favourite songs
Nul points  United Kingdom
Winning song  Turkey
"Everyway That I Can"
Eurovision Song Contest
◄2002 Wiki Eurovision Heart (Infobox).svg 2004►

The Eurovision Song Contest 2003 was the 48th annual Eurovision Song Contest. The contest took place in Riga, Latvia on 24 May 2003, following Marie N's win in the 2002 contest with the song "I Wanna". It was the first win and hosting of the competition for Latvia with only their third participation after debuting at the 2000 contest. Latvijas Televīzija (LTV) chose the Skonto Hall as the venue after conducting a bidding process among several cities and venues in Latvia. The hosts for the contest were the previous year's winner Marie N and former Latvian representative at the 2000 contest, Renārs Kaupers, who competed in the contest as part of the band Brainstorm.[1] The design of the contest was built around the theme "Magical rendez-vous", which represented the meeting of the various European nations coming to Latvia and encountering Latvia's versatile landscapes.[2][3] Twenty-six countries participated, which saw the return of Iceland, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway and Poland after having been relegated from competing the previous year, Portugal returning to the contest after withdrawing the previous year, while Ukraine participated in the contest for the first time.[4] Denmark, Finland, Lithuania, Macedonia and Switzerland were required to withdraw due to their poor results in the 2002 contest.

The winner for 2003 was Turkey with the song "Everyway That I Can" sung by Sertab Erener, which scored 167 points, narrowly beating Belgium into second place with a margin of 2 points and Russia into third place with a margin of 3 points.[5] This was the first win for Turkey at the Eurovision Song Contest. Norway and Sweden rounded out of the top five, placing fourth and fifth respectively. The United Kingdom achieved their worst result to date, coming in last place (26th) and scoring no points from any of the twenty-six voting nations.[6] The 2003 contest was the last contest to take place on one evening. The European Broadcasting Union (EBU) revealed that it would be adding an additional semi-final show to the competition in order to accommodate the growing number of interested countries wishing to take part in the contest.[7] This was also the last contest in which a relegation system was used to determine which countries would participate in the following year's contest. The contest also marked the fifth time in the history of the competition where all participants were participating for the first time; there were no returning artists that had already competed in the contest on a previous occasion.

Location[edit]

For more details on the host city, see Riga.

On 22 August 2002, Latvian public broadcaster Latvijas Televīzija (LTV) announced that it had chosen the Skonto Hall in Riga as the host venue for the 2003 contest.[8]

Latvia won the Eurovision Song Contest 2002 on 25 May 2002 in Tallinn, Estonia with the song “I Wanna” performed by Marie N. This was Latvia’s first victory in the contest, which also carried the right for LTV to organise the 2003 contest. LTV initially had budgetary concerns with staging the contest. The chairman of the National Radio and Television Council Ojārs Rubenis stated that if the government presented no budget guarantees, the council, which owns shares in LTV, would vote against organising the contest. Rubenis elaborated that LTV was prepared to cover the creative side and broadcasting of the contest, but additional funds would be needed for infrastructure, hotels and other financial issues.[8]

The Government of Latvia allotted 5.3 million for the event with a further 1.1 million being provided by the Riga City Council – covering the anticipated organisational costs for the contest.[9] A task force that included members from LTV, the National Radio and Television Council and state secretaries was formed to explicitly work on organisation of the contest and report on the estimated expenses.[8]

Bidding phase[edit]

Locations of the candidate cities. The chosen location, Riga, is marked in red.

Three cities were considered as host city of the contest: Riga, Ventspils and Jūrmala.[10] LTV requested proposals from the three cities concerning how they plan to organise the contest. Riga City Council offered the Mežaparks Open-air Stage, Skonto Hall and the Ķīpsala International Exhibition Centre as potential venues for hosting the contest.[8] Ventspils bid to host the contest at the Ventspils Olympic Centre with a pledge of support from city mayor Aivars Lembergs, who added that Ventspils could also provide two cruise ferries that could be used to accommodate up to 8,000 guests.[11] Jūrmala City Council offered the Dzintari Concert Hall with plans to expand and upgrade the facility and surrounding infrastructure.[10]

LTV’s organisational task force later decided to proceed with the bids from Riga and Ventspils, eliminating Jūrmala and the Mežaparks Open-air Stage in Riga.[8] On 15 June 2002, the EBU Reference Group decided in conjunction with the organisational task force in Latvia that Riga would host the 2003 contest with the venue option between the Skonto Hall and Ķīpsala International Exhibition Centre being decided upon by LTV.[8][12] LTV ultimately chose the Skonto Hall as the venue to stage the contest.[8]

City Venue Capacity
Jūrmala Dzintari Concert Hall 2,024
Riga Mežaparks Open-air Stage ~70,000
Skonto Hall 6,500
Ķīpsala International Exhibition Centre 3,500-6,500
Ventspils Ventspils Olympic Center 4,500

Format[edit]

The EBU released the rules for the 2003 contest in November 2002, which detailed that twenty-six countries would participate, making it the largest number of participants to take part in the contest up to this point.[13] The rules also modified the eligibility criteria for entries, changing the date of release cut-off point for songs from 1 January 2003 to 1 October 2002.[14] There was also a change in the tie-break rule, which would now resolve such a case in favour of the nation that received points from a higher number of countries rather than taking into account the amount of top scores (12 points) received.[14] The draw for running order was held on 29 November 2002 in Riga, hosted by Marie N and Renārs Kaupers, with the results being revealed during a delayed broadcast of the proceedings later that day.[15]

The official sponsors for the contest were Latvian mobile telecom provider Latvijas Mobilais Telefons and Latvian bank company Parex Banka.[16] LTV selected Latvia Tours as its official partner to provide lodging, travel and recreation for the contest delegations and other guests.[17] Riga City Council was also responsible for offering promotion and activities during the week preceding the contest.[18]

Full preparations for the 2003 contest began on 18 May 2003 at the Skonto Hall. There were rehearsals, press conferences and participants were also involved in an internet chat.[19] Two dress rehearsals were held on 23 May, in front of an estimated 12,000 people. The organisers of the contest held a press conference; one of the issues complained about was the lack of invitations for the after-party. The final dress rehearsal was held on 24 May, the day of the contest. A simulation of the voting procedure was also held, in which the presenters linked up with all twenty-six countries by satellite for the first time.[19]

The contest featured special guests that communicated with the hosts via satellite: Lys Assia, winner of the 1956 Contest greeted the hosts and spectators from Nicosia, Elton John spoke to the presenters live from the Life Ball in Vienna and one astronaut and one cosmonaut—Ed Lu and Yuri Malenchenko—gave their greetings from the International Space Station.[20][21][22] The interval act for the contest was a short film directed by Anna Viduleja that featured a sequence of performances by Latvian post-folklore group Iļģi, Renārs Kaupers' band Brainstorm, Marie N and piano player Raimonds Pauls.[23]

On the day of the contest, bookmaker William Hill's odds placed Russia as joint favourites to win the contest with Spain. Ireland, Slovenia, Estonia, Norway and Iceland were behind in third, fourth and joint fifth respectively.[24] At the conclusion of the contest, favourites Russia placed third and Spain placed eighth, while outsiders Turkey (20-1) and Belgium (50-1) claimed the first and second places, respectively. Austria, at 100-1, were favourites to finish last, however, they scored their best result since 1989, placing sixth.[24]

An official compilation album, featuring all twenty-six competing entries from the contest, was released for the first time on the EMI/CMC label.[25]

Graphic design[edit]

LTV launched a competition in order to find the logo for the contest. At the close of the competition, high interest from the public translated into 204 logo submissions, which were ultimately judged by a jury panel consisting of Uldis-Ivars Grava (general director of LTV), Arvīds Babris (then executive producer of the contest), Ugis Brikmanis (director), Laimonis Šteinbergs (artist), Ingūna Rībena (architect), Arta Giga (LTV representative) and Juhan Paadam (EBU representative).[26] On 16 November 2002, LTV and the EBU presented the logo for the contest which was designed by the director of the Computer Graphics Department of LTV, Maris Kalve with further elaboration by LTV's chief artist Kristaps Skulte.[14][27] The logo was named upes, the Latvian word for rivers, and carried the slogan "All rivers flow toward the sea, all songs flow toward the Eurovision Song Contest".[14]

The postcards shown between the entries were directed by Ugis Brikmanis and featured the artists competing at the contest interacting with Latvia's various landscapes: forests, rivers, lakes and towns.[28] The postcards were recorded during the preceding week of the contest and ran behind schedule, leading to some postcards featuring only footage from the rehearsals and press conferences.[29]

The stage design was created by Aigars Ozoliņš and based on the concept called Planet Latvia.[30][31] The stage used several light and video effects and included an innovation new to the contest - a video screen stage floor that could be used to give each entry a unique look.[31] The green room where the delegations and competitors awaited the results of the contest was placed directly behind the stage and unveiled shortly before the voting portion of the show commenced, allowing the audience to view the representatives of the competing nations as they received points.[31]

National host broadcaster[edit]

Initially, Arvīds Babris, head of the Latvian delegation at the 2002 contest, was appointed as executive producer for the contest, however, after production fell behind schedule and the EBU applied pressure upon LTV, he was dismissed and Brigita Rozenbrika took over the position, receiving additional support from the Swedish broadcaster Sveriges Television (SVT) and Estonian broadcaster Eesti Televisioon (ETV).[3][32][33] SVT was also the technical producer of the contest for the second year running with Sven Stojanovic as director and the Swedish lighting company Spectra+ contracted for the contest.[34][35]

Voting[edit]

The EBU reintroduced televoting as an obligatory voting mode in all participating countries, which awarded 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10 and 12 points to their ten favourite songs, in ascending order. Countries voted in the same order as they had performed. Bosnia and Herzegovina and Russia were granted an exception to holding a televote as they cited that their telecommunications penetration was less than 80%.[5][13] Polish broadcaster Telewizja Polska opted to use only SMS-voting.[36] All other countries planned to use a televote. This contest was also the first to introduce a computer-generated scoreboard which rearranged itself in order as the points were awarded. Broadcasters were required to assemble back-up juries that consisted of eight voting members, with age and gender equally distributed, in the case of televote failure on the night of the competition.[13] Four members of the jury had to be members of the general public and the other four members had to be music professionals.[13]

Future changes in contest format[edit]

With the increased amount of potential participating countries, the EBU began to review the format of the contest with potential changes being considered such as adding extra evenings for the show, holding a regional pre-selection, or putting a limit to number of participating countries by increasing the entrance fee.[37] On 29 January 2003, the EBU unveiled a two-night system for the contest in 2004: a semi-final would be held before a grand final. The "Big Four", along with the top ten from the 2003 contest, would automatically qualify for the 2004 final.[38] The format change eliminated the relegation system, allowing all countries to send an artist and song to the contest. The fourteen eventual countries from the 2003 contest that qualified to compete directly in the 2004 final were Turkey, Belgium, Russia, Norway, Sweden, Austria, Poland, Spain, Iceland, Romania, Ireland, Germany, France and the United Kingdom. All other countries would have to compete in the semi-final for ten remaining spots in the final.

Incidents[edit]

Organisational issues[edit]

In January 2003, German news magazine Der Spiegel reported that Guntars Kukuls, spokesperson of the city council of Riga, stated that Riga was suffering from serious financial problems that could possibly lead to a breach of contract and that the contest needed to be moved to another city.[39] Ilona Bērziņa, spokesperson of LTV, denied that potential financial issues the city council of Riga may be facing would interrupt the organisation of the contest.[40] In February 2003, The Baltic Times reported that a committee of Riga municipality rejected the proposal to withdraw the promised funds it pledged in support of organising the contest.[41]

In March 2003, Danish newspaper B.T. published an article based on accusations that the EBU television director Bjørn Erichsen made in reference to LTV suffering from organisational chaos which could result in the removal of Latvia's hosting duties since they were running behind schedule.[42] The general director of LTV, Uldis-Ivars Grava, replied, saying: "A few weeks ago, the EBU's legal director, Werner Rumphorst, was in Riga, and I spent an entire day with him and with the former general director of the Danish broadcaster DR, Bjørn Erichsen. We talked about co-operation and about programme exchanges, and neither of them said a single word that would indicate any doubts, lack of trust or accusation."[43] Ingrida Smite, head of press for the Eurovision Song Contest 2003, reaffirmed that the contest would take place in Riga despite reports to the contrary.[43]

Controversies surrounding Russian artists[edit]

Upon the selection of the Russian artists t.A.T.u., the duo gave an interview to German tabloid Bild in March 2003 where they claimed that they would win the contest without a doubt and criticised the German entrant Lou calling her a witch with duo member Julia Volkova stating, "In Russia we nurse blind and old people, but we don't send them to the Grand Prix. This must be different in Germany."[44][45] Lou later responded to the comments stating, "I don't know whether bitching, fighting and boozing kids are the right representatives for such a beautiful country as Russia."[46]

t.A.T.u.'s first rehearsal dominated proceedings on 20 May—the band were supposed to rehearse the day before, but had turned up a day late, claiming that Julia Volkova was suffering from a sore throat.[47] The group were booed by journalists during their press conference where they complained about the production's poor lighting and stage. EBU supervisor Sarah Yuen said "They are the bad girls of pop…we shouldn’t have expected them to come here and be nice and pleasant."[48] The EBU had originally planned to have a pre-recorded performance of the Russian entry ready to substitute during the live broadcast in case the duo performed a lesbian publicity stunt on stage, which they deemed inappropriate for a family entertainment show.[49] The EBU later stated that the performance would be broadcast live without any interruption.[50][51]

Russian complaint against Irish vote[edit]

After the contest, Russian broadcaster Channel One complained that Irish broadcaster RTÉ had used a back-up jury, and that it had cost them victory. A statement by Channel One said "Considering [the] insignificant difference in points between the first and third places, there are grounds to believe that the contest results could be much different for Russia."[52][53] On the night of the competition, the voting polls operated by Irish telecommunications company Eircom suffered a delay in delivering the results on time, which prompted RTÉ to use the votes of the back-up jury instead.[54] The EBU cleared RTÉ of any potential wrongdoing after an investigation on the matter and stated that the rules concerning substituting the back-up jury in place of the televote were correctly applied.[54] RTÉ later published the unused results of the televote, which showed that had the jury not been used, Turkey would still have won, and Ireland's voting "partners", the United Kingdom, would still have no points. Russia did not receive any points from the televote, however, since Belgium only received 2 points from the Irish televote as opposed to 10 points awarded by the Irish jury, Russia would have placed second.[55]

United Kingdom's last place finish[edit]

The United Kingdom's last-place finish was greeted with much consternation in the British media. Terry Wogan, long-time commentator on the contest for the BBC, said that the UK was suffering from "post-Iraq backlash".[5] Chris Cromby from Jemini said "The monitors were off. Maybe it was sabotage, but we couldn't hear anything...we used the floor monitors, the others used their own."[56] The UK's result was their worst-ever at Eurovision; by contrast, Turkey's win was their first. Alf Poier's sixth place was Austria's best result for fourteen years, Poland's seventh place was their best in nine, and Romania's tenth place was one place behind their best-ever. Belgium's second place was their first top-five finish in seventeen years, but Latvia's third-from-bottom finish was their worst result in four attempts; it was also the worst placing for a host country since 1992.

Participating countries[edit]

Twenty-four countries participated in the 2002 contest in Tallinn; of these, fourteen were expected to compete in 2003. The bottom ten in Tallinn would be relegated, to allow countries to compete for the first time.[57] In reality, only five countries were relegated— nineteen countries that entered in 2002 competed in Riga. Macedonia, Finland, Switzerland, Lithuania and Denmark were forced to sit out the contest. The nineteen qualifiers were joined by the six countries that had sat out the 2002 contest: Iceland, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland and Portugal. The twenty-sixth contestant was Ukraine, making its debut at the contest.[58] Originally, Serbia and Montenegro, Albania and Belarus had planned 2003 debuts, but the EBU's late changes to the relegation procedure meant that they could not compete.[59] All three countries eventually made their debuts in 2004. RTBF was the Belgian broadcaster at the forty-eighth contest, marking the first Walloon entry since 2000. Twenty-six entries was the highest number in the contest's history at that point; it remains the most to have competed in a Eurovision final, and was subsequently equalled nine years later in 2012. The draw for the running order took place in December 2002 in Riga: Iceland would open the contest and Slovenia would complete it.[60]

Results[edit]

Draw Country Language[61] Artist Song English translation Place Points
01  Iceland English Birgitta "Open Your Heart" 8 81
02  Austria German1 Alf Poier "Weil der Mensch zählt" Because the human matters 6 101
03  Ireland English Mickey Harte "We've Got the World" 11 53
04  Turkey English Sertab Erener "Everyway That I Can" - 1 167
05  Malta English Lynn Chircop "To Dream Again" 25 4
06  Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatian, English Mija Martina "Ne brini" Don't worry 16 27
07  Portugal Portuguese, English Rita Guerra "Deixa-me sonhar" Let me dream 22 13
08  Croatia Croatian, English Claudia Beni "Više nisam tvoja" I'm not yours anymore 15 29
09  Cyprus English Stelios Constantas "Feeling Alive" 20 15
10  Germany English Lou "Let's Get Happy" 11 53
11  Russia Russian t.A.T.u. "Ne ver'’, ne boisia" (Не верь, не бойся) Don't believe, don't be afraid 3 164
12  Spain Spanish Beth "Dime" Tell me 8 81
13  Israel English, Hebrew Lior Narkis "Words for Love" 19 17
14  Netherlands English Esther Hart "One More Night" 13 45
15  United Kingdom English Jemini "Cry Baby" 26 0
16  Ukraine English Olexandr "Hasta la Vista" 14 30
17  Greece English Mando "Never Let You Go" 17 25
18  Norway English Jostein Hasselgård "I'm Not Afraid To Move On" 4 123
19  France French Louisa Baïleche "Monts et merveilles" Mountains and wonders 18 19
20  Poland German, Polish, Russian Ich Troje "Keine Grenzen – Żadnych granic" No borders 7 90
21  Latvia English F.L.Y. "Hello From Mars" 24 5
22  Belgium Imaginary Urban Trad "Sanomi" 2 165
23  Estonia English Ruffus "Eighties Coming Back" 21 14
24  Romania English Nicola "Don't Break My Heart" 10 73
25  Sweden English Fame "Give Me Your Love" 5 107
26  Slovenia English Karmen "Nanana" 23 7
1.^ Austrian entry is sung in the Styrian dialect.

Scoreboard[edit]

Voting procedure used:
Pink: Televote.
Violet: Jury.
Televoting Results
Total Score Iceland Austria Ireland Turkey Malta Bosnia and Herzegovina Portugal Croatia Cyprus Germany Russia Spain Israel Netherlands United kingdom Ukraine Greece Norway France Poland Latvia Belgium Estonia Romania Sweden Slovenia
Contestants Iceland 81 7 8 12 6 5 1 6 4 12 1 1 3 3 1 7 4
Austria 101 10 6 5 10 5 4 2 8 8 8 2 8 4 2 6 6 7
Ireland 53 2 5 5 7 4 7 12 1 6 1 1 2
Turkey 167 3 12 4 12 8 10 8 10 3 7 12 7 2 7 10 10 2 12 10 8 10
Malta 4 3 1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27 7 12 8
Portugal 13 2 2 3 6
Croatia 29 5 6 3 6 1 8
Cyprus 15 2 1 12
Germany 53 8 1 4 3 7 4 2 4 5 2 2 1 10
Russia 164 4 8 10 1 3 4 12 10 8 6 10 1 12 10 2 7 4 12 7 12 7 2 12
Spain 81 6 2 12 7 6 6 12 5 5 10 5 4 1
Israel 17 5 1 3 8
Netherlands 45 5 7 2 10 2 1 5 8 5
United Kingdom 0
Ukraine 30 8 4 10 5 3
Greece 25 1 4 12 5 1 2
Norway 123 12 2 12 6 5 7 4 3 7 6 7 3 6 7 6 10 3 12 5
France 19 8 2 3 6
Poland 90 10 10 12 5 4 2 8 6 4 5 8 5 4 4 3
Latvia 5 5
Belgium 165 7 4 10 7 10 6 3 6 3 12 8 10 5 10 8 3 12 12 10 8 8 3
Estonia 14 1 8 2 3
Romania 73 6 1 7 1 2 4 12 10 6 6 4 1 4 8 1
Sweden 107 5 3 8 1 3 2 1 3 7 5 3 10 5 7 2 7 6 4 7 12 6
Slovenia 7 4 3

12 points[edit]

Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:

N. Contestant Voting nation
5 Russia Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Slovenia, Ukraine
4 Turkey Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Netherlands
3 Belgium France, Poland, Spain
Norway Iceland, Ireland, Sweden
2 Iceland Malta, Norway
Spain Israel, Portugal
1 Bosnia and Herzegovina Turkey
Cyprus Greece
Greece Cyprus
Ireland United Kingdom
Poland Germany
Romania Russia
Sweden Romania

Marcel Bezençon Awards[edit]

The Marcel Bezençon Awards were first handed out during the Eurovision Song Contest 2002 in Tallinn, Estonia honoring the best competing songs in the final. Founded by Christer Björkman (Sweden's representative in the 1992 Eurovision Song Contest and current Head of Delegation for Sweden) and Richard Herrey (member of the Herreys, Eurovision Song Contest 1984 winner from Sweden), the awards are named after the creator of the annual competition, Marcel Bezençon.[62] The awards are divided into 3 categories; Press Award; Artistic Award; and Fan Award.[63]

Category Country Song Performer(s) Final result Points
Artists Award  Netherlands "One More Night" Esther Hart 13th 45
Fan Award
(voted by members of OGAE)
 Spain "Dime" Beth 8th 81
Press Award  Turkey "Everyway That I Can" Sertab Erener 1st 167

International broadcasts and voting[edit]

Spokespersons[edit]

The voting order in the 2003 contest was the order in which the countries had been drawn to perform. The spokespersons for each country were:

  1.  Iceland - Eva María Jónsdóttir
  2.  Austria - Dodo Roščić
  3.  Ireland - Pamela Flood
  4.  Turkey - Meltem Ersan Yazgan
  5.  Malta - Sharon Borg[64]
  6.  Bosnia and Herzegovina - Ana Vilenica
  7.  Portugal - Helena Ramos[65]
  8.  Croatia - Davor Meštrović[66]
  9.  Cyprus - Loukas Hamatsos[67]
  10.  Germany - Axel Bulthaupt
  11.  Russia - Yana Churikova
  12.  Spain - Anne Igartiburu
  13.  Israel - Michal Zoharetz
  14.  Netherlands - Marlayne
    (Dutch representative in the 1999 Contest)
  15.  United Kingdom - Lorraine Kelly
  16.  Ukraine - Lyudmyla Hariv[68]
  17.  Greece - Alexis Kostalas[69]
  18.  Norway - Roald Øyen
  19.  France - Sandrine François[70]
    (French representative in the 2002 Contest)
  20.  Poland - Maciej Orłoś
  21.  Latvia - Ģirts Līcis[71]
  22.  Belgium - Corinne Boulangier[70]
  23.  Estonia - Ines
    (Estonian representative in the 2000 Contest)
  24.  Romania - Leonard Miron
  25.  Sweden - Kattis Ahlström[72]
    (Co-presenter of the 2000 Contest)
  26.  Slovenia - Peter Poles

Commentators[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bakker, Sietse (1 December 2002). "Renars Kaupers and Marie N hosts 2003 show". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Bakker, Sietse (26 November 2002). "Eurovision 2003 theme will be rendez-vous". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Bakker, Sietse (24 December 2009). "The end of a decade: Riga 2003". Eurovision.tv. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  4. ^ Bakker, Sietse (27 November 2002). "EBU released list of participant for 2003". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c "Turkish delight at Eurovision win". BBC News (BBC News). 24 May 2003. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  6. ^ "UK act hits Eurovision low". BBC News (BBC News). 25 May 2003. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  7. ^ Barak, Itamar (22 May 2003). "EBU press conference about the contest's future". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Mikheev, Andy (22 August 2002). "Archived news. Part 1.". Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  9. ^ "Vēstulē noliedz Eirovīzijas finansu problēmas" (in Latvian). Delfi. 31 January 2003. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "Dzintaru koncertzāles pārbūve Eirovīzijas rīkošanai izmaksātu trīs miljonus latu" (in Latvian). TVNET. 6 June 2002. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  11. ^ Lēvalde, Vēsma (3 June 2002). "Ventspils dome vēlas Eirovīzijas rīkošanu Ventspilī (papildināts)" (in Latvian). db.lv. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  12. ^ "Eirovīzija izmaksās 4,7 vai 5,5 miljonus latu" (in Latvian). TVNET. 2 July 2002. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  13. ^ a b c d "RULES OF THE 2003 EUROVISION SONG CONTEST". European Broadcasting Union. European Broadcasting Union. 20 November 2002. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  14. ^ a b c d Mikheev, Andy (20 November 2002). "Archived news. Part 4.". Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  15. ^ Bakker, Sietse (28 November 2002). "Draw to be made public Friday 17:00 CET". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  16. ^ Bakker, Sietse (30 November 2002). "Latvijas Mobilais and Parex sponsor 2003 contest". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  17. ^ Bakker, Sietse (27 November 2002). "Latvia Tours selected as cooperation partner". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  18. ^ Medinika, Aija (25 March 2002). "The preparation for Eurovision Song Contest 2003". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  19. ^ a b Event at the Wayback Machine (archived June 2, 2003). Eurovision.tv. Retrieved on 22 March 2008.
  20. ^ Bakker, Sietse (1 December 2008). "Artists and fan sites campaign on World AIDS Day". Eurovision.tv. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  21. ^ Bakker, Sietse (21 May 2008). "1956 winner Lys Assia: "It will go on!"". Eurovision.tv. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  22. ^ Tarm, Michael (2003). "Turks beat back Russia and Belgium to win; Baltics and Britain bomb.". City Paper. Retrieved 22 March 2008. 
  23. ^ "Eirovīzijas veidotāji pārcēlušies uz ‘Skonto’ halli" (in Latvian). Delfi. 6 May 2003. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  24. ^ a b Bakker, Sietse (24 May 2003). "William Hill: update of the betting figures!". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 22 March 2008. 
  25. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest Riga 2003: CD available now". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 24 March 2008. 
  26. ^ Medinika, Aija (27 November 2002). "204 logo propositions for ESC 2003". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  27. ^ Bakker, Sietse (27 November 2002). "Logo for Eurovision 2003 selected". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  28. ^ Mikheev, Andy (7 October 2002). "Archived news. Part 3.". Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  29. ^ Jordan, Paul (11 January 2013). "What’s Another Year? Ten Years On From Riga". ESCInsight. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  30. ^ Bakker, Sietse (27 March 2003). "Eurovision Song Contest 2003 on Planet Latvia". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  31. ^ a b c Barak, Itamar (7 May 2003). "Magical encounter on the Eurovision stage". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  32. ^ Bakker, Sietse (28 November 2002). "Arvids Babris will produce the contest in Latvia". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  33. ^ Barak, Itamar (18 March 2003). "Riga 2003: A new executive producer". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  34. ^ Opheim, Bjørn Erik (13 December 2002). "SVT to produce 2003 Eurovision Song Contest". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 21 March 2008. 
  35. ^ "Spectra+ lands third Eurovision contract". Live Design. 17 April 2003. Retrieved 21 March 2008. 
  36. ^ Medinika, Aija (24 May 2003). "Poland will use SMS-voting only". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 23 March 2008. 
  37. ^ Mikheev, Andy (17 September 2002). "Archived news. Part 2.". Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  38. ^ Bakker, Sietse (29 January 2003). "EBU confirms new Eurovision Song Contest format". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  39. ^ Rau, Oliver (28 January 2003). "Financial problems in Riga". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  40. ^ Bakker, Sietse (29 January 2003). "LTV: 'Eurovision Song Contest not in danger'". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  41. ^ Barak, Itamar (2 February 2003). "Riga municipality won't cut Eurovision budget". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  42. ^ Ringby, Daniel (15 March 2003). "Danish newspaper writes about LTV's chaos". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  43. ^ a b Bakker, Sietse (16 March 2003). "LTV: "Eurovision will take place in Riga!"". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  44. ^ Mikheev, Andy (19 March 2003). "Archived news. Part 7.". Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  45. ^ "Grand-Prix sensation: t.A.T.u. participate against Lou*. ("Blind" - Germany)". 19 March 2003. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  46. ^ Mikheev, Andy (20 March 2003). "Russia". Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  47. ^ "Eurovision row over Tatu". BBC News. 21 May 2003. Retrieved 22 March 2008. 
  48. ^ "tATu plan to take Eurovision by storm". BreakingNews.ie. 23 May 2003. Retrieved 22 March 2008. 
  49. ^ "Tatu Lesbian Stunt Feared (SkyNews)". 22 May 2003. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  50. ^ Rau, Oliver (24 May 2003). "t.A.T.u.'s performance will not be interrupted". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  51. ^ "Eurovision to Brave All with Live t.A.T.u. Show (Reuters)". 25 May 2003. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  52. ^ Walsh, Nick Paton (30 May 2003). "Vote switch 'stole Tatu's Eurovision win'". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  53. ^ "Russia launches Eurovision appeal". BBC News. 29 May 2003. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  54. ^ a b Rodrigues, André (20 June 2003). "EBU approves use back-up jury of Irish television". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  55. ^ Bakker, Sietse (27 June 2003). "Irish televoting results finally announced". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 22 March 2008. 
  56. ^ "Eurovision flops blame equipment". BBC News. 26 May 2003. Retrieved 26 March 2008. 
  57. ^ Sietse Bakker (25 May 2002). Latvia won the 47th Eurovision Song Contest. ESCtoday.com. Retrieved on 23 March 2008.
  58. ^ Sietse Bakker. EBU released list of participant for 2003. ESCtoday.com. Retrieved on 23 March 2008.
  59. ^ Sietse Bakker. No new countries at next Eurovision Song Contest. ESCtoday.com. Retrieved on 23 March 2008.
  60. ^ Sietse Bakker (1 December 2002). Draw of running order finally available. ESCtoday.com. Retrieved on 23 March 2008.
  61. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 2003". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  62. ^ "Marcel Bezençon Award - an introduction". Poplight. Retrieved 2009-06-02. 
  63. ^ 11:00. "Winners of the Marcel Bezençon Awards 2012 | News | Eurovision Song Contest - Baku 2012". Eurovision.tv. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  64. ^ [1][dead link]
  65. ^ a b "Comentadores Do ESC - escportugalforum.pt.vu | o forum eurovisivo português". 21595.activeboard.com. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  66. ^ "• Pogledaj temu - SPOKESPERSONS". Forum.hrt.hr. 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  67. ^ a b Savvidis, Christos (OGAE Cyprus)
  68. ^ ""Євробачення" — готовність № 1 /ДЕНЬ/". Day.kiev.ua. 2007-11-28. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  69. ^ "Εκφωνητές της ΕΡΤ για τις ψήφους της Ελλάδας στην EUROVISION - Page 3". Retromaniax.gr. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  70. ^ a b "Concours Eurovision de la Chanson • Consulter le sujet - Porte-paroles des jurys des pays francophones". Eurovision.vosforums.com. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  71. ^ [2][dead link]
  72. ^ a b "Infosajten.com". Infosajten.com. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  73. ^ a b Opheim, Bjørn Erik (22 February 2003). "50th Anniversary won't affect annual Eurovision". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  74. ^ a b c Barak, Itamar (22 May 2003). "EBU press conference about the contest's future". ESCToday.com. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  75. ^ "ATV Eurovisio". Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra. 9 October 2003. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  76. ^ Jinman, Richard (24 May 2003). "Lesbian kiss could be Russia's Waterloo". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  77. ^ "БТ покажет нам "Евровидение-2003"" (in Russian). Komsomolskaya Pravda. 24 May 2003. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  78. ^ "Congratulations: 50 jaar Songfestival!". VRTFansite.be. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  79. ^ a b Christian Masson. "2003 - Riga". Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  80. ^ "• Pogledaj temu - Eurosong komentatori". Forum.hrt.hr. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  81. ^ "Forside". esconnet.dk. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  82. ^ [3][dead link]
  83. ^ "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  84. ^ "Dr. Peter Urban kommentiert - Düsseldorf 2011". Duesseldorf2011.de. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  85. ^ "Thomas Mohr: Mit Dschinghis Khan im Garten". Eurovision.de. 2011-05-14. Retrieved 2012-10-28. 
  86. ^ "Η Δάφνη Μπόκοτα και η EUROVISION (1987-2004)". Retromaniax.gr. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  87. ^ "Fréttablaðið, 24.05.2003". Timarit.is. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  88. ^ "RTE so lonely after loss of Gerry - Marty". 20 May 2010. Retrieved 29 May 2010. "He has been providing commentary for Irish viewers since 2000 and maintains great enthusiasm for the much lampooned contest." 
  89. ^ Lombardini, Emanuele; Pigliavento, Alessandro (2012). "Guida all'EUROVISION SONG CONTEST 2012". Eurovision Italia. Eurovision Italia. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  90. ^ www.eurovisionartists.nl. "Welkom op de site van Eurovision Artists". Eurovisionartists.nl. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  91. ^ "Alt du trenger å vite om MGP - Melodi Grand Prix - Melodi Grand Prix - NRK". Nrk.no. 2003-05-27. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  92. ^ "Turcja, nie Polska zwycięzcą Eurowizji 2003 - Onet Muzyka". Muzyka.onet.pl. 2003-05-25. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  93. ^ "FORO FESTIVAL DE EUROVISIÓN • Ver Tema - Uribarri comentarista Eurovision 2010". Eurosongcontest.phpbb3.es. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  94. ^ "Swedes stay at home with Eurovision fever". The Local. 2009-05-16. Retrieved 2012-09-29. 
  95. ^ Bruce, Ken. "Gin for lunch, whiskey for tea: Radio 2's Ken Bruce reveals his midlife crisis and the days when one drink was not enough". Daily Mail. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 56°56′56″N 24°06′23″E / 56.94889°N 24.10639°E / 56.94889; 24.10639