Eurovision Song Contest 1997
|Eurovision Song Contest 1997
|Final date||3 May 1997|
|Executive supervisor||Marie-Claire Vionnet|
|Executive producer||Noel Curran|
|Host broadcaster||Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)|
|Interval act||Ronan Keating,
|Number of entries||25|
|Withdrawing countries|| Belgium
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 points to their 10 favourite songs|
|Nul points|| Norway
|Winning song|| United Kingdom
"Love Shine a Light"
|Eurovision Song Contest|
The Eurovision Song Contest 1997, was the 42nd Eurovision Song Contest and it was held at the Point Theatre Dublin, Ireland, on 3 May 1997. Carrie Crowley and Boyzone member Ronan Keating were the presenters of the show. The United Kingdom won the competition, thanks to Katrina and the Waves, making it the second time that the British won the Eurovision on Irish ground.
Katrina and the Waves, representing the United Kingdom, were the winners of the contest with the song "Love Shine a Light", written by that band's lead guitarist Kimberley Rew, and Marc Roberts from Republic of Ireland came second with "Mysterious Woman". Despite being the runner-up, it remarkably received only one 12-point score, which came from the United Kingdom. The UK spokesman Colin Berry remarked: "You're going to like this one: Ireland, twelve points!" causing Terry Wogan to reply: "Well, tit for tat!" The winning song scored an unprecedented 227 points; it received points from all participating countries, including five sets of 10 points and a record-breaking ten sets of the maximum 12 points. "Love Shine a Light" is still regarded as one of the most successful Eurovision winners, and was the closing song in the medleys that opened the 50th anniversary show "Congratulations" in Copenhagen in 2005, and the ESC 2006 semi-final in Athens. With this victory, the United Kingdom has five Eurovision wins and it is to date the country's last win in the Contest.
After the controversy over the pre-selection in 1996, the European Broadcasting Union introduced a new system for 1997: countries with the lowest average scores over the previous four years would be excluded from the 1997 contest, and those with the lowest averages over the previous five years would be excluded from future contests (save that every country so excluded for one year would automatically be allowed to participate the following year), with so many countries being omitted as would reduce the number of participants each year to 25.
Israel declined to participate, as the Contest was held on its Holocaust Remembrance Day, granting a reprieve to Bosnia and Herzegovina, which would otherwise have been excluded owing to its low point average over the previous four years.
RTÉ once again produced a highly spectacular show, with a stage that had a smaller performance space for the artists than in previous years. This was the third Eurovision set to be designed by Paula Farrell, who had previously been involved with the 1988 and 1994 contests.
There was a wide array of different styles this year. Denmark brought a rap song, Croatia came with their version of the Spice Girls and Sweden brought a mid-1980s style boy band. The music was in general more modern than before, and for the first time in six years, an up-tempo song won.
This year, televoting was tested in five countries: Austria, Germany, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. The results of the televoting countries were, in some cases, different from those that used a jury. Iceland received 16 of its 18 points from these five countries.
Also, for the first time in Eurovision history, there was a country where not one, but two spokespeople gave votes- France. Television reporter Frédéric Ferrer and 1977 Eurovision winner Marie Myriam each took turns at giving results from that country.
Long-time Irish conductor Noel Kelehan was not the host conductor this year, the duty being fulfilled by Frank McNamara. However, from this year entrants were allowed to use playback without orchestra accompaniment, and in 1999, the orchestra would be abolished completely.
- 1.^ The Austrian entry also featured some lyrics in English.
Each country had a jury that awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 points for their top ten songs, or a televote, where the top ten most voted for songs were awarded the 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 points.
Iceland got most of its 18 points from the 5 countries that used televoting. Ireland was ostensibly the best scoring country across the televoting countries, except they were able to score points from all 5 televoting countries. The United Kingdom was only eligible to receive points from 4 of them, since they couldn't vote for themselves. In fact, the UK received 12 points from all the other televoting countries except Germany, from whom they received 10 points: in other words, the UK earned 46 of 48 possible televote points that year; Ireland earned 47 of 60 possible televote points—including their only 12 from the UK.
Below is a summary of all 12-point in the final:
|10||United Kingdom||Austria, Croatia, Denmark, France, Hungary, Ireland, Netherlands, Russia, Switzerland, Sweden|
|3||France||Estonia, Poland, Norway|
|Turkey||Bosnia and Herzegovina, Germany, Spain|
|Alma Čardžić||Bosnia and Herzegovina||1994|
Other involved countries
- FR Yugoslavia
- After the breakup of Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was last participated in 1992. RTS 2 broadcast the show, although Yugoslavia did not participate.
- Cyprus - Marios Skordis
- Turkey - Ömer Önder
- Norway - Ragnhild Sælthun Fjørtoft
- Austria - Adriana Zartl
- Ireland - Eileen Dunne
- Slovenia - Mojca Mavec
- Switzerland - Sandy Altermatt
- Netherlands - Corry Brokken (Dutch representative in 1956, 1957 and 1958, and host in 1976)
- Italy - Peppi Franzelin
- Spain - Belén Fernández de Henestrosa
- Germany - Christina Mänz
- Poland - Jan Chojnacki
- Estonia - Helene Tedre
- Bosnia and Herzegovina - Segmedina Srna
- Portugal - Cristina Rocha
- Sweden - Gösta Hanson
- Greece - Niki Venega
- Malta - Anna Bonanno
- Hungary - Györgyi Albert
- Russia - Arina Sharapova
- Denmark - Bent Henius
- France - Frédéric Ferrer & Marie Myriam
- Croatia - Davor Meštrović
- United Kingdom - Colin Berry
- Iceland - Svanhildur Konráðsdóttir
National jury members
- Spain – Fernando González (racing driver), María Esteve (actress), Manuel del Rosario (student), Yolanda Flores (journalist at RNE), Antonio Carbonell (singer, Spanish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1996), Beatriz Rojo (student), Fernando Arias (riding instructor), Miryam Fultz (singer), Mari Carrillo (actress), Javier López de Guereña (composer), Eva Santamaría (singer, Spanish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1993), Pepe Rubio (fashion designer), Ana Ojeda (doctor), José Moreno "Josele" (comedian), Pilar Darder (housewife), Manuel Hernández "Manolo HH" (radio host)
- Poland – Wioleta Machowiec, Jacek Skubikowski, Patrycja Markowska, Robert Janson, Magda Makarewicz, Wojciech Karolak, Olga Kurek, Paweł Brodowski, Danuta Błażejczyk, Michał Borkowski, Anita Lipnicka, Grzegorz Szczyrba, Joanna Rawik, Jacek Makowski, Hanna Banaszak, Artur Jaworski
- Greece – Fotini Dourou, Andreas Hatziapostolou, Litsa Sakellariou, Petri Salpea, Giorgos Vrouvas, Thomas Bakalakos, Evangelos Alexandropoulos, Grigoris Lambrianidis, Loukas Anapliotis, Natalia Giakoumi, Pelagia Gialitaki, Maria Grigoriou, Katerina Kalohereti, Chrisostomos Kontakiotis, Nikolaos Lenos, Maria Sipsa
- As noted on a TOTP2 Eurovision special, it ranks third in the rankings of points achieved as a percentage of maximum available with 227 out of 288 or 78.81%, behind Nicole's "Ein bißchen Frieden" in 1982 (161 out of 204 or 78.92%) and Brotherhood of Man's "Save Your Kisses for Me" in 1976 (164 out of 204 or 80.39%). For comparison, Elena Paparizou's 2005 win took 230 points out of a possible 456, or only 50.04%.
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