List of web browsers
The following is a list of web browsers that are notable.
- 1 Historical
- 2 Layout engines
- 3 Graphical
- 3.1 Trident shells
- 3.2 Gecko-based
- 3.3 Goanna-based
- 3.4 Gecko- and Trident-based
- 3.5 Webkit- and Trident-based
- 3.6 Blink- and Trident-based
- 3.7 Gecko-, Trident-, and Blink- based
- 3.8 KHTML-based
- 3.9 Presto-based
- 3.10 WebKit-based
- 3.11 Blink-based
- 3.12 EdgeHTML-based
- 3.13 For Java platform
- 3.14 Specialty browsers
- 3.15 Mosaic-based
- 3.16 Others
- 3.17 Mobile browsers
- 4 Text-based
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
This is a table of personal computer web browsers by year of release of major version. The increased growth of the Internet in the 1990s and 2000s means that current browsers with small market shares have more total users than the entire market early on. For example, 90% market share in 1997 would be roughly 60 million users, but by the start of 2007 9% market share would equate to over 90 million users.
In order of release:
- WorldWideWeb, February 25, 1990
- Mosaic, April 22, 1993
- Netscape Navigator and Netscape Communicator, October 13, 1994
- Internet Explorer, August 16, 1995
- Opera, 1996, see History of the Opera web browser
- Mozilla Navigator, June 5, 2002
- Safari, January 7, 2003
- Mozilla Firefox, November 9, 2004
- Google Chrome, September 2, 2008
- Microsoft Edge, July 29, 2015
- Gecko is developed by the Mozilla Foundation.
- Goanna is a fork of Gecko developed by Moonchild Productions.
- KHTML is developed by the KDE project.
- Presto was developed by Opera Software for use in Opera. Development stopped as Opera transitioned to Blink.
- Tasman was developed by Microsoft for use in Internet Explorer 5 for Macintosh.
- Trident is developed by Microsoft for use in the Windows versions of Internet Explorer 4 to Internet Explorer 11.
- WebKit is a fork of KHTML by Apple Inc. used in Apple Safari, and formerly in Chromium and Google Chrome.
- Blink is a 2013 fork of WebKit's WebCore component by Google used in Chromium, Google Chrome, and Opera.
- Servo is an experimental web browser layout engine being developed cooperatively by Mozilla and Samsung.
- EdgeHTML is the engine developed by Microsoft for Edge. It is a largely rewritten fork of Trident with all legacy code removed.
Current and maintained projects are listed in boldface.
Other software publishers have built browsers and other products around Microsoft's Trident engine. The following browsers are all based on that rendering engine:
- 360 Secure Browser
- AOL Explorer (discontinued)
- Bento Browser (built into Winamp)
- Deepnet Explorer (discontinued)
- Internet Explorer
- MediaBrowser (discontinued)
- MSN Explorer (discontinued)
- NeoPlanet (discontinued)
- NetCaptor (discontinued)
- Tencent Traveler
- TomeRaider (discontinued)
- UltraBrowser (discontinued)
- Camino for Mac OS X (formerly Chimera) (discontinued)
- Conkeror, keyboard-driven browser
- Galeon, GNOME's old default browser (discontinued)
- K-Meleon for Windows
- MicroB (for Maemo, discontinued)
- Minimo (for mobile, discontinued)
- Mozilla Firefox (formerly Firebird and Phoenix)
- AT&T Pogo (discontinued; based on Firefox)
- CometBird, an optimized fork of Firefox (discontinued)
- Comodo IceDragon (Firefox-based web browser for Windows)
- Flock (discontinued; was based on Firefox until version 2.6.1, and based on Chromium thereafter)
- Iceweasel, Debian's Firefox rebrand (discontinued)
- GNU IceCat, GNU's fork of Firefox
- Netscape Browser 8 to Netscape Navigator 9 (discontinued)
- TenFourFox (Firefox port to PowerPC versions of Mac OS X)
- Timberwolf, AmigaOS' Firefox rebrand (discontinued)
- Tor Browser, patched Firefox ESR for browsing in Tor anonymity network
- Swiftfox (discontinued; processor-optimised builds based on Firefox)
- Swiftweasel (discontinued; processor-optimised builds based on Iceweasel)
- Waterfox (Firefox-based web browser for Windows, macOS, and Linux)
- xB Browser (discontinued; formerly XeroBank Browser and Torpark), portable browser for anonymous browsing, originally based on Firefox
- Firefox for mobile (codenamed Fennec)
- Mozilla Application Suite (discontinued)
- Beonex Communicator (separate branch, based on Mozilla Application Suite) (discontinued)
- Classilla (an updated fork of the Suite to Mac OS 9)
- Gnuzilla GNU's fork
- Netscape (discontinued; Netscape 6 to 7, based on Mozilla)
- SeaMonkey (successor to Mozilla Application Suite)
- Skyfire (for mobile) (discontinued)
- Yahoo! Browser (or partnership browsers e.g. "AT&T Yahoo! Browser"; "Verizon Yahoo! Browser"; "BT Yahoo! Browser", etc.)
- Pale Moon – a fork of Firefox that maintains support for XUL/XPCOM extensions and retains the user interface of the Firefox 4–28 era
- Basilisk – similar to Pale Moon, but with the interface of Firefox 29–56 and a few other differences
Gecko- and Trident-based
- K-Meleon with the IE Tab extension
- Mozilla Firefox with the IE Tab extension
- Netscape Browser 8 (discontinued)
Webkit- and Trident-based
- Internet Channel (for Wii console, Opera-based)
- Nintendo DS Browser (Opera-based)
- Opera (for releases up until 12.18)
|Google Chrome for iOS|
|Dolphin Browser (Android and Bada)|
|Dooble (qtwebkit version discontinued) (up to Version 1.56)|
|Firefox for iOS|
|discontinued||Flock (version 3.0 and above)|
|iCab (version 4 uses WebKit; earlier versions used its own rendering engine)|
|Konqueror (version 4 can use WebKit as an alternative to its native KHTML)|
|Maxthon (version 3.0 and above)|
|Microsoft Edge for iOS|
|Nintendo 3DS NetFront Browser NX|
|Otter Browser (uses Blink and WebKit; aims to recreate the features of old Opera)|
|qutebrowser (a Blink-based backend is currently in development.)|
|PhantomJS (a headless browser)|
|SlimBoat (no longer supported)|
|discontinued||Steel for Android|
|Steam ingame browser|
|Web (previously known as Epiphany)|
|discontinued||Web Browser for S60, used in all Nokia Symbian smartphones|
|webOS, used in the Palm Pre, Palm Pixi, Pre 2, HP Veer, Pre 3, and TouchPad mobile devices|
|WebPositive, browser in Haiku|
For Java platform
- ThunderHawk (discontinued)
- BOLT Browser (discontinued)
- HotJava (discontinued)
- Opera Mini
- Teashark (discontinued)
Browsers created for enhancements of specific browsing activities.
- Kirix Strata (Designed for data analytics)
- Miro (A media browser that integrates BitTorrent add-on)
- Nightingale (open source audio player and web browser based on the Songbird (see below) media player source code)
- SpaceTime (Search the web in 3D)
- ZAC Browser (For children with autism, autism spectrum disorders such as Asperger syndrome, pervasive developmental disorders (PDD), and PDD-NOS)
- Ghostzilla (Blends into the GUI to hide activity)
- Gollum browser (Created specially for browsing Wikipedia)
- Prodigy Classic (Executable only within the application)
- Flock (To enhance social networking, blogging, photo-sharing, and RSS news-reading)
- RockMelt (Designed to combine web browsing, and social activities such as Facebook and Twitter into a unified one window experience)
- Songbird (browser with advanced audio streaming features and built-in media player with library.)
Mosaic was the first widely used web browser. The National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) licensed the technology and many companies built their own web browser on Mosaic. The best known are the first versions of Internet Explorer and Netscape.
- AMosaic (discontinued)
- IBM WebExplorer (discontinued)
- Internet Explorer 1.x (discontinued)
- Internet in a Box (discontinued)
- Mosaic-CK (discontinued)
- Netscape (discontinued)
- Spyglass Mosaic (discontinued)
- VMS Mosaic (discontinued)
- Abaco (for Plan 9 from Bell Labs and Linux)
- Amaya (discontinued)
- Arachne (for DOS and Linux) (discontinued)
- Arena (discontinued)
- Ariadna (AMSD Ariadna) (first Russian web browser) (discontinued)
- AWeb (AmigaOS)
- Baidu Mobile Browser
- Charon (for Inferno)
- Dillo (for lower-end computers)
- DR-WebSpyder (for DOS) (discontinued)
- Embrowser (for DOS) (discontinued)
- Gazelle (from Microsoft Research, OS-like)
- IBrowse (for AmigaOS)
- Mothra (for Plan 9 from Bell Labs)
- NetPositive (for BeOS)
- NetSurf (an open source web browser originally for RISC OS and GTK+, e.g. Linux, Windows and more platforms, written in C)
- Planetweb browser (discontinued) (for Dreamcast)
- Qihoo 360 mobile browsers
- Phoenix, a browser based on tkWWW
- tkWWW, based on Tcl
- Voyager (for AmigaOS)
The most popular mobile browsers as of June 2014 are:
- Browser timeline
- Comparison of web browsers
- Comparison of browser engines
- List of search engines
- List of web browsers for Unix and Unix-like operating systems
- Usage share of web browsers
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- Großmann, Prof. Dr. Hans Peter. "Department of Information Resource Management". University of Ulm. Retrieved 22 March 2010.
- "Oracle Introduces PowerBrowser". Oracle Corporation. 18 June 1996. Retrieved 2007-10-31.
- "Release history". W3C. Retrieved 2009-05-02.
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- "The Browser War Lights Up in Europe" (Press release). Opera Software. 2000-12-06. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
- "Opera 6.0 for Windows launched after record-breaking beta" (Press release). Opera Software. 2001-11-29. Retrieved 2008-02-19.
- "Opera 7 Ready to Rock the Web" (Press release). Opera Software. 2003-01-28. Retrieved 2008-02-19.
- "Speed, Security and Simplicity: Opera 8 Web Browser Released Today" (Press release). Opera Software. 2005-04-19. Retrieved 2008-02-19.
- "Your Web, Your Choice: Opera 9 Gives You the Control" (Press release). Opera Software. 2006-06-20. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
- "Opera redefines Web browsing yet again" (Press release). Opera Software. 2008-06-12. Retrieved 2008-06-12.
- "Turbocharge your Web experience with Opera 10" (Press release). Opera Software. 2009-09-01. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
- "History of the Pale Moon project". Retrieved 2017-01-05.
- "The world's fastest browser for Windows" (Press release). Oslo, Norway: Opera Software. 2010-03-02. Retrieved 28 March 2010.
- "General information". Retrieved 2017-01-05.
- "Pale Moon: Release notes". Retrieved 2018-08-29.
- "Mozilla 1.0". mozilla.org. 2002. Archived from the original on September 16, 2008. Retrieved September 7, 2008.
- http://caminobrowser.org Camino reaches its end
- "Try Avant Browser 2012 for a Choice of Rendering Engines". PC World. 2012-01-03. Retrieved 2012-01-03.
- "Have it all: Lunascape, the browser with three engines". CNET News. 2008-11-24. Retrieved 2010-05-20.
- "300 million users and move to WebKit". Opera Developer News.
- "Surprise: Opera 12.18 has been released - gHacks Tech News". gHacks Technology News. 2016-02-16. Retrieved 2017-11-03.
- "Projects/WebKit/Part — KDE TechBase". KDE TechBase. Retrieved 2010-03-30.
- "Slimboat". slimboat.com. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
- JoWa, Product Translator, Global Moderator (2 May 2014). "Blink, since v. 28". Comodo Group, Inc. Retrieved 21 Apr 2017.
- "A first peek at Opera 15 for Computers". Opera. Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
- [dead link]
- NetApplications Summary of Mobile Browsers. Retrieved 2 July 2014