Arachne (web browser)
Arachne GPL web browser using its VESA and CGA display modes, respectively
|Developer(s)||Michal Polák and contributors|
|Initial release||December 22, 1996|
1.97 / April 4, 2013
|Preview release||none [±]|
|Operating system||DOS, Linux|
Arachne is a full-screen Internet suite containing a graphical web browser, email client, and dialer. Originally, Arachne was developed by Michal Polák under his xChaos label, a name he later changed into Arachne Labs. It was written in C and compiled using Borland C++ 3.1. Arachne has since been released under the GPL as Arachne GPL.
Arachne supports many file formats, protocols and standards including video modes from CGA 640×200 in monochrome to VESA 1024×768 in high color mode (65,536 colors). It is designed for systems that do not have any windowing systems installed.
The first version of Arachne with a known release date was 1.0 Beta 2, which was released on 22 December 1996. The final and official version by Arachne Labs was 1.70R3 for DOS (released 22 January 2001) and 1.66 beta for Linux (released 20 July 2000). While there have been several more DOS versions, Linux development lay dormant until 24 May 2008 when a beta version 1.93 for Linux was released. The current DOS version, maintained by Glenn McCorkle, is 1.97 as of 4 March 2013. In 2006, there also was an experimental DPMI port of Arachne by Udo Kuhnt, named DPMI Arachne.
Arachne supports a limited subset of stylesheets and HTML. Known support as of version 1.93:
|color||#rgb or #rrggbb or a color name|
|background-color||background||#rgb or #rrggbb or a color name|
|font-size||%, px, pt|
DR-WebSpyder also became an integral part of Caldera's Thin Client Internet Operating System (IOS) originally called Novell Internet Operating System (NIOS). NIOS was originally conceived at Novell’s European Development Centre, UK in 1994 by Roger Gross. Gross proposed a Thin Client Web browser Operating System as part of what would become known as Novell’s Embedded Systems Technology (NEST) initiative to create embedded system applications that connect intelligent devices to NetWare networks.The new browser operating system comprised 32-bit ports of Novell’s existing technologies including DR-DOS, Novell's dialer and TCP/IP stack plus licensed third-party components including the Kaffe Java Virtual Machine (JVM), Allegro Video Graphics Library and Mosaic Web Browser. Caldera subsequently dropped Mosaic in favor of Arachne.
In 1998 Caldera also distributed a free demo version of DR-WebSpyder on a bootable fully self-contained 3.5-inch floppy. This was in fact the DRWebSpyder OS, minus the Kaffe JVM, but configured as loosely coupled components in which the DOS shell COMMAND.COM was replaced with the Web Browser. On 386 PCs with a minimum of 4 MB of RAM, the floppy would boot a minimal DR-DOS 7.02 based system complete with memory manager, RAM disk, dial-up modem, LAN, mouse and display drivers and automatically launch into the graphical browser, without ever touching the machine's hard disk. Users could start browsing the web immediately after entering their access credentials.
DRWebSpyder achieved commercial success including being embedded in an internet set-top box as part of a Satellite internet access solution.
- DR-WebSpyder Browser OS
- Comparison of web browsers
- Lynx (text-based)
- List of web browsers
- MINUET (graphical)
- List of Usenet newsreaders
- Comparison of Usenet newsreaders
- Rakitin, Jason "Review: Alternative Web browsers Archived November 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine." Network World, 27 October 1997
- Arachne Labs
- "Section 508 Alternative Browsers" National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
- Stutz, Michael "Czech Browser Won't Do Windows Archived December 2, 2008, at the Wayback Machine." Wired, 6 June 1997
- "Arachne HTML support". FreeDos. 2008-07-10. Archived from the original on 2011-08-26. Retrieved 2008-11-26.
- Rakitin, Jason (27 October 1997). "Review: Alternative Web browsers". Network World Fusion. Archived from the original on 5 October 2001. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- Arachne file archive Archived June 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Glenn McCorkle (2008). "Arachne v1.93;GPL for Linux". Retrieved 2008-07-02.
- "Is Arachne the same program as Caldera Webspyder?" Arachne Frequently Asked Questions
- "Caldera's DR gets OnSatellite of love". Retrieved 2018-02-13.
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