1835 in the United States
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|1835 in the United States|
24 stars (1822–36)
|Timeline of United States history|
|History of the United States (1789–1849)|
Events from the year 1835 in the United States.
- President: Andrew Jackson (D-Tennessee)
- Vice President: Martin Van Buren (D-New York)
- Chief Justice: John Marshall (Virginia)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: John Bell (W-Tennessee) (until March 4), James K. Polk (D-Tennessee) (starting December 7)
- Congress: 23rd (until March 4), 24th (starting March 4)
- January 8 – The Federal Government declares that Andrew Jackson paid off the national debt for the first and only time.
- January 30 – Richard Lawrence unsuccessfully tries to assassinate President Andrew Jackson in the United States Capitol; this is the first assassination attempt against a President of the United States.
- May 6 – James Gordon Bennett, Sr. publishes the first issue of the New York Herald.
- June 2 – P. T. Barnum and his circus begins first tour of the U.S.
- July 4 – The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad completed construction of its Thomas Viaduct then the longest bridge in the United States, and second only to London Bridge in the world; the longer Canton Viaduct is completed two weeks later.
- August 25 – The Great Moon Hoax begins.
- October 2 – Texas Revolution – Battle of Gonzales: Mexican soldiers attempt to disarm the people of Gonzales, Texas but encounter stiff resistance from a hastily assembled militia.
- December 9 – The Army of the Republic of Texas captures San Antonio.
- December 16–17 – The Great Fire of New York destroys 530–700 buildings and kills two.
- December 19 – Toledo Blade newspaper begins publishing.
- December 20 – The Texas Declaration of Independence is first signed at Goliad, Texas.
- December 28 – The Second Seminole War breaks out. Seminole fighter Osceola and his warriors attack government agent Thompson outside Fort King in central Florida.
- December 29 – The Treaty of New Echota, ceding all the lands of the Cherokee east of the Mississippi to the United States, is signed.
- The Toledo War was fought between the State of Ohio and the Michigan Territory over the city of Toledo and the Toledo Strip.
- Independent Order of Rechabites founded as part of temperance movement
- Judge William Harper of South Carolina rules that a person's acceptance as white, not the proportion of white and black blood, determine a person's race.
- Fort Cass is established, the military headquarters and site of the largest internment camps during the 1838 Trail of Tears.
- Second Seminole War (1835–1842)
- January 29 – Sarah Chauncey Woolsey (Susan Coolidge), children's writer (died 1905)
- February 19 – Henry R. Pease, U.S. Senator from Mississippi from 1874 to 1875 (died 1907)
- March 28 – Matthias N. Forney, steam locomotive manufacturer (died 1908)
- March 31 – John La Farge, painter and stained-glass artist (died 1910)
- April 2 – Jacob Nash Victor, railroad builder (died 1907)
- April 10 – Henry Villard, journalist, railroad financier and philanthropist (died 1900)
- April 17 – Augusta Cooper Bristol, poet (died 1910)
- May 27 – Charles Francis Adams Jr., public figure and historian (died 1915)
- June 10 – Rebecca Latimer Felton, U.S. Senator from Georgia in 1922 (died 1930)
- June 15 – Adah Isaacs Menken, actress, painter and poet (died 1868)
- June 26 – Thomas W. Knox, war reporter (died 1896)
- June 27 – Fred Harvey, entrepreneur (died 1901)
- June 29 – Celia Thaxter, poet (died 1894)
- August 2 – Elisha Gray, inventor and businessman (died 1901)
- September 4 – William Lindsay, U.S. Senator from Kentucky from 1893 to 1901 (died 1909)
- September 10 – Donelson Caffery, U.S. Senator from Louisiana from 1892 to 1901 (died 1906)
- September 14 – Ellen Hamlin, Second Lady of the United States as wife of Hannibal Hamlin (died 1925)
- October 16 – William R. Shafter, general (died 1906)
- October 23 – Adlai Stevenson I, 23rd Vice President of the United States from 1893 to 1897 (died 1914)
- October 26 – Thomas M. Bowen, U.S. Senator from Colorado from 1883 to 1889 (died 1906)
- October 31 – Adelbert Ames, 27th and 30th Governor of Mississippi from 1868 to 1870 and from 1874 to 1876 and U.S. Senator from Mississippi from 1870 to 1874 (died 1933)
- November 17 – Andrew L. Harris, Civil War hero and Governor of Ohio (died 1915)
- November 21 – Rose Eytinge, actress (died 1911)
- November 25
- November 30 – Mark Twain, writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher and lecturer (died 1910)
- December 13 – Phillips Brooks, clergyman and poet (died 1893)
- December 17 – Alexander Emanuel Agassiz, scientist (died 1910)
- December 18 – Lyman Abbott, clergyman and author (died 1922)
- February 19 – Amzi Chapin, singer, composer and music teacher (born 1768)
- March 15 – Samuel Dinsmoor, teacher, lawyer, banker and politician (born 1766)
- April 21 – Samuel Slater, "father of the American Industrial Revolution" (born 1768 in Great Britain)
- July 6 – John Marshall, fourth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1801 to 1835 (born 1755)
- August 25 – Ann Rutledge, Abraham Lincoln's alleged first love (born 1813)
- August 30 – William T. Barry, U.S. Senator from Kentucky from 1814 to 1816 and U.S. Postmaster General from 1829 to 1835, died in Liverpool, England, United Kingdom (born 1784)
- September 15 – Sarah Knox Taylor, daughter of Zachary Taylor and wife of Jefferson Davis (born 1814)
- November 14 – James Freeman, first American clergyman to call himself a Unitarian (born 1759)
- December 12 – Elias Kane, U.S. Senator from Illinois from 1825 to 1835 (born 1794)
- December 22 – David Hosack physician and educator, attending doctor at the Hamilton-Burr duel (born 1769)
- December 13 – John Storm, soldier in the American Revolution (born 1760)
- Full date unknown
- Media related to 1835 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons