1867 in the United States
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Events from the year 1867 in the United States.
- President: Andrew Johnson (D-Tennessee)
- Vice President: vacant
- Chief Justice: Salmon P. Chase (Ohio)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Schuyler Colfax (R-Indiana)
- Congress: 39th (until March 4), 40th (starting March 4)
- January 1 – The John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge opens between Cincinnati, Ohio and Covington, Kentucky, becoming the longest suspension bridge in the world.
- January 8 – African-American men are granted the right to vote in the District of Columbia.
- February 7
- March – The University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign is established (it opens for classes on March 2, 1868).
- March 1 – Nebraska is admitted as the 37th U.S. state (see History of Nebraska).
- May 28 – Alaska is purchased for $7.2 million from Alexander II of Russia, about 2 cent/acre ($4.19/km²), by United States Secretary of State William H. Seward. The news media call this "Seward's Folly."
- June 15 – The Atlantic Cable Quartz Lode mine is named in Montana.
- June 29 – Kidder massacre: A Sioux and Cheyenne war party kills U.S. Second Lieutenant Lyman Kidder, along with an Indian scout and ten enlisted men in Kansas.
- July 2 – The first elevated railroad in USA begins service in New York.
- July 17 – In Boston, Massachusetts, the Harvard School of Dental Medicine is established as the first dental school in the United States.
- September 30 – The United States takes control of Midway Island.
- October 18 – U.S. takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia, paying $7.2 million.
- October 21 – Manifest Destiny – Medicine Lodge Treaty: Near Medicine Lodge Creek, Kansas, a landmark treaty is signed by southern Great Plains Indian leaders. The treaty requires Native American Plains tribes to relocate to a reservation in western Oklahoma.
- November 15 – Former Minnesota farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (better known today as The Grange).
- December 2 – In a New York City theater, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States.
- December 18 – 49 people are killed in a train crash in Angola, New York.
- Yellow fever kills 3,093 in New Orleans.
- At historic Fountain Point, Michigan, an artesian water spring gushes continuously until the present day.
- 1867–1873 – Chinese, Scandinavian and Irish immigrants lay 30,000 miles (48,000 km) of railroad tracks in the United States.
- Clarke School for the Deaf in Northampton, Massachusetts opens its doors for the first time, becoming the first school for the deaf in the United States to teach deaf children how to communicate with others using the "oral method".
- Reconstruction era (1865–1877)
- January 1 – Lew Fields, vaudeville performer (died 1941)
- January 8 – Emily Greene Balch, writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (died 1961)
- January 14 – James H. Hughes, U.S. Senator from Delaware from 1937 till 1943 (died 1953)
- January 17 – Louise Upton Brumback, landscape painter (died 1929)
- February 3 – Charles Henry Turner, African American entomologist (died 1923)
- February 7 – Laura Ingalls Wilder, novelist (died 1957)
- February 8
- February 27 – Irving Fisher, economist (died 1947)
- March 4 – Charles Pelot Summerall, U.S. Army general (died 1955)
- March 6 – Samuel Cody, aviation pioneer (died 1913)
- March 10 – Lillian Wald, nurse (died 1940)
- March 21 – Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr., theatrical producer (died 1932)
- March 25 – Gutzon Borglum, artist, sculptor, creator of the Mount Rushmore National Memorial (died 1941)
- March 29 – Cy Young, Major League Baseball pitcher (died 1955)
- April 16 – Wilbur Wright, aviation pioneer (died 1912)
- May 29 – Charles A. Rawson, U.S. Senator from Iowa in 1922 (died 1936)
- June 8 – Frank Lloyd Wright, architect (died 1959)
- July 31 – S. S. Kresge, retailer (died 1966)
- September 5 – Amy Beach, classical composer and pianist (died 1944)
- October 21 – Aldred Scott Warthin, cancer geneticist (died 1931)
- October 31 – David Graham Phillips, journalist and novelist (died 1911)
- November 16 – William F. Kirby, U.S. Senator from Arkansas from 1916 till 1921 (died 1934)
- November 24
- December 23 – Madam C. J. Walker, born Sarah Breedlove, African American entrepreneur and philanthropist (died 1919)
- December 30 – Simon Guggenheim, U.S. Senator from Colorado from 1907 till 1913 (died 1941)
- January 20 – Nathaniel Parker Willis, author, poet and editor (born 1806)
- February 2 – Forceythe Willson, poet (born 1837)
- March 8 – Charles Farrar Browne ("Artemus Ward"), humorist (born 1834) (tuberculosis)
- March 16 – Benjamin Hanby, songwriter (born 1833) (tuberculosis)
- March 29 – George R. Riddle, U.S. Senator from Delaware from 1864 to 1867 (born 1817)
- April 3 – George W. Randolph, lawyer, planter, Confederate general, 3rd Confederate States Secretary of War (born 1818)
- May 11 – Joseph A. Wright, U.S. Senator from Indiana from 1862 to 1863 (born 1810)
- May 27 – Thomas Bulfinch, collector of myths and legends (born 1796)
- July 3 – Lazarus W. Powell, U.S. Senator from Kentucky from 1859 to 1865 (born 1812)
- July 31 – Catharine Sedgwick, novelist (born 1789)
- September 3 – James A. McDougall, U.S. Senator from California from 1861 to 1867 (born 1817)
- September 23 – Michael O'Laughlen, Conspirator in the Assassination of Abraham Lincoln (born 1840) (yellow fever)
- September 29 – Sterling Price, 11th Governor of Missouri, United States Army brigadier general in the Mexican–American War, Confederate Army major general in the American Civil War (born 1809)
- October 7 – Henry Timrod, poet (born 1829) (tuberculosis)
- November 19 – Fitz-Greene Halleck, poet (born 1790)
- December 3 – Margaret Lea Houston, First Lady of the Republic of Texas (born 1819)
- Media related to 1867 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons