6-phosphofructo-2-kinase

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6-phosphofructo-2-kinase
5htk.jpg
6-phosphofructo-2-kinase dimer, Human heart
Identifiers
EC number2.7.1.105
CAS number78689-77-7
Databases
IntEnzIntEnz view
BRENDABRENDA entry
ExPASyNiceZyme view
KEGGKEGG entry
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PRIAMprofile
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO
6PF2K
PDB 1k6m EBI.jpg
crystal structure of human liver 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase
Identifiers
Symbol6PF2K
PfamPF01591
Pfam clanCL0023
InterProIPR013079
PROSITEPDOC00158
SCOP1bif
SUPERFAMILY1bif


Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ATP and beta-D-fructose 6-phosphate, whereas its two products are ADP and beta-D-fructose 2,6-bisphosphate.

The systematic name of this enzyme class is ATP:beta-D-fructose-6-phosphate 2-phosphotransferase. Other names in common use include phosphofructokinase 2, 6-phosphofructose 2-kinase, 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase (phosphorylating), fructose 6-phosphate 2-kinase, and ATP:D-fructose-6-phosphate 2-phosphotransferase. This enzyme participates in fructose and mannose metabolism. The enzyme is important in the regulation of hepatic carbohydrate metabolism and is found in greatest quantities in the liver, kidney and heart. In mammals, several genes often encode different isoforms, each of which differs in its tissue distribution and enzymatic activity.[1] The family described here bears a resemblance to the ATP-driven phospho-fructokinases, however, they share little sequence similarity, although a few residues seem key to their interaction with fructose 6-phosphate.[2]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Heine-Suñer D, Díaz-Guillén MA, Lange AJ, Rodríguez de Córdoba S (May 1998). "Sequence and structure of the human 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase heart isoform gene (PFKFB2)". Eur. J. Biochem. 254 (1): 103–10. doi:10.1046/j.1432-1327.1998.2540103.x. PMID 9652401.
  2. ^ Wang X, Deng Z, Kemp RG (September 1998). "An essential methionine residue involved in substrate binding by phosphofructokinases". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 250 (2): 466–8. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1998.9311. PMID 9753654.
  • Van Schaftingen E, Hers HG (1981). "Phosphofructokinase 2: the enzyme that forms fructose 2,6-bisphosphate from fructose 6-phosphate and ATP". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 101 (3): 1078–84. doi:10.1016/0006-291X(81)91859-3. PMID 6458291.
This article incorporates text from the public domain Pfam and InterPro: IPR013079