Ampang Line

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3 Ampang Line
4 Sri Petaling Line
Klang Valley Intergrated Transit Map.pdf
The Ampang Line is coloured orange
and Sri Petaling Line on maroon.
Overview
Type Light metro
System Semi-automatic train operation (STO)
Status Operational
Locale Klang Valley
Termini Ampang
Sentul Timur & Sri Petaling
Stations 25 plus 12 under construction [1]
Services Sentul - KL - Ampang/Sri Petaling
Line number 3 (orange)
4 (maroon)
Website Rapid Rail
Operation
Opening 16 December 1996
Owner Prasarana Malaysia
Operator(s) Rapid Rail
Character Elevated, and at-grade
Depot(s) Ampang
Rolling stock 6-car trainsets of Adtranz
Technical
Line length 27 km (17 mi)
18.1 km (11.2 mi) under construction [1]
Track length 0 km (0 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification Third Rail
Operating speed 60 km/h (37 mph)
Route map
ST11 Sentul Timur Parking
ST10 Sentul (LRT) Parking
ST9 Titiwangsa MadridMetro-BusUrbano.svg MadridMetro-EMT.svg 8
ST8 PWTC 12
Putra
ST7 Sultan Ismail MadridMetro-BusUrbano.svg MadridMetro-EMT.svg
ST6 Bandaraya MadridMetro-EMT.svg
Bank Negara
12
ST5 Masjid Jamek 5
Merdeka 9
ST4 Plaza Rakyat MadridMetro-LargoRecorrido.svg Pudu Sentral
ST3 Hang Tuah 8
ST2 Pudu
ST1 Chan Sow Lin
AG2 Miharja Parking
AG3 Maluri 9
AG4 Pandan Jaya Parking
AG5 Pandan Indah Parking
AG6 Cempaka Parking
AG7 Cahaya
Ampang Depot
AG8 Ampang Parking
PH2 Cheras
PH3 Salak Selatan (LRT) Parking
PH4 Bandar Tun Razak
7 1
PH5 Tasik Selatan Parking Terminal Bersepadu Selatan
7 1
PH6 Sungai Besi Parking
PH7 Bukit Jalil Parking
PH8 Sri Petaling Parking
opening 3rd quarter 2015
Awan Besar
Muhibbah
Alam Sutera
Kinrara BK5
opening 2nd quarter 2016
future station
IOI Puchong Jaya
Pusat Bandar Puchong
Taman Perindustrian Puchong
Bandar Puteri
Puchong Perdana
Puchong Prima
future station
Kuala Sungai Baru Depot
Putra Heights 5

The Ampang Line & Sri Petaling Line, referred to collectively as the Ampang Line, is a light rapid transit (LRT) line in Klang Valley operated by Rapid Rail, one of the one of subsidiaries of Prasarana Malaysia.

The line is one of the components of the Klang Valley Public Transport System.

The line consists of two branch lines, with one major leg of the line is shared:

  • Sentul Timur to Chan Sow Lin (shared stations between the two sub-lines)
  • Chan Sow Lin to Ampang
  • Chan Sow Lin to Sri Petaling

On 28 November 2011, the Ampang Line and the Kelana Jaya Line were integrated with a single ticketing system, allowing commuters to transfer from one line to another at Masjid Jamek station without the need to buy a new ticket.

Further integration with the Monorail Line was achieved on 1 March 2012 when the paid-up areas of the Hang Tuah LRT and monorail stations, and also at the Titiwangsa LRT and monorail stations, were physically linked up, allowing transfers without exiting the system.

Nomenclature[edit]

The system has assumed multiple names throughout its service. Initially known as STAR (Malay: Sistem Transit Aliran Ringan; English: Light Rail Transit System), the STAR LRT or the STAR Line, the system was renamed in 2005 to refer to system's two sub-lines: the Sri Petaling and Ampang Lines. In April 2007, the entire system was renamed the Ampang Line as one common line, with no official names given to the sub-lines.

Lines and stations[edit]

The Ampang Line consists of two routes with a total length of 27 kilometres that begin at two different stations to the south and east of the city, meeting at an interchange station, continuing through the city centre and ending at the same station at the north. The Ampang Branch Line begins at Ampang, while the Sri Petaling Branch Line begins at Sri Petaling. Both lines converge at Chan Sow Lin; the merged line leads to the north, terminating at Sentul Timur. The Ampang to Sultan Ismail section was the first phase of the system to open, on 16 December 1995, with the second stretch from Chan Sow Lin to Sri Petaling operational on 11 July 1998, primarily for accessibility to the National Sports Complex during the 1998 Commonwealth Games via the Bukit Jalil station. The section between Sultan Ismail and Sentul Timur opened on 6 December 1998.

The line between Plaza Rakyat and Sentul Timur is an elevated railway, running along the Gombak River between Bandaraya and Titiwangsa. The Chan Sow Lin-Ampang line is primarily at surface level, using a previously disused railway formation, while the Chan Sow Lin-Plaza Rakyat line and the Sri Petaling-Chan Sow Lin line use a combination of surface-level and elevated tracks. There are no underground sections.

The system includes 25 stations: eleven along the Sentul Timur common line, and seven each along the Ampang Branch Line and the Sri Petaling Branch Line. The service depot and primary train depot is at Ampang. There is a secondary train depot at Sri Petaling.

Unlike previous railway lines in Malaysia, which were built to metre gauge, the Ampang Line was the first railway system in the country to adopt standard gauge. Between Ampang and Plaza Rakyat and between Chan Sow Lin and Salak Selatan, the line uses the trackbed of previously disused lines that were part of the Malayan Railway network (Ampang/Sultan Street branch), closed in the 1960s (between the present Chan Sow Lin station and the present Plaza Rakyat) and the early 1990s (the remaining portion of the line). The Ampang depot stands on the site of the former Ampang railway station.

Ridership on the line has been far below expectations. Built with a capacity of 500,000 passengers per day[2] and a breakeven point of 170,000 passengers per day,[3] in 1998, two years after launch, the line was averaging only 53,000 passengers per day, in part because of fares perceived as too high.[3] In 2002, STAR LRT was taken over by the government-owned Syarikat Prasarana Negara Berhad. By 2003, the ridership had increased to 110,000, still insufficient for profitability.[2]

Common stations on the Ampang Line[edit]

These stations are the common stations that the Ampang Branch Line and Sri Petaling Branch Line share.

Station Number Station Name Platform type Interchange/Notes
 ST11  Sentul Timur Terminal
 ST10  Sentul Side
 ST9  MR11  Titiwangsa Side Interchange station to KL Monorail.
 ST8  PWTC Side
 ST7  Sultan Ismail Side
 ST6  Bandaraya Side
 ST5  KJ13  Masjid Jamek Side Interchange station to Kelana Jaya Line.
 ST4  Plaza Rakyat Side
 ST3  MR4  Hang Tuah Side Interchange to KL Monorail.
 ST2  Pudu Side
 ST1  PH1  AG1  Chan Sow Lin Island Interchange at Platform 2A for
 AG8  Ampang
 PH8  Sri Petaling

Ampang Branch Line stations[edit]

Chan Sow Lin is the interchange station between the two routes. The route that runs to Ampang station consists of seven stations running into East of Klang Valley. Passengers to Ampang should disembark at Chan Sow Lin station.

Station Number Station Name Platform type Interchange/Notes
 AG2  Miharja Side
 AG3  Maluri Side Interchange to future Sungai Buloh - Kajang Line.
 AG4  Pandan Jaya Side
 AG5  Pandan Indah Side
 AG6  Cempaka Side
 AG7  Cahaya Side
 AG8  Ampang Terminal

Sri Petaling Branch Line stations[edit]

Chan Sow Lin is the interchange station between the two routes. The route that runs to Ampang station consists of seven stations running into East of Klang Valley. Passengers to Sri Petaling should disembark at Chan Sow Lin station.

On 29 August 2006, Deputy Prime Minister Mohd Najib Abdul Razak announced that the southern end of the Sri Petaling Branch Line would be extended from its existing terminus at Sri Petaling station to the suburbs of Puchong and Putra Heights, south-west of Kuala Lumpur. This extension is now under construction.

Station Number Station Name Platform type Interchange/Notes
 PH2  Cheras Side
 PH3  Salak Selatan Side
 PH4  Bandar Tun Razak Side
 PH5  Bandar Tasik Selatan Island Interchange station to KTM Komuter and ERL.
 PH6  Sungai Besi Side
 PH7  Bukit Jalil Side
 PH8  Sri Petaling Terminal

Interchanges[edit]

When the STAR line was launched in 1996, the Bandaraya LRT station became the first STAR station to be designated as an interchange station, with a footbridge connecting to the Bank Negara Komuter station, a KTM Komuter regional rail station, a few hundred metres away. With the completion of the Sri Petaling-Chan Sow Lin line, the Bandar Tasik Selatan station was opened as a more integrated interchange between the STAR line and the KTM Komuter network. The line would later include interconnectivity with Kelana Jaya Line, ERL and KL Monorail services. The system currently has a total of five stations linked to other railway systems.

The Ampang Line is the only rail system in the Kuala Lumpur rail transit network that, though it passes through the city centre, does not stop within or near Kuala Lumpur Sentral. This is because KL Sentral, despite its name, is not in fact in the centre of KL.

Rolling stock[edit]

The rolling stock of the Ampang Line consists of a fleet of 90 Adtranz standard-gauge trains manufactured by Walkers Limited of Australia. These trains are electric multiple units (EMU), which draw power from the underside of a third rail alongside the track. All cars in each train are powered. The trains are manned, with driver cabs occupying the ends of the train.

The trainsets come in two configurations. The first and most common variation is the six-car trainset, which consists of three sets of two EMUs (2+2+2) and occupies the maximum platform length of the stations. Each of the two EMU sets at the front and rear consist of one driving car and one trailer car, while the two EMUs between are trailer cars. Each two EMU sets are not connected to other EMU sets in the train. The second variation is a four-car trainset, a more obscure configuration that consists of only two EMU sets (2+2) of one driving car and one trailer car at both ends. These are only two-thirds the length and number of cars of the six-car variation. The 2+2 trainsets were used in full service until the widespread deployment of 2+2+2 trainsets.

Each car has 3 bogies: 2 power bogies and one articulated trailer for the centre bogie. The end cars, numbered 1101 to 1260, have driver cabs. Middle cars numbered 2201 to 2230 have a concealed driver control panel, enabling the car to be moved around the depot independently.

The train interiors are simple and basic. There are no individual seats, only longitudinal bench seating on either side of the train, surfaced in metal, while spaces near the connecting ends of the cars are provided for passengers who use wheelchairs and other assistive devices. There is a large amount of floorspace for standing passengers. The rolling stock has remained relatively unchanged since its introduction in 1996; new trains will be used on the line from October 2015.

50 new trains will be deployed to increase the capacity of the line and provide a better service. Each of the new trains is six cars long[4][5] and provided by CSR Zhuzhou of China, based on the design for metro trains in Izmir, Turkey.[6] These trains are disabled-friendly and include safety features like closed-circuit TV, emergency breakable window, emergency ventilation fan, fire and smoke detection system and supervised automatic train operation system (SATO), and other elements such as interactive destination display inside the train, non-slipping seats, LCD infotainment, walk-through gangways, and a more spacious wheelchair space for the physically challenged.[7][8]

The Ampang Line & Sri Petaling fleet consisted of the following models:

  • 25 6-car EMU trainsets Adtranz manufactured by Walkers Limited currently in operation since December 1996, to be gradually phased out and replaced by CSR ZELC trainsets.
  • 50 6-car Light Rail Vehicle (LRV) trainsets, or AMY, manufactured by CSR ZELC, two trainsets of which have been delivered since March 2014, the balance being still under construction.

Formation[edit]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Seating capacity
Designation
Set Designation 1 2 3 4 5 6 Arrival Date Status Launch Date
AMY 1 Arrived Jan 10 Field Testing October 2015
AMY 2 Arrived Feb 28 Field Testing October 2015
AMY 3 January 2016 Construction October 2015
AMY 4 January 2016 Construction October 2015
AMY 5 January 2016 Construction October 2015
AMY 6 January 2016 Construction October 2015
AMY 7 January 2016 Construction October 2015
AMY 8 January 2016 Construction October 2015

History and timeline[edit]

  • 13 November 1992: Sistem Transit Aliran Ringan Sdn Bhd (Star LRT) incorporated to implement Kuala Lumpur's first LRT project.
  • 22 December 1992: Franchise agreement between the Malaysian government and Star LRT signed for the development, ownership and operation of LRT system.
  • 30 August 1994: Work on the project officially commenced.
  • 16 December 1996: Phase One between Ampang and Sultan Ismail stations begins operations.
  • 11 July 1998: Branch line from Chan Sow Lin station to Sri Petaling station begins operations. This branch forms part of the Sri Petaling Line.
  • 6 December 1998: Extension from Sultan Ismail station to Sentul Timur station begins operations.
  • 1 September 2002: Syarikat Prasarana Negara Berhad (Prasarana) takes over ownership and operations of Star LRT under the first phase of Kuala Lumpur's public transport restructuring exercise. Prasarana renames the system Starline.
  • November 2004: Operations of Starline transferred to Rapid KL. Ownership of assets remain with Prasarana.
  • 19 July 2005: Rapid KL announces that Starline's two lines will be renamed the Ampang and Sri Petaling Lines. All signage will be changed by 2006.
  • 28 November 2011: Kelana Jaya and Ampang - Sri Petaling Line integrated with a single ticketing system.[citation needed]

Accidents[edit]

  • 27 October 2006: A six-coach LRT train which came in from Ampang overshot the end of the elevated tracks at Sentul Timur station, resulting in the front half of the first coach dangling in the air about 25m above the ground.
  • 25 September 2008: Six people injured when a train hits another train near the Bukit Jalil station. It is believed that the first coach suddenly stopped 200 metres from the station before it was rammed by another train on the same track. LRT service was disrupted for the day before resuming the next day.[9]

Extensions[edit]

On 29 August 2006, Malaysian Deputy Prime Minister Mohd Najib Abdul Razak announced that the southern end of the Sri Petaling Line, which now ended at Sri Petaling station, would be extended to the suburbs of Puchong and Putra Heights, located to the south-west of Kuala Lumpur. The extension will be part of a 10bil ringgit plan to expand Kuala Lumpur's public transport network.

In September 2009, Syarikat Prasarana Negara began a public viewing for the details of the alignment for the Ampang Line and Kelana Jaya Line at various locations. After a number of amendments and public viewings, the new extension will add 11 new stations and 18.1 km of new track. The Ampang Line Extension starts from Sri Petaling Station and passes through Kinrara, Puchong and ends at the new terminus of Putra Heights where the line will meet the Kelana Jaya Line to provide a suburban interchange.[4] Construction works on the Kelana Jaya Line and the Ampang Line Extension project escalated at the end of March 2011, with commencement of structural works, subject to approval from state government and local authorities.[10] Thales Group were selected to provide SelTrac Communications-Based Train Control (CBTC) for the extension. [11]

The first phase of the line extension work, a 7.4 km four-station phase from Seri Petaling to Bandar Kinrara (with four new stations: Awan Besar, Muhibbah, Alam Sutera and Kinrara BK5) is due to open on October 2015, while the full service on the remaining stations to Putra Heights is expected to commence in March 2016. The extension project is slated to double the ridership on the Ampang Line to more than 400,000 passengers per day.[4][6]

Station Number Station Name Platform type Interchange/Notes
Stage 1 Extension Opening Q4-2015
 PH9  Awan Besar Island
 PH10  Muhibbah Side
 PH11  Alam Sutera Side
 PH12  Kinrara BK 5 Side
Stage 2 Extension Opening Q3-2016
 PH13  future station Side Currently on hold, the station will be built at a later date.
 PH14  IOI Puchong Jaya Side
 PH15  Pusat Bandar Puchong Side
 PH16  Taman Perindustrian Puchong Side
 PH17  Bandar Puteri Island
 PH18  Puchong Perdana Side
 PH19  Puchong Prima Side
 PH20  future station Island Currently on hold, the station will be built at a later date.
 PH21  KJ37  Putra Heights Terminal Cross-platform interchange to upcoming Kelana Jaya Line extension. .

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ampang Line". RapidKL. Retrieved 2015-04-21. 
  2. ^ a b Property Times
  3. ^ a b Oh, Errol (16 June 2000). "Red flags". Malaysian Business. 
  4. ^ a b c "Prasarana: Ampang Line LRT extension Phase 1 on track for October launch". Malay Mail (Kuala Lumpur). 7 March 2015. Retrieved 2015-03-17. 
  5. ^ "'Amy' to hit the tracks in October". The Star (Kuala Lumpur). 30 January 2015. Retrieved 2015-03-17. 
  6. ^ a b "CSR unveils new trains for KL Ampang Line". International Railway Journal (London). 4 March 2014. Retrieved 2015-03-17. 
  7. ^ Cheong, Sam (28 February 2014). "RapidKL gets 50 coaches for Ampang LRT route". The Star (Kuala Lumpur). Retrieved 2015-03-17. 
  8. ^ "LRT Ampang Line to get new trains in 2015". The Star (Kuala Lumpur). 21 October 2014. Retrieved 2015-03-17. 
  9. ^ Looi, Elizabeth (25 September 2008). "Six injured in LRT accident". The Star (Kuala Lumpur). 
  10. ^ "Construction Works for LRT Extension Project to Commence". Rapid KL. 11 March 2011. 
  11. ^ [hhttps://www.thalesgroup.com/en/content/thales-awarded-contract-upgrade-kuala-lumpur-ampang-line-fully-automated-cbtc-signalling "Thales awarded the contract to upgrade Kuala Lumpur Ampang Line to fully automated CBTC signalling"]. Thales Group. 3 September 2012. 

External links[edit]

Route Maps[edit]