Ampang Line

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Ampang LRT
Ampang LRT train for Ampang Line & Sri Petaling Line.png
A new Ampang LRT trains at Awan Besar station
Overview
Native name LRT Ampang
Type Light rapid transit (LRT)
System Rapid KL
Status Operational
Locale Klang Valley
Termini Ampang & Sri Petaling (main line), Kinrara BK5
Sentul Timur (main line), Sri Petaling
Stations 29 [1]
Services Sentul - KL - Ampang
Sentul - KL - Sri Petaling - Bandar Kinrara
Line number  3  &  4 
Website Rapid Rail
Operation
Opened 16 December 1996
Owner Prasarana Malaysia
Operator(s) Rapid Rail
Character Elevated, and at-grade
Depot(s) Ampang & Kuala Sungai Baru (Q3-2016)
Rolling stock 25 6-car trainsets of Adtranz
8 6-car trainsets of CSR Zhuzhou
Technical
Line length 34.4 km (21.4 mi)
10.7 km (6.6 mi) under construction[1]
Track length 0 km (0 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification Third Rail
Operating speed 60 km/h (37 mph)
Route map
Klang Valley Rail Transit Map.pdf

The Ampang LRT (Malay: LRT Ampang), is a light rapid transit (LRT) system network in Klang Valley operated by Rapid Rail, a subsidiary of Prasarana Malaysia.

The Ampang LRT system network consists of two service lines

The LRT is one of the components of the Klang Valley Integrated Transit System.

Lines information[edit]

Stations[edit]

The Ampang LRT consists of two service lines with a total length of 34.4 kilometres that begin at two different stations to the south and east of the city, meeting at an interchange station, continuing through the city centre and ending at the same station at the north. The Ampang Line begins at Ampang, while the Sri Petaling Line begins at Sri Petaling. Both lines converge at Chan Sow Lin; the line leads to the north, both terminating at Sentul Timur. The Ampang to Sultan Ismail section was the first phase of the LRT system to open, on 16 December 1995, with the second stretch from Chan Sow Lin to Sri Petaling operational on 11 July 1998, primarily for accessibility to the National Sports Complex during the 1998 Commonwealth Games via the Bukit Jalil station. The section between Sultan Ismail and Sentul Timur opened on 6 December 1998.The passenger seating capacity is 168 seats per train (without wheelchair).

The route between Plaza Rakyat and Sentul Timur is an elevated railway, running along the Gombak River between Bandaraya and Titiwangsa. The Chan Sow Lin-Ampang route is primarily at surface level, using a previously disused railway formation, while the Chan Sow Lin-Plaza Rakyat route and the Sri Petaling-Chan Sow Lin route use a combination of surface-level and elevated tracks. There are no underground sections.

The LRT system includes 29 stations: eleven along the Sentul Timur as a common stations, and seven each along the Ampang Line and the Sri Petaling Line. The service depot and primary train depot is at Ampang. There is a secondary train depot at Sri Petaling. New depot at Kuala Sungai Baru has been developed to support Ampang Depot due to space constraints.

Unlike previous railway system in Malaysia, which were built to metre gauge, the Ampang LRT was the first railway system in the country to adopt standard gauge. Between Ampang and Plaza Rakyat and between Chan Sow Lin and Salak Selatan, the line uses the trackbed of previously disused lines that were part of the Malayan Railway network (Ampang/Sultan Street branch), closed in the 1960s (between the present Chan Sow Lin station and the present Plaza Rakyat) and the early 1990s (the remaining portion of the line). The Ampang depot stands on the site of the former Ampang railway station.

Ridership on the line has been far below expectations. Built with a capacity of 500,000 passengers per day[2] and a breakeven point of 170,000 passengers per day,[3] in 1998, two years after launch, the line was averaging only 53,000 passengers per day, in part because of fares perceived as too high.[3] In 2002, STAR-LRT was taken over by the government-owned Syarikat Prasarana Negara Berhad. By 2003, the ridership had increased to 110,000, still insufficient for profitability.[2]

Common stations on the Ampang LRT system network[edit]

These stations are the common stations for the Ampang Line and Sri Petaling Line.

Station Number Station Name Platform type Interchange/Notes
 ST11  Sentul Timur Terminal
 ST10  Sentul Side
 ST9  MR11  Titiwangsa Side Interchange station to KL Monorail.
 ST8  PWTC Side
 ST7  Sultan Ismail Side
 ST6  Bandaraya Side
 ST5  KJ13  Masjid Jamek Side Interchange station to Kelana Jaya Line.
 ST4  Plaza Rakyat Side
 ST3  MR4  Hang Tuah Side Interchange to KL Monorail.
 ST2  Pudu Side
 ST1  PH1  AG1  Chan Sow Lin Island Interchange at Platform 2A for
 AG8  Ampang
 PH8  Sri Petaling

Ampang Line stations[edit]

Chan Sow Lin is the interchange station between the two lines. The line that runs to Ampang station consists of seven stations running into East of Klang Valley. Passengers to Ampang should disembark at Chan Sow Lin station.

Station Number Station Name Platform type Interchange/Notes
 AG2  Miharja Side
 AG3  Maluri Side Interchange to future Sungai Buloh - Kajang Line.
 AG4  Pandan Jaya Side
 AG5  Pandan Indah Side
 AG6  Cempaka Side
 AG7  Cahaya Side
 AG8  Ampang Terminal

Sri Petaling Line stations[edit]

Chan Sow Lin is the interchange station between the two routes. The route that runs to Ampang station consists of seven stations running into East of Klang Valley. Passengers to Sri Petaling should disembark at Chan Sow Lin station.

On 29 August 2006, Deputy Prime Minister Mohd Najib Abdul Razak announced that the southern end of the Sri Petaling Line would be extended from its existing terminus at Sri Petaling station to the suburbs of Puchong and Putra Heights, south-west of Kuala Lumpur. The first phase of the line extension work, a 7.4 km four-station phase from Seri Petaling to Bandar Kinrara (with four new stations: Awan Besar, Muhibbah, Alam Sutera and Kinrara BK5) opened on 31 October 2015. Full service for the remaining stations to Putra Heights is expected to commence in March 2016.

Station Number Station Name Platform type Interchange/Notes
 PH2  Cheras Side
 PH3  Salak Selatan Side
 PH4  Bandar Tun Razak Side
 PH5  Bandar Tasik Selatan Island Interchange station to KTM Komuter and ERL.
 PH6  Sungai Besi Side
 PH7  Bukit Jalil Side
 PH8  Sri Petaling Terminal Until the full opening of Ampang LRT Extension Project (LEP) in Q3-2016,
the new six-car train of CSR Zhuzhou rolling stock will be used to operate the shuttle service between Sri Petaling and Kinrara BK5 stations.
All passenger have to interchange the train service at different platform at this station to continue their journey.[4]
 PH9  Awan Besar Island
 PH10  Muhibbah Side
 PH11  Alam Sutera Side
 PH12  Kinrara BK5 Side Terminal station for the shuttle train.

Extensions[edit]

On 29 August 2006, Malaysian Deputy Prime Minister Mohd Najib Abdul Razak announced that the southern end of the Sri Petaling Line, which now ended at Sri Petaling station, would be extended to the suburbs of Puchong and Putra Heights, located to the south-west of Kuala Lumpur. The extension will be part of a 10bil ringgit plan to expand Kuala Lumpur's public transport network.

In September 2009, Syarikat Prasarana Negara began a public viewing for the details of the alignment for the Ampang LRT and Kelana Jaya LRT at various locations. After a number of amendments and public viewings, the new LRT extension will add 11 new stations and 18.1 km of new track. The Ampang LRT Extension starts from Sri Petaling Station and passes through Kinrara, Puchong and ends at the new terminus of Putra Heights where the line will meet the Kelana Jaya LRT to provide a suburban interchange.[5] Construction works on the Kelana Jaya LRT and the Ampang LRT Extension project escalated at the end of March 2011, with commencement of structural works, subject to approval from state government and local authorities.[6] Thales Group were selected to provide SelTrac Communications-Based Train Control (CBTC) for the extension. [7]

The first phase of the line extension work, a 7.4 km four-station phase from Seri Petaling to Bandar Kinrara (with four new stations: Awan Besar, Muhibbah, Alam Sutera and Kinrara BK5) opened on 31 October 2015, while the full service on the remaining stations to Putra Heights is expected to commence in March 2016. The extension project is slated to double the ridership on the Ampang Line to more than 400,000 passengers per day.[5][8]

Station Number Station Name Platform type Interchange/Notes
Stage 2 Extension Opening Q2-2016
 PH13  future station Side Currently on hold, the station will be built at a later date.
 PH14  IOI Puchong Jaya Side
 PH15  Pusat Bandar Puchong Side
 PH16  Taman Perindustrian Puchong Side
 PH17  Bandar Puteri Island
 PH18  Puchong Perdana Side
 PH19  Puchong Prima Side
 PH20  future station Island Currently on hold, the station will be built at a later date.
 PH21  KJ37  Putra Heights Terminal Cross-platform interchange to upcoming Kelana Jaya Line extension on Q3-2016.

Interchanges[edit]

When the STAR-LRT system network was launched in 1996, the Bandaraya LRT station became the first LRT station to be designated as an interchange station, with a footbridge connecting to the Bank Negara Komuter station, a KTM Komuter regional rail station, a few hundred metres away. With the completion of the Sri Petaling-Chan Sow Lin route, the Bandar Tasik Selatan station was opened as a more integrated interchange between the STAR-LRT and the KTM Komuter system network. The line would later include interconnectivity with PUTRA LRT, ERL and KL Monorail services. The system currently has a total of five stations linked to other railway systems.

The Ampang LRT network is the only rail system in the Kuala Lumpur that, though it passes through the city centre, does not stop within or near Kuala Lumpur Sentral. This is because KL Sentral, despite its name, is not in fact in the centre of KL.

Rolling stock[edit]

The rolling stock of the Ampang LRT consists of a fleet of 90 Adtranz standard-gauge trains manufactured by Walkers Limited of Australia. These trains are electric multiple units (EMU), which draw power from the underside of a third rail alongside the track. All cars in each train are powered. The trains are manned, with driver cabs occupying the ends of the train.

The trainsets come in two configurations. The first and most common variation is the six-car trainset, which consists of three sets of two EMUs (2+2+2) and occupies the maximum platform length of the stations. Each of the two EMU sets at the front and rear consist of one driving car and one trailer car, while the two EMUs between are trailer cars. Each two EMU sets are not connected to other EMU sets in the train. The second variation is a four-car trainset, a more obscure configuration that consists of only two EMU sets (2+2) of one driving car and one trailer car at both ends. These are only two-thirds the length and number of cars of the six-car variation. The 2+2 trainsets were used in full service until the widespread deployment of 2+2+2 trainsets.

Each car has 3 bogies: 2 power bogies and one articulated trailer for the centre bogie. The end cars, numbered 1101 to 1260, have driver cabs. Middle cars numbered 2201 to 2230 have a concealed driver control panel, enabling the car to be moved around the depot independently.

The train interiors are simple and basic. There are no individual seats, only longitudinal bench seating on either side of the train, surfaced in metal, while spaces near the connecting ends of the cars are provided for passengers who use wheelchairs and other assistive devices. There is a large amount of floorspace for standing passengers. The rolling stock has remained relatively unchanged since its introduction in 1996; new trains will be used on the line from October 2015.

50 new trains will be deployed to increase the capacity of the line and provide a better service. Each of the new trains is six cars long[5][9] and provided by CSR Zhuzhou of China, based on the design for metro trains in Izmir, Turkey.[8] These trains are disabled-friendly and include safety features like closed-circuit TV, emergency breakable window, emergency ventilation fan, fire and smoke detection system and supervised automatic train operation system (SATO), and other elements such as interactive destination display inside the train, non-slipping seats, LCD infotainment, walk-through gangways, and a more spacious wheelchair space for the physically challenged.[10][11]

The Ampang LRT fleet consisted of the following models:

  • 29 + 1 (out of service) 6-car EMU trainsets Adtranz manufactured by Walkers Limited currently in operation since December 1996, to be gradually phased out and replaced by CSR Zhuzhou trainsets.
  • 50 6-car Light Rail Vehicle (LRV) trainsets, or AMY, manufactured by CSR Zhuzhou, eight trainsets of which have been delivered since January 2015, the balance being still under construction.

Formation[edit]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Seating capacity
Designation
Set Designation 1 2 3 4 5 6 Arrival Date Status Launch Date
AMY 1 Jan 10 In operation 31 October 2015
AMY 2 Feb 28 In operation 31 October 2015
AMY 3 Mar 2015 In operation 31 October 2015
AMY 4 Apr 2015 In operation 31 October 2015
AMY 5 May 2015 In operation 31 October 2015
AMY 6 Jun 2015 In operation 31 October 2015
AMY 7 July 2015 In operation 31 October 2015
AMY 8 End July 2015 In operation 31 October 2015

History[edit]

The system has assumed multiple names throughout its service. Initially known as STAR (Malay: Sistem Transit Aliran Ringan; English: Light Rail Transit System), the STAR LRT or the STAR Line, the system was renamed in 2005 to refer to system's two service routes: the Sri Petaling Line and Ampang Line. In April 2007, the entire LRT system was renamed the Ampang Line as one common line, with no official names given to the service route.

  • 13 November 1992: Sistem Transit Aliran Ringan Sdn Bhd (Star LRT) incorporated to implement Kuala Lumpur's first LRT project.
  • 22 December 1992: Franchise agreement between the Malaysian government and Star LRT signed for the development, ownership and operation of LRT system.
  • 30 August 1994: Work on the project officially commenced.
  • 16 December 1996: Phase One between Ampang and Sultan Ismail stations begins operations.
  • 11 July 1998: Branch line from Chan Sow Lin station to Sri Petaling station begins operations. This branch forms part of the Sri Petaling Line.
  • 6 December 1998: Extension from Sultan Ismail station to Sentul Timur station begins operations.
  • 1 September 2002: Syarikat Prasarana Negara Berhad (Prasarana) takes over ownership and operations of Star LRT under the first phase of Kuala Lumpur's public transport restructuring exercise. Prasarana renames the system to Starline.
  • November 2004: Operations of Starline transferred to Rapid KL. Ownership of assets remain with Prasarana.
  • 19 July 2005: Rapid KL announces that Starline's two lines will be renamed the Ampang Line and Sri Petaling Line. All signage will be changed by 2006.
  • 28 November 2011: Kelana Jaya LRT and Ampang LRT integrated with a single ticketing system.[citation needed]
  • 31 October 2015: Phase One of Ampang LRT Extension Project (LEP) from Sri Petaling station to Kinrara BK 5 station begins operations.

Accidents[edit]

  • 27 October 2006: A six-coach LRT train which came in from Ampang overshot the end of the elevated tracks at Sentul Timur station, resulting in the front half of the first coach dangling in the air about 25m above the ground.
  • 25 September 2008: Six people injured when a train hits another train near the Bukit Jalil station. It is believed that the first coach suddenly stopped 200 metres from the station before it was rammed by another train on the same track. LRT service was disrupted for the day before resuming the next day.[12]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ampang Line". RapidKL. Retrieved 2015-04-21. 
  2. ^ a b Property Times
  3. ^ a b Oh, Errol (16 June 2000). "Red flags". Malaysian Business. 
  4. ^ Prasarana Gets Green Light from SPAD for Commence Operations
  5. ^ a b c "Prasarana: Ampang LRT extension Phase 1 on track for October launch". Malay Mail (Kuala Lumpur). 7 March 2015. Retrieved 2015-03-17. 
  6. ^ "Construction Works for LRT Extension Project to Commence". Rapid KL. 11 March 2011. 
  7. ^ "Thales awarded the contract to upgrade Kuala Lumpur Ampang Line to fully automated CBTC signalling". Thales Group. 3 September 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "CSR unveils new trains for KL Ampang LRT". International Railway Journal (London). 4 March 2014. Retrieved 2015-03-17. 
  9. ^ "'Amy' to hit the tracks in October". The Star (Kuala Lumpur). 30 January 2015. Retrieved 2015-03-17. 
  10. ^ Cheong, Sam (28 February 2014). "RapidKL gets 50 coaches for Ampang LRT route". The Star (Kuala Lumpur). Retrieved 2015-03-17. 
  11. ^ "LRT Ampang Line to get new trains in 2015". The Star (Kuala Lumpur). 21 October 2014. Retrieved 2015-03-17. 
  12. ^ Looi, Elizabeth (25 September 2008). "Six injured in LRT accident". The Star (Kuala Lumpur). 

External links[edit]

Route Maps[edit]