SpaceX CRS-16

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SpaceX CRS-16
Dragon ISS.jpg
Artist rendering of the SpaceX Dragon spacecraft being berthed to ISS
Mission typeISS resupply
OperatorSpaceX
Mission durationPlanned: 1 month
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeCRS Dragon
ManufacturerSpaceX
Dry mass4,200 kg (9,300 lb)
DimensionsHeight: 6.1 m (20 ft)
Diameter: 3.7 m (12 ft)
Start of mission
Launch date5 December 2018, 18:16 UTC
RocketFalcon 9 Block 5
Launch siteCape Canaveral SLC-40
ContractorSpaceX
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Inclination51.6°
EpochPlanned
Berthing at ISS
Berthing portHarmony nadir
RMS capture8 December 2018, 12:21 UTC [1] [2]
Berthing date8 December 2018, 15:36 UTC [3]
SpaceX CRS-16 Patch.png
NASA SpX-16 mission patch
← CRS-15
CRS-17 →

SpaceX CRS-16, also known as SpX-16, is a Commercial Resupply Service mission to the International Space Station launched on 5 December 2018[4] aboard a Falcon 9 rocket.[5] The mission was contracted by NASA and is flown by SpaceX.

This CRS mission is the first with the Falcon 9 Block 5. It carried the Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation lidar (GEDI) as an external payload.[6] The mission was delayed by one day due to moldy rodent food for one of the experiments on the ISS. Even with the delay, this marked the fastest turn around time in SpaceX's history.

Launch[edit]

On February 2016, it was announced that NASA had awarded a contract extension to SpaceX for five additional CRS missions (CRS-16 to CRS-20).[7] As of June 2016, a NASA Inspector General report had this mission manifested for August 2018,[8] but it was later delayed to 29 November,[9] then to 4 December 2018, [5] then to 5 December 2018.[10]

The first stage booster B1050.1 experienced a grid fin hydraulic pump stall on re-entry. This caused the first stage to go into a roll after the re-entry burn. It failed to reach Landing Zone 1, but recovered enough to achieve a water landing off Cape Canaveral. Shortly after the landing, Elon Musk, CEO of SpaceX, stated the booster appeared undamaged and was being recovered. He also stated that if the damage is not enough to retire the booster, it “could be used for an internal SpaceX mission in the future”.[11]

Payload[edit]

NASA has contracted for the CRS-16 mission from SpaceX and therefore determines the primary payload, date/time of launch, and orbital parameters for the Dragon space capsule. It will carry the Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation lidar (GEDI) and the Robotic Refueling Mission 3 as external payloads.[12] Forty mice will also be flying with the payload in an experiment called Rodent Research-8 (RR-8).[13]

The CRS-16 mission will also carry a pair of CubeSats originally planned to launch aboard the Cygnus NG-10 International Space Station cargo resupply mission, but which were deferred. These include the UNITE CubeSat from the University of Southern Indiana and the TechEdSat-8 CubeSat from NASA's Ames Research Center.[citation needed][14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dragon in the Grips of Robotic Arm, Installation Occurs Next". NASA. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  2. ^ Gebhardt, Chris. "Dragon brings the science; NASA, SpaceX realign DM-1 test to NET 17 January launch". NASA Spaceflight. NASA Spaceflight. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  3. ^ Garcia, Mark. "Dragon Attached to Station, Returns to Earth in January". NASA Blogs. NASA. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  4. ^ Moldy Mouse Chow Delays SpaceX Dragon Launch to Space Station - By Mike Wall, Space.com Senior Writer | December 4, 2018 06:45am ET
  5. ^ a b Pietrobon, Steven (1 November 2018). "United States Commercial LV Launch Manifest". Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  6. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "GEDI". Gunter's Space Page . Retrieved August 22, 2018.
  7. ^ de Selding, Peter B. (24 February 2016). "SpaceX wins 5 new space station cargo missions in NASA contract estimated at $700 million". Space News. Retrieved 24 February 2016.
  8. ^ NASA Office of Inspector General (28 June 2016). NASA’s Response to SpaceX’s June 2015 Launch Failure: Impacts on Commercial Resupply of the International Space Station (PDF) (Report). NASA Office of Inspector General. p. 13. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  9. ^ "Launch Schedule". Spaceflight Now. 31 May 2018. Archived from the original on 1 June 2018.
  10. ^ Moldy Mouse Chow Delays SpaceX Dragon Launch to Space Station - By Mike Wall, Space.com Senior Writer | December 4, 2018 06:45am ET
  11. ^ Sheetz, Michael. "Watch SpaceX's rocket land in the ocean after spinning off target". CNBC. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  12. ^ Platnick, Steve (May–June 2018). "Editor's Corner" (PDF). The Earth Observer. NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. 30 (3): 3.
  13. ^ Moldy Mouse Chow Delays SpaceX Dragon Launch to Space Station - By Mike Wall, Space.com Senior Writer | December 4, 2018 06:45am ET
  14. ^ "Falcon 9 successfully lofts CRS-16 Dragon enroute to ISS – Booster spins out but soft lands in water – NASASpaceFlight.com". Retrieved 2018-12-06.

External links[edit]