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In dining, a course is a specific set of food items that are served together during a meal, all at the same time. A course may include multiple dishes or only one, and often includes items with some variety of flavors. For instance, a hamburger served with French fries would be considered a single course, and most likely the entire meal. Likewise, an extended banquet might include many courses, such as a course where a soup is served by itself, a course where cordon bleu is served at the same time as its garnish and perhaps a side dish, and later a dessert such as a pumpkin pie. Courses may vary in size as well as number depending on the culture where the meal takes place.
Meals are composed of one or more courses, which in turn are composed of one or more dishes.
The word is derived from the French word cours (run), and came into English in the 14th century. It came to be used perhaps because the food in a banquet serving had to be brought at speed from a remote kitchen – in the 1420 cookbook Du fait de cuisine the word "course" is used interchangeably with the word for serving.
- Edward Giobbi; Eugenia Giobbi Bone (20 October 2005). Italian Family Dining: Recipes, Menus, and Memories of Meals with a Great American Food Family. Rodale. pp. 1–. ISBN 978-1-59486-126-0. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
- Andrew F. Smith (1 May 2007). The Oxford Companion to American Food and Drink. Oxford University Press. pp. 19–. ISBN 978-0-19-530796-2. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
- Mark Morton (2004). Cupboard Love 2: A Dictionary of Culinary Curiosities. Insomniac Press. p. 95. ISBN 978-1-897415-93-1. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- Terence Scully (1995). The Art of Cookery in the Middle Ages. Boydell Press. p. 132. ISBN 978-0-85115-430-5. Retrieved 26 August 2013.