Eastern Yugur language

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Eastern Yugur
Native toChina
Ethnicity6,000 Yugur (2000)[1]
Native speakers
4,000 (2007)[1]
  • Southern Mongolic
    • Eastern Yugur
Language codes
ISO 639-3yuy

Eastern Yugur is the Mongolic language spoken within the Yugur nationality. The other language spoken within the same community is Western Yughur, which is a Turkic language. The terms may also indicate the speakers of these languages. Traditionally, both languages are indicated by the term Yellow Uygur, from the autonym of the Yugur. Eastern Yugur speakers are said to have passive bilingualism with Southern Mongolian, the standard spoken in China.[3]

Grigory Potanin recorded a glossary of Salar, Western Yugur, and Eastern Yugur in his 1893 book written in Russian, The Tangut-Tibetan Borderlands of China and Central Mongolia.[4][5][6][7][8][9]


Bilabial Alveolar Palato-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
plain aspirated plain lateral aspirated plain aspirated plain aspirated plain aspirated plain aspirated
Stop p t c q
Affricate t͡ʃ t͡ʃʰ
Fricative voiceless s ɬ ʃ χ h
voiced β ʁ
Nasal voiceless
voiced m n ŋ
Approximant l j
Trill r

The phonemes /ç, çʰ, ɕ, ɕʰ, ʂ, ʑ/ appear exclusively in Chinese loanwords.[10]


  1. ^ a b Eastern Yugur at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "East Yugur". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Stephen Adolphe Wurm, Peter Mühlhäusler, Darrell T. Tyron, International Council for Philosophy and Humanistic Studies (1996). Atlas of languages of intercultural communication in the Pacific, Asia, and the Americas, Volume 2, Part 1. Walter de Gruyter. p. 822. ISBN 978-3-11-013417-9. Retrieved 2010-10-31.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20120316172207/http://altaica.ru/LIBRARY/POPPE/poppe_salar.pdf
  5. ^ http://members.home.nl/marcmarti/yugur/biblio/ROOS_WesternYugurLanguage.pdf
  6. ^ "Yugurology". Archived from the original on October 5, 2003. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. ^ Grigoriĭ Nikolaevich Potanin (1893). Tangutsko-Tibetskai͡a okraina Kitai͡a i TSentralnai͡a Mongolii͡a.
  8. ^ Григорий Николаевич Потанин (1893). Тангутско-Тибетская окраина Китая и Центральная Монголія: путешествіе Г.Н. Потанина 1884-1886. Том 2. Тип. А.С. Суворина.
  9. ^ Григорий Николаевич Потанин (1893). Тангутско-Тибетская окраина Китая и Центральная Монголія: путешествіе Г.Н. Потанина 1884-1886. Тип. А.С. Суворина.
  10. ^ NUGTEREN, HANS; ROOS, MARTI (1996). "COMMON VOCABULARY OF THE WESTERN AND EASTERN YUGUR LANGUAGES: THE TURKIC AND MONGOLIC LOANWORDS". Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. 49 (1/2): 25–91. JSTOR 43391252.


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