Jiaoliao Mandarin

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Jiao–Liao Mandarin
RegionShandong and Liaodong
Native speakers
35,000,000 (2019)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
ISO 639-6jliu
huab1238  Central Plain Guanhua[1]
Mandarín jiaoliao.png

Jiaoliao or Jiao–Liao Mandarin (simplified Chinese: 胶辽官话; traditional Chinese: 膠遼官話; pinyin: Jiāo–Liáo Guānhuà) is a primary dialect of Mandarin Chinese, spoken on the Jiaodong Peninsula, from Yantai to Qingdao, Ganyu District in northeastern Jiangsu and the Liaodong Peninsula, from Dalian to Dandong, and along the Yalu River and the Ussuri River, in northeast China. Yantai, Dalian, and Weihai dialects are the standard Jiao–Liao Mandarin.[2]

Jiao–Liao Mandarin is also called Lái (Chinese: ), for the state of Lai and its people who lived on the Jiao–Liao Peninsulas.[3]


Jiao is short for the Jiao River. Liao is short for the Liaodong Peninsula, and the name Liaodong means "East of the Liao River". (Liao is also an abbreviation used for the city of Liaoyang.)



  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Central Plain Guanhua". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Margaret Mian Yan Introduction to Chinese Dialectology 2006 - Page 62 "Jiao–Liao Mandarin Group 胶辽官话The estimated number of native speakers of this group is 28.83 million; it is divided into the following subgroups: ; (1) Qingzhou subgroup (2) Deng–Lian subgroup (3) Gai–Huan Subgroup 5. Zhongyuan Mandarin ..."
  3. ^ Dolmen Culture of Bronze Age, Lai People Fleeing to Liaodong Archived 2012-02-04 at the Wayback Machine (in Chinese)
  4. ^ Yantai dialect (in Chinese)