Kashipur, Uttarakhand

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Kashipur
काशीपुर
Nagar Nigam
  The President, Shri Pranab Mukherjee addressing at the First Convocation of Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Kashipur, at Kashipur in Uttarakhand on March 17, 2013.
The President, Shri Pranab Mukherjee addressing at the First Convocation of Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Kashipur, at Kashipur in Uttarakhand on March 17, 2013.
Nickname(s): Ksp
उज्जैनी नगरी
Kashipur is located in Uttarakhand
Kashipur
Kashipur
Kashipur is located in India
Kashipur
Kashipur
Location within India and Uttarakhand
Coordinates: 29°13′N 78°57′E / 29.22°N 78.95°E / 29.22; 78.95Coordinates: 29°13′N 78°57′E / 29.22°N 78.95°E / 29.22; 78.95
Country  India
State Uttarakhand
District Udham Singh Nagar
Government
 • Mayor Mrs. Usha Chaudhary (Independent politician)
Area
 • Total 5.4 km2 (2.1 sq mi)
Elevation 218 m (715 ft)
Population
 • Total 121,623 (388th)
 • Density 22,275.2/km2 (57,693/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Kumaoni and garhwali
Languages
 • Official

Hindi ( kumaoni

garhwali )
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 244713
Telephone code 915947
Vehicle registration UK18
Sex ratio 911 /
Website kashipur.in

Kashipur (Hindi: काशीपुर) is a city of Udham Singh Nagar district in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and one of its seven subdivisions. Located in the eastern part of Udham Singh Nagar district, it is Kumaun's third most populous city and the sixth most populous in Uttarakhand. According to the 2011 Census of India, the population is 121,623 for the city of Kashipur and 283,136 for Kashipur Tehsil.

Historically part of Kumaun, Kashipur is named after Kashinath Adhikari, the founder of the township and governor of the pargana, one of the officers of the Chand Kings of Kumaun in the 16th and 17th centuries.[1] Kashipur remained under the rule of Chand Kings till the latter half of eighteenth century until Nand Ram the governor of Kashipur became practically Independent. Kashipur was ceded to British in 1801 and it became the headquarters of Terai district in the Kumaon division.

Kashipur was declared as a Nagar Nigam on 26 January 2013.[2] Kashipur is located at 29°13′N 78°57′E / 29.22°N 78.95°E / 29.22; 78.95.[3]

History[edit]

Panchayatan Temple Kashipur

Kashipur was known as Govishana, during the time of Harsha (606–647 AD). The ruins of the large settlement of those days can be still seen near the city.[4] The famous Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang also travelled the city in the 7th century.[5]:174 He described its position as "The Capital was 15 li in circuit. It's position was lofty, and of difficult access, and it was surronded by groves, tanks and fishponds".[6] Kashipur is believed to have a good historic trade of clothes and metal vessels.

The modern town of Kashipur was founded by Kashinath Adhikari, the governor of Tarai under King Devi Chand of Champawat. The exact date of the foundation of the town is disputed, several historians having expressed their own views on the matter. Bishop Heber, in his book Travels in India wrote that Kashipur was founded by a deity named Kashi 5000 years back (approx 3176 BC).[5]:175[7] Sir Alexander Cunningham invalidated his views in his book, The Ancient Geography of India, in which he wrote "the good bishop was grossly deceived by his informant, as it is well known that the town is a modern one, it having been built about AD 1718 by kashi-nath, a follower of Raja Devi-Chandra of Champawat in Kumaon".[8]:357-358 Badri Datt Pandey in his book Kumaun Ka Itihaas, contradicting Cunningham's views, claimed the town to be founded in 1639.[9]:41 Kashipur remained under the rule of Chand Kings till the latter half of eighteenth century until Nand Ram the governor of Kashipur became practically Independent and established his kingdom at Kashipur.

When the British arrived in Kumaun at the end of the 18th century AD, Kashipur was ruled by King Shib Lal, the second King of Kashipur. Kashipur was ceded to the British by Shib Lal in 1801 after which it became a revenue division. Bishop Heber visited here during his travel to Almora in November 1824.[10] Heber described Kashipur as a "famous place of Hindu Pilgrimage".[7] On 10 July 1837, Kashipur was included in the Moradabad district.[9]:445 The revenue divisions of muradabad district were rearranged in 1944 following which Bajpur, Kashipur and Jaspur were rearranged into one pargana named as Kashipur.[11] Bajpur was brought under Tarai district in 1859 followed by Kashipur in October 1870.[11] Kashipur was later made the headquarters of Tarai district in the Ceded and Conquered Provinces.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1871 13,113 —    
1881 14,667 +11.9%
1901 12,023 −18.0%
1911 12,773 +6.2%
1921 10,576 −17.2%
1931 11,276 +6.6%
1941 13,223 +17.3%
1951 16,597 +25.5%
1961 24,258 +46.2%
1971 33,457 +37.9%
1981 51,773 +54.7%
1991 69,870 +35.0%
2001 92,967 +33.1%
2011 121,623 +30.8%
Source: 1871, 1881 - The Imperial Gazetteer of India[12]:82
1901-2011 - District Census Handbook: Udham Singh Nagar[13]:369

As per provisional data of 2011 census Kashipur had a population of 121,610 roughly equal to the nation of Kiribati, out of which males were 63,625 and females were 57,985. The literacy rate was 83.4%.[14] In Kashipur, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religions[edit]

According to 2011 census distribution of religions in population of Kashipur were -

Religion in Kashipur (2011)
Religion
Hinduism
  
70.2%
Islam
  
15.6%
Sikhism
  
12.6%
Christian
  
1.2%
Others
  
0.4%

Language[edit]

The major language spoken in the city is Hindi with a Punjabi influence.

The area also has its own slang words which are known to people born and brought up there. They are listed below in Hindi as well as English translation.

रैपटा = थप्पड़ = चांटा (slap) पिनक= हल्का नशा (light headed) चून=आँटा (wheat flour) सपरी = अमरूद (guava) इंगे= इधर (here) उँगे = उधर (there) भौत= बहुत (too much) डाला = दरवाज़ा (door) बिलिया= कटोरी (small bowl) थल्किया= तश्तरी (small plate) घंटिया = छोटा लोटा (small lota or pot) किंगे = कहाँ को (where) कांकू = कहाँ को (where) रिया = रहा जा रिया mean जा रहा (going) थल्ले = नीचे (down) पोतड़ा = लँगोटी = लंगूटिया (diaper) परे = दूर (distance) परे हट means keep a distance

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

The nearest airport is the Pantnagar Airport which is 72 km away in Pantnagar whereas, the nearest international airport is the Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi which is 214 km away.[15]

Rail[edit]

Kashipur Junction railway station (KPV) is connected to Ramnagar, Kathgodam, Moradabad, Bareilly, Lucknow, Kanpur, Varanasi, Mumbai, Chandigarh, Agra, Jaisalmer, Haridwar and Delhi by rail network. Kashipur Railway Station is under the administrative control of the Izzatnagar division of the North Eastern Railway zone of the Indian Railways which currently serves the city.

Road[edit]

Kashipur is well connected to major cities such as Moradabad, Ramnagar, Jaspur, Bajpur, Rudrapur, Bareilly, Delhi, Gadarpur, Nainital, Haldwani with road network. Major roads that cross the city limits are -

  • NH 74
  • NH 121

Major roads within the city are -

NH-121 road interconnecting kashipur with ramnager
  • Moradabad Road
  • Bajpur Road
  • Aliganj Road
  • Station Road
  • Mata Mandir Road
  • Ratan Cinema Road
  • Tehsil Road
  • Jail Road
  • Old Mandi

Bus[edit]

Buses are one of the major source of transportation for the city. There are two major Bus stations in Kashipur -

  • Kashipur Depot (Roadways Bus Station)
  • Jaspur Bus Station
  • Ramnager-kashipur there are many private and state own buses run all day and night 24/7 bus are one of the important mode of traveling for public

Rickshaw[edit]

Auto Rickshaws serve during the fairs and fates in large numbers. Rickshaws have been clearly the leading source of travelling to look for within the city. E-Rickshaws, also known as Mini Metro, have now established themselves as the leading source of travelling within the city.

Economy[edit]

Kashipur is becoming a thriving industrial center, the city is suited for Industrial Park projects with cost of living compared to metros. Large industrial houses such as Flexituff International Ltd, IGL, HCL Technologies, Videocon Pasupati Arcylon Limited, etc with several paper and sugar mills already have a presence in the city. Kashipur along with its 33 industries has become a developing industrial region along with cities like Ramnagar and Rudrapur, including almost 180 industries in the state of Uttrakhand.

Devastahli a big and Private Housing and development projects in city

Education[edit]

Kashipur has some good schools and colleges, that are affiliated with many of the education bodies.

"Major Schools and Colleges in Kashipur included" -

students at rajputana college
  • Rajputana college DMC CANDPUR , pratappur U.s.nagar, Kashipur, Uttarakhand 244713
  • Shemford futuristic school ,Singal Farm, Pratappur, U.s.nagar, Kashipur, Uttarakhand 244713
  • Army Public School, Hempur depo canton ,goshala pratappur kashipur,uttarakhand 244713ment
  • Chhauni Children Academy
  • IKrishna Public Collegiate
  • DAV Public School
  • Delhi Public School, U.s.nagar, Kashipur, pratappur kela mood Uttarakhand 244713
  • Guru Nanak Senior Secondary School
  • Kendriya vidyalaya
  • Little Scholars School,U.s.nagar, Kashipur, pratappur Uttarakhand 244713
  • Maria Assumpta Convent School
  • Samar Study Hall
  • St. Mary School
  • Templeton College
  • Tularam Rajaram Saraswati Vidya Mandir Inter College
  • Vision Valley School
  • Udayraj Hindu Inter College
  • Govind Ballabh Pant
  • Shriram Institute of Management and Technology
  • Radhe Hari Govt. Post Graduate College
  • Chandrawati Tiwari Girls Degree College
  • Roots Public School
IIM Kashipur Hostel New Campus

IIM Kashipur[edit]

IIM Kashipur Campus

The Indian Institute of Management Kashipur also known as IIM Kashipur, is a public business school located in Kashipur, Uttarakhand, India. It is one of the thirteen Indian Institutes of Management the government has set up during the Eleventh Five-year Plan. The foundation stone was laid by the HRD Minister Kapil Sibal on 29 April 2011.

Administrative Divisions[edit]

Kashipur is divided into 20 wards for election purposes.

Culture[edit]

Shree Bheem Shankar Moteshwar Mahadev Mandir

Tourist Attractions[edit]

Major Tourist Attractions in the city are -

  • Drona Sagar Lake
  • Shree Moteshwar Mahadev Mandir
  • Maa Balsundari Mandir
  • Chaiti Mela
  • Gurudwara Shri Nankana Sahib
  • Tumaria Dam
  • Giri Sarovar
  • Arya Samaj Mandir

Cuisine[edit]

You can enjoy from a wide variety of cuisine. The Ratan Cinema Road in the city has been dedicated to food stalls and vans in a short period of time. The city also has a number of good restaurants and motel's.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kashipur town The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 15, p. 71.
  2. ^ "रूडकी, रूद्रपुर व काषीपुर को नगर निगम बनाने की घोषणा | Himalaya Gaurav Uttarakhand". Himalayauk.org. Retrieved 2013-11-08. 
  3. ^ "Maps, Weather, Videos, and Airports for Kashipur, India". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2013-11-08. 
  4. ^ History of Uttaranchal - Omacanda Hāṇḍā - Google Boeken. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2013-11-08. 
  5. ^ a b Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. Asiatic Society. 
  6. ^ Julien, Stanislas (1853). Histoire de la vie de Hiouen-Thsang, par Hoëi-Li et Yen-Thsong (in French). Paris. p. 233. 
  7. ^ a b Heber, Bishop. Travels in India (II ed.). p. 246. 
  8. ^ Cunningham, Sir Alexander (1871). The Ancient Geography of India: I. The Buddhist Period, Including the Campaigns of Alexander, and the Travels of Hwen-Thsang. London: Trübner and Company. 
  9. ^ a b Pande, Badri Datt (1993). History of Kumaun : English version of "Kumaun ka itihas". Almora, U.P., India: Shyam Prakashan. ISBN 81-85865-01-9. 
  10. ^ Hughes, Derrick (1986). Bishop Sahib : a life of Reginald Heber. Worthing: Churchman. p. 136. ISBN 978-1-85093-043-3. 
  11. ^ a b Rawat, Ajay S. (1998). Forest on fire : ecology and politics in the Himalayan Tarai. New Delhi: Cosmo Publications. p. 13. ISBN 9788170208402. 
  12. ^ Hunter, W. W. (1886). The Imperial Gazetteer of India Volume VIII. London: Trubner & Co. 
  13. ^ District Census Handbook Udham Singh Nagar Part-A (PDF). Dehradun: Directorate of Census Operations, Uttarakhand. 
  14. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  15. ^ "Pantnagar Airport (PGH) Details – India – World Airport Codes". World-airport-codes.com. Retrieved 2013-11-08. 
  16. ^ "Uttarakhand plans IIM at Kashipur - Rediff.com Business". Business.rediff.com. 2009-12-23. Retrieved 2013-11-08.