Lenin Peace Prize

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The back of the Lenin Peace Prize Medal

The International Lenin Peace Prize (Russian: международная Ленинская премия мира, mezhdunarodnaya Leninskaya premiya mira) was a Soviet Union award named in honor of Vladimir Lenin. It was awarded by a panel appointed by the Soviet government, to notable individuals whom the panel indicated had "strengthened peace among comrades". It was founded as the International Stalin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples, but was renamed the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples (Russian: Международная Ленинская премия «За укрепление мира между народами», Mezhdunarodnaya Leninskaya premiya «za ukrepleniye mira mezhdu narodami» ) as a result of destalinization. Unlike the Nobel Prize, the Lenin Peace Prize was usually awarded to several people a year rather than to just one individual. The prize was mainly awarded to prominent Communists and supporters of the Soviet Union who were not Soviet citizens. Notable recipients include: W. E. B. Du Bois, Fidel Castro, Salvador Allende, Mikis Theodorakis, Sean MacBride, Angela Davis, Pablo Picasso, Oscar Niemeyer, Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Abdul Sattar Edhi and Nelson Mandela.

History[edit]

The prize was created as the International Stalin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples on December 21, 1949 by executive order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet in honor of Joseph Stalin's seventieth birthday (although this was after his seventy-first).

Following Nikita Khrushchev's denunciation of Stalin in 1956 during the Twentieth Party Congress, the prize was renamed on September 6 as the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples. All previous recipients were asked to return their Stalin Prizes so they could be replaced by the renamed Lenin Prize. By a decision of Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of December 11, 1989, the prize was renamed the International Lenin Peace Prize.[1] Two years later, after the collapse of USSR in 1991, the Russian government, as the successor state to the defunct Soviet Union, ended the award program. The Lenin Peace Prize is regarded as a counterpart to the existing Nobel Peace Prize.

The International Lenin Prize should not be confused with the International Peace Prize, awarded by the World Peace Council. In 1941 the Soviet Union created the Stalin Prize (later renamed the USSR State Prize), which was awarded annually to accomplished Soviet writers, composers, artists and scientists.

Stalin Prize recipients[edit]

1950[edit]

Awarded April 6, 1951 – Seven winners

1951[edit]

Awarded December 20, 1951 -Six winners

1952[edit]

Awarded December 20, 1952 – Seven winners

1953[edit]

Awarded December 12, 1953 – Ten winners

1954[edit]

Awarded December 18, 1954 – Nine winners

1955[edit]

Awarded December 9, 1955 – Six Winners

Lenin Prize recipients[edit]

1957[edit]

1958[edit]

1959[edit]

Awarded April 30, 1959

1960[edit]

Awarded May 3, 1960

1961[edit]

Awarded April 30, 1961

1962[edit]

Awarded April 30, 1962

1963[edit]

Awarded May 1, 1963 – Four Awarded

1964[edit]

Awarded May 1, 1964 – Three awarded

1965[edit]

Presented August 14, 1965

1966[edit]

Awarded May 1, 1967 – Six awards

1967[edit]

1968–1969[edit]

Awarded April 16, 1970 – Seven awards

1970–1971[edit]

(No awards given in 1971 [47])

1972[edit]

Awarded May 1, 1973 – Four awards

1973–1974[edit]

1975–1976[edit]

Awarded May 1977 – Seven Awards

1977–1978[edit]

Awarded May 1, 1979 – Six Awards

1979[edit]

Awarded April 30, 1980 – Five Awardees

1980–1982[edit]

Awarded May 1983 – 4 awards

1983–1984[edit]

Awarded May 1, 1985 – Six Awards

1985–1986[edit]

1987[edit]

1988[edit]

1989[edit]

1990[edit]

1. Mandela was awarded the International Lenin Peace Prize in 1990 but, due to his trial and imprisonment in South Africa, was unable to accept the prize until 2002.

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See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ПОСТАНОВЛЕНИЕ ПРЕЗИДИУМА ВС СССР ОТ 11.12.1989 N 905-1 О МЕЖДУНАРОДНОЙ ЛЕНИНСКОЙ ПРЕМИИ МИРА" (in Russian). 2006-10-12. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g О присуждении международных Сталинских премий "За укрепление мира между народами" за 1950 год. Pravda. Apr 6, 1951 [1]
  3. ^ a b c d e f g The Deseret News – Apr 7, 1951
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1959. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f The Miami News – Dec 21, 1951
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian) (2nd ed.). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1953. vol. 24, p. 366. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h El Tiempo – Jun 10, 1980
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Eugene Register-Guard – Dec 22, 1952
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Reading Eagle – Dec 21, 1953
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i St. Petersburg Times – Dec 21, 1954
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian) (3rd ed.). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya.  In some cases in GSE's 3rd edition the year is that, "in which" the Prize was awarded, in other cases – "for which". Hence, the year "1970" there seems to be the Prize "for 1969" or "for 1968–1969"
  12. ^ a b Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1989. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1958. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f О присуждении международных Сталинских премий "За укрепление мира между народами" за 1955 год. Pravda. Dec 21, 1955, page 1 [2]
  15. ^ a b c d e f Toledo Blade – Dec 21, 1955
  16. ^ The Telegraph – Apr 8, 1965
  17. ^ Toledo Blade – Dec 29, 1969
  18. ^ Eugene Register-Guard – Oct 8, 1983
  19. ^ Reading Eagle – Apr 11, 1965
  20. ^ Vochenblatt – Nov 27, 1958
  21. ^ a b c d e Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1960. 
  22. ^ a b c d e The Deseret News – May 1, 1959
  23. ^ a b c Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1961. 
  24. ^ a b c d The Spokesman-Review – May 4, 1960
  25. ^ Yitzhak Oron, ed. (1960). Middle East Record Volume 1. 
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1962. 
  27. ^ a b c d e f g Schenectady Gazette – May 1, 1961
  28. ^ Administrator. "Priskriterier" (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-12-14. 
  29. ^ a b c d e Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1963. 
  30. ^ a b c d The Milwaukee Journal – Apr 30, 1962
  31. ^ a b c d e Daytona Beach Morning Journal – May 1, 1962
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h Meddlesome Medals?
  33. ^ "Modibo Keita." Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed. 17 Vols. Gale Research, 1998.
  34. ^ a b c d Toledo Blade – Apr 30, 1963
  35. ^ a b Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1964. 
  36. ^ Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1965. 
  37. ^ a b c Toledo Blade – Apr 30, 1964
  38. ^ a b c Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1966. 
  39. ^ a b c d e Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1967. p. 623. 
  40. ^ The Sumter Daily Item – Aug 14, 1965
  41. ^ The Milwaukee Journal – Jun 10, 1974
  42. ^ Lodi News-Sentinel – Jan 19, 1991
  43. ^ a b c d e f Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1968. p. 622. 
  44. ^ a b c d e f The Miami News – May 1, 1967
  45. ^ a b c d e f Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1969. p. 607. 
  46. ^ a b Toledo Blade – Jun 17, 1970
  47. ^ The Deseret News – Apr 14, 1971
  48. ^ Shukri, Sabin M. (1984). The International Who's Who of the Arab World (2nd ed.). London: International Who's Who of the Arab World. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-9506122-1-8. 
  49. ^ a b c d e f Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1972. p. 618. 
  50. ^ Toledo Blade – Jan 23, 1980
  51. ^ The Palm Beach Post – Jan 19, 1987
  52. ^ Lewiston Evening Journal – Mar 16, 1977
  53. ^ Ian Sansom (11 December 2010). "Great Dynasties: The Ransome-Kutis". The Guardian. Retrieved June 18, 2014. 
  54. ^ Johnson-Odim, Cheryl (January–February 2009). "'For their freedoms': The anti-imperialist and international feminist activity of Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti of Nigeria". Women's Studies International Forum, special issue: Circling the Globe: International Feminism Reconsidered, 1910 to 1975. ScienceDirect. 32 (1): 58. doi:10.1016/j.wsif.2009.01.004.  Pdf.[permanent dead link]
  55. ^ a b c d Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1973. p. 634. 
  56. ^ a b c d The Milwaukee Journal – May 1, 1973
  57. ^ a b c Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1975. p. 653. 
  58. ^ a b c d e f g Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1977. p. 633. 
  59. ^ a b c d e f g Lakeland Ledger – May 2, 1977
  60. ^ a b c d e f Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1979. p. 573. 
  61. ^ a b c d e f The Spokesman-Review – May 1, 1979
  62. ^ a b c d e Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1980. p. 577. 
  63. ^ a b c d e Toledo Blade – Apr 30, 1980
  64. ^ The Evening Independent, October 27, 1981
  65. ^ Star-News – Nov 14, 1980
  66. ^ a b c d Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1983. 
  67. ^ a b c d Reading Eagle – May 4, 1983
  68. ^ a b c d e f Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1985. p. 571. 
  69. ^ a b c d e f El Tiempo – May 1, 1985
  70. ^ a b c d e f LENIN PEACE PRIZE AWARDED TO INDIRA GANDHI
  71. ^ a b c d e Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1987. p. 599. 
  72. ^ Herald-Journal – Jan 15, 1988
  73. ^ The Telegraph – Sep 9, 1987
  74. ^ Daily Times, January 30th 2008
  75. ^ The Great Encyclopedic Dictionary (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1991. vol. 1, p. 759. 
  76. ^ MANDELA FINALLY PICKS UP PRIZE
  77. ^ a b "Lenin Peace Prize Recipients". Research History. Retrieved 4 May 2017. 

External links[edit]