Jijamata Udyaan

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Jijamata garden
Statue of Jijamata and Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj at Jijamata Udyaan
Date opened 1861[1]
Location Mumbai, India
Coordinates 18°58′41″N 72°50′12″E / 18.9781154°N 72.8367457°E / 18.9781154; 72.8367457Coordinates: 18°58′41″N 72°50′12″E / 18.9781154°N 72.8367457°E / 18.9781154; 72.8367457
Land area 48 acres (19 ha)[1]
Memberships CZA[2]
Jijamata Udyan
Type Botanical Garden
Location Mumbai (Maharashtra)
Area 53 acres
Owned by Municipal corporation of greater Mumbai
Operated by Garden Dept.MCGM, Mumbai
Visitors 8000 to 30,000 (on holiday)
Status Open
Species 843 [3]
Collections Sundari(glass pane tree), Castanospermum australe, Coccoloba uvifera

Jijamata Udyaan formerly called Ranichi Bagh (meaning Queen's Gardens) after the original British name Victoria Gardens, and now also known as Veermata Jijabai Bhosale Udyan, is a zoo and garden located at Byculla, in the heart of Mumbai, India. It was laid out in 1861 and is one of the oldest zoos in India.

Also, situated in the Gardens is the Dr. Bhau Daji Lad Museum (formerly Victoria and Albert Museum), mainly of industrial and agricultural interest. On the grounds to the east of the museum is the giant statue of an elephant, taken from the Elephanta Caves on Gharapuri to Britain in 1864, and later returned to these gardens.[4]

The Zoo[edit]

Jijamata Udyaan also houses the Mumbai Zoo. It houses many rare and endangered species of animals and birds and stuffed animals which are stuffed by many talented taxidermists. The state of the zoo degraded considerably and currently the zoo find its place in the list of worst zoos in the world by many independent institutions.[5][6] This has occurred owing mainly due to the poor hygienic conditions and indifference by the zoo staff.[5][6]


The zoo is undergoing renovation. Visitors across the world can look forward to exotic species- jaguar, zebra, Humboldt penguin, exotic marine fishes, tiger, Asiatic lion, wild dog, bison and deer on their visit to the zoo. The revamp work will start after the final approval from the civic standing committee meeting, and will be expected to be completed within 12 months.

Bird Enclosure In Jijamata Udyaan

There will be separate animal holding area, animal exercise yard, viewing area, underwater viewing area, water bodies, wire rope mesh with tensile structure and life support system for the exotic species. The revamp project will be allotted to M/S Highway Construction Company who had in past revamped Animal on exhibit – Woodland park  zoo in Washington (America).[7]

Dr. Bhau Daji Lad Museum[edit]

The Garden also houses Bhau Daji Lad Museum (formerly known as the Victoria and Albert Museum) which contains a large collection of archaeological artifacts. One example is a large stone elephant which is now kept at entrance of the garden. It was found in 1864 on Gharapuri Island. The museum's collection of Indian art and culture has been praised as one of the most valuable collections of Indian architecture. It was named after the Prince Consort and Queen Empress of India.[8]


  1. ^ a b "Jijamata Udyan Zoo". clickindia.com. ClickIndia. Retrieved 4 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "Search Establishment". cza.nic.in. CZA. Retrieved 4 July 2011. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Save the Caves". the-south-asian.com. The South Asian. Retrieved 4 July 2011. 
  5. ^ a b The world's worst zoos globalpost.com. Retrieved 24 August 2013
  6. ^ a b 6 of the saddest zoos in the world: Mumbai Zoo mnn.com. Retrieved 24 August 2013
  7. ^ "Byculla zoo: Jijamata Udyan revamp proposal likely to get MCGM nod tomorrow". 
  8. ^ "History of museum". 

External links[edit]