List of alcoholic drinks

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This is a list of alcoholic drinks. An alcoholic drink is a drink that contains ethanol, commonly known as alcohol. Alcoholic drinks are divided into three general classes: beers, wines, and distilled beverages. They are legally consumed in most countries, and over one hundred countries have laws regulating their production, sale, and consumption.[1] In particular, such laws specify the minimum age at which a person may legally buy or drink them. This minimum age varies between 16 and 25 years, depending upon the country and the type of drink. Most nations set it at 18 years of age.[1]

Drinks by raw material[edit]

The names of some alcoholic drinks are determined by their raw material.

Grains Name of fermented beverage Name of distilled beverage
Barley beer, barley wine Gin, Scotch whisky, Irish whiskey, jenever (Netherlands), ginebra (Spain, Argentina, Philippines), shōchū (mugijōchū) (Japan), soju (Korea)
Buckwheat shōchū (sobajōchū) (Japan)
Corn chicha, corn beer, tesguino Bourbon whiskey, moonshine, also vodka (rare)
Millet millet beer (Sub-Saharan Africa), tongba (Nepal, Tibet), boza (the Balkans, Turkey)
Rice beer, brem (Bali), huangjiu and choujiu (China), ruou gao (Vietnam), sake (Japan), sonti (India), makgeolli and chungju (Korea), tuak (Borneo Island), thwon (Nepal) aila (Nepal), rice baijiu (China), shōchū (komejōchū) and awamori (Japan), soju (Korea), ခေါင်ရည် (Myanmar)
Rye rye beer, kvass rye whiskey, vodka (Russia), korn (Germany)
Sorghum burukutu (Nigeria), pito (Ghana), merisa (southern Sudan), bilibili (Chad, Central African Republic, Cameroon) maotai, kaoliang wine, certain other types of baijiu (China).
Wheat wheat beer horilka (Ukraine), vodka, wheat whiskey, weizenkorn (Germany), soju (Korea)
Fruit juice Name of fermented beverage Name of distilled beverage
Apples cider (U.S.: "hard cider"), apfelwein jabukovača (Serbia), applejack (or apple brandy), calvados, cider
Apricots kajsijevača (Serbia), kaisieva rakia (Bulgaria), pálinka (Hungary)
Bananas or plantains chuoi hot (Vietnam), cauim (Kuna Indians of Panama), urgwagwa (Uganda, Rwanda), mbege (with millet malt; Tanzania), kasikisi (with sorghum malt; Democratic Republic of the Congo) majmunovača (Serbia),
Cashew feni (India)
Cherries Cherry wine (Denmark) Kirsch (Germany, Switzerland)
Coconut or Palm Toddy (Sri Lanka, India) arrack, lambanog (Sri Lanka, India, Philippines)
Gouqi gouqi jiu (China) gouqi jiu (China)
Ginger with sugar, ginger with raisins ginger ale, ginger beer, ginger wine
Grapes wine brandy, cognac (France), vermouth, armagnac (France), branntwein (Germany), pisco (Peru, Chile, Grozdova), Rakia (The Balkans, Turkey), singani (Bolivia), arak (Syria, Lebanon, Jordan), törkölypálinka (Hungary)
Juniper berries gin, jenever (Netherlands/Belgium), borovička (Slovakia)
Mulberry Oghi (Armenia)
Pears perry, or pear cider; poiré (France) viljamovka (Serbia), Poire Williams, pear brandy, Eau-de-vie (France), pálinka (Hungary), krushova rakia / krushevitsa (Bulgaria)
Pineapples tepache (Mexico), Pineapple Wine (Hawaii)
Plums plum wine šljivovica (Serbia), slivovitz, țuică, umeshu, pálinka, slivova rakia / slivovitsa (Bulgaria)
Quinces dunjevača (Serbia)
Raspberries Raspberry wine[2] (US, Canada) Himbeergeist (Germany, Switzerland)
Myrica rubra yangmei jiu (China) yangmei jiu (China)
Pomace pomace wine raki/ouzo/pastis/sambuca (Turkey/Greece/France/Italy), tsipouro/tsikoudia (Greece), grappa (Italy/Argentina/Uruguay), trester (Germany), marc (France), orujo (Spain), zivania (Cyprus), bagaço (Portugal), tescovină (Romania), arak (Iran)
Pomegranate Pomegranate wine (Armenia)
Vegetables Name of fermented beverage Name of distilled beverage
Agave juice pulque tequila, mezcal, raicilla
Cassava

Saliva-fermented beverages:

  • cauim
  • chicha: Throughout the Amazon Basin, including the interiors of Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, chicha is made most often with cassava; in Peruvian Amazonia chichia is known as masato.
  • kasiri (Sub-Saharan Africa)
  • nihamanchi (South America) a.k.a. nijimanche (Ecuador and Peru)
  • parakari (Guyana)
  • sakurá (Brazil, Surinam)
tiquira (Brazil)
Ginger root juice ginger beer (Botswana)
Potato potato beer horilka (Ukraine), vodka (Poland), Kartoffelschnaps (Germany), akvavit (Scandinavia), poitín (poteen) (Ireland), tuzemák (Czech Republic)
Sugarcane juice, or molasses basi, betsa-betsa (regional) rum (Caribbean), rhum agricole (Haiti, Martinique, Guadeloupe and the rest of the French Caribbean), clairin (Haiti), cachaça (Brazil), Desi daru (India), aguardiente de caña (Spain), aguardiente, guaro, lavagallo, pinga (Venezuela, Colombia, Nicaragua), Mamajuana (Dominican Republic), Gongo, Konyagi (Tanzania), Cocoroco (Bolivia), caña (Argentina, Uruguay), espinillar (Uruguay), caña blanca (Paraguay)
Sweet potato shōchū (imojōchū) (Japan), soju (Korea)
Ti root okolehao (Hawai'i)
Other raw materials Name of fermented beverage Name of distilled beverage
Sap of palm coyol wine (Central America), tembo (Sub-Saharan Africa), toddy (Indian subcontinent)
Sap of Arenga pinnata, Coconut, Borassus flabellifer palm wine arrack
Honey mead, horilka (Ukraine), tej (Ethiopia) distilled mead, honey-flavored liqueur
Milk kumis, kefir, blaand arkhi (Mongolia)
Sugar kilju and mead or sima (Finland) shōchū (kokutō shōchū): made from brown sugar (Japan) or rum

Fermented drinks[edit]

Founders Old Curmudgeon old ale
A hard cider produced in Michigan, U.S.
Palm wine is collected, fermented and stored in calabashes in Bandundu Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Desi daru from India

Distilled drinks[edit]

A reservoir glass filled with a naturally colored verte absinthe, next to an absinthe spoon
Various views of a bottle of mezcal. The "worm", which is actually the larval form of the moth Hypopta agavis that lives on the agave plant, can be seen in the middle image, at the bottom of the bottle.
Various bottles and containers of Russian vodka

A distilled drink, spirit, or liquor is an alcoholic drink containing ethanol that is produced by distillation (i.e., concentrating by distillation) of ethanol produced by means of fermenting grain, fruit, or vegetables.[3] This excludes undistilled fermented beverages such as beer, wine, and cider. Vodka, gin, baijiu, tequila, rum, whisky, brandy, Singani[4] and soju are examples of distilled drinks.

Hard liquor is used in North America and India to distinguish distilled drinks from undistilled ones (implicitly weaker).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Minimum Legal Age Limits". IARD.org. International Alliance for Responsible Drinking. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  2. ^ http://winemaking.jackkeller.net/redrasp.asp
  3. ^ Britannica Online Encyclopedia: distilled spirit/distilled liquor
  4. ^ Singani