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Current [ edit ]
Aberdeen, United Kingdom – Aberdeen was the historic county seat of Aberdeenshire but now forms a separate local authority. Aberdeenshire Council's headquarters remain within the city of Aberdeen, the only local authority in Scotland to have its council sit in another local authority area.
Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan – capital of Chuy Province which surrounds the city, though the city itself is not part of the province but rather a province-level unit of Kyrgyzstan
Bogotá, Colombia – capital of the surrounding Cundinamarca Department, while constituting its own capital district.
Brussels, Belgium – Brussels is the capital of the Flanders region, while itself being part of the Brussels Capital Region
Bucharest, Romania – location of many of the institutions of Ilfov County, itself a municipality with special status
Budapest, Hungary – capital of Pest county, and also the Central Hungarian Region, itself having a county status, thus outside Pest county, but within the Central Hungarian Region
Bujumbura, Burundi – capital of both Bujumbura Mairie and Bujumbura Rural provinces; the city itself is located in the former
Central, Hong Kong – the area where the district council and district office of the Islands District is located, itself within the Central and Western District
Chandigarh, India – shared capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana, itself a union territory
East London, South Africa – administrative centre of the Amathole District Municipality, itself in the Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality
Francistown, Botswana - capital of the North-East District, itself a separately administered urban district.
Honiara, Solomon Islands – capital of Guadalcanal Province, while itself a separate capital territory
Hot Springs, South Dakota, United States - seat of Fall River County, whose administration is under contract from neighbouring Oglala Lakota County to also perform the latter's administrative functions.
Hyderabad, India - since 2 June 2014, the joint capital of the states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Hyderabad itself is located in Telangana, which was newly carved out of Andhra Pradesh on that date. The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 determines that Hyderabad will remain provisionally the capital of both states "for such period not exceeding ten years." Many Andhra Pradesh state government institutions have moved to  Vijayawada, which has become de facto the new state capital. On 4 September 2014, it was officially announced that a new, specially planned capital city would be built just outside Vijayawada and would be called Amaravati. Still, until the new capital is completed and officially moved, Hyderabad remains de jure Andhra Pradesh's capital city.
Invercargill, New Zealand - is the seat of government for the large rural Southland District to its north while also a territorial authority in its own right.
Ishigaki, Japan - government seat both of the Yaeyama District of Okinawa Prefecture, and of the town of Taketomi, located in that district. Ishigaki itself is a city, outside any district and with its own separate administration.
Jiagedaqi District, China - administrative centre of the Da Hinggan Ling Prefecture, Heilongjiang Province, itself (nominally) located in Inner Mongolia.
Kagoshima, Japan, hosts the municipal offices for the island villages of Mishima and Toshima.
Kassel, Germany – administrative center of Kassel (district), itself an independent city
Kiev, Ukraine – administrative center of Kiev Oblast, itself a city with special status
King Salmon, Alaska, United States, is the seat of government for the Lake and Peninsula Borough but lies in the Bristol Bay Borough.
Kingston upon Thames, United Kingdom – administrative headquarters of Surrey, England, itself within Greater London
Lankaran, Azerbaijan – capital of Lankaran Rayon, itself administratively separate
Minsk, Belarus – administrative center of Minsk Voblast, itself a city with special status of capital
Moscow, Russia – capital of Moscow Oblast, itself a federal city
Oslo, Norway – administration headquarters of Akershus county, itself a separate county
Peshawar, Pakistan - administrative center of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, itself located in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, of which it is also the capital city. Several provinces of the
Philippines technically have their capitals outside their borders when the cities are classified as highly urbanized (independent); by law these cities are not included in any province, although most of the time these cities are tightly connected and were sometimes once part of the province that surrounds them. See cities of the Philippines for a more extensive explanation and the Virginia entry below for a comparison.
Port Elizabeth, South Africa – administrative centre of the Cacadu District Municipality, itself in the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality
Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea – capital of Central Province which surrounds city, but the city itself is in (and also the capital of) the National Capital District
Prague, Czech Republic – capital of Central Bohemian Region, Prague-West District and Prague-East District, itself an administrative unit on its own
Saint Petersburg, Russia – capital of the Leningrad Oblast, itself a federal city
Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands – seat of the mayor office of the largely evacuated Northern Islands Municipality, itself another municipality
Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina – official capital of Republika Srpska, itself in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The de facto capital is Banja Luka.
Shaki, Azerbaijan – capital of Shaki Rayon, itself administratively separate
Shusha, Azerbaijan – capital of Shusha Rayon, itself administratively separate; administered by Nagorno-Karabakh
Sofia, Bulgaria – capital of the Sofia Province, itself an administrative unit ( oblast) on its own
Tashkent, Uzbekistan – capital of Tashkent Province, itself an independent city
Virginia in the United States has unique laws regarding independent city status, where a city is not part of its surrounding county. Because of this, many county courthouses and county government offices are technically located outside of the county. These include Albemarle County, Alleghany County, Augusta County, Bedford County, Frederick County, Greensville County, Prince William County, Rockbridge County, and Rockingham County. The government offices for Roanoke County, James City County, and Henrico County are located within the borders of the county while the historic courthouses are located in the independent cities of Salem, Williamsburg, and Richmond, respectively. In Fairfax County, the courthouse is situated in an enclave within the city of Fairfax that is part of the county, while the government offices are outside of the city's borders.
Winner, South Dakota, United States - seat of both Tripp and Todd counties, itself located in Tripp County.
Yevlakh, Azerbaijan – capital of Yevlakh Rayon, itself administratively separate
Historical [ edit ]
Busan, South Korea – capital of the province of South Gyeongsang, itself a metropolitan city (from 1963, when the city was separated from the province, to 1983, when it was replaced by Changwon)
Calicut, India - until 1964, the administration of the then Union Territory of the Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands (now Lakshadweep) was conducted from offices in the city of Calicut, located on the mainland, in the state of Kerala. The territory's government is now seated on the island of Kavaratti. 
Canberra, Australia – seat of government of the Territory of Papua Canton (now
Guangzhou), China – capital of the province of Kwangtung (now Guangdong), Republic of China, itself a centrally-administered city
Daegu, South Korea – capital of the province of North Gyeongsang, itself a metropolitan city (from 1981, when the city was separated from the province, to 2016, when it was replaced by Andong)
Daejeon, South Korea – capital of the province of South Chungcheong, itself a metropolitan city (from 1989, when the city was separated from the province, to 2012, when it was replaced by Hongseong)
Gwangju, South Korea – capital of the province of South Jeolla, itself a metropolitan city (from 1986, when the city was separated from the province, to 2005, when it was replaced by Muan)
Havana, Cuba - capital of former La Habana Province, which was distinct from the city of Havana ( Ciudad de la Habana), administered separately. A reorganization of Cuban provinces in 2011 split La Habana Province into two new provinces, Artemisa and Mayabeque, their respective capital cities being Artemisa and San José de las Lajas.
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia – former capital of the state of Selangor. In 1974, Kuala Lumpur was separated from the state and made into a federal territory. Kuala Lumpur remained the state capital until 1978, when Shah Alam was declared as the new capital.
Mafikeng, South Africa – from where the former British protectorate of Bechuanaland, today Botswana, was administered. It is part of South Africa.
Marshall, Texas, United States, was the capital of the exiled Confederate government of Missouri during the American Civil War. Mukden (now
Shenyang), China – capital of the province of Fengtian (now Liaoning), Republic of China, itself a centrally-administered city
Ottawa, Canada – location of the 2nd Council of the Northwest Territories from 1905 to 1951
Pasig, Philippines – former capital of Rizal and designated as a highly urbanized city. Pasig was made a part of Metro Manila in 1975, taking it outside the border of Rizal. Rizal has since moved its provincial government to Antipolo, within the border of Rizal but also designated a highly urbanized city.
Saint-Louis – The Senegalese city was the administrative capital of the French colony of Mauritania from 1902 to 1960.
Seoul, South Korea – capital of the province of Gyeonggi, itself a metropolitan city (from 1946, when the city was separated from the province, to 1967, when it was replaced by Suwon) Sian (now
Xi'an), China – capital of the province of Shensi (now Shaanxi), Republic of China, itself a centrally-administered city
Sneek, The Netherlands – capital of the municipality of Sneek and nearby Wymbritseradeel
Stockholm, Sweden – capital of the Stockholm County, itself not a part of the county, administered by the Over-Governorship of Stockholm until 1967
Tønsberg, Norway – administration headquarters of Sem municipality, itself a separate municipality. In 1988 Sem was incorporated into Tønsberg.
Vienna, Austria – capital of surrounding Lower Austria, itself a federal state of Austria (until 1986, when it was replaced by Sankt Pölten)
Xindian, Taiwan – capital of the province of Fukien, Republic of China from 1956 to 1996, itself located in Taiwan Province. Before 1956, the capital was Jincheng; it was moved back to Jincheng in 1996.
References [ edit ]