New Centre-Right

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New Centre-Right
Nuovo Centrodestra
President Angelino Alfano
Coordinator Gaetano Quagliariello
Founded 15 November 2013
Split from The People of Freedom
Headquarters Via Arcione 71
00186 Rome
Newspaper l'Occidentale (online)
Youth wing Youth NCD
Membership  (2014) 100,000[1]
Ideology Conservatism[2]
Christian democracy[3]
Political position Centre-right
National affiliation Popular Area
International affiliation none
European affiliation European People's Party
European Parliament group European People's Party
Colours      Blue
Chamber of Deputies
28 / 630
Senate
31 / 315
European Parliament
2 / 73
Website
www.nuovocentrodestra.it
Politics of Italy
Political parties
Elections

New Centre-Right (Italian: Nuovo Centrodestra, NCD) is a centre-right political party in Italy.[4] Its leader is Angelino Alfano, who had been Silvio Berlusconi's protégé and national secretary of The People of Freedom (PdL) from 2011 to 2013.

On 11 September 2014 the NCD was officially accepted into the European People's Party (EPP).[5][6]

History[edit]

The party was formed by splinters from the PdL on 15 November 2013. Its founders, lately known as "doves" in the party, were strong supporters of Enrico Letta's government and refused to join the new Forza Italia (FI), founded upon the dissolution of the PdL. All five PdL ministers, three under-secretaries, 30 senators and 27 deputies immediately joined the NCD.[7] Most were Christian democrats and many came from the southern regions of Calabria and Sicily.[8]

Besides Alfano (Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Interior), leading members included Maurizio Lupi (Minister of Infrastructure and Transport), Nunzia De Girolamo (Minister of Agriculture), Beatrice Lorenzin (Minister of Health), Gaetano Quagliariello (Minister of Constitutional Reforms), Giuseppe Scopelliti (President of Calabria), Roberto Formigoni (former President of Lombardy), Renato Schifani (former President of the Senate and PdL floor leader until November 2013), Fabrizio Cicchitto (former PdL leader in the Chamber in 2008–2013) and Carlo Giovanardi (a former minister for the UDC).[9]

In February 2014, after the fall of Letta's government, the NCD joined a new coalition government led by Matteo Renzi, who had been elected secretary of the Democratic Party (PD) in December 2013. In the new government the NCD retained three ministers: Alfano at the Interior, Lupi at Infrastrctures and Transports, and Lorenzin at Health.[10] Quagliariello, who had not been confirmed as minister of Institutional Reforms, was elected party coordinator by the assembly of the parliamentary groups.[11]

The party ran in the 2014 European Parliament election on a joint list with the Union of the Centre (UdC). The list obtained 4.4% of the vote and three MEPs, two for the NCD and one for the UdC.

In December 2014 the NCD formed joint parliamentary groups with the UdC in both the Chamber of Deputies and Senate called Popular Area. The move was a step toward a complete merger of the two parties.[12]

Following Alfano's decision to support Sergio Mattarella's bid to become President of Italy during the 2015 presidential election (Matteralla was effectively elected on 31 January), the NCD experienced an internal crisis. Most notably, Barbara Saltamartini and Maurizio Sacconi resigned from party's spokesperson and leader in the Senate, respectively.[13][14][15] Schifani was unanimously elected to succeed to Sacconi,[16] while Saltamartini left the party altogether.[17] In March Lupi resigned from minister of Infrastrctures and Transports, after he was hit by a minor corruption scandal.[18][19] As result, the party was represented in the government only by two ministers. In April De Girolamo, another critic of the government since Mattarella's election, was replaced as leader in the Chamber by Lupi.[20][21] In May De Girolamo was a founding member of The Republicans,[22][23][24] while not leaving the NCD.

Ideology and factions[edit]

Despite being home to some social democrats (We Reformers, Reformers and Freedom), the party is mainly a Christian-democratic party with a social-conservative streak. According to Corriere della Sera, differently from FI, NCD's stances on the "so-called ethical issues" (abortion, gay rights, etc.) are "closer to those of the European traditionalist right" and "thus not very compatible with those of the EPP's parties in big countries such as Germany".[25]

In January 2014 three bigwigs of the party (Gaetano Quagliariello, Eugenia Roccella and Maurizio Sacconi) published a book titled Moderati. Per un nuovo umanesimo politico ("Moderates: For a new political humanism"), a sort of manifesto of the party. The book, whose key words are "person", "family", "enterprise" and "tradition", emphasises institutional reforms (including direct election of the President and federalism), ethical issues (marriage, opposition to abortion, limits to assisted reproductive technology, etc.) and the need for a smaller state ("less public law, more private rights").[26][27][28] According to Benedetto Ippolito, NCD members insist the party is "moderate", but in fact it is "conservative" and "anti-progressive", albeit not "berlusconiano".[2]

In February 2014 the NCD unveiled a platform on labour, including a universal protection system safety net for the unemployed, a tax relief for entrepreneurs hiring the young, the reduction of the tax wedge on labour and the overcoming of article 18 of the "Statute of Workers", making easier for entrepreneurs to hire and fire employees.[29]

Former PdL-affiliated factions or think tanks which joined the NCD include:

Electoral results[edit]

European Parliament[edit]

Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2014 1,202,350 (#5) 4.38
2 / 73
Angelino Alfano

Regional Councils[edit]

Region Latest election # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
Abruzzo 2014[a] 40,219 (#4) 5.9
1 / 31
Apulia 2015[b] 101,817 (#7) 6.0
4 / 51
Calabria 2014 47,574 (#6) 6.1
3 / 30
Campania 2015[c] 133,753 (#5) 5.9
1 / 51
Emilia-Romagna 2014[d] 31,635 (#7) 2.6
0 / 50
Liguria 2015[e] 9,269 (#9) 1.7
1 / 31
Marche 2015[f] 21,049 (#7) 4.0
1 / 31
Piedmont 2014[a] 49,059 (#7) 2.5
0 / 50
Tuscany 2015[e] 15,808 (#8) 1.2
0 / 41
Umbria 2015[g] 9,285 (#9) 2.6
0 / 20
Veneto 2015[e] 37.937 (#11) 2.0
1 / 51
  1. ^ a b Joint list with Union of the Centre
  2. ^ Joint list of Francesco Schittulli's movement and Popular Area
  3. ^ Joint list with Popular Campania
  4. ^ Popular Emilia-Romagna list: NCD+UdC
  5. ^ a b c Popular Area list
  6. ^ Joint list of Marche 2020 and Popular Area
  7. ^ For Popular Umbria list

Leadership[edit]

Symbols[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Albertini cambia: "Aderisco al Nuovo centrodestra, Mauro mi segua"". Il Giorgno. 2014-03-02. Retrieved 2014-03-15. 
  2. ^ a b "Un paio di consigli spassionati per il Nuovo Centrodestra di Alfano". Formiche. 2014-01-13. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  3. ^ "Nuovo Centrodestra o vecchia Democrazia Cristiana?" (in Italian). Panorama. 17 November 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "Silvio Berlusconi's heir Angelino Alfano forms new party in Italy". The Independent. Associated Press. 15 November 2013. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  5. ^ "EPP concerned over actions of radical Islamic militant groups and over latest political developments in Romania; welcomes five new member parties - EPP". Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Ncd: Quagliariello, accolti con voto unanime in famiglia Ppe". ANSA.it. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "Alfano lancia il Nuovo centrodestra: "No a Fi per me scelta dolorosa. No a decadenza Berlusconi"", Il Messaggero (in Italian), 16 November 2013, retrieved 16 November 2013 
  8. ^ Francesco Bei (16 November 2013), "Il "Nuovo centrodestra", gruppi in crescita e logo tricolore", la Repubblica (in Italian), retrieved 18 November 2013 
  9. ^ Kevin Lees (18 November 2013). "What the Alfano-Berlusconi split means for Italian politics". Suffragio. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "I ministri giurano, il governo è in carica Renzi: “Ce la faremo”. Ma Letta lo gela". LaStampa.it. 22 February 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "Ncd, Quagliariello coordinatore". rainews. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "Ncd e Udc verso la fusione, la “start-up dei moderati” per incidere sul voto del Colle - Data 24 News". Data 24 News. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "Ncd nel caos. E Sacconi si dimette". Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "Quirinale/ Terremoto nell'Ncd, Saltamartini e Sacconi si dimettono". Affaritaliani.it. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  15. ^ Federico Morbegno. "Terremoto nel Ncd: si dimettono Sacconi e Saltamartini". Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  16. ^ "Ncd, Schifani nuovo capogruppo al Senato". Affaritaliani.it. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  17. ^ "Ncd, Barbara Saltamartini lascia, critiche ad Alfano. E Matteo Renzi sfotte Angelino: "Leccati le ferite"". Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  18. ^ "Lupi si dimette da ministro: “Lascio a testa alta”. Per la successione le ipotesi sono Delrio e Lotti". LaStampa.it. 20 March 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  19. ^ "Maurizio Lupi si dimette". Panorama. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  20. ^ "Lupi nuovo capogruppo di Area Popolare alla Camera, De Girolamo si dimette in polemica". LaStampa.it. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  21. ^ F. Q. "Ncd, Lupi capogruppo Camera al posto di De Girolamo. Lei: 'Come Grande Fratello' - Il Fatto Quotidiano". Il Fatto Quotidiano. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  22. ^ http://www.linkiesta.it/reguzzoni-de-girolamo-repubblicani
  23. ^ http://www.lettera43.it/politica/il-ncd-e-spolpato-de-girolamo-lancia-i-repubblicani_43675173130.htm
  24. ^ http://www.polisblog.it/post/351306/i-repubblicani-movimento-de-girolamo-reguzzoni
  25. ^ "Pd-azzurri: asse sui diritti (senza Ncd)". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  26. ^ ""Per un nuovo umanesimo politico". In libreria il manifesto dei moderati". Affaritaliani.it. 2002-01-04. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  27. ^ "Meno tasse e più etica, il manifesto dei moderati". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  28. ^ "Tutte le riforme che ha in mente il Nuovo Centrodestra". Formiche. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  29. ^ "Ncd, il Piano Sacconi sul lavoro in dieci punti". Il Sole 24 ORE. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  30. ^ "Il clan politico di Cl si attovaglia per spartirsi la torta dell’Expo". Mentiinformatiche.com. 2014-01-21. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  31. ^ "Popolari liberali nel Ncd in pista per le primarie" (in Italian). L'Arena. 1 December 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  32. ^ irpinia24 (2013-02-21). "Federazione Cristiano Popolari, l’on.Baccini ad Avellino per il nuovo Centrodestra" (in Italian). Irpinia24.it. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  33. ^ "Il "Nuovo centrodestra", gruppi in crescita e logo tricolore". Repubblica.it. 2013-11-16. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  34. ^ "Noi Riformatori Per Il Nuovo Centrodestra". Noiriformatori.it. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  35. ^ Schifani's full title was "President of the Promoting Committee".