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Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport

Coordinates: 29°43′09″N 106°38′30″E / 29.71917°N 106.64167°E / 29.71917; 106.64167
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Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport

重庆江北国际机场
Summary
Airport typePublic
ServesChongqing
LocationYubei, Chongqing, China
Opened22 January 1990; 34 years ago (1990-01-22)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL416 m / 1,365 ft
Coordinates29°43′09″N 106°38′30″E / 29.71917°N 106.64167°E / 29.71917; 106.64167
Websitewww.cqa.cn
Map
CKG/ZUCK is located in Chongqing
CKG/ZUCK
CKG/ZUCK
Location in Chongqing
CKG/ZUCK is located in China
CKG/ZUCK
CKG/ZUCK
Location in China
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02L/20R 3,200 10,499 Asphalt
02R/20L 3,600 11,811 Concrete
03L/21R 3,800 12,467 Concrete
03R/21L Under construction
Statistics (2023)
Passengers44,657,227
Aircraft movements314,697
Cargo (in tonnes)387,892.9
Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport
Simplified Chinese重庆江北国际机场
Traditional Chinese重慶江北國際機場

Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport (IATA: CKG, ICAO: ZUCK) is the main international airport serving the city of Chongqing in Southwestern China. It is located in Yubei, Chongqing, about 19 kilometres (12 mi) north of the Chongqing urban center.

The airport is a major aviation hub for airlines in western China, including China Express Airlines, China Southern Airlines (Chongqing Airlines), Sichuan Airlines, Shandong Airlines, XiamenAir and West Air. Chongqing is a focus city of Air China and Hainan Airlines.

Jiangbei Airport has undergone multiple major expansions. The latest expansion involves a new terminal 3B and a fourth runway currently under construction as of 2023. The first, second, and third phases of the airport came into operation in January 1990, December 2004, and December 2010, respectively. Terminal 2 is capable of handling 15 million passengers and Terminal 3A 45 million passengers annually.[3]

It was the second-busiest airport in Mainland China by passenger traffic in 2022, and the sixth-busiest as of 2023. Jiangbei Airport was awarded the best airport in its size category by Airports Council International in 2017 and again in 2018.[4]

History[edit]

The civil aviation of Chongqing dates back to the 1920s. After the completion of Baishiyi Airport in 1938, Chongqing became one of the four cities in China that had an airport in operation. In 1950, four flight routes from Tianjin, Chengdu, Guangzhou and Kunming to Chongqing became the earliest to be opened after the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949. In 1965, the Civil Aviation Administration of China opened an office in Sichuan Province and Chongqing Airport became subject to it. The development of Chongqing's civil aviation then stopped until the 1990s.[5]

On 22 January 1990, the new airport, Chongqing Jiangbei Airport was opened to replace the old Baishiyi Airport's commercial flight functions, which remained open as a military airport. The development of the civil aviation resumed. In 1997, when the Chongqing area became a 4th municipality of China, Civil Aviation Administration of China established a branch in Chongqing in the same year.

Terminals[edit]

Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport contains three terminals: Terminal 1 (currently closed), Terminal 2A and 2B (domestic services), and Terminal 3A (domestic and international services). Terminals 1 and 2 are situated along the western perimeter of the airport, while the larger, newer Terminal 3A is located farther southeast of the former two. CRT line 10 and free terminal shuttle bus provide services between Terminal 2 and 3A.

  • Terminal 1 was the original passenger terminal building when Jiangbei Airport was first opened in 1990. It handled international services until its closure in August 2017.
  • Terminal 2 contains two concourses (hence 2A and 2B). Concourse A was opened in 2004 and Concourse B in 2010. The terminal has 30 gates and annual passenger capacity of 37 million. It currently handles domestic services. It offers concourse access to CRT Terminal 2 of Jiangbei Airport Station which is serviced by CRT line 3 and 10.
  • Terminal 3A was opened in August 2017. The terminal is the largest of the three and has 66 gates. It has annual passenger capacity of 45 million. It currently handles domestic services and all international services. It offers concourse access to CRT Terminal 3 of Jiangbei Airport Station which is serviced by CRT line 10.
  • Terminal 3B is currently under construction as part of the fifth phase expansion project of the airport. Construction is projected to complete in 2024.

Development[edit]

Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport is currently undergoing a major expansion, with a vision of obtaining a major international air hub and becoming the largest airport in western China by 2030.[6] Jiangbei Airport has been outlined ambitious growth plans, competing with Chengdu Airport, Kunming Airport, Wuhan Airport and Xi'an Airport to be recognized as the nation's fourth largest aviation hub (after those hubs in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou).

Jiangbei Airport was reported to have reached the fastest growth rates since 2011, according to CAPA's Airport Traffic Benchmark Tool. On 1 November 2015, the annual passengers at Jiangbei Airport exceeded 30 million for the first time.

Aircraft movement is increasing rapidly post-2011 at Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport.

Airport expansion[edit]

The expansion project Phase III, which included a second runway and an additional Terminal, T2, started construction in 2007 and completed in 2010. Major elements of the construction were adding a second runway of 3,200 meters (10,498 ft 8 in) (which was later lengthened to 3,600 meters (11,811 ft 0 in) to satisfy the landings and takeoffs of Boeing 747 and the demands of Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.) to the east of the existing runway, building a parallel taxiway in between the two runways, and setting up a visual aid lighting support system. It also added a second terminal building (T2) with an area of 86,000 square meters (930,000 sq ft), 41 apron aircraft parking stands, and a freight station and support facilities occupying an area of 20,000 square meters (220,000 sq ft). It cost CNY3.3 billion (US$538 million).[7] On 22 December 2010, the second runway was commissioned, which made Jiangbei Airport the fourth airport in mainland China to operate two runways, one exclusively for departures and the other exclusively for arrivals.[citation needed]

The most recent expansion - Phase IV (dubbed the Eastern Expansion) - of Jiangbei Airport has been the biggest and contains the construction of a third runway and a new terminal, T3A, being 530,000 square meters (5,700,000 sq ft), more than double the size of the existing terminals (T1 and T2A/T2B) combined, costing CNY26.0 billion (US$4.1 billion).[citation needed] Most of T3A's construction work was completed by the end of 2016. The terminal was inaugurated in August 2017, after which the airport has more than 725,000 square meters (7,800,000 sq ft) of terminal floor space, ranking Jiangbei Airport among China's 15 largest airports with an annual passenger capacity of 60 million and an annual cargo capacity of 2 million tons. [citation needed] Half of the terminal (concourses G & H) is for international flights from major cities in South East Asia, East Asia, Middle East, Africa, Europe, and North America. After the completion of expansion Phase IV, Jiangbei Airport became the fourth airport in Greater China (inc. Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan) that has three runways in operation, of which Runway #3 (03/21) is operated independently on top of the pair #1 (02L/20R) and #2 (02R/20L).[citation needed]

Departure Level of Terminal 3

The fifth phase of expansion for Jiangbei Airport is currently underway. It is expected to include a new terminal, namely T3B and a fourth runway. The satellite terminal is designed by Zaha Hadid Architects and CSWADI, with interior design later updated by Nordic Office of Architecture. The terminal will be connected via underground air-side monorail. This phase will be finished in the mid-2020s.[citation needed]

Phases for the expansion of Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport
Phase Date of inauguration Terminals Runways (direction, ref. code) Number of bays Passenger capacity
Constituents Areas (sq m) Aerobridges Remote* Total Total International
I 22 January 1990 T1 16,000 #1 (02/20, 4E) 6 25 31 1,000,000 -
II 12 December 2004 T1, T2B 104,900 #1 (02/20, 4E) 24 26 50 7,000,000 -
III 21 December 2010 T1, T2A/T2B 181,900 #1 (02L/20R, 4E) #2 (02R/20L, 4E) 36 49 85 30,000,000 2,100,000
IV 29 August 2017 T1, T2A/T2B, T3A 718,900 #1 (02L/20R, 4E) #2 (02R/20L, 4E) #3 (03/21, 4F) 98 81 179 60,000,000 10,000,000
V Expected 2022 T1, T2A/T2B, T3A/T3B 1,068,900 #1 (02L/20R, 4E) #2 (02R/20L, 4E) #3 (03L/21R, 4F) #4 (03R/21L, 4F) 165 - - 70,000,000 14,000,000

Note: Remote bays include the ones that serve the air freighters.

Surge in cargo traffic[edit]

Cathay Pacific Cargo Boeing 747-400F aircraft at Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport

Cargo traffic increased at an average rate of 14% in the first six months of 2011, driven by exponential growth in international cargo. International cargo/mail volumes increased by 12 times from 2010 levels in the first half of 2011, to more than 9000 tonnes. In the second half of 2011, this growth rate is expected to be maintained, with Hewlett-Packard, Asus and other brands of large international IT production capacity supporting the increase, to an anticipated 60,000 to 80,000 tonnes of international cargo throughout the whole year.[8]

New international routes[edit]

Before 2010, Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport's international destinations all terminated in East and Southeast Asia, including direct flights to Tokyo (has stop-over in Beijing or Shanghai), Seoul, Singapore, Bangkok, Phuket, Siem Reap, etc. In 2011, Qatar Airways opened a new route to Doha.[9] Finnair’s services to Helsinki would later be added in 2012. [citation needed]

With the new T3A terminal in operation since August 2017,[10] the airport has had multiple new international routes with non-stop flights to London, Dubai, Los Angeles, New York, Sydney, Melbourne, Rome, Paris, Budapest, etc.[11] T3A Terminal and the third runway of Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport started operation at 06:00 on 29 August 2017. In the meantime, T1 was temporarily closed, T2 serve only domestic flights operated by Sichuan Airlines, West Airlines, Huaxia Airlines and Spring Airlines, and the remaining flights were transferred to T3A. In addition, the airport operates a free trans-shipment shuttle between T2 and T3A in a 24-hour operation.[12]

Statistics[edit]

Year Passengers Ranking by PAX Cargo Aircraft operations
Number Increase Domestic Global Tons Increase Number Increase
2000 2,780,359 Increase 13.3% 11 - 62,214.5 Increase 2.2% 36,405 Increase 1.4%
2001 3,192,759 Increase 14.8% 11 - 64,597.1 Increase 3.8% 41,192 Increase 13.1%
2002 3,865,788 Increase 21.1% 12 - 71,464.9 Increase 10.6% 49,012 Increase 19.0%
2003 4,287,505 Increase 10.9% 12 - 76,921.5 Increase 7.6% 56,108 Increase 14.5%
2004 5,233,774 Increase 22.1% 12 - 87,568.0 Increase 13.8% 64,750 Increase 15.4%
2005 6,631,420 Increase 26.7% 11 - 100,909.9 Increase 15.2% 72,674 Increase 12.2%
2006 8,050,007 Increase 21.4% 10 - 120,178.3 Increase 19.1% 88,929 Increase 22.4%
2007 10,355,730 Increase 28.6% 10 - 143,472.4 Increase 19.4% 105,092 Increase 18.2%
2008 11,138,432 Increase 7.6% 10 - 160,256.4 Increase 11.7% 112,565 Increase 7.1%
2009 14,038,045 Increase 26.0% 10 91 186,005.9 Increase 16.1% 132,619 Increase 17.8%
2010 15,802,334 Increase 12.6% 10 90 195,686.6 Increase 5.2% 145,705 Increase 9.9%
2011 19,052,706 Increase 20.6% 9 76 237,572.5 Increase 21.4% 166,763 Increase 14.5%
2012 22,057,003 Increase 15.8% 9 70 268,642.4 Increase 13.1% 195,333 Increase 17.1%
2013 25,272,039 Increase 14.6% 9 62 280,149.8 Increase 4.3% 214,574 Increase 9.9%
2014 29,264,363 Increase 15.8% 8 57 302,335.8 Increase 7.9% 238,085 Increase 11.0%
2015 32,402,196 Increase 10.7% 9 - 318,781.5 Increase 5.4% 254,360 Increase 7.4%
2016 35,888,819 Increase 10.8% 9 54[13] 361,091.0 Increase 13.3% 276,807 Increase 8.4%
2017 38,715,210 Increase 7.9% 9 51[14] 366,278.3 Increase 1.4% 288,598 Increase 4.3%
2018 41,595,887 Increase 7.4% 9 - 382,160.8 Increase 4.3% 300,745 Increase 4.2%

Source: CAAC (Civil Aviation Administration of China)

Number of domestic and international/regional passengers (bar chart, 2009–2018)

10,000,000
20,000,000
30,000,000
40,000,000
50,000,000
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
  •   International/Regional
  •   Domestic

Source: CQA (Chongqing Airport Group Co., Ltd.)

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
9 Air Guangzhou
Air China Aksu, Beijing–Capital, Beijing–Daxing, Budapest, Changchun, Changsha, Dali, Dubai–International, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Ho Chi Minh City, Hohhot, Hong Kong, Lhasa, Lianyungang, Liupanshui, Luoyang, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Singapore,[15] Taipei–Songshan, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Ürümqi, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Yinchuan, Yuncheng, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
Air Macau Macau
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon[16]
Beijing Capital Airlines Guangzhou, Haikou, Hangzhou, Lijiang, Nanjing, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang[17]
Cambodia Airways Phnom Penh[18]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Chengdu Airlines Fuzhou,[19] Lhasa[20]
China Eastern Airlines Baise, Beijing–Daxing, Changzhou, Dalian, Hefei, Huangshan, Jinan, Kunming, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Taiyuan, Weihai, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xinyang, Yantai, Yinchuan
China Express Airlines Aksu, Bangkok–Don Mueang, Baotou,[21] Bayannur, Changde, Changzhi, Chengde, Chenzhou,[22] Chifeng,[23] Dalian, Dongying, Dunhuang, Ezhou, Fuzhou,[22] Haikou, Hami, Handan, Hangzhou, Hengyang,[24] Hohhot, Jiayuguan, Jieyang,[24] Jingzhou,[24] Korla, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lianyungang,[24] Linfen, Liuzhou, Longnan,[24] Lüliang, Ningbo,[25] Ordos, Qianjiang, Qinhuangdao,[24] Quzhou, Sanming, Shanghai–Pudong,[26] Shaoguan, Shenyang, Shenzhen,[27] Shijiazhuang, Shiyan, Taizhou, Tianjin, Tianshui, Ürümqi, Weifang,[24] Wenshan, Wenzhou, Wuhai, Wuhu,[28] Xilinhot, Xingyi,[24] Xining, Xinzhou,[29] Xishuangbanna, Xuzhou,[30] Yan'an,[24] Yinchuan, Yongzhou, Zhangjiajie, Zhangjiakou, Zhanjiang, Zunyi–Maotai[31]
China Southern Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Changchun, Changsha, Dalian, Guangzhou, Haikou, Harbin, Jieyang, Kashgar, Kunming, Lhasa, Nanning, Sanya, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Ürümqi, Wuhan, Yinchuan, Yiwu, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
China United Airlines Wenzhou[32]
Chongqing Airlines Aksu, Beijing–Daxing, Changchun, Changsha, Colombo–Bandaranaike,[33] Dali, Dalian, Daocheng, Datong, Diqing, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Haikou,[34] Hangzhou, Harbin, Hohhot, Huizhou, Jieyang, Kashgar, Korla, Lhasa,[34] Linyi, Malé,[33] Nanjing, Ningbo, Nyingchi, Qingdao, Sanya, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Singapore, Taizhou, Tongliao, Ürümqi, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wushan, Xiamen,[34] Xishuangbanna, Yantai,[34] Yichun (Jiangxi), Yiwu, Zhengzhou,[34] Zhuhai
CitilinkJakarta–Soekarno-Hatta[35]
Colorful Guizhou AirlinesNingbo,[36] Yiwu[36]
Donghai AirlinesNantong
Firefly Charter: Kuala Lumpur–International (begins 20 July 2024),[37] Penang (begins 22 July 2024)[38]
Fuzhou AirlinesFuzhou
GX AirlinesChangsha,[39] Huangshan,[40] Jining, Yulin (Shaanxi)
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Changsha, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Madrid, Milan–Malpensa,[41] Paris–Charles de Gaulle,[42] Rome–Fiumicino, Sanya, Seattle/Tacoma,[43] Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Ürümqi, Wenzhou, Xiamen, Xi'an, Yan'an
Hebei AirlinesBeijing–Daxing, Qingyang, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang
Himalaya AirlinesKathmandu[44]
Hong Kong AirlinesHong Kong
Jiangxi AirNanchang
Juneyao AirNanjing, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Zhangjiajie
Kunming Airlines Taiyuan, Tengchong
Loong Air Changchun,[45] Hangzhou, Heze,[45] Ningbo, Wenzhou, Xiangyang
Lucky Air Huai'an,[46] Kunming,[47] Lijiang, Xishuangbanna
Okay Airways Changsha, Fuyang, Jieyang,[48] Nanning,[49] Zhoushan
Qatar Airways Doha[50]
Qingdao AirlinesChangchun, Luoyang, Shenyang, Yantai
Ruili AirlinesMangshi,[51] Xuzhou[52]
Shandong AirlinesBeijing–Capital, Changchun, Dalian, Harbin, Hefei,[53] Jinan, Nanjing, Qingdao, Quanzhou,[54] Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shenyang, Taiyuan, Xiamen, Yantai, Zhuhai
Shanghai Airlines Shanghai–Hongqiao
Shenzhen AirlinesGuangzhou, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Shenzhen, Yining[55]
Sichuan Airlines Altay, Beihai, Beijing–Capital, Changsha, Changzhou, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Jieyang, Jinan, Krabi, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang,[46] Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Ningbo, Phuket, Qingdao, Sanya, Shanghai–Pudong, Shennongjia, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taipei–Songshan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Ürümqi, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuhu, Wuxi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xichang,[56] Xishuangbanna, Yangzhou, Yanji, Yantai, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou, Zhongwei, Zhoushan, Zhuhai
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Spring Airlines Jinggangshan, Luoyang, Ningbo, Qianjiang, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Yangzhou
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang[57]
Tianjin Airlines Aksu,[58] Changsha, Haikou,[58] Hangzhou, Hohhot,[59] London–Heathrow, Qingdao,[58] Sanya,[58] Shenzhen, Sydney,[60] Tianjin, Ürümqi, Xi'an
Seasonal: Moscow–Sheremetyevo (resumes 30 July 2024)[61]
Tibet Airlines Dali, Lhasa, Nyingchi, Pu'er,[62] Qamdo, Tianjin, Xishuangbanna
Urumqi Air Zhanjiang[63]
VietJet Air Nha Trang[64]
West AirBeihai,[65] Dalian, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hangzhou, Hanoi,[66] Harbin, Hefei, Huizhou,[65] Jieyang, Jinan, Jinggangshan, Korla, Lhasa, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo,[65] Nyingchi,[67] Qamdo, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Rizhao, Sanya, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shigatse–Peace, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Ürümqi, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xining,[65] Xishuangbanna, Xuzhou,[30] Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
XiamenAir Beijing–Daxing, Changsha, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Kuala Lumpur–International, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Osaka–Kansai, Phnom Penh,[68] Quanzhou, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Xiamen, Xining

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Zhengzhou[69]
Air China Cargo Amsterdam, Frankfurt,[70] Shanghai–Pudong
Charter: Chicago–O'Hare[71]
Air Incheon Seoul–Incheon
Asiana Cargo Hanoi, Seoul–Incheon
ASL Airlines Belgium Liège, Shanghai–Pudong
Cathay Cargo Hong Kong, Shanghai–Pudong
China Airlines Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan[72]
China Southern Cargo Amsterdam,[73] Shanghai–Pudong
China Cargo Airlines Dhaka, Shanghai–Pudong[74]
Ethiopian Cargo Addis Ababa, Delhi, Lagos, Miami, Quito, São Paulo–Guarulhos[75]
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi[76]
EVA Air Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan[77]
Lufthansa Cargo Delhi, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Krasnoyarsk[78]
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur–International[79]
Qantas Freight
operated by Atlas Air
Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, New York–JFK, Sydney[80]
Donghai Airlines Hong Kong
Sichuan Airlines Cargo Bangalore
Suparna Airlines Cargo Guangzhou, Luxembourg, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan

Ground transportation[edit]

The airport's ground transportation is developing very fast. Four highways around the airport are either under construction or have been built, as part of plans to turn Chongqing into an integrated regional transport hub in western China.[81] There is a 300,000-square-meter (3,200,000 sq ft) GTC (Ground Transportation Centre) in front of T3A's main terminal building, providing transfer to inter-city rail, metro, buses, long-distance coach and taxis.

General plan of integrated transportation Hub at Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport:

  • One inter-city rail: Branch of Chongqing-Wanzhou Inter-City Rail
  • Two lines of Chongqing Rail Transit: CRT Line 3 and Line 10
  • Three latitudinal roadways: (1) outer ring expressway, (2) relocated National Highway G319, and (3) southern connecting freeway
  • Four longitudinal roadways: (1) first freeway of CKG Airport (National Highway G210), (2) second freeway of CKG Airport (under construction), (3) Chongqing-Linshui expressway, and (4) northern connecting roadway

Buses[edit]

Airport express bus routes[edit]

Airport Express lines are easily accessible at Terminals 2 and 3.

  • Route K01: Jiangbei Airport → Jiazhou (加州) → Damiao (大庙) → Shangqingsi (上清寺) → Chongqing Great Hall → Jiefangbei. It takes about 50 minutes from the airport to the city centre (Jiefangbei).
  • Route K02: Jiangbei Airport → Qixia Road (栖霞路) → North Square of Chongqingbei Railway Station. 40 minutes may be taken from the airport to the High-Speed railway station.
  • Route K03: Jiangbei Airport → Yanggongqiao (Shapingba)
  • Route K05: Jiangbei Airport → Sigongli Bus Terminal
  • Route K06: Jiangbei Airport → Chongqing West Railway Station
  • Route K07: Jiangbei Airport → Shapingba Railway Station[82][83]

Long-distance coach services[edit]

There is a transfer center for long-distance coaches between Terminal 2A and Terminal 2B, and it offers bus services to nearby cities in Sichuan and Guizhou Province, as well as suburban areas of Chongqing Municipality.

Freeways and roads[edit]

There is currently one airport freeway connecting the city center with the airport, and the second one is under construction and will be put into operation in the late 2016.[citation needed] The airport freeway is 23 kilometers long, but it usually takes as many as 30 minutes to get from the city center to the airport because of the heavy traffic.

Parking[edit]

The airport has four parking lots:

  • International (Outdoor) Parking Lot, located in front of Terminal 1 (With certain sections transformed into a drive-in cinema since March 2022[84])
  • Domestic (Outdoor) Parking Lot, located in front of Terminal 2
  • Underground (Indoor) Parking Lot, located under Terminal 2
  • Central Parking Garage, located in the GTC (Ground Transportation Center) in front of Terminal 3

All together, the airport can accommodate about 7,300 cars at one time.[85][86]

Chongqing Rail Transit (CRT)[edit]

CRT Metro Line 3 seen here departing Bijin, with the Chongqing Jiangbei International airport in the background

Chongqing Rail Transit Line 3 runs from Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport's Terminal 2 station, going through the city center via Lianglukou station and onto its final stop, Yudong, covering a distance of 60 kilometres (37 mi). It takes around 50 minutes to get to the city center (Lianglukou).[87]

Line 10, serves as the second metro line connecting the urban areas of Chongqing and the airport.[88] One station of Line 10 is at Terminal 3 and the other is at Terminal 2. This line runs under Runways #1 (02L/20R) and #2 (02R/20L), connecting Terminal 2 and Terminal 3 in landside. Line 10 is the only metro line access to the new Terminal 3, while Line 3 will not be elongated to Terminal 3. Line 10 also reduces the travel distance between Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport and Chongqingbei Railway Station, which can facilitate the transfers of passengers between air and rail.

National Railway and Intercity Trains[edit]

China Railway (Intercity trains)[edit]

Terminal 3A has a large underground railway station as part of its GTC (Ground Transportation Center). It is adjacent to the Chongqing Rail Transit Line 10 metro station. The railway station opened on 30 December 2022, initially with limited service to stations along the Chongqing Railway Hub East Ring line, forming the Airport Branch of the railway line. It is one stop away from Chongqing North railway station, a major railway station servicing Chongqing.[89]

The station is designed to connect cities as far as 300 kilometers away, thus allowing Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport to serve a significantly larger population. The speed of the trains is designed to be 250 to 300 kilometers per hour, allowing journeys to take less than one hour from a relatively faraway locations within the Chongqing Municipality.[90]

Other facilities[edit]

The headquarters of China Express Airlines are on the airport property.[91]

Incidents[edit]

  • On 8 July 2020, a Ruili Airlines Boeing 737 flying from Xi'an to Kunming had to make an emergency landing at Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport after suffering a broken cockpit window and plunging 10,000 feet before pilots recuperated control of the aircraft. None of the plane's occupants were injured during the incident.[92]
  • On 12 May 2022, a Tibet Airlines Airbus A319-100, operating as Tibet Airlines Flight 9833 from Chongqing to Nyingchi Mainling Airport in Nyingchi, Tibet, left the runway after an aborted takeoff because of an "abnormality". The planes engines then scraped on the lawn, causing them to break and burst into flames. All 113 passengers and 9 crew members evacuated safely, but 36 of them suffered from minor injuries.[93][94]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "China Southern Airlines to make Chongqing into aviation hub". Xinhua News Agency. 6 May 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
  2. ^ 厦门航空重庆分公司正式揭牌成立 (in Chinese (China)). CARNOC. 26 October 2018. Archived from the original on 26 October 2018.
  3. ^ 江北机场T3今起投用 重庆进入三跑道时代 (in Chinese (China)). Sina Chongqing. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  4. ^ 重庆机场服务质量保持全球同层级机场领先地位 (in Chinese (China)). CARNOC. 16 August 2018.
  5. ^ 重庆珍档:44年前周总理拍板 扩建白市驿机场 (in Chinese (China)). QQ Chongqing. 21 February 2010. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
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