Satpura range near Lohara
Location of Jalgaon district in Maharashtra
|Tehsils||Jalgaon, Jamner, Chalisgaon, Bhadgaon, Dharangaon, Bhusawal, Bodwad, Yawal, Raver, Muktainagar, Amalner, Chopda, Parola, Pachora, Erandol|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Jalgaon and Raver (shared with Buldhana District)|
|• Vidhan Sabha constituencies||12|
|• Total||11,765 km2 (4,542 sq mi)|
|• Density||360/km2 (930/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||933|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Major highways||NH-6, NH-211|
|Average annual precipitation||690 mm|
It is bordered by the state of Madhya Pradesh to the north and by the districts of Buldhana to the east, Jalna to the southeast, Aurangabad to the south, Nashik to the southwest, and Dhule to the west.
Before 1906, this district's name was Khandesh district. In 1906 it got divided into two districts called, East Khandesh and West Khandesh. with East Khandesh covering the territory that is now Jalgaon and neighboring Dhule.
After the 1956 reorganisation of India's states, East Khandesh became part of Bombay State. Four years later, in 1960, it became part of the newly formed Maharashtra and was renamed Jalgaon and Dhulia Districts, respectively.
Till 1960-61 there were only two colleges in Jalgaon district – Mooljee Jetha Arts and Science college and Pratap college at Amalner. These colleges was affiliated to Poona University. Around 1961, three more colleges started at Chalisgaon, Bhusawal and Faizpur.
In British Raj, the building of railway line in the limit of Khandesh district started in 1852 and opened for trains in 1861 and 1865.before there was no railway transportation in the district. The British government also built a number of small station like Jalgaon, Nashirabad Bhadli, Varangaon, Nadgaon stations in the cost of £ 300to £500 (Rs 3000 - 15,000) with a station master's room and booking office. There has been built a big station at Bhusawal.
The district covers an area of 11,765 km².
On average, Jalgaon receives between 77 cm and 80 cm of rainfall per year. In the easternmost part of the district—i.e., in Yawal—the average annual rainfall is 77 cm; in Bhusawal, Pachora, and the city of Jalgaon, it is 79 cm; and in Jamner, it is 80 cm.
The Tapi River flows through Jalgaon from the north. Its total length is 724 km, of which 208 km are in Maharashtra. The Tapti has numerous tributaries in and around the district, including the Purna, Aner, Bhuleshwari, Biswa, Chandrabhaga, Dolar, Gadgi, Kapara, Katpurna, Man, Morana, Nalganga, Nand, Pedhi, Sipana, and Wan Rivers.
Jalgaon district consists of 15 talukas, or tehsils: Dharangaon, Amalner, Bhadgaon, Bhusawal, Bodwad, Chalisgaon, Chopda, Erandol, Jalgaon, Jamner, Muktainagar, Pachora, Parola, Raver, and Yawal. Jalgaon city is the administrative headquarters.
The district has 11 constituencies in the Vidhan Sabha, the state legislative assembly: Amalner, Bhusawal, Chalisgaon, Chopda, Erandol, Jalgaon City, Jalgaon Rural, Jamner, Muktainagar, Pachora, and Raver. It has two constituencies in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament: Raver and Jalgaon.
It has a population of 4,229,917 as of the 2011 census.
As of the 2011 census, Jalgaon district had a population of 4,229,917, roughly equal to that of the Republic of the Congo or the United States' state of Kentucky. It is the 46th most populous of India's 640 districts.
The population density is 359 inhabitants per square kilometre (930/sq mi). The population growth rate from 2001–11 was 14.71%. Jalgaon has a sex ratio of 922 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 79.73%.
The languages spoken in Jalgaon include Ahirani, a dialect of Khandeshi with approximately 780,000 speakers, similar to Marathi and Bhili; Palya Bareli, a Bhil language with approximately 10,000 speakers, centred in Madhya Pradesh; and Rathwi Bareli, a Bhil language with approximately 64,000 speakers, written in the Devanagari script and mutually unintelligible with Palya Bareli.
Kavayatri Bahinabai Chaudhari North Maharashtra University was established in the city of Jalgaon on 15 August 1989 and serves as the regional university. Government Polytechnic Jalgaon was established in 1960. The district is also home to schools and colleges of the Khandesh Education Society and Maratha Vidya Prasarak Mandal and the Government Polytechnic Jalgaon.
Government Medical College, Jalgaon is a tertiary medical college in Jalgaon that was established in 2018 and offers under graduate course in MBBS. Dr. Ulhas Patil Medical college. is a privately operated medical college.
Jalgaon district is well known as birth place of renowned Marathi poet Bahinabai Chaudhari , who wrote many poems addressing to the village life and about rural womens and hardship of Farmars of the district.Balkawi alias Trambak Bapuji Thombre was born in Jalgaon.To honor literary work of Bahinabai North Maharashtra University adapted her name and now the university is known as Bahinabai Chaudhari North Maharashtra University.
The district is well known for its significant banana cultivation. The district's administrative center, Jalgaon city, is a well known hub for gold jewellery shopping and business. The Bhusawal Thermal Power Station is near Bhusaval.
- Hari Narayan Apte (1864–1919), a Marathi writer.
- Balkavi (1890–1918), Marathi poet.
- Bahinabai Chaudhari (1880–1951) an illiterate cotton farmer, her poetry published posthumously, helped popularize Ahirani dialect.
- Bhavarlal Jain (1937–2016), an entrepreneur who founded Jain Irrigation Systems
- Suresh Jain, 8 times MLA from city and Ex-minister in government of Maharashtra.
- Gulabrao Devkar , politician and NCP leader.
- Eknath Khadse (1952–present), Former Revenue minister of Maharashtra , veteran NCP politician.
- Girish Mahajan (1960–present), politician and former Water resources minister of Maharashtra.
- Gulab Raghunath Patil (1966–present), Senior Leader of Shiv Sena and Minister in Maharashtra
- Namdeo Dhondo Mahanor (1942–present), a Marathi poet and recipient of the Padma Shri award
- Ujjwal Nikam, a public prosecutor who has worked on high-profile murder and terrorism cases
- Pratibha Patil (1934–present), First women president of India (2007–12) and governor of Rajasthan (2004–07)
- Azim Premji (1945–present), an entrepreneur who founded Wipro Limited
- Singh Deol, Ranjit (31 May 2014). "District census handbook Jalgaon , series 28" (PDF). District census handbook Jalgaon 2011. XII–B: 8 – via Censusindia.gov.in.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 771. .
- Campbell, James M., ed. (1880). Khandesh District Gazetteer (Facsimile) (Volume XII ed.). Gazetteer of Bombay Presidency. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
- Campbell, James M. (1880). Gazetteer of Bombay presidency : Khandesh. Bombay presidency, India: British Government of India. p. 1.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- ISBN 938072559-0
- "District wise List of Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Maharashtra website. Archived from the original on 18 March 2010.
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
Congo, Republic of the 4,243,929
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Ahirani: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bareli, Palya: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bareli, Rathwi: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- Suryawanshi, Sudhir (3 May 2018). "Maharashtra University named after poet Bahinabai who never went to school". DNA India. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
- "Kavayitri Bahinabai Chaudhari North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon > Home". nmu.ac.in. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
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