Republic of Egypt (1953–58)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Republic of Egypt (1953–1958))
Jump to: navigation, search
Republic of Egypt
جمهورية مصر
Gumhūrīyat Maṣr
Flag Coat of arms
Es Salaam El Gamhoury El Misri[1]
السلام الجمهورى المصرى
"Egyptian Republican Anthem"
Capital Cairo
Languages Literary Arabic (official)
Egyptian Arabic (lingua franca)
Religion Sunni Islam,
Coptic Orthodox
Government Dominant-party Republic
 •  1953–1954 Muhammad Naguib
 •  1954–1958 Gamal Abdel Nasser
Prime Minister
 •  1953–1954 Muhammad Naguib
 •  1954 Gamal Abdel Nasser
 •  1954 Muhammad Naguib
 •  1954–1958 Gamal Abdel Nasser
Legislature Revolutionary Council
Historical era Cold War
 •  Established 18 June 1953
 •  Disestablished 22 February 1958
Currency Egyptian pound
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Egypt
United Arab Republic
Republic of Sudan (1956–1969)
Today part of  Egypt
 South Sudan

The Republic of Egypt (Arabic: جمهورية مصر‎‎, Gumhūrīyat Maṣr), was the official name of Egypt from the abolition of the Egyptian and Sudanese monarchy in 1953 until Egypt's union with Syria in the United Arab Republic in 1958. The declaration of the republic followed the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, prompted by the unpopularity of King Farouk, who was seen as being too weak in the face of the British, coupled with the defeat in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.

With the declaration of the Republic, Muhammad Naguib was sworn in as Egypt's first President, serving in that capacity for a little under one and a half years, before being forced to resign by his fellow revolutionaries. After Naguib's resignation, the position of President was vacant until the election of Gamal Abdel Nasser in 1956.[2]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]