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Salgado in 2014
February 8, 1944
Aimorés, Minas Gerais, Brazil
|Spouse(s)||Lélia Wanick Salgado|
|Children||Juliano Ribeiro Salgado
He has traveled in over 120 countries for his photographic projects. Most of these have appeared in numerous press publications and books. Touring exhibitions of this work have been presented throughout the world.
Salgado is a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador. He was awarded the W. Eugene Smith Memorial Fund Grant in 1982, Foreign Honorary Membership of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1992 and the Royal Photographic Society's Centenary Medal and Honorary Fellowship (HonFRPS) in 1993.
Salgado was born on February 8, 1944 in Aimorés, in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. After a somewhat itinerant childhood, Salgado initially trained as an economist, earning a master’s degree in economics from the University of São Paulo in Brazil. He began work as an economist for the International Coffee Organization, often traveling to Africa on missions for the World Bank, when he first started seriously taking photographs. He chose to abandon a career as an economist and switched to photography in 1973, working initially on news assignments before veering more towards documentary-type work. Salgado initially worked with the photo agency Sygma and the Paris-based Gamma, but in 1979, he joined the international cooperative of photographers Magnum Photos. He left Magnum in 1994 and with his wife Lélia Wanick Salgado formed his own agency, Amazonas Images, in Paris, to represent his work. He is particularly noted for his social documentary photography of workers in less developed nations. They reside in Paris.
Salgado works on long term, self-assigned projects many of which have been published as books: The Other Americas, Sahel, Workers, Migrations and Genesis. The latter three are mammoth collections with hundreds of images each from all around the world. His most famous pictures are of a gold mine in Brazil called Serra Pelada.
Between 2004 and 2011, Salgado worked on "Genesis," aiming at the presentation of the unblemished faces of nature and humanity. It consists of a series of photographs of landscapes and wildlife, as well as of human communities that continue to live in accordance with their ancestral traditions and cultures. This body of work is conceived as a potential path to humanity’s rediscovery of itself in nature.
In September and October 2007, Salgado displayed his photographs of coffee workers from India, Guatemala, Ethiopia and Brazil at the Brazilian Embassy in London. The aim of the project was to raise public awareness of the origins of the popular drink.
Together, Lélia and Sebastião, have worked since the 1990s on the restoration of a small part of the Atlantic Forest in Brazil. In 1998, they succeeded in turning this land into a nature reserve and created the Instituto Terra. The Instituto is dedicated to a mission of reforestation, conservation and environmental education.
Salgado and his work are the focus of the film The Salt of the Earth (2014), directed by Wim Wenders and Salgado's son, Juliano Ribeiro Salgado. The film won a special award at Cannes Film Festival and was nominated for the best Documentary Feature at the 2015 Academy Awards.
- 1982: W. Eugene Smith Grant from the W. Eugene Smith Memorial Fund.
- 1985: Oskar Barnack Award.
- 1989: Hasselblad Award, Hasselblad Foundation, Gothenburg, Sweden.
- 1992: Oskar Barnack Award.
- 1992: Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
- 1993: Centenary Medal from the Royal Photographic Society.
- 1993: Honorary Fellowship (HonFRPS) from the Royal Photographic Society.
- 1994: Grand Prix National French Ministry of Culture.
- 1998: Prince of Asturias Awards, Arts category.
- 1998: King of Spain Journalism.
- 2003: International Award from the Photographic Society of Japan.
- 2007: M2-El Mundo People’s Choice Award for best exhibition, PhotoEspaña, for Africa.
- An Uncertain Grace. Essays by Eduardo Galeano and Fred Ritchin.
- Workers: Archaeology of the Industrial Age.
- Terra: Struggle of the landless. London: Phaidon Press, 1997. ISBN 0-7148-3636-2.
- Migrations. New York, NY: Aperture, 2000. ISBN 978-0893818913.
- The Children: Refugees and Migrants. New York, NY: Aperture, 2000. ISBN 978-0893818944.
- Sahel: The End of the Road. Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2004. ISBN 978-0520241701.
- Africa. Cologne: Taschen, 2007. ISBN 978-3836523431.
- Genesis. Cologne: Taschen, 2013. ISBN 978-3836538725.
- From my Land to the Planet. Roma: Contrasto, 2014. ISBN 978-88-6965-537-1.
- The Scent of a Dream: Travels in the World of Coffee. New York: Abrams, 2015. ISBN 978-1-4197-1921-9.
- The Salt of the Earth (2014). Documentary about and including Salgado, directed by Wim Wenders and his son Juliano Ribeiro Salgado.
- Genesis, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada, May–September 2013 and toured, Natural History Museum, London, April–September 2013; Maison Européenne de la Photographie, Paris, September 2013–January 2014; National Museum of Singapore, April–August 2014; Palácio das Artes, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, May–August 2014; Fotografiska, Stockholm, June–September 2014; Palazzo della Ragione, Milan, Italy, June–November 2014; International Center of Photography, New York, NY, 19 September 2014 – 11 January 2015. CaixaForum Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain, 9 October 2014 – 1 February 2015; Sejong Center, Seoul, Korea, 15 December 15 2014 – 20 March 20 2015; Cordoaria Nacional, Lisbon, Portugal, April – July 2015; CaixaForum Palma, Palma, Spain, 25 February – 31 May 2015; Amerika Haus Berlin, Berlin, Germany, 18 April – 18 August 2015; Power Station of Art Shanghai, China, April – June 2015; Kunstfoyer Munich, Germany, 09 October 2015 - 24 January 2016.
- "1982: Recipients: Sebastião Salgado". W. Eugene Smith Memorial Fund. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
- "Mr. Sebastiao Ribeiro Salgado", American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Accessed 13 August 2014.
- Royal Photographic Society's Centenary Award Accessed 13 August 2012
- "Sebastião Salgado". UNICEF. 29 April 2005. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
- "http://www.imdb.com/title/tt3674140/ The Salt of the Earth (2014) ]", IMDB. Accessed 11 may 2015.
- "http://www.imdb.com/title/tt3674140/awards?ref_=tt_awd/" Accessed 6 may 2016.
- "Sebastião Salgado". Oskar Barnack Award. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- "Sebastião Salgado". Hasselblad Foundation. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
- "Sebastião Salgado". Leica Oskar Barnack Award. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- "Photographic Society of Japan Awards". Photographic Society of Japan. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
- "Sebastião Salgado: Genesis", Royal Ontario Museum. Accessed 17 August 2014.
- Coomes, Phil (10 April 2013). "Sebastiao Salgado's Genesis". BBC News. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
- "Sebastião Salgado, Genesis", Paris Photo. Accessed 13 August 2014.
- "Genesis", National Museum of Singapore. Accessed 17 August 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sebastião Salgado.|
- Instituto Terra
- Amazonas Images Photo agency formed by Salgado and his wife Lélia Wanick.
- Biography at The Guardian
- 'Sebastião Salgado: The silent drama of photography' TED Talk (17 minute video)
- "Back to Nature, in Pictures and Action," New York Times, 2009
- "Genesis by Sebastião Salgado: Exhibition Review", Huffington Post UK, 2013