Transport in Kollam
Transport in Kollam (Malayalam: കൊല്ലം/ക്വയ്ലോണ്) includes various modes of road, rail and water transportation in the city and its suburbs. State-owned Kerala State Road Transport Corporation buses, private buses, Indian Railways, state-owned Kerala State Water Transport Department boats & ferry, Taxis and Auto rickshaws are serving the city of Kollam. The city had a strong commercial reputation since the days of the Phoenicians and Romans. Ibn Battuta mentioned Kollam Port as one of the five Indian ports he had seen during the course of his twenty-four year travels.
Kollam is known as the Cashew capital of the world. 90% of India's export quality Cashew Kernels are prepared from Kollam. It is the largest processed cashew exporter in the world. It is the headquarters of the Kollam District. The city of Kollam is home to the largest number of Bullet owners in India. As per the survey done by Royal Enfield in 2009, more than 60,000 bullet owners are there in Kollam city and nearly a lakh across the district. The enfield dealers in the city sells an average of 850 units every month.
- 1 History
- 2 Road Transportation
- 3 Rail Transportation
- 4 Air Transportation
- 5 Water Transportation
- 6 See also
- 7 References
City of Kollam(Quilon) was known as the commercial capital of the Venad region (comprising Thiruvananthapuram and Kollam districts). Kollam Seaport (now known as Kollam Port) was founded by Mar Abo at Thangasseri in 825. Kollam's transportation have that much of historic background.
Transportation in the past
Kollam Airport was the first aerodrome in the present day state of Kerala. During the 1920s, there were no other civil aerodromes in the kingdoms of Cochin, Travancore and the Malabar District at the time of the British ruled Madras Presidency. The airport stopped its operations when an accident involving a training aircraft at the boundary of the aerodrome, resulted in the death of the pilot and the trainee.
Kollam was the first city in South Kerala that got a rail connectivity. The first idea of a rail link from Madras to Quilon, the trading capital of the erstwhile Travancore Kingdom was conceived in 1873. Kollam–Sengottai railway line is the second railway line to come to the present day state of Kerala, the first in the native kingdom of Travancore. After a survey in 1888, work started in 1900 and was completed by 1902. The first goods train travelled on this route in 1902, while the first passenger train began its run in 1904. Before the arrival of rail networks in Trivandrum, Kings of old Travancore had used Kollam Junction railway station and Kollam Airport for their transportation needs. Kollam was the former capital of Venad Kingdom. The Madras-Quilon line was extended to the capital of the Princely State of Travancore on 4 January 1918.
Timeline of rail transportation in Kollam
- 1899 - Survey for Quilon-Madras rail link completed
- 1900 - Works for Kollam–Sengottai Meter gauge railway line started to connect the City of Quilon with Madras
- 1902 - Kollam–Sengottai Railway line works completed
- 1904 - On 26 November, Passenger train service started through Kollam–Sengottai Railway line
- 1918 - On 4 January, The Meter gauge line till Kollam was extended up to Chala in Thiruvananthapuram
- 1931 - Kollam-Thiruvananthapuram Meter gauge line extended till Thiruvananthapuram Central
- 1952 - On 24 December, works for Kochi-Kollam rail line works inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India.
- 1956 - Kottayam-Kollam Meter gauge line works started
- 1958 - Kottayam-Kollam line commissioned
- 1976 - Kollam-Thiruvananthapuram Meter gauge line converted to broad gauge and commissioned
- 1998 - Gauge conversion of Kollam–Sengottai Railway line officially started
- 2001 - Kollam-Thiruvananthapuram broad gauge line electrified
- 2007 - On 1 May, Rail services on Kollam-Punalur section withdrawn
- 2010 - On 10 May, Kollam-Punalur broad gauge section thrown open for services
- 2012 - On 19 March, MEMU services on Kollam-Ernakulam route flagged off
- 2012 - On 31 November, A new MEMU service started on Kollam-Kanyakumari route
- 2013 - On 1 December, Kollam MEMU Shed formally inaugurated and Maintenance Works started
- 2018 - On 31 March, the entire Kollam–Sengottai line thrown open for passenger train services. The first passenger train on the stretch was Tambaram-Kollam-Tambaram special train service(06027/28) and is completed the service by earning Rs 3.15 lakh as passenger ticket collection from its 879 passengers against a capacity of 712.
The city and metropolitan area are served by major arterial roads that run either in an east-west or north-south direction. The intra-city transportation is mainly carried out by private buses whereas the inter-city services are carried out by KSRTC. Kollam is one among the five KSRTC zones in Kerala.The private city bus services in Kollam were blue in colour. Now buses in Kollam follows newly introduced colour code system like rest of Kerala and hence city buses are green and other moffusil buses are blue. There is only one Regional Transport Office(RTO) in the city so far which is Kollam RTO(KL-02). But there are 6 Sub-Regional Transport Offices in the district of Kollam: Karunagappally(KL-23), Kottarakkara(KL-24), Punalur(KL-25), Kunnathur(KL-61), Chadayamangalam(KL-81), Pathanapuram(KL-82).
City Buses of Kollam
There is no dedicated Urban Metro Transport company or corporation for Kollam. KSRTC's urban transport wing KURTC does very few AC buses to Punalur, Trivandrum and Kochi. Other wise the scene is completely dominated by green coloured private buses. The system suffers badly due to poor condition of buses, lack of speed, adequate passenger amenities or information system, lack of new routes on by-routes, lack of route numbering and rude behaviour of staff. There was an attempt to bring in number system a decade back which went in vain due to poor implementation and lack of co-operation. There is also lack of proper waiting sheds for passengers in bus stops of Kollam.
Major city bus routes are,
- Chavara - Elampalloor (near Kundara)
- Chavara - Kottiyam
- Chavara - Aasraamam/Uliyakovil
- Kottiyam - Cutchery
- Eravipuram - Thankassery
- Perumon - Chinnakkada
- Prakkulam - Chinnakkada
- Ashtamudi - Perumpuzha (near Kundara)
- Mayyanad - Cutchery (via Koottikada)
- Kottiyam - Mevaram - Kallumthaazham - Karicode (by pass route)
- Kottiyam - Modeenmukku - Karicode - Chavara Thekkumbhagom
City buses also runs to Maruthady, Maammoottilkadavu, Thirumullavaram, Kovilthottam, Mangadu, Kuppana, Panayam, Kannanalloor etc. There is a logical need to extent the city buses ending in Elampalloor to Kundara Technopark, Kuzhimathikadu, Nallila (where there is a multiplex), Cheerankavu etc to bring in Kundara town also effectively integrated with the Kollam city bus network and to boost connectivity to outskirts. Lack of enough service on by-routes between Three main roads to Kollam from Kundara and two roads from Kottiyam has led to increase of number of two wheeler traffic in Kollam city in an unhealthy manner.
- National Highway-66 - Thiruvananthapuram to Panvel
(via Mevaram, Thattamala, Chinnakada, Cutchery, Mulamkadakam, Ramankulangara, Kavanad and Neendakara)
- National Highway-183 - Kollam to Theni (via Chengannur, Kottayam)
- National Highway-744 - Kollam to Tirumangalam (via Punalur, Tenkasi)
- National Highway-183A - TItanium Jn. to Vandiperiyar (via Adoor, Pathanamthitta)
Kottiyam → Umayanalloor → Mevaram → Thattamala → Pazhayattinkuzhi → Pallimukku → Madannada → Polayathode → College Jn. → Railway Station → Chinnakada → Cutchery → Collectorate → Mulamkadakam → Nellimukku → Medayil Jn → Ramankulangara → Vallikeezhu → Kavanad → Aaltharamoodu → Capithans → Sakthikulangara → Neendakara
In addition to that, some major roads like Asramam Link Road, Kollam-Paravur Coastal Road, Residency Road, Kollam Port Road, QAC Road, Kollam-Kulathupuzha road etc. are also connecting Kollam with other major cities, suburbs and towns in the state.
Kollam Bypass is a road on NH 66 that bypasses CBD of Kollam City. The 13.141 km long bypass starts at Kavanad in the north to Mevaram in the south, via Aravila, Kadavoor, Kallumthazham and Ayathil. The Government of Kerala proposed the bypass in 1972 and thrown open to public in 2019. The bypass touches 3 major National Highways passing through the state.
|Railways in Kerala cities|
Kollam Junction railway station is the major rail head of the city. It is the second largest railway station in Kerala in terms of area. Kollam station also boasts a record of having stops for all trains passing through the station. It is the fourth busiest railway station in Kerala. Kollam also boasts the second longest railway platform in the world(longest in Kerala), which is more than 1 km long. In a single stretch the total length is 1,180 m, which is second in the world. Kollam Junction railway station is the MEMU headquarters of Kerala. Kollam MEMU Shed is one of the two MEMU maintenance sheds in Kerala. Kollam district is the Kerala district with maximum number of railway stations - 26. The city of Kollam is served by 3 railway stations. They are,
Railway stations in Kollam Metropolitan Area
Kollam Metropolitan Area is served by the following 10 railway stations.
- Kollam Junction railway station
- Eravipuram railway station
- Mayyanad railway station
- Paravur railway station
- Perinad railway station
- Karunagappalli railway station
- Ochira railway station
- Kilikollur railway station
- Chandanathoppe railway station
- Kundara railway station
A new suburban rail system has been proposed by the Government of Kerala and Indian Railways on the route Thiruvananthapuram - Kollam - Haripad/Chengannur for which MRVC is tasked to conduct a study and submit a report. Ten trains, each with 7 bogies, will transport passengers back and forth along the Trivandrum-Kollam-Chengannur-Harippad section. The Suburban Corridor is modelled on the lines of the Mumbai Suburban Rail, where around 3,000 suburban trains run every day.
There is a huge potential for suburban rail that is left untapped within Kollam district. The Kollam - Punalur - Edamon section of Sengottai rail line which run parallel to busy and congested Kollam - Punalur national highway is suitable and highly viable for DEMU operations.
Kollam MEMU Shed
Kollam MEMU Shed is a motive power depot facility for maintaining MEMU rakes, situated in the city of Kollam in the Indian state of Kerala. It is one of the four MEMU rake maintenance sheds serving the Southern Railway zone of the Indian Railways. Presently, 5 pairs of MEMU services are now running from Kollam Junction. The maintenance works of those rakes are regularly doing in Kollam MEMU shed.
Currently there are no airports in the city of Kollam. However, Quilon Aerodrome at Asramam was the first aerodrome in Kerala. The first flight to Kerala landed at Kollam Asramam Airport. Now the old airport area is serving as a twin-helipad of the city, which is about 1 km away from the city center. The city is served by Trivandrum International Airport, which is about 56 kilometers from Kollam. Trivandrum International Airport is the first international airport in a non-metro city in India and the only airport in Kerala having more than 2 Terminals. Daily domestic flight services are available from Trivandrum airport to major cities such as Mumbai, Chennai, Delhi, Bangalore and Kochi. International flight services connecting to Sharjah, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Bahrain, Kuwait, Muscat, Male, Doha, Singapore and Colombo are available from here. The first Amphibian Aircraft (Seaplane) of Kerala also landed in Kollam.
Kerala Seaplane Project
Kerala Seaplane was a commercial seaplane service promoted by Kerala Tourism Infrastructure Limited in the Indian state of Kerala. It was launched on 2 June 2013 at Kollam with the inaugural flight being operated by Kairali Aviation. However, commercial operations could not start due to opposition from the local fishing community. The Kerala Government was keen on restarting regular operations of the project in 2014. The service was to be the first such service in mainland India, and the second in India after Jal Hans, which operates seaplanes in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
City of Kollam is served by boats and ferry services operated by Kerala State Water Transport Department. Kollam is one among the 6 districts served by the inland navigation water transport facilities in the Indian state of Kerala. Kollam KSWTD Boat Jetty is situated near Cutchery. Kerala State Water Transport Department is operating daily ferry services from Kollam Boat Jetty that connect city of Kollam with the suburbs like Sampranikkodi, Guhanandapuram and Pezhumthuruthu. In addition to that, the District Tourism Promotion Council(DTPC) of Kollam is running Kollam-Alappuzha boat services on alternative days of the week.
The city of Kollam is served by Kollam Port (Thangasseri Port), which is the second largest port in Kerala. Kollam Port is one of the two International Ports in Kerala. Cargo handling facility had been kicked off at Kollam Port in 2013. Foreign ships are now coming to Kollam Port regularly. The first foreign ship that reached the modern Port of Kollam after the independence of India was the MV Alina, a mammoth 145-meter vessel registered in Antigua. It anchored in the port on 4 April 2014. Nowadays foreign and domestic ships anchoring at Kollam Port is a regular scene of the city.
Kollam Port is the closest sea port in mainland to Minicoy Island of Lakshadweep, there has been many discussions on introducing cargo and passenger ships in this route. However lack of refuelling and berthing facilities in Kollam port and poor political patronage, it is a non starter.
LDF government in kerala has initiated steps in implementing water metro in Kollam. This will be the second water metro in Kerala after Kochi. This project is expected to take lesser costs than cochin and expected to complete by 2018. This will be a big boost Kollam traffic planning and tourism.
Since Kollam has the Trivandrum Shoranur canal passing north south from the city through suburbs like Eravipuram, Mayyanad, Paravur, Mundakkal, Kavanad, Chavara and Ashtamudi backwater and its branches connecting with major places along Kundara, Kallada, Perumon, Mangadu, Kallada, Thevalakkara, Munroe Island etc Water Metro can be a game changer in Kollam, if conceived, implemented effectively at the earliest.
- Sastri, K. A. Nilakanta (1958) . History of South India (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press.
- Kollam - Mathrubhumi Archived 9 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "Kerala's cashew industry survives on foreign nuts". commodityonline. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- "Bulleteers Of Kollam". Outlook India. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- "Aviation school proposal evokes mixed response". The Hindu. 8 June 2009. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "Cheena Kottaram - Kerala Tourism Guide". Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- "Quilon - by Jimmy Jose". Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "Kollam Municipal Corporation". Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- "Did you know? - RailKerala". Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- "History of Quilon". Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- "Before and after the Jayanti Janata". The Hindu. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- "Journeys through Kottayam rail tunnels built by E Sreedharan to end soon". Mathrubhumi. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- "Rail electrification: inspection begins". The Hindu. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- "Kollam-Sengottai train service likely from May". The Hindu. Kozhikode. 21 December 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- "MEMU Maintenance Work Begins in Kollam". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- "MEMU service flagged off". Kerala.com. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- "MEMU Maintenance Work Begins in Kollam". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- "Sengottai-Kollam railway line reopens after eight years". The New Indian Express. 1 April 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
- "Chennai to Kollam train will resume after eight years". The New Indian Express. 31 March 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
- "Special trains announced between Tambaram and Kollam". Times of India. 30 March 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
- "First train from Chennai on Punalur line has commuters ready to roll". Times of India. 1 April 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
- "Thiruvananthapuram: KSRTC executive directors in-charge of zones". Times of India. 8 January 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
- "Kochi bus operators ready to welcome the blues". The Hindu. Retrieved 13 April 2016.
- "Colour code for private buses from February". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 19 January 2018. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 24 October 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Depots - KSRTC official website
- "Shortage of drivers may hit services". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "Declaration of Roads connecting to NH-66 as NH" (PDF). Government of India. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
- Kollam bypass: Central team conducts alignment study
- Talks held on NH bypass completion
- "PM dedicates Kollam bypass to the nation". The Hindu. 17 January 2019. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
- "Kollam railway station finally gets a 'real' platform No 1". The Times Of India. 19 November 2012. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "West Bengal: tea plantations and other Raj-era relics".
- MEMU Maintenance Work Begins in Kollam Kollam MEMU Shed
- Trivandrum International Airport Archived 25 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- "Despite brouhaha, seaplane project fails to take off". The New Indian Express. 24 August 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- Special Correspondent (2 June 2013). "Tourism to take wings with seaplane's take-off". The Hindu Delhi edition. p. 7.
- "Kerala Government keen to re-start sea plane service as early as possible". Daily News and Analysis. 25 February 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "Kerala State Water Transport Department - Introduction". KSWTD. Archived from the original on 26 December 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
- "Important places enroute - KSWTD". The New Indian Express. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- Kollam port starts cargo handling. Accessed 29 July 2014.
- "Foreign Ship Reaches Kollam Port". The New Indian Express. 5 April 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
- Reporter, Staff (14 September 2018). "Kollam port eyes cargo, tourism". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 24 October 2018.