Kerala State Road Transport Corporation
|Public Sector Corporation under the Ministry of Transport of the State Government of Kerala|
|Industry||Public transport bus service|
|Founded||20 February 1938,1965|
|Headquarters||Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India|
|Products||Bus transport, Cargo Transport, Services|
Volvo AC Airbus,Scania, Globus AC Airbus,, Super Deluxe Airbus, Super Express Airbus, Super Express, Super Fast, Fast Passenger, Venad/Malabar Limited Stop, Ananthapuri/Thiru Kochi,Ordinary Bus.
|Subsidiaries||Kerala Urban Road Transport Corporation (KURTC)|
The Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) is the state-run bus company in Kerala, India. It is one of the oldest state run public bus transport services in India and is headquartered in Thiruvananthapuram.
The earliest predecessor of the Kerala State Road Transport Corporation was the Travancore State Transport Department, constituted by the King Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, with the intent of reorganizing the transportation services of the former state. E.G. Salter, Assistant Operating Superintendent of London Passenger Transport Board, was appointed as Superintendent of the Transport Department on 20 September 1937. The Transport Department grew with nationalisation of key interstate routes such as Thiruvanathapuram–Kanyakumari route and the Palakkad–Coimbatore route.
The first fleet consisted of 60 Comet chassis fitted with Perkins diesel engines, imported from England. The bodies of the buses were built by the staff of the Travancore State Transport Department under the supervision of the Superintendent. The model for the selection of operating staff continues to be followed by the current operating staff. The Transport Department gave preference in recruitment for those who were likely to lose their private transport company jobs resulting from the nationalization of Thiruvanathapuram–Kanyakumari route. Thus the Transport Department began with a staff of about a hundred graduates appointed as Inspectors and Conductors.
The State Motor Service was inaugurated by King Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma on 20 February 1938. He and his kin were the first passengers of the system on the inaugural trip; Superintendent Salter was the driver of the bus. This bus, along with the thirty-three other buses brought on road driving through the Kowdiar Square was an attraction at that time.
Following the enactment of the Road Transport Corporation Act in 1950, the Government of Kerala formulated KSRTC rules in 1965 by Section 44. The Transport Department was converted into an autonomous corporation on 1 April 1965 and the Kerala State Road Transport Corporation was formally established by the government of Kerala by the notification dated 15 March 1965.
[[[File:Multiaxle.jpg|thumb|KSRTC Volvo Multi Axle]]]
[[[File:Ksrtcscania.jpg|thumb|KSRTC "Scania" Multi Axle]]] KSRTC buses are the registered under a dedicated RTO at Thiruvanathapuram with the registration series KL-15.
|City Ordinary||Tata 1510 & Tata 1512c||42||Ordinary Buses in Thiruvananthapuram for city transportation.|
|City Double Decker||Ashok Leyland Titan||2||Double Decker buses in Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram (East Fort to Sangumugham Beach) charging ordinary fares.|
|Thiru Kochi / Ananthapuri Fast||Tata 1510 & Tata 1512c||205||City buses in Kochi / Thiruvananthapuram with 2x2 seating layout.|
|Low Floor Non-AC City Bus||Ashok Leyland Panther RE Semi Low Floor||240||Low Floor City Buses under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission scheme in the city of Cochin (Kochi) and Thiruvananthapuram with 2x2 seating layout.|
|Low Floor AC City Bus||Volvo 8400||80||Low Floor AC City Buses under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission scheme in Kochi / Thiruvananthapuram with 2x2 seating layout.|
|Minibus||Tata 709E, Ashok Leyland Stag||21||Mini Buses are used on small feeder routes charging ordinary fares.|
|Rajadhani ring road service||Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata 1512 & Tata 1512c||10||New ring road bus service in Thiruvananthapuram city|
|Short Wheel Base Ordinary Buses||Tata 1512, Ashok Leyland Cheetah||200||Midi Buses with shorter wheelbase (176 in wheelbase) are used on routes in hilly areas, ghats and small narrower roads charging ordinary fares.|
|Ordinary||Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata 1512 & Tata 1512c||3,958||Short routes served by older buses that used to run on higher grade services.|
|Venad / Malabar||Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata Globus, Tata 1512 & Tata 1512c||1,465||Comfortable buses used as Limited Stop Ordinary [LS ORD] / Fare Stage Limited Stop [FSLS] / Town to Town [TT] with 3x2 seating layout and Ordinary Fare Stage.|
|Fast Passenger||Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata 1512c||1152||Short and long distance no frill services with 3x2 seating layout.|
|Super Fast||Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata 1512c||334||Fast, long distance services with 3x2 seating layout.|
|Super Express Airbus||Ashok Leyland 12M & Tata 1612c||50||Newly introduced long distance services on 12 m chassis, often interstate with 3x2 seating layout with more leg room and rear air suspension. Some buses have 2x2 reclining seating layout. Same fare as a Super Express.|
|Super Deluxe Airbus||Ashok Leyland Viking & Tata LPO1512c Ex||50||Luxury interstate and intrastate services, often long distance with 2x2 reclining seats and rear air suspension.|
|Garuda Volvo (AC)||Volvo 9400||3||Luxury Interstate Services Buses to Bangalore using Volvo B7R with 2x2 reclining seats and full air suspension.|
|Garuda Multi Axle (AC)||Volvo 9400||10||Luxury Interstate multiaxle bus
services using Volvo B9R with 2x2 semisleeper seats and full air suspension.
|Scania Metrolink Multi Axle (AC)||Scania||2||Luxury multiaxle bus
services using Scania with 2x2 semisleeper seats and full air suspension.
|Total||6,184||Total number of Schedules : 5,598|
Kerala Urban Road Transport Corporation
In November 2014, Kerala Urban Road Transport Corporation (KURTC), with headquarters in Kochi, was formed to operate low-floor buses which are procured with the financial assistance from the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM).
The 314 low-floor buses already procured are to be brought under this newly formed subsidiary (KURTC). With 400 low-floor buses to be procured for extending services to 12 more districts in the State under JNNURM scheme 2013-14, the number of these sleek modern buses is to go up to 767.
Depots and workshops
KSRTC has 28 depots, 48 sub depots, 17 operating centres, 28 station master offices, 5 workshops and 3 staff training colleges spread throughout the Kerala. In 1995 Kerala State Road Transport Corporation ventured into the technical education field by establishing an engineering college named Sree Chitra Thirunal College of Engineering at Pappanamcode on its Central Workshop premises. The List of KSRTC Bus Stands and Depots are given below:
|1||Trivandrum Central||TVM||Depot||0471 2323886|
|2||Trivandrum City||CTY||Depot||0471 2463029|
|8||Kaniyapuram||KPM||Sub Depot||0471 2752533|
|9||Kattakkada||KTD||Sub Depot||0471 2290381|
|10||Kilimanoor||KMR||Sub Depot||0470 2672217|
|11||Parassala||PSL||Sub Depot||0471 2202058|
|12||Peroorkada||PRK||Sub Depot||0471 2433683|
|13||Poovar||PVR||Sub Depot||0471 2210047|
|14||Vellanad||VND||Sub Depot||0472 2882986|
|15||Vellarada||VRD||Sub Depot||0471 2242029|
|16||Venjaramoodu||VJD||Sub Depot||0472 2874141|
|18||Vithura||VTR||Sub Depot||0472 2858686|
|19||Aryanad||ARD||Operating Centre||0472 2853900|
|20||Palode||PLD||Operating Centre||0472 2840259|
|23||Chadayamangalam||CDM||Sub Depot||0474 2476200|
|24||Chathannoor||CHT||Sub Depot||0474 2592900|
|25||Karunagappally||KNP||Sub Depot||0476 2620466|
|26||Pathanapuram||PPM||Sub Depot||0475 2353769|
|27||Punalur||PLR||Sub Depot||0475 2222626|
|28||Aryankavu||ARK||Operating Centre||0475 2211300|
|29||Kulathupuzha||KLP||Operating Centre||0474 2318777|
|32||Adoor||ADR||Sub Depot||04734 224764|
|33||Pamba||PBA||Sub Depot||04735 203445|
|34||Mallappally||MPY||Operating Centre||0469 2785080|
|35||Pandalam||PDM||Operating Centre||04734 255800|
|36||Ranni||RNI||Operating Centre||04735 225253|
|37||Konni||KNI||Operating Centre||0468 2244555|
|42||Harippad||HPD||Sub Depot||0479 2412620|
|43||Mavelikkara||MVK||Sub Depot||0479 2302282|
|44||Edathua||EDT||Operating Centre||0477 2215400|
|48||Erattupetta||ETP||Sub Depot||04822 272330|
|49||Kattappana||KTP||Sub Depot||04822 212250|
|50||Kumily||KMY||Sub Depot||04822 272330|
|51||Ponkunnam||PNK||Sub Depot||04828 221333|
|52||Vaikom||VKM||Sub Depot||04829 221210|
|53||Erumely||EMY||Operating Centre||04828 212345|
|54||Thodupuzha||TDP||Sub Depot||04862 222388|
|55||Moolamattom||MLT||Operating Centre||04862 252045|
|56||Munnar||MNR||Operating Centre||04865 230201|
|61||Angamaly||ANK||Sub Depot||0484 2453050|
|62||Kothamangalam||KMG||Sub Depot||0485 2862202|
|63||North Paravur||PRR||Sub Depot||0484 2442373|
|64||Piravom||PVM||Sub Depot||0485 2265533|
|65||Koothattukulam||KKM||Sub Depot||0485 2253444|
|67||Chalakkudy||CLD||Sub Depot||0480 2701638|
|68||Guruvayoor||GVR||Sub Depot||0487 2556450|
|69||Kodungallor||KDR||Sub Depot||0480 2803155|
|70||Mala||MAL||Sub Depot||0480 2890438|
|71||Irinjalakkuda||IJK||Operating Centre||0480 2623990|
|72||Puthukkad||PKD||Operating Centre||0487 2751648|
|74||Chittur||CTR||Sub Depot||04923 227488|
|75||Mannarkkad||MKD||Sub Depot||04924 225150|
|76||Vadakkanchery||VDK||Operating Centre||04922 255001|
|77||Malappuram||MPM||Sub Depot||0483 2734950|
|78||Nilambur||NBR||Sub Depot||04931 223929|
|79||Perinthalmanna||PMN||Sub Depot||04933 227342|
|80||Ponnani||PNI||Sub Depot||0494 2666396|
|82||Thamarassery||TSY||Sub Depot||0495 2222217|
|83||Thottilpalam||TPM||Sub Depot||0496 2565944|
|84||Thiruvambady||TDY||Operating Centre||0495 2254500|
|85||Vadakara||VKA||Operating Centre||0496 2523377|
|86||Sulthan Bathery||SBY||Depot||04936 220217|
|87||Kalpetta||KPA||Sub Depot||04936 203040|
|88||Mananthavady||MDY||Sub Depot||04935 240640|
|90||Payyannur||PNR||Sub Depot||04985 203062|
|91||Thalassery||TLY||Sub Depot||0490 2343333|
|93||Kanhangad||KNGD||Sub Depot||0467 2200055|
|94||Bangalore||ATO & SM||080 26756666, 080 22221755|
KSRTC is also having 28 Station Master (SM) Offices at Ambalapuzha, Ayoor, Eenchakkal, Ernakulam Jetty, Ettumanoor, Iritty, Kadakkal, Kaliyakkavila, Kuthiyathode, Malayilkeezh, Manjery, Mundakkayam, Nagarcoil, Ochira, Pattambi, Pothencode, Puthenkurishu, Tirur, Valanchery, Varkala, Vytila Hub and also have 3 staff training colleges in Trivandrum, Ernakulam and Edappal .
The List of KSRTC Workshops are given below:
|1||Pappanamcode||Central Workshop||0471 2490801|
|2||Mavelikkara||Regional Workshop||0479 2302409|
|3||Aluva||Regional Workshop||0484 2624007|
|4||Edappal||Regional Workshop||0494 2699248|
|5||Kozhikode||Regional Workshop||0495 2361667|
- The daily scheduled distance for bus services has increased from 12,00,000 km to 14,22,546 km.
- Nearly 5,373 buses run on 4,795 schedules everyday.
- Average number of passengers transported in a day is 3145,000 (3.145 million)
- The average earnings per km (EPKM) works out to around ₹25.69 and the average earnings per bus (EPB) works out to ₹8,329..
Half a Chakram was the minimum fare in 1938. The first class tickets had cost 50% more than the coordinating rate. During that period free travel was allowed for children up to 3 years and only half the fare was charged for children until age 14. There were no luggage tickets, but when the luggage weighed more than 28 pounds up to 56 pounds, a fee was assessed for 4 chakras. Passengers with luggage that weighed more than 56 pounds were assessed a fee of 6 chakras up to 112 pounds and above. As the Chakram had triple the value of a 100 rupee currency note today, the cost of travelling was comparatively higher during those days.
The fares were last revised on 11 November 2012 .
- 64 paise for City/Ordinary Services,
- 68 paise for City Fast Services,
- 68 paise for Fast Passenger/Limited Stop FP Services,
- 72 paise for Super Fast Services,
- 77 paise for Super Express Services,
- 90 paise for Super Deluxe/Semi Sleeper Services,
- 110 paise for Luxury/High-Tech/Air Conditioned Services, and
- 130 paise for Volvo Services.
|Bus Type||Minimum Fare in Indian Rupees|
|SUPER FAST PASSENGER||13.00|
|SUPER DELUXE/SEMI SLEEPER||28.00|
|VOLVO MULTI AXLE||70.00|
|LOW FLOOR A/C CITY SERVICE||15.00|
|LOW FLOOR Non A/C||8.00|
Bus reservation can be done online for KSRTC services and the NEW online booking facility is available at http://www.keralartc.in/KERALAOnline/
GPRS Enabled Ticket Machines
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (March 2015)|
Kerala State Road Transport Corporation(KSRTC) has introduced GPRS enabled ticketing machines which is connected to an online server through GPRS to streamline services in the year 2013.The ticket machines transfers real time data to the control room at Transport Bhavan.The authorities can keep tabs on the collection of each schedule and that of depots across the state on real time basis by tracking the data from ticketing machines
- "All JNNURM buses to be brought under KURTC". The Hindu. October 26, 2014. Retrieved 20 Jan 2015.
- http://www.natgeotraveller.in/web-exclusive/web-exclusive-month/kerala-bus-journey/ Archive
- http://archive.commercialmotor.com/article/27th-august-1937/52/briton-to-co-ordinate-indian-transport-a-british-t Archive
- KSRTC Directory
- All about KSRTC
- At present the corporation has 5373 buses running on 4795 schedules. http://www.keralartc.com/html/aboutus.html
- FARES, KSRTC fares revised.
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