Kerala State Road Transport Corporation
|Public Sector Corporation under the Ministry of Transport, Government of Kerala|
|Founded||20 February 1938,1965|
|Headquarters||Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India|
|Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Mahe|
|Products||Bus transport, Cargo Transport, Transit Services|
Scania Garuda Maharaja
|Subsidiaries||Kerala Urban Road Transport Corporation (KURTC)|
The Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) is the state-run bus company in Kerala, India. It is one of the oldest state run public bus transport services in India and is headquartered in Thiruvananthapuram.
The earliest predecessor of the Kerala State Road Transport Corporation was the Travancore State Transport Department, constituted by the King Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, with the intent of reorganizing the transportation services of the former state. E.G. Salter, Assistant Operating Superintendent of London Passenger Transport Board, was appointed as Superintendent of the Transport Department on 20 September 1937. The Transport Department grew with nationalisation of key interstate routes such as Thiruvananthapuram–Kanyakumari route and the Palakkad–Coimbatore route.
The first fleet consisted of 60 Comet chassis fitted with Perkins diesel engines, imported from England. The bodies of the buses were built by the staff of the Travancore State Transport Department under the supervision of the Superintendent. The model for the selection of operating staff continues to be followed by the current operating staff. The Transport Department gave preference in recruitment for those who were likely to lose their private transport company jobs resulting from the nationalization of Thiruvananthapuram–Kanyakumari route. Thus the Transport Department began with a staff of about a hundred graduates appointed as Inspectors and Conductors.
The State Motor Service was inaugurated by The King Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma on 20 February 1938. He and his kin were the first passengers of the system on the inaugural trip; Superintendent Salter was the driver of the bus. This bus, along with the thirty-three other buses brought on road driving through the Kowdiar Square was an attraction at that time.
Following the enactment of the Road Transport Corporation Act in 1950, the Government of Kerala formulated KSRTC rules in 1965 by Section 44. The Transport Department was converted into an autonomous corporation on 1 April 1965 and the Kerala State Road Transport Corporation was formally established by the government of Kerala by the notification dated 15 March 1965. KSRTC buses are the registered under a dedicated RTO at Thiruvananthapuram with the registration series KL-15.
The corporation has a fleet of 6148 buses and 5598 schedules consisting Volvo buses, Scania buses, Ashok Leyland, Tata Motors, Eicher Motors, and minibuses. The fleet composition as of 6 December 2010 was:
|City Ordinary||Tata 1510 & Tata 1512c||42||Ordinary Buses in Thiruvananthapuram for city transportation.|
|City Double Decker||Ashok Leyland Titan||2||Double Decker buses in Kochi (Angamaly to Vyttila Mobility Hub)and Thiruvananthapuram (East Fort to Sangumugham Beach) charging ordinary fares.|
|Thiru Kochi / Ananthapuri Fast||Tata 1510 & Tata 1512c||205||City buses in Kochi / Thiruvananthapuram with 2x2 seating layout.|
|Low Floor Non-AC City Bus||Ashok Leyland Panther RE Semi Low Floor||240||Low Floor City Buses under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission scheme with 2x2 seating layout.|
|Low Floor AC City Bus||Volvo 8400||80||Low Floor AC City Buses under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission scheme in Kochi / Thiruvananthapuram with 2x2 seating layout.|
|Minibus||Tata 709E, Ashok Leyland Stag||21||Mini Buses are used on small feeder routes charging ordinary fares.|
|Rajadhani ring road service||Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata 1512 & Tata 1512c||10||New ring road bus service in Thiruvananthapuram city|
|Short Wheel Base Ordinary Buses||Tata 1512, Ashok Leyland Cheetah||200||Midi Buses with shorter wheelbase (176 in wheelbase) are used on routes in hilly areas, ghats and small narrower roads charging ordinary fares.|
|Ordinary||Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata 1512 & Tata 1512c||3,958||Short routes served by older buses that used to run on higher grade services.|
|Venad / Malabar||Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata Globus, Tata 1512 & Tata 1512c||1,465||Comfortable buses used as Limited Stop Ordinary [LS ORD] / Fare Stage Limited Stop [FSLS] / Town to Town [TT] with 3x2 seating layout and Ordinary Fare Stage.|
|Fast Passenger||Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata 1512c||1152||Short and long distance no frill services with 3x2 seating layout.|
|Super Fast||Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata 1512c, Eicher||334||Fast, long distance services with 3x2 seating layout.|
|Super Express Airbus||Ashok Leyland 12M, Tata 1612c, Eicher||50||Newly introduced long distance services on 12 m chassis, often interstate with 3x2 seating layout with more leg room and rear air suspension. Some buses have 2x2 reclining seating layout. Same fare as a Super Express.|
|Super Deluxe / Sabari Airbus||Ashok Leyland Viking & Tata LPO1512c Ex||50||Luxury interstate and intrastate services, often long distance with 2x2 reclining seats and rear air suspension.|
|Silver Line Jet||Ashok Leyland Viking||7||Luxury interstate and intrastate services, often long distance with 2x2 reclining seats, WiFi on board.|
|Vestibule bus||Ashok Leyland||1||Thiruvananthapuram (East fort - Medical college).|
|Garuda King Class Multi Axle (AC)||Volvo 9400||10||Luxury Interstate multiaxle bus
services using Volvo B9R with 2x2 semisleeper seats and full air suspension.
|Garuda Maharaja Multi Axle (AC)||Scania Metrolink||18||Luxury Interstate and Intrastate multiaxle bus
services using Scania Metrolink buses with 2x2 semisleeper seats and full air suspension.*
|Total||6,184||Total number of Schedules : 5,598|
Kerala Urban Road Transport Corporation
In November 2014, Kerala Urban Road Transport Corporation (KURTC), with headquarters in Kochi, was formed to operate low-floor buses which are procured with the financial assistance from the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM).
The 314 low-floor buses already procured are to be brought under this newly formed subsidiary (KURTC). With 400 low-floor buses to be procured for extending services to 12 more districts in the State under JNNURM scheme 2013-14, the number of these sleek modern buses is to go up to 767.
Kerala State Road Transport Corporation have a total of 5 zones in the state, each zone is managed by a zonal officer.
|1||Thiruvananthapuram||Vikas Bhavan Depot.|
|2||Kollam||Kollam KSRTC Bus Station|
|3||Ernakulam||Ernakulam KSRTC Bus Station|
|4||Thrissur||Thrissur KSRTC Bus Station|
|5||Kozhikode||Kozhikode KSRTC Bus Station|
Depots and workshops
KSRTC has 28 depots, 45 sub depots, 19 operating centres, 28 station master offices, 5 workshops and 3 staff training colleges spread throughout the Kerala. In 1995 Kerala State Road Transport Corporation ventured into the technical education field by establishing an engineering college named Sree Chitra Thirunal College of Engineering at Pappanamcode on its Central Workshop premises.
KSRTC is also having 28 Station Master (SM) Offices at Ambalapuzha, Ayoor, Eenchakkal, Ernakulam Jetty, Ettumanoor, Iritty, Kadakkal, Kaliyakkavila, Kuthiyathode, Malayilkeezh, Manjery, Mundakkayam, Nagarcoil, Ochira, Pattambi, Pothencode, Puthenkurishu, Tirur, Valanchery, Varkala, Vytila Hub and also have 3 staff training colleges in Trivandrum, Ernakulam and Edappal . 
"Half a Chakram was the minimum fare in 1938. The first class tickets had cost 50% more than the coordinating rate. During that period free travel was allowed for children up to 3 years and only half the fare was charged for children until age 14. There were no luggage tickets, but when the luggage weighed more than 28 pounds up to 56 pounds, a fee was assessed for 4 chakras. Passengers with luggage that weighed more than 56 pounds were assessed a fee of 6 chakras up to 112 pounds and above. As the Chakram had triple the value of a 100 rupee currency note today, the cost of travelling was comparatively higher during those days".
The fares were last revised on 11 November 2012 .
- 64 paise for City/Ordinary Services,
- 68 paise for City Fast Services,
- 68 paise for Fast Passenger/Limited Stop FP Services,
- 72 paise for Super Fast Services,
- 77 paise for Super Express Services,
- 90 paise for Super Deluxe/Semi Sleeper Services,
- 110 paise for Luxury/High-Tech/Air Conditioned Services, and
- 130 paise for Volvo Services.
Note: w.e.f 1 March 2016, the minimum charge for Ordinary bus has been bought down to 6.00 INR, in order to benefit the common man, owing to the decrease in oil prices. Ordinary bus charges for all fare stages has been bought down by 1.00 INR. However, the Kerala Government reversed its decision in December 2016 and the minimum charge of ordinary bus has been bought back to 7.00 INR
|Bus Type||Minimum Fare in Indian Rupees|
|SUPER FAST PASSENGER||13.00|
|SUPER DELUXE/SEMI SLEEPER||28.00|
|VOLVO MULTI AXLE||70.00|
|LOW FLOOR A/C CITY SERVICE||15.00|
|LOW FLOOR Non A/C||8.00|
- The daily scheduled distance for bus services has increased from 12,00,000 km to 14,22,546 km.
- 6,241 buses run on 6,389 schedules every day.
- Average number of passengers transported in a day is 3145,000 (3.145 million)
- "All JNNURM buses to be brought under KURTC". The Hindu. 26 October 2014. Retrieved 20 Jan 2015.
- http://www.natgeotraveller.in/web-exclusive/web-exclusive-month/kerala-bus-journey/ Archive
- http://archive.commercialmotor.com/article/27th-august-1937/52/briton-to-co-ordinate-indian-transport-a-british-t Archive
- KSRTC Directory
- "Thiruvananthapuram: KSRTC executive directors in-charge of zones". Times of India. 8 January 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
- FARES, KSRTC fares revised.
- Express, News service (21 December 2016). "Rs 7: Minimum charge in KSRTC buses". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
- All about KSRTC
- At present the corporation has 5373 buses running on 4795 schedules. http://www.keralartc.com/html/aboutus.html
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