User talk:4shizzal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Howdy, and welcome to Wikipedia! Thanks for your contribution. I hope you like the place and decide to stay. Here are a few good links for newcomers:

I hope you enjoy editing here and being a Wikipedian! By the way, you can sign your name on Talk and vote pages using three tildes, like this: ~~~. Four tildes (~~~~) produces your name and the current date. If you have any questions, see the help pages, add a question to the village pump or ask me on my Talk page (below).

Thanks for your contributions to Mali Empire and Songhai Empire. As you've probably noticed, Africa is sadly underrepresented on Wikipedia. If you're interested in continuing to work on these topics, I recommend checking out Wikiproject: Countering systemic bias and Wikipedia:Wikiportal/Africa; there's also an Africa Collaboration of the Week that you can help out with if you like. But most of all, have fun, and happy editing! --Dvyost 14:05, 22 August 2005 (UTC)

Mistakenly put this message on your user page instead of user:Talk. My apologies! --Dvyost 14:07, 22 August 2005 (UTC)

Contents

Ghana Empire expansions[edit]

Hey 4shizzal,

Glad to see you're keeping up the fine expansions--the list of rulers is particularly appreciated! I wanted to let you know that I've (at least temporarily) moved the article back to Ghana Empire pending further discussion. You make a good case for Wagadou Empire as a more accurate name (and that material is a great addition to the article), but it's important that we keep our articles in line with the way each subject is most commonly referred to in English; there's more detail about this on the article talk page now if you're interested. And if you do move a page, don't forget to move the links to it, too! This is time-consuming, but important to avoid double redirects and to keep Wikipedia as user-friendly as possible. Anyway, don't let the technical side get you down--you're doing some great stuff here! All the best, --Dvyost 17:17, 28 September 2005 (UTC)

Re: Sankore Scholars[edit]

Replied at my talk page. --Ezeu 18:14, 27 June 2006 (UTC)

Amharic[edit]

It is written like english--Halaqah 23:04, 4 December 2006 (UTC)

Good stuff[edit]

I see what ur doing, good stuff, funny i have been working on Sonni Ali Ber et al, working my way to all the African historical topics. Check out sankore.org they translate all kinds of stuff. I added a scholar named Muhammed Shareef they delete it, I added African Code they want to delete it. I reference www.africanholocaust.net they make accusations. yes it is eurocentric democracy. If i site Henry Gates or one of their people, or one of their sites its okay, but to site a African controlled site must obviously mean i have an AGENDA--Off course i do, my agenda is the progession of true freedom and plurality, then end of racism, and African self-determination, hence i am intrested in websites we own and control. I make sure credit is given to our greats now and then in African history not the greats they select for us. --Halaqah 03:19, 5 December 2006 (UTC)

kouroukan fouga[edit]

hi khello. im here to ask you what part(s) of the kouroukan fouga article need to be cited or verified to bring this piece up to snuff. i saw one source that was added (not by me) that seemed to have nothing to do with the article. your help in fixing this article will be appreciated. thanks in advance Scott Free 15:38, 2 January 2007 (UTC)

Hi Scott Free,
I just came to this article as part of the wikify project (but found the topic very interesting by the way!). My only concern with the references was that there were non within the body of the article. Also, for an article about such a historical document I would have thought there would be some more academic journal/book references to use that'll really improve the article even further (to be honest i think the article is pretty informative as it is- I added the [[Category: Mali Empire]] to give more of a context to it). I also think a few "See also" links would really put the article into context. If you want help with that stuff I'd be more than happy to do so, but at the moment I don't really have access to a library so can't really help with the sourcing side. Regards --khello 16:41, 2 January 2007 (UTC)
I agree. I know of one source via UNESCO (that's how I found out about it originally). I will go through and site that one by the end of the week. thnx 4 the quick feedback. Scott Free 17:03, 2 January 2007 (UTC)
No worries- you just happened to catch me when I woke up! I'd be happy to help out with the article if you need it --khello 17:10, 2 January 2007 (UTC)

Your edits to Mali Empire[edit]

Thank you for contributing to Wikipedia, 4shizzal! However, your edit here was reverted by an automated bot that attempts to remove spam from Wikipedia. If you were trying to insert a good link, please accept my creator's apologies, but please note that the link you added in is on my spam blacklist and should not be included in Wikipedia. Please read Wikipedia's external links policy for more information. If the link was to an Imageshack or Photobucket image, please read Wikipedia's image tutorial on how to use a more appropriate method to insert the image into an article. If your link was genuine spam, please note that inserting spam into Wikipedia is against policy. For more information about me, see my FAQ page. Thanks! Shadowbot 19:57, 25 January 2007 (UTC)

Atlantic slave trade[edit]

Wow! You look like an expert on the topic. I came to make more comments (probably as questions) based on your response at Talk:Atlantic slave trade. Are all African Americans assumed to be descended from slaves? How valid is that assumption? Is it possible for people (or even their descendants) to ever stop being "African Americans" and just become "Americans? I notice that Barack Obama is an African American, but his father was Kenyan, so I guess that answers my second question. Is he noticed to be different from slave-descended African Americans? I apologise if these questions are offensive—they are not meant to be—although they may be naive. Living in Australia, I don't come across many Americans, African or otherwise, although I have visited the USA. Thanks. --Scott Davis Talk 10:35, 11 February 2007 (UTC)

Source on African History[edit]

Hey, I've seen alot of your work on the history of precolonial west africa- and africa in general- and I've been looking for the longest time for clear, concise and thorough information and history on them. Do you know of any books that contain decent information? Or what of the articles and studies used as references on their pages? Is there a way to access these and others without the use of journal subscriptions? (if that's even legal)

Even historical books on Amazon.com are scarce, many of them extremely expensive.


The sources[edit]

Hi and thnx for hittin me up. Here are some of my favorite sources. You're right; these books do get quite expensive, but I figure I owe it to my ancestors.

Books numbered 1-2 are indespensible sources for Pre-colonial African history. Books numbered 3-5 give you all the detail u ever wanted to know about the slave trade. Books numbered 6-7 have details and illustrations for African warfare; very useful Books numbered 8-9 are good on filling out the details on the respective states.

1. "Peoples and Empires of West Africa: West Africa in History 1000-1800"

   by G.T. Stride & C. Ifeka
   (Nelson, 1986)

2. "Introduction To African Civilizations"

    by John G. Jackson
    (Citadel, 2001)

3. "Slavery and African Ethnicities in the Americas: Restoring the Links"

   by Gwendolyn Midlo Hall
    (University of North Carolina Press, 2005)

4. "Exchanging Our Country Marks"

   by Michael A. Gomez
    (University of North Carolina Press, 1998)

5. "Africa and Africans in the Formation of the Atlantic World, 1400-1680"

    by John K. Thornton
    (Cambridge University Press, 1998)

6. "Warfare in Atlantic Africa, 1500-1800"

    by John K. Thornton
    (Taylor and Francis, 2005)

7. "African Arms and Armour"

    by Christopher Spring
     (British Museum Press, 1993)

8. "Amazons of Black Sparta: The Women Warriors of Dahomey"

    by Stanley B. Alpern
     (Hurst & Co Ltd, 2001)

9. "Fall of the Asante Empire: The Hundred Year War for Africa's Gold Coast "

    by Robert. B. Edgerton
     (Free Press, 1995)


Hope this has been helpful. And make sure to sign your comments next time.

Yes, thanks for that, and exscuse the various warnings on my userpage- everybody vandalizes at one point. :P

I'll register if we discuss anything more next time, and by the way, what of the sources listed in the Reference sections on these pages?

Ah! Sorry I haven't gotten back to you in awhile, but it's simple- when I ask for "References", I'm reffering to the various journal articles, books, etc. listed in the references section of the articles on precolonial africa, specifically west africa, again. How can I get access to them?

Re: Kouroukan Fouga[edit]

Hi. Yes, feel free to turn Manden Charter into a redirect and integrate all or part of it into Kouroukan Fouga. I'm no specialist of Africa; my area of research is the Pacific. I created that page because it exists in the French Wikipedia and seemed to be lacking in the English one. Good work, by the way! Aridd 23:16, 23 February 2007 (UTC)

Invitation[edit]

Africa satellite orthographic.jpg

You have been invited to join the WikiProject Africa, a collaborative effort focused on improving Wikipedia's coverage of Africa. If you'd like to join, just add your name to the member list. Thanks for reading!

Belovedfreak 12:10, 4 March 2007 (UTC)

Verifying these quotes[edit]

Hey, I was the one who asked of the sources before, but I had a question- are these quotes true?

http://www.jtf.org/ -Scroll down abit to "The Truth of Black Africa"- a series of sick, racist trash articles by a known jewish terrorist outlet denigrating african history. But I wish to ask of these quotes, and of what you think about the trash this site pumps out:

"The houses of Timbuktu are huts made of clay-covered wattle with thatched roofs. In the center of the city is a temple of stone and mortar, built by an architect named Granata. [Granata was an Arab Muslim whose services were obviously required despite the "learning" of Timbuktu's Negro inhabitants.]

The city is very much endangered by fire: during my second visit, half of the buildings burned in five hours thanks to a violent desert wind.

The king [the Tuareg ruler of Timbuktu] is a declared enemy of the Jews. He forbids any to live in the city. If he hears of a Berber merchant doing business with them, the merchant's goods are confiscated. [Webster defines the Berber as a "Caucasoid people of northern Africa living west of Tripoli."]

The judges, teachers and priests are appointed by the king. He honors learning greatly. [Except Jewish learning!] Many manuscripts are imported from Barbary [the land of the Berber] and sold in the markets at an exceedingly handsome profit.

The king makes war on those who do not pay him tribute. When he wins a victory, he has all of his enemies - even the children - sold in the Timbuktu market. The people of the city have many slaves."

These all come from the works of Leo Africanus. I honestly find it, well, hard to believe that the whole of the city would burn like that, and were the minarets really that unstable? Who was Granata? Did the Mansa really engage in such intensive levels of slavery? And what was the quality of the Minarets before modern times? What was the use of the importation of so many manuscripts from the Barbary coast?

Of course the scumbag who wrote this fails to mention that Berbers are a heavily mixed people with africans, many of them having only minor levels of "white" ancestry- this being true eve before contact with the Malinese.

Mali Empire[edit]

Happy to be of help! I'm actually going thru all sorts of different unassessed WikiProject articles. Once I got the hang of it for WP:NRHP, I couldn't stop myself. :)
I know one of the things is one inline citation per paragraph, roughly, which you've got. I would convert all the links in the body of the article into inline citations, to make it more consistent. If you have a decent word processor (WordPerfect or Word or somesuch), copy the article text into it and run spell/grammar check. With an article that big, it's easy to miss minor misspells and that sort of thing.
I'm gonna show you a trick I learned on the references. I'll do a few, and let you do the rest. It'll help condense the references. Gimme a few minutes.
Any more help needed, don't be afraid to ask. We all started knowing not much; goodness knows I did. Later! --Ebyabe 20:33, 17 March 2007 (UTC)
Got carried away, but you see what I mean. Btw, I'm not sure how much it'll affect going GA, but I'd reduce the number of redlinks as much as possible in the article. I know, there's a lot. Either create stubs, or delink them, or a mix of both. Sometimes it's easy to go overboard with the wikilinking, doncha know. Anyway, hope that helps. Now on to assess more articles! :) --Ebyabe 20:49, 17 March 2007 (UTC)

Questions about Sankore and the Timbuktu Manuscripts[edit]

Hey, I again had some questions about Mali, this time involving Sankore.

The articles and pages on the Manuscripts Project are unclear on a number of topics. First off, are the manuscripts being examined indigenous to Mali or of external origin? How many were written by students, overall? How many were written by scholars? Where did the students generally come from? Where did the scholars come from as well?

In fact, I think this should be a focus of the Timbuktu Manuscripts and Sankore University articles, to clarify all these. But back on topic, what was the overall topic coverage and makeup of these manuscripts? How many were thesis works by students? Where did the students go on to work after graduation? How many of these manuscripts were based upon external works? Were there independent works held by academics and such who did field work throughout Mali? Was there a sort of catalogue system in Mali that held tabs economic processes, demographics, etc.? Did any of the students and scholars go on to work outside of Mali? Is there anywhere else in Mali that held manuscripts and scholarly works? There's just so much lack of clarification surrounding these empires...

And did Songhai continue Mali's works of scholarship? Also, since the Manuscripts are being made public online, how does that work? Will there be a paid subscription? Will there be any books released on this?

Contact Info[edit]

Hello, do you happen to have some sort of instant messaging service? There's many questions I have regarding West African history, and you seem to be very knowledgeable- far more than anywhere else I've found.

happy to help in any way. i'm not on instant messengers that much. i do have one however (scottfree001 on yahoo) its best to reach me here or on my gmail account (scottfree001). by the way, what's your name? mine is scott.

Well, as of now, I can't really access yahoo messenger- I'd be able to communicate with you via email. However, I just have a quick question about Mali/Songhai- the main page says that it reigned over a population of 40-50 million with only 400 villages, towns, and cities combined.... does that mean they were heavily urbanized? And where does the figure for 40-50 million come from?

The 40 to 50 million number for the empire's population comes from a teaching site of the National Museum of African Art. You can click on the link below to check it out.

The 400 villages, towns and cities fact comes from the records of Ibn Battuta whom visited the empire after Mansa Musa's reign. The quote can be found on the following site. I can email you Battuta's entire document if you have MS Word. It's very enlightening

As far as being heavily urbanized, I guess you could make that claim. According to research done by David Wilkinson for the University of Cali in Los Angeles (Spatio-Temporal Boundaries of African Civilzations Reconsidered), the capital of Niani had a population of 50,000 people by itself. The link to that paper is below.

The other major cities probably had populations in the same realm. A lot of the cities that were prominent in Mali during the imperial period still exist today. In contrast to the rest of the African continent and probably the world, the Mali Empire was heavily urbanized but not exactly heavily populated. Settlements were either densely populated or not populated at all. The south appeared to have the heaviest concentration of cities, but the wealthiest ones (outside of Niani) were in the north because of the trans-saharan trade routes. Hope that helped out. Glad to help on any further questions. Scott Free 17:30, 25 April 2007 (UTC)

Ah, thanks! There's just so many questions I've had about these empires for awhile. Though I must ask- why did he give such a low number of population centers when the size of the empire really doesn't reflect that? Where did the museum article get it's source anyway? Was there a population boom after Mansa? Do you have any info on the demographic changes of this region? What do you think the population of Mali was? Are there any full-scale estimates?

And why do you now say it wasn't heavily populated? To an extent, I've heard some conflicting sources on certain aspects of these empires, and I'm just really trying to confirm this. And what do you as well mean when you say "either densely populated or not at all"? How many population centers were in Mali anyway? Is there a list?

Anyway, on the topic of the Timbuktu Manuscripts, how many of those are original works? Because the main article mentioned that students were required to copy as many books as they could, but I think the ones carrying this project out would diffrentiate.

What happened to Songhai and the like's population after these empires fell in the 1,500's? Did they die off? Was there some sort of migration of refugees into the inland coast of West Africa?

BTW, why does the "Manden Charter" article say that the abolition of slavery was integral in Mali? They practiced loads of slavery, though it was anothe form of the indentured servitude of other west africans, and slaves were actually better off.

One last thing- I'm guessing that many people died off falling Songhai's fall, as attested to in that "ethnic stereotypes" link, but what became of the many population centers in Mali and Songhai? From what I gather, the majority of them were destroyed or swept away over the years, but are the towns here contemporary or remnants?: http://www.dogon-lobi.ch/architecturealbum.htm

answers[edit]

I answered your questions in a numerical order so to make sure i covered everything. here it goes!

Response[edit]

  • 1. I'll send you the document as soon as I get home (I'm at work right now).
  • 2. I think he was only taking the time to document the settlements he saw. He didn't see the entire empire.
  • 3. I don't know where the museum got that figure, but I'm starting to doubt it myself.
  • 4. There might have been a population boom after Mansa Musa, but there's no evidence to support that. All evidence seems to support the idea that Mansa Musa inherited Mali at its height and didn't actually bring it there himself. I bet the population probably jumped during the early 1300s because of the stability and growth in territory starting with Sakura in 1285.
  • 5. No useful data on demographic changes in the region (West Africa). There are some facts I've just run across in a book (Africa: a short history; Robert O. Collins; Markus Wiener Publishers; 2006) which puts Africa's entire population at 47 million in 1500. This was after a period of growth. I doubt the book is that much off the mark, and I'm making preparations to edit the Mali Empire page as we speak since its population couldn't possibly be 50 million in 1350.
  • 6. After further evaluation (thanks in large part to your inquiry), I estimate imperial Mali's population at around 15 million people from approximately 1290 to 1440. The average size of the cities was about 25,000 people. Major cities were around 40,000 people. Do the math (400 notable cities X 25,000) you get 10 million. Throw in the plethora of villages and desert settlements under Mali's control and you could make the jump to 15 or even 20 million.
  • 7. No full scale estimates other than what i just make and the museum posted.
  • 8. By heavily populated, I'm saying it was densely populated. Populations were found in clumps instead of evenly spread out.
  • 9. In Mali you would have found either huge cities (20-50 thousand people) or very small towns (imagine villages or oasis settlements). This will become evident once you read the Battuta document.
  • 10. There were around 400 major population centers in the empire in 1352 according to Battuta. I've compiled a list of some and will email them with the Battuta document.
  • 11. I have no idea about the composition of the Timbuktu manuscripts. If you find out any info please let me know :)
  • 12. Great question. This question shows the true difference between Songhai (a short lived power) and Mali (basically the black roman empire). Songhai's population was never that big. most of it came from conquered peoples. The actual songhai population lived along the river. When the moroccans showed up, many migrated east into Niger and founded the Dendi Kingdom. Mali's population is still in Manden and about eight other countries throughout West africa. They were true colonizers. They spread from Northern Guinea/Southern Mali into Senegal, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cote d'Ivoire and Burkina Faso. Senegal, Gambia, Guinea Bissau and Guinea were all part of the Mali Empire and are still populated by Manding speaking populations. When Mali broke up, rogue warriors conquered Sierra Leone and Liberia (Manneh invasion). Mali's merchant class (Dyula) travelled into Burkina Faso and Cote d'Ivoire and established new states (Kong Empire).

13. That page is screwed up. i've already talked with the author. We're merging it to my Kouroukan Fouga page. Slavery wasn't abolished in Mali. They simply upgraded the treatment of slaves to a kind of serfdom. They were still bought and sold, but you couldn't abuse them. 14. People died off cuz stability in the region was destroyed. Many migrated to more stable, peaceful regions. The Manding largely spread south and southwest. the Songhai were pushed east when the Moroccans came in around 1591. The only people who benefited in the long run were the anti-Muslim Bamana/Bambara populations (related to the Mandinka) who conquered much of the area during the chaos (think Goths coming in to put Rome out of its misery).

Hope that covered everything. I'm really enjoying this. Hit me up with any other questions. Scott Free 14:47, 26 April 2007 (UTC)

...Wow. That's great. I've been looking for this kind of info for so long, you have no idea how helpful this is, thanks! I'll have some more later.

Atlantic Slave Trade and other matters[edit]

I am making these comments here not on the Atlantic Slave Trade talk page, partly because I want to make what may be some more wide-ranging comments. My first reaction to what you had put on that page was that you were a new user getting carried away. As soon as I looked at your user page and some of the articles listed as linking from it, I realised that I was completely wrong, and that you must have been making a substantial contribution for a long time. I know little of Pre-colonial African History, and am thus not qualified to judge its quality, but it looks impressive.

My concern is a lack of linkages between the articles you list on your user page and otehr articles. I sampled History of Ghana, perhaps a poor example; I found an absence of anything to highlight the fact that there were major articles elsewhere. A good way of doing this is to insert a 'main' template at the top of a section. This has been done on a couple of sections of Atlantic Slave Trade and might usefully be done with Middle Passage. This creates a hierarchy of articles, going from the general to the particular. I would also like to see the material on your user page (with all the lists) appearing as an article, such as List of Pre-Colonial African States. Such lists are often better as categories, but I have not yet discovered how to create a category. I am reluctant even to think of attempting this, as it is a subject of which I know nothing, which means that I will make mistakes.

I agree witrh you that the Atlantic Slave Trade article is probably long enough. What you have put on its talk page cites what look like reputable sources, though I do not really know. An article based on what you have written there about the scale of the trade might well be useful, but it should probably be a satellite article, with a brief summary in the Atlantic Slave Trade article, referring to it using a 'main' template. I am somewhat sceptical as to how good early population statistics are. I know that the estimates for medieval England are based on comparatively thin evidence, in particular the question of how severe the population decline after the Black Death was. I suspect those for Africa are even less good, in view of the lack of written records. However, there is no reason for not writing an article such as African Demography based on the best information available.

My examination of what there is in WP on these subjects has been cursory, and I may be telling you what you already know or suggesting that you produce things that already exist. If so, please forgive me. I think what I am really asking for is more structure and better aids to navigation within WP. This may involve creating more categories and adding them to the articles. I note there is a category, African Empires, but perhaps there should be another for (other) African kingdoms. Another random check among the articles you list on your user page is Kuba Kingdom. I note this only has one category.

However all said, keep up the good work. If you need to reply to this, the best place is on my user talk page - click on my name and then #talk'. Peterkingiron 21:55, 28 April 2007 (UTC) I note the following categories exist:

  • Former countries in Africa;
  • Former monarchies of Africa;

I am not clear how these and one concerning Empires relate to each other - perhaps this is enough categories, but I still think converting the list on your user page into an article is worthwhile. Peterkingiron 22:17, 28 April 2007 (UTC)

Regret that I do not think I have the time to put in the missing links. Articles like History of Ghana could do with a little strengthening with a link to the kind of pre-colonial article that you have eben working on. I came to Atlantic Slave Trade as an aspect of British overseas trade, partly because there was some grossly overstated stuff in the article on the Industrial Revolution - based on older historical work that has been overtaken by more modern research. My interest is British economic and technological history, and I do not have the expertise to tackle African History. I have only been working on WP for a couple of years, having first found WP on the Internet when searching the Internet on a particular issue. The view expressed was based on WP:OR, though not necessarily the authors; it cited no references and some of the views expressed wwere actually contrary to what original documents (which it seemed to be derived from) actually indicate! It took some time to get rid of the trash. Peterkingiron 21:20, 29 April 2007 (UTC)

Your split[edit]

Hi Scott. I'm really sorry having to disagree on this, especially since I greatly admire the work you're doing fighting systemic bias and adequately covering pre-colonial African history; but I must admist I object strongly to the split of the Kanem-Bornu article, as I believe on the ground of my sources (I'm a big reader and editor of anything related to Chad, and have bought online many books covering the area and especially its history) that it makes no sense to divide the article, as there is a strong unity in Kanem-Bornu's history.--Aldux 20:00, 29 April 2007 (UTC)

About readability, and having too much content, I'm not certainly I can fully agree: I mean, this article is 13K, which isn't so much in my view. You're obviously right when you speak of an epochal moment in Sayfawa history; while the first the center was Kanem, after it became Bornu, and the borders of the Kanem at its most and Bornu are partly different (My Historical dictionary of Chad puts K-B 1300 as covering north-east Nigeria, very little Niger, western and central Chad, and part of Fezzan, while in 1600 always north-east Nigeria (Borno ecc), more Niger (Damagaram), Kanem and northern Cameroon; as you see, the difference is not enormous, even if the degree of control of the various areas is certainly different). Maybe the split should be made clearer in the article, but I don't feel we need to create a new article, it should be enough to work on the old one. But the main reason I'm so skeptical with your solution is that scholars use this term, Kanem-Bornu, so commonly; maybe we should ask for a third opinion (for example by leaving a note at WP:AFRICA).--Aldux 00:28, 30 April 2007 (UTC)
Hi again. Also you're point on the Roman and Byzantine Empire is quite a good one, as it has quite a surprising number of similarities (transfer of capital, the east as new territorial polarity of the empire), and actually, in old historigraphy, like Gibbon, they were treated all in one. That said, only to be fastidious ;-), actually the different ethnic makeup doesn't really exist: you see, the Kanembu are actually Kanuri, or more exactly a Kanuri subset (see the inobox on Kanuri language), and also the rulers all kept the mai title (except at the very end, that is). But I must agree that Bornu's control even on western Chad was always quite weak, differently from Kanem. That said, your probably right; I don't think the split will be too preposterous, as there are some good reasons behind it. If you fell we should proceed this way (i.e. split), I would just warmly recommend to use inline citations whenever you add content to the article/s in question, as this will make it easier to coordinate our efforts. Ciao,--Aldux 13:22, 30 April 2007 (UTC)
PS: regarding how to see exactly how long an article is, go to the button history, and if you take Kanem-Bornu you will see as the last edit 20:16, 29 April 2007 4shizzal (Talk | contribs | block) (13,911 bytes). The "13,911 bytes" indicates the length of the article.--Aldux 13:22, 30 April 2007 (UTC)
Hi. Now it's my occasion to excuse myself for not awnsering before ;-) Lets discuss your indications one per one:
  • as for the first and the second, I agree
  • as for the third, I'm not so sure: actually I was thinking of moving first Kanem-Bornu Empire over Kanem Empire (so that one of the two articles will conserve the full article history); and then to transform Kanem-Bornu Empire in a disambiguation page, pointing to both empires. Certainly, this will mean correcting a lot of links, but we would have to do it even with your suggestion.
  • as for the fourth, I'm not sure we need a specific section; we can add specific info where needed, through the article. But I'm not sure what you mean exactly heare.
And just another thing: the article/s is/are an almost integral copy of T. Collelo's country study on Chad. Since the work is public domain, as a LOC edition, I took the current text from there, also because the history section on Chad was reliable.--Aldux 00:58, 3 May 2007 (UTC)

Slave trade table[edit]

First of all, I apologize for the confusion with the reverts, I didn't realize the IP address was yours. Can you explain the huge differences between Hall's and Lovejoy's numbers?

Second, feel free to use the table wherever you want, it's only a slightly improved version of one on the WP Help page, not really my own work. i will make the table next time I'm on WP if it isn't already done. Malc82 23:49, 1 May 2007 (UTC)

Amanishakheto, Amanishabheto and Amanirenas[edit]

hi there. I saw you wrote quite a lot for Amanishakheto. That's nice, I always wanted to do that, but never found the time. However, please note that most researchers regard Amanishakheto and Amanirenas as two different queens and the military events described took place under Amanirenas, while Amanishabheto is mainly known for her wonderful jewellery. Best wishes -- Udimu 08:24, 15 May 2007 (UTC)

Hi 4shizzal, thanx for replying so quickly. If you just take all the information you wrote on Amanishakheto and copy it to (a new article) on Amanirenas; then everything should be more or less fine. BTW: a nice website on the subject is http://www.homestead.com/wysinger/chronology.html best wishes -- Udimu 14:49, 15 May 2007 (UTC)

On Mbundu and Ndongo[edit]

This is Beepsie, who works mainly in Central Africa, but also some in the Diaspora. You mentioned your father's people were Mbundu, and since you mention African Ancestry I'm assuming this is a Y-chromosome reading that had an exact match with someone who is an Mbundu. You maybe saw the PBS Special "African American Lives" which I and my wife served on as consultants and then appeared on screen in the last episode with Skip Gates. We were also briefly on "Finding Ophrah's Roots". We're about to publish a book on the early period, pre 1660, of Mbundu and Kongo regions, Central African, Atlantic Creoles, and the Foundations of America. You might find it useful when it appears in July.

Your list[edit]

Just wanted to let you know, the D`mt period goes from ca. 800 BC to the 5th/4th c. BC, when the proto-Aksumite period starts. The proto-Aksumite period ends ca. 1st c. BC, when the Aksumite period begins. The date of Aksum's shift to the Zagwe dynasty (which you forgot to include in the medieval list, btw, along with the Solomonic dynasty) isn't known yet, but it may actually be the 12th century, since Anbessa Widim, a king remembered by tradition to have been one of the last late Aksumite kings, is now attested to ca. 1125-1150 (we have a colophon in a Bible written by the Patriarch Abba Mika'el in 1150, which notes that Anbessa Widim was king when he was appointed in 1129), so the 937 date you have is much too precise and probably inaccurate. It's based on the assumption that Gudit's reign was the beginning of the Zagwe dynasty and the end of Aksum, which isn't necessarily the case. Anyway, happy editing. — ዮም | (Yom) | TalkcontribsEthiopia

Response[edit]

"hi, bruh. thnx for keepin an eye on the Mali Empire page. I think I'm gonna request protection on it. what was the dangerous edit rv, by the way?"

^^Yes, I suggest the same thing and the dangerous edit was some one switching the name "Mali Empire" to "Poop Empire", probably some kid.. - Taharqa

Signatures[edit]

Information.svg Thank you for your contributions to Wikipedia. I've noticed that you've been adding your signature to some of your article contributions. This is a simple mistake to make and by now should have been corrected. For future reference, the need to associate edits with users is taken care of by an article's edit history. Therefore, you should use your signature only when contributing to talkpages, the Village Pump, or other such discussion pages. For a better understanding of what distinguishes articles from these type of pages, please see What is an article?. Again, thanks for contributing, and enjoy your Wikipedia experience! Thank you. Russ (talk) 15:16, 31 May 2007 (UTC)

Anna Kingsley[edit]

I noticed your comments at Anna Kinglsey. She was quite an impressive woman, if not a figure of idolization due to the whole slaveholding thing. You may be interested to know there's a terrific book on her that came out a few years ago; it was one of the main sources in writing the article, It's by Daniel Schafer; more details are listed at the bottom of the article. Cheers,--Cúchullain t/c 22:54, 19 June 2007 (UTC)

Hello, about the Mali article[edit]

You wrote: "reverted cuz certain ppl got wild hairs up their a$$"

Bruh, what in the world are you talking about, did you even pay attention to what you reverted and do you have a reason? I'm the one who made those edits in which I reverted, I reverted myself! That was petty, the phrase "Population of hunters" wasn't added by me and the commas/grammar entries don't belong there, which is why I reverted myself since in an attempt to be helpful, I only screwed up the grammar. Again, I reverted myself, I removed nothing that was already there, please refrain from unwarranted personal attacks, I can deal with them if my intentions were actually bad or if I did something wrong(I don't trip off flaming). Maybe you owe me an apology, I don't know, you tried to make me look like a fool with that public comment and you were completely wrong, that was petty..Taharqa 05:53, 11 July 2007 (UTC)

Response.. Whew, no wonder, that was so confusing and irritating, that was a real lack of communication and I apologize also for not being more clear. Not that the article is literally perfect, but I've complimented you(I don't know if you've noticed) more than once on your contribution to the article, suggesting that it was one of the best articles on wikipedia, which is the main reason I guess that I was looking for something to edit(to feel important or helpful). Guess I got offended also because I don't know you, but indeed admire your work, so that through me off. In summary I was basically stating that my edits(in that situation) were hasty and baseless, so I reverted myself, since I was wrong for editing what I did(as far as the petty grammar and removing the reference to early Mandinkas being hunters, who by ignorance I assumed were agriculturalists, until I read the full citation).. I guess my humbleness made me come off as sarcastic, but again, I have no reason to disrespect you of all people or any other person contributing to the spread of African history. Feel free to erase these comments now if they litter your page, just glad this small misunderstanding is over, cheers! I'm looking at your Battle of Kitombo page now..Taharqa 16:11, 11 July 2007 (UTC)


^Cheers! Hotep to you too my equal... Looking forward to either collaborating with you or simply reading your contributions in the future. Take care.Taharqa 20:08, 11 July 2007 (UTC)

Concerning Abubakari II:

Response..

Whoa, you're the dude! Your resourcefulness is truly a source of admiration, the book above is extremely rare and hits for no less than $150 on amazon, excellent display of scholarship. I've just bookmarked THE MUQADDIMAH, by ibn Khaldun also, insane. I read your assessment of the sources on the page and will admit that I was a bit confused because at face value it seemed to me that he was referring to Manding Bory or Abu Bakr I, but you made a terrific observation that was noted from the primary source himself, he indeed does say that the Abu Bakr who is referenced was a descendant of Sunjata on the female line. Given the relevant work of D.T. Niane, all indication is that this refers to Abubakari II, follow the sources and see where they lead you! While some of the details of the Malian dynasty line may hold dubious, this doesn't as you've pinned down the primary source in question and he is quoted. I'm impressed. Great job!Taharqa 03:53, 19 July 2007 (UTC)

A few papers on Mali[edit]

You may find these interesting.. I've been able to track down a few PDfs dealing with Malian king succession, including Nehemia Levtzion's Thirteenth- and Fourteenth-Century Kings of Mali and Nawal Morcos Bell's The Age of Mansa Musa of Mali: Problems in Succession and Chronology..

Here is the download link to those: http://www.sendspace.com/file/xc5oow

And this is an essay covering the conditions which gave rise to Mali. Nothing you probably need or information that you're already aware of, just thought that it was a good overview and maybe it can be used for later reference (covered from pages 1-9)..

Trade, Technology, and Culture: The Mali Empire in West Africa Source: In the balance: Themes in Global History(Boston: McGraw-Hill, 1998),231-45Taharqa 05:37, 24 July 2007 (UTC)

Coke[edit]

No Pepsi. :) I kinda left a brief response, with a question on the Songhai talk page. I really appreciate you working on these subjects. I would, as I'm sure you and Taharqa do too, see these pages about black successful accomplishments from way back when, who have made substantial contributions and civilizations, really blossom. I'm sick and tired of the racist back and forth thing, but with these articles there is no denying African history. Of course, there are those ....um.. (I'll be civil) well not everything was/is about the white man. From one of the sources I left on the page:

"Muhammad Touré was also the first to standardize weights, measures, and currency, so culture throughout the Songhay began to homogenize. .....These programs of conquest, centralization, and standardization were the most ambitious and far-reaching in Africa at the time. It is of note that while the urban centers were dominated by Islam and Islamic culture, the non-urban areas were not Islamic. The vast majority of the Songhay people, around 97%, followed traditional African religions."

- Jeeny Talk 01:29, 28 July 2007 (UTC)


^This is a great reference Jeeny! Thanx.. I think I'll use it for the Songhay article.. And yes, some of the bias on wiki is overtly obvious but I guess it's better to not point it out sometimes (Why? Don't know.)..Taharqa 18:15, 1 August 2007 (UTC)

Kush[edit]

Hello. Kush is mentioned by both Darius (at Naqš-i Rustam) and Xerxes (daiva inscription). It was probably the northern part of Kush, and it was conquered during the Persian conquests of Egypt.Azerbaijani 21:50, 25 May 2007 (UTC)

Response for Songhai[edit]

If you happened to see it, please disregard the last response, I was a little pissed off. It wasn't towards you, but I was on some, I don't wanna edit anymore crap, which I have been thru before.. I hope to be past the nonsense now..


^No problem at all. I tried to provide a bit of more information already in response to the lack of info in the Ghana Empire article and I have a few sources on Songhai that can more than likely be of assistance. I actually prefer your approach (which is commendable) in being primarily concerned with West Africa since it is so under represented, which is a more efficient way or spreading awareness of the facts about African history, rather than constantly being involved in disputes about relatively inane figures and kingdoms/states that are shrouded in known controversy to the point where it literally attracts racist crabs that you have to fight off just to present different cited points of view. Main downside to wikipedia.. I'll dedicate more time to the neglected regions of the continent, starting with Songhai (and beginning either tomorrow or in the next couple of days). The article on the Mali empire should be used as a model imo so while contributing information I'll try and follow that format. Stay safe and keep up the good work you're doing, which only motivates me to do the same. Peace. Taharqa 02:46, 1 August 2007 (UTC)

When you get this, please send me (if you will) your e-mail on my talk page, even if it is a junk e-mail you barely use, I wanted to inform you about something, off-wiki..Taharqa 00:56, 2 August 2007 (UTC)

Have begun the process of improvement. It's late here as of now, so I'll continue tomorrow. As for now I've entered a bit of more info on Askia Muhammad and will continue tomorrow. Concerning something I've read elsewhere, I have a question. Are you aware of the songhai ever referring to surrounding Berbers and arabs as "tribes of the white race", or even if we omit the word race, "of the white people"? Have you ever seen such a reference? Get back. Peace..Taharqa 06:30, 8 August 2007 (UTC)

Haha, no problem. There's of course a lot more work to do. I also found the reference to "white minorities" being distinguished between everyday inhabitants, it just threw me off as Britannica referred to them as "tribes of the white race", and that kind of translation seems inaccurate to me since "race" is a European social construct, not an African one. In any event, the criminal justice in Songhay struck my interest. And thanx for posting those articles, I've never even heard of Kasanze and Kasanje, shame on me.Taharqa 15:50, 9 August 2007 (UTC)

^-^;[edit]

I didn't actually do much at all.Silver seren 20:38, 8 August 2007 (UTC)


Page Protection[edit]

Actually you can try, but I believe it is only for cases of vandalism or edit warring, due to the wikipedia, open editing format. But on the other hand, people are in fact vandalizing the page. I'm sorry about that too, because I saw it in the history. Somebody blanked out almost the entire page and I thought that Antandrus had restored everything back, but no, he actually only reverted to Yellowfiver's last revision, who I see was the one that moved the section on Imperial Mali, which wasn't a thought-out edit imo, but it was in good faith I guess. However, IP: 70.23.251.9 like I've stated, blanked the entire page (See here: [1]), it just didn't draw any alarms with me because he was reverted literally within the same minute, so I didn't think to check Yellowfiver's careless edits since I though that it was all taken care of.

Anyways, you may be able to use that as a grounds for Semi-protection, which only restricts brand new users from editing. You can request Full Protection also, but I'm not sure what they'd say.

You do it by going to the board, make sure your entry is placed above the last one seen and basically copy n paste this tag:

Mali Empire (edit | talk | history | protect | delete | links | watch | logs | views)

After that, directly under it, you indicate what kind of protection you seek.

Full Protection, Semi-Protection (move protection doesn't apply here)

You then give a brief explanation as to why, and then sign your name. Full example:


Mali Empire (edit | talk | history | protect | delete | links | watch | logs | views)

Semi-Protection: Ip vandalism, important page, would like to protect from vandals.Taharqa 17:00, 16 August 2007 (UTC)

^And that's it.. In the case of Full Protection, you can take your chances and claim edit warring, but I think you'd be denied. I wish there was a way to protect wiki pages that are obviously GA and don't need any more work, without any strings attached, but I haven't found that to be so just yet. Of course you go here ([2]) to file for protection. Good luck..Taharqa 17:00, 16 August 2007 (UTC)

Nice.. Maybe a bit longer explanation than the others, but you needed to elaborate. Hopefully they'll go through with protecting it, if I were them, based on your presentation and the actual disruption that indeed goes on there, I would. I couldn't have presented my case any differently. We'll see what happens.Taharqa 18:38, 16 August 2007 (UTC)

Template:MandenInfobox[edit]

A template you created, Template:MandenInfobox, has been marked for deletion as a deprecated and orphaned template. If, after 14 days, there has been no objection, the template will be deleted. If you wish to object to its deletion, please list your objection here and feel free to remove the {{deprecated}} tag from the template. If you feel the deletion is appropriate, no further action is necessary. Thanks for your attention. --MZMcBride 02:35, 18 August 2007 (UTC)

Template:MandenInfobox is not being used on any article or page as evidenced here. Mali Empire uses Template:Infobox Former Country. Is there still an objection? Cheers. --MZMcBride 21:51, 18 August 2007 (UTC)


Problems for Beatriz Kimpa Vita[edit]

Someone is vandalizing the entry on Dona Beatriz Kimpa Vita, and putting in a short news item about a team called Malau Connection. I have tried to revert to the last entry that had the actual article but have not been able to do this or figure out how to do it. If you know how to do this, and it's probably only a few magic keystrokes, could you do it? Also, if there's a way to report it, that would help.

I'm very appreciative of your editing of the Kingdom of Kongo article, and attempting to get it out of the B category. I don't agree with a few of the content issues you've raised, and when I get the chance I'll edit them (especially the kanda one, which is complicated and maybe we can make it accessible) Beepsie —Preceding unsigned comment added by Beepsie (talkcontribs) 15:29, August 27, 2007 (UTC)

^I'll start trying to watch these pages more often also. Btw, Scott, I hope that you don't mind my entry about the Kora on the page dealing with Kaabu. You can revert it if it seems out of place, I am just becoming fascinated with that instrument though and came across some reading which placed its birthplace in Kaabu. I made an entire section, but maybe it only deserves brief notice; I'm not exactly sure, though I have some idea, how important it was to the Mandinka. Oh yea, and sorry about that protection thing not working out, I see that they felt it wasn't enough activity going on at the timeTaharqa 18:21, 27 August 2007 (UTC)

Fasho.. And which articles? The ones that were the object of dispute? One was unprotected, merged, and then immediately protected again since people don't know how to act. A couple of others I've been involved with recently also were protected, so I'm left mainly to watch over the pages on traditional history. I'm also interested in creating an article or two, maybe you can explain to me how (I know it's easy)? By e-mail or message, doesn't matter. Thanx..Taharqa 18:47, 27 August 2007 (UTC)

Good lookin out bruh!Taharqa 21:08, 27 August 2007 (UTC)

Your offer[edit]

Thank you so much!! I am so frustrated at times because I cannot access the complete JSTOR articles. Right now, I can't remember the ones that I needed, but if I come across them again, is your offer still available? I really appreciate this offer. It is very much appreciated. And for taking care of my T. - Jeeny Talk 22:10, 27 August 2007 (UTC)

I sent you an email the other day, wonder if you got it? Also I have another article I'd like,Mortality and Voyage Length in the Middle Passage: New Evidence from the Nineteenth Century. Let me know if you didn't get an email from me, I think I made the subject line clear. I just don't want to give out my email address online. But, I do have email this user activated on my page. - Jeeny Talk 19:56, 30 August 2007 (UTC)

Kanda Entry[edit]

Just a heads up to let you know that I made a lot of changes to the "kanda" entry to make it match better my understanding of the word, its meaning and the way it relates to Kongo history. I also made some changes in some of the personality entries and the names of the kandas themselves along the same lines.

Beepsie —Preceding unsigned comment added by Beepsie (talkcontribs) 16:30, 4 September 2007 (UTC)

Importance of DRC kingdoms[edit]

I'd like to flag an inconsistency between your edit here and another recent edit. I have no sources on the subject, but can't help noticing that in general people freely introduce information about the supposed provenance of slaves without providing any source citations.  --Lambiam 18:54, 4 September 2007 (UTC)

Thanks for the reply. It clears up my understanding, but does not remove the inconsistency. Should the mention of [[Democratic Republic of the Congo|Congo]] then perhaps just be taken out from Afro-Latin American, leaving the territory of Angola as the important Central-African source?  --Lambiam 20:01, 4 September 2007 (UTC)

Eye cataract surgery in medieval Djenne?[edit]

How credible would you say this assertion is, is it verifiable, and should I feel confident in incorporating the information into the article (on Djenne)? It is cited here (Link) and also claimed in Ivan Van Sertima's book, "Afrikans in Science". Let me know if you have heard anything about this. Peace..Taharqa 20:57, 12 September 2007 (UTC)

Yes! That was more than helpful. I've noticed that the Djenne article also needs to be brought up to par, at least approaching the level of quality of the Timbuktu article. I was browsing and read a few excerpts from Sertima, googled it, and found more information about it, or better yet saw it mentioned in that link I showed you. As soon as I figure out how to incorporate it contextually, I will. Maybe another section, like an "accomplishments, or "legacy" section is in order. So I'd have to research a few more articles/papers and look up a couple of more things to include in that list of accomplishments as it concerns Djenne's legacy. Thanx again brotha man, I can always depend on you.Taharqa 21:46, 12 September 2007 (UTC)

Empires in Africa[edit]

Brodie, you offended me with that. The least that that I've ever been worried about is you "bugging me"; please inform me whenever you take on a project, so I can help either contribute to it, or revert the vandals/pov creeps. One thing you actually did forget was the Kushite Empire of Egypt's 25th dynasty, which lasted just over 100 years. It covered the same dominion and ruled over basically the same subjects as Egypt's New Kingdom. I included it into the article..Taharqa 23:52, 21 September 2007 (UTC)

No problem, I'll keep my eyes on the Oyo empire page.. It's a really good article too..Taharqa 21:08, 9 October 2007 (UTC)

Been gone.. just got back.. No doubt, I'll have more free time and am putting the Wolof Empire on my watchlist. Good looking out for the heads up brodie..Taharqa 03:02, 13 November 2007 (UTC)

I tried to fix the citations on the nri article, but messed up somewhere along to way and couldn't find what mistake I made. Since it takes so long to do, I just reverted myself, but I removed that useless clean up tag. Most people that put them up know very well how to organize citations, yet they're too lazy it seems and rather litter the article with distracting tags! I hate that. In any event, I'll fix it later when I get back online. Keep up the solid work. I've been semi-busy but will be more active soon.Taharqa (talk) 22:33, 17 November 2007 (UTC)

"so what did you think of the article?"

It goes without saying that I learn something new with each article that you contribute to and/or create. I have a lot of work to do concerning pre-colonial west Africa. Probably years worth to catch up with what I already know about other regions of Africa. Which is a shame for obvious reasons. So you're Igbo and Mande? That's crazy. Two renowned groups through out west Africa whose contrast encompassed all that defined west Africa from wealth, literacy, and art. As a matter of fact, I've saved up enough to throw away, I might as well hit up Africanancestry.com and get my own results! I think I'll do that. I'll let you know what happens too. Hopefully I don't get road blocked through the paternal side since I already know that my great grandmother was Native American (black foot/cherokee). In any case, I'll holla at you in a bit brodie. Bout to step out for a sec.. Get back whenever you want. Peace.Taharqa (talk) 22:56, 17 November 2007 (UTC)


No problem at all. It's obviously a conscious or unconscious effort there to separate Nubia from geographic North Africa, for obvious reasons, which is why there was no information about Sudan, including their early connections with ancient Egypt. It is also disheartening that the section of North Africa is ten times longer than West, Central, and south, while East has more than West, as if it were some kind of hierarchy, from most civilized to least. The article is a mess and I have it on watch so that I may contribute to its clean up. Thank you as well for catching that and giving it a decent intro. The previous one was ridiculous! It gets me mad sometimes because it is obviously a matter of people being too lazy to do the research or just assuming off top that there is nothing to research anyways. Btw, your proposed outline looks great. Let me know if you're sticking to that, and I can help out where I can. As alluded to, we should also look into giving equal weight to each region, and not allow North Africa come off like some super-civilized founder of culture, at the expense of other regions' history.Taharqa (talk) 20:19, 20 November 2007 (UTC)

random comment[edit]

what's up man? i just saw you on taharqa's page and thought i'd make a comment on your user page. I wanted to say that maybe you should move Mali to ancient civilizations as well on your nice little list there, because of the discovery of Djenné-Jeno, an ancient Malian city discovered only in the last couple decades, which proves that civilzation emerged in West Africa before the gold trade with the Arabs. Pretty big deal if you ask me. Peace, --Urthogie 14:52, 25 September 2007 (UTC)

Hey, thanks for the JSTOR offer, I might hit you up on that sometime. Peace, --Urthogie 16:25, 25 September 2007 (UTC)

WP:MILHIST[edit]

Good to hear from you 4shizzal. Sounds like you've already made a good start on several African military subjects. You might be interested to go through to the Wikipedia:WikiProject Military history/African military history task force, join if you're interested, and work on any of the requested articles there that you want to. Happy editing... Buckshot06 21:39, 26 September 2007 (UTC)

Wow, how did I not notice an Africa editor for two years?! Let me offer a belated hello. You might also be interested in watching the currently-slow Wikipedia:Africa-related regional notice board, which occasionally has interesting items posted. - BanyanTree 23:49, 26 September 2007 (UTC)

Welcome![edit]

Dodds and others[edit]

Thanks for the kind words! You do great work, and I'm happy to fill in whatever gaps I can. Won't be long before the woefully under-worked West African history is filled out.

I'm taking a few days off, but when I do, I just got JSTOR access. If you don't, and come across anything you need a pdf of, lemme know.

Tommy M, NYC (aka) T L Miles 13:44, 28 September 2007 (UTC)

October 2007[edit]

Information.svg Thank you for your contributions to Wikipedia. It appears that recently you carried out a copy and paste page move from Ashanti Empire. Please do not move articles by copying and pasting them because it splits the article's history, which is needed for attribution and is helpful in many other ways. In most cases, you should be able to move an article yourself using the "Move" tab at the top of the page. If there is an article that you cannot move yourself by this process, follow the instructions at Wikipedia:Requested moves. Also, if there are any other articles that you copied and pasted, even if it was a long time ago, please list them at Wikipedia:Cut and paste move repair holding pen. Thank you. Gscshoyru 15:31, 1 October 2007 (UTC)

Ashanti Empire mixup[edit]

Hello. first i'd like to say sorry for the mess with the Ashanti Empire article. Let me explain. I went to the old Empire of Ashanti page and tried to change the title (move it) to Ashanti Empire. When I tried, I got a message saying it could not be done since there was a page already existing by that name. that page was a redirect to the empire of ashanti so I just copied the contents from the empire of ashanti page into the existing ashanti empire page and made the former a redirect to the latter. i know that's confusing as hell and i probably just goofed things up. sorry about that. if there's a way i can fix this let me know. i just felt the article should be titled Ashanti Empire to keep its naming style consistent with the other other empire pages (Roman Empire, Mali Empire, etc). hollaScott Free 15:39, 1 October 2007 (UTC)

No problem -- the page has been marked for "delete and merge" so the admins'll get around to moving it properly. Where you have a move request that you can't do, for whatever reason, then WP:RM is the place to go, ok? You just didn't know policy about page moves -- no problem. The notice is just that -- a friendly notice, so there's nothing at all to worry about. Happy editing! Gscshoyru 15:44, 1 October 2007 (UTC)
 Done – no worries. — madman bum and angel 20:50, 1 October 2007 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XIX (September 2007)[edit]

The September 2007 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.

Delivered by grafikbot 08:47, 8 October 2007 (UTC)

Re: Slave Trade Stats[edit]

Having seen your message to 24.128.77.171, I'd like to draw your attention to the thread Wikipedia:Reference desk/Humanities#Ok If haitians are mostly descended from West Africans, Why did half of the slave population descended from the congo's?.  --Lambiam 05:10, 9 October 2007 (UTC)

Re: Franco-Dahomean Wars[edit]

It is no problems; I have found that I am a much more talented editor than writer. I might even do some addition later on as one of my favourite books, Douglas Porchs “The French Foreign Legion”, devout a chapter to the war. Like the “Amazons of Black Sparta” it is a study of a group of warriors, albeit a rather different group. My speciality is French military history and, by being a native, Swedish. So if you need any help in those areas just leave a message. Carl Logan 19:31, 10 October 2007 (UTC)

African American history[edit]

Thanks for the updates. Have you been to WP:AFRO? futurebird 22:46, 11 October 2007 (UTC)

I'm glad that you joined, if you see anything you need help with post it at the talk page. Welcome! futurebird 20:59, 26 October 2007 (UTC)

Rulers of the Hausa state of Kano[edit]

I've been trying to work out how this page and Emir of Kano can coexist, but I think it would be easier if we just covered the Hausa kings on Emir of Kano. Would you mind if I merged the two? Picaroon (t) 19:36, 26 October 2007 (UTC)


That's a good idea. I'll move Rulers of the Hausa state of Kano to List of rulers of Kano, restore the Fulani emirs to the list (under a different heading), and will retain Emir of Kano as a page describing the occupation. Thanks for the idea! Picaroon (t) 20:55, 26 October 2007 (UTC)

Kongo Kings[edit]

Hey 4shizzal. The picture is of a king of kongo, the website said it was of Alfonso. Regardless, there are at least 10 images, drawn in Portugal, where they depict the Kongo royal court this way. Initially, the Portuguese saw Kongo as their equal and this was shown in the artwork. When they started importing slaves the opinions changed. Anyways, there's a link on the image and I'm sure you can find better closer up pictures from the same time period. Need any help just ask.--Yellowfiver 00:35, 28 October 2007 (UTC)

Crispus Attucks image[edit]

The deletion warning is for the Crispus Attucks image (Image:Crispus Attucks.jpg) at Military_history_of_African_Americans#Civil_War, not the page itself. The image will have to be deleted, unless we can verify that it's public domain or a valid fair use rationale is given for each page where the image is used. Let me know if you have any other questions. Superm401 - Talk 19:20, 2 November 2007 (UTC)

This has been resolved. See Image:Crispus Attucks.jpg The image is definitely public domain. Superm401 - Talk 19:43, 2 November 2007 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XX (October 2007)[edit]

The October 2007 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.

Delivered by grafikbot 12:47, 3 November 2007 (UTC)

List of Martial Arts[edit]

  • Hello, I left a response to your comment on the discussion page of List of Martial Arts, that outlines my logic. Please tell me what you think! Atari400 02:31, 10 November 2007 (UTC)
Hello again! I am just letting you know that I responded to your comment on Talk:List_of_martial_arts. Atari400 03:15, 11 November 2007 (UTC)

hi Scott Free[edit]

Thank you for your input. Peterkingiron has already answer about my question. You can add your comment to the talk:Atlantic Slave Trade if you want. Sonic99 03:44, 13 November 2007 (UTC)

Reply[edit]

Hello Scott, I'm sorry, but I think perhaps you have mistaken placing a tag, for a kind of criticism. Tags such as that do not mean the sources are incorrect, do not criticize your writing, spelling, grammar, knowledge, or anything else, at all, but simply have a note that there may be alternate ways of footnote that would be better. I placed a note on the article's talk page explaining why: There are multiple books that are cited many, many times, and there are easier ways of doing this, rather than having to specify author, title, publisher, year, etc., every time. I actually thought the article was excellent, compared to the normal new articles that I run across. I admit that I'm a bit taken aback by your reaction to a simple tag that suggests a clearer way of formatting would assist the reader. I would be willing to assist you if you would like, but at the moment, I do not have the time to do so, so I simply left the tag to allow other editors to see, and possibly help. I do not consider tags as something negative, as I'm sure you know, they are a tool used by editors that categorize pages into areas, so those who are specialists in one area or the other, can find pages in need of some attention. They are they any criticism of the editors of the article. I hope that you can understand this, and I apologize if you considered it an "insult" of any kind, as it most definitely is not meant that way. Sincerely, ArielGold 05:31, 17 November 2007 (UTC)

Thank you so much for your quick reply, and know that you're not at all "taking up my time", I'm more than happy to talk about ways to improve Wikipedia, after all, I am a Wikifairy! Honestly, I'd be happy to help, but I sort of felt I would be stepping out of line, to completely change the footnotes, after you had obviously worked so hard. My solution was to use the tag as a gentle suggestion, with a talk page note, that perhaps other ways of doing it would be easier on a reader (I read the article, and just noticed many refs I would refer to were the same book, just a different page number). There is no doubt that the article is sourced extremely well, (I too, am a big proponent of sourcing nearly everything! Want to see an example? Check out STS-120, 116 refs! lol), but I really didn't think it appropriate for me to go radically changing the footnotes, without a discussion. Again, I apologize, and I do hope you forgive me, as I honestly had good intentions. Face-glasses.svg ArielGold 05:49, 17 November 2007 (UTC)
Actually, when the mission started, there were maybe 30 refs, total, maybe less. The majority of those were added daily, I'd add usually 4-5 per day, over the course of two weeks. Of course, the press widely covers the missions so it isn't at all difficult, quite different than the topics you cover! And yep, it is 1am here, but I don't sleep nights, so it is mid-day for me, ~*Giggle*~ ArielGold 06:06, 17 November 2007 (UTC)

Hey Scott! Take a look at the article now. I had to do a bit of learning to figure out this particular reference style that I'm not familiar with, but I put a note on the talk page. What I did, was create a "Sources" header, and put the book list alphabetically there, and the references are last name of author, and page number. What do you think? ArielGold 00:06, 18 November 2007 (UTC)

Picture![edit]

That is an awesome picture! But you'll want to put the source URL on the image page, so it can be verified that it is in the public domain. Do you remember what site you found it on? That is a great find, btw! ArielGold 02:34, 18 November 2007 (UTC)

An article which you started, or significantly expanded, Kingdom of Nri, was selected for DYK![edit]

Updated DYK query On November 20, 2007, Did you know? was updated with a fact from the article Kingdom of Nri, which you created or substantially expanded. If you know of another interesting fact from a recently created article, then please suggest it on the Did you know? talk page.

Thanks for your contributions! Nishkid64 (talk) 22:26, 20 November 2007 (UTC)

This is my present to you, Scott. I nominated the article to be featured on the Main Page, and did not want to tell you in case it was not chosen. But it was, and so I will say, congratulations, well done! You deserve this. ArielGold 05:24, 21 November 2007 (UTC)

Congrats! :) - Jeeny (talk) 07:26, 21 November 2007 (UTC)

Whoa.. Cheers! This is a distinct honor and it is more than apparent that your work is paying off and is being noticed. I'm proud to be affiliated with you.Taharqa (talk) 02:13, 22 November 2007 (UTC)

Happy Thanksgiving![edit]

Or depending on the point of view, happy massacre day! Whatever the case, today's a day for reflection and thanks, even if what the idea was initially based on is fraudulent and non-applicable to those indigenous to our fine country and those ancestors who survived the middle passage. We may above all else, simply give thanks that we're still here, living, breathing, sober and free enough to even dispute such an idea (as Thanksgiving). Have fun and eat to your belly's desire! Peace...Taharqa (talk) 21:59, 22 November 2007 (UTC)

Yeah, what T said. Happy Thanksgiving. Do not eat too much, you need to watch your heart! :) No double-bypasses allowed! :) - Jeeny (talk) 02:19, 23 November 2007 (UTC)

A book you might find useful[edit]

Trade and Politics in the Niger Delta, 1830-1885: An Introduction to the Economic and Political History of Nigeria by Kenneth Onwuka Dike (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1956). It has some background sources on what was the Igbo kingdom of Nri and the kingdom's imperial activities (e.g., in politics, religion, and commerce, including slave trade) in the now Nigeria and West Africa regions. —Preceding unsigned comment added by Ogunabibiman (talkcontribs) 05:12, 26 November 2007 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XXI (November 2007)[edit]

The November 2007 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot 23:59, 1 December 2007 (UTC)


Problems in Kongo[edit]

Just a heads up. I edited the Kongo article a lot on 15 December, reorganized its presentation to make it more coherent, added a good number of references and a large section on the 18th and 19th century. All this was reverted by an unnamed user who then added comments on neighboring countries picking on Congo to the "Early History" section (ie Bantu migrations).

However, I did all this without signing on since I had temporarily forgotten my password. Anyway, I suppose it would be appropriate to revert the changes. I'm not fully up to date on how to report vandalism (although I'm not sure it's vandalism in this case) or even to revert. But I know that you have much love for this site and can help on these kinds of things.Beepsie (talk) 13:07, 16 December 2007 (UTC)

Scott, just a heads up to let you know that I reverted the changes that wiped out my work of 15 December.Beepsie (talk) 20:10, 19 December 2007 (UTC)

Speedy deletion of Zulu Empire[edit]

Nuvola apps important.svg

A tag has been placed on Zulu Empire requesting that it be speedily deleted from Wikipedia. This has been done under section A1 of the criteria for speedy deletion, because it is a very short article providing little or no context to the reader. Please see Wikipedia:Stub for our minimum information standards for short articles. Also please note that articles must be on notable subjects and should provide references to reliable sources that verify their content.

If you think that this notice was placed here in error, you may contest the deletion by adding {{hangon}} to the top of the article (just below the existing speedy deletion or "db" tag), coupled with adding a note on the article's talk page explaining your position, but be aware that once tagged for speedy deletion, if the article meets the criterion it may be deleted without delay. Please do not remove the speedy deletion tag yourself, but don't hesitate to add information to the article that would would render it more in conformance with Wikipedia's policies and guidelines. Topspinslams (talk) 00:44, 18 December 2007 (UTC)

Hey brotha man?[edit]

I've been CRAZY busy these past few weeks but it is indeed refreshing to see that you haven't veered off course one bit. Was out of state for like a week and a half and am now back trying to get my school situation together, in addition to shopping and dealing with some family issues, but I think I'll be up to the task of again soon (as far as contributing here). Good looks on the Zulu Empire article, it looks sweet. It's crazy how that guy immediately jumped on your article, nominating it for speedy deletion when you weren't even done working on it. That was really weird, but hey, you always handle yourself with class. Just wanted to give a shot out and see if you were still alive, and thankfully you are. lol.. I'll get back at you soon enough.. Peace.Taharqa (talk) 23:51, 19 December 2007 (UTC)

Firstly, merry Christmas..

Very valuable information my friend. Thanx. I'm realizing that googlebooks is turning out to be an extremely convenient source. Typing in certain Key Words will get you an abundance of information, but of course you need to know what you're looking for. If I remember correctly (I may be senile though), I don't believe that you had Songhay listed in your "largest Empire article". Haven't checked your contribs yet, but maybe it can be added now. It goes with out saying that this information will be included in the main article and put in context. Still some work to do, especially after the holidays. Stay sharp.. Taharqa (talk) 04:51, 25 December 2007 (UTC)

Hey scott.. Been a while but haven't forgot about the good work you guys are doing. I so apologize, but I've been having personal issues. Just moved to a different home and the transitioning was horrible. I haven't had steady access to a computer in weeks, I've only been able to use it at the library. Hopefully I can get out of the situation I'm in so I can get back to work, since this affects school also. Please don't give up on the articles (which you never have anyways), you are definitely appreciated. Hopefully I can get more stable and have more freedom soon. Stay safe.. Sad to see that Jeeny is no longer with us.Taharqa (talk) 16:05, 3 February 2008 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XXII (December 2007)[edit]

The December 2007 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 21:48, 3 January 2008 (UTC)

Possible edit warring on project article[edit]

There seems to be some issues going on over on the article : Military history of African Americans, in particularly in the section Military history of African Americans#Confederate States Army. Could you take a look at the article's edit history as well as the discussion, Talk:Military history of African Americans, and possibly give some input? Thanks. Sf46 (talk) 00:14, 15 January 2008 (UTC)


ManiKongo article[edit]

I'm interested in your editing of the article on Manikongo of 7 July (a while back). I see you deleted the original language that described the textual positioning of the term in early correspondence and replaced it with a somewhat simpler version. I wonder if you could let me know what you were aiming at in that revision? Also, I changed the existing text a bit to eliminate what I think are errors in the way it read.Beepsie (talk) 18:53, 18 January 2008 (UTC)

Re: Cloverfield[edit]

No offence was intended mate, but there are plenty of forums online to be asking that kind of question. The purpose of the article's talk page is to discuss improvements to the article. If you intended using any of the answers you received to improve the article, then I apologise, but your questions appeared no different to the dozens of others which have appeared on the page since the film came out, and which have had nothing to do with adding meaningful content to the article. Considering that, my actions were perfectly within the bounds of reason. All the best, Steve TC 20:45, 20 January 2008 (UTC)

Military history WikiProject coordinator election[edit]

The Military history WikiProject coordinator selection process is starting. We are aiming to elect nine coordinators to serve for the next six months; if you are interested in running, please sign up here by February 14! TomStar81 (Talk) 01:11, 1 February 2008 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XXIII (January 2008)[edit]

The January 2008 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XXIV (February 2008)[edit]

The February 2008 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 02:49, 5 March 2008 (UTC)


Wow- a big project[edit]

Your History of Africa Project is a monster from the looks of it. A number of textbooks approach the subject in a survey fashion like Shillington's Historyof Africa. Might be worth a look. Here is his Table of Contents for what its worth. Good luck. If it wasnt so big a topic I would pitch in and help but it is a monster. I might jump in as it takes more shape. Good work!

Early Prehistory of Africa * Later Prehistory * The Impact of Iron in Northeast and West Africa * The Early Iron Age and Bantu Migrations * North and Northeastern Africa to 1000 AD * Trans-Saharan Trade and the Kingdom of Ancient Ghana * Islam and the Sudanic States of West Africa * Eastern Africa to the 16th Century * Trading States of the East African Coast to the 16th Century * Later Iron Age States and Societies of Central and Southern Africa to 1600 AD * North and Northeastern Africa to the 18th Century * The Atlantic Slave Trade, 16th-18th Century * West African States and Societies to the 18th Century * Central and Eastern Africa to the 18th Century * Southern Africa to the 18th Century * West Africa in the 19th Century and the Ending of the Slave Trade * Central and East Africa in the 19th Century * Pre-Industrial Southern Africa in the 19th Century * North and Northeast Africa in the 19th Century * Prelude to Empire in Tropical Africa * The European "Scramble," Colonial Conquest and African Resistance in East, North-Central and West Africa * Industrialization, Colonial Conquest and African Resistance in South-Central and Southern Africa * Consolidation of Empire * Africa between the Wars * The Second World War and Africa * The Winning of Independence (1) * The Winning of Independence (2) * Africa since Independence (1) * Africa since Independence (2) Gnarlesbarklay (talk) 07:00, 6 March 2008 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XXV (March 2008)[edit]

The March 2008 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 00:16, 3 April 2008 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XXVI (April 2008)[edit]

The April 2008 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 23:14, 2 May 2008 (UTC)

Are blacks the most intelligent?[edit]

This article also provides biological evidence highlighting black superiority in sports:

http://www.africaresource.com/content/view/528/236/

http://www.africaresource.com/content/view/528/236/

--70.68.179.142 (talk) 23:21, 14 May 2008 (UTC)

Thanx[edit]

Thank you for starting the Kingdom of Nri article. The problem is that some of the sources are from Westerners who didn't completely understand and often misinterpret the information. I have done major editing in Nri-Igbo article because of this too. As a son of Nri, I highly suggest you read "Nri warriors of peace" by Chikodi Anunobi and An Igbo Civilization: Nri Kingdom & Hegemony by M. Angulu Onwuejeogwu. I have done massive work in the past in wikipedia for the past 3 years mainly in subject of the Aro people and other Igbos, a subgroup of the Igbo and founders of the Aro Confederacy (another main pre colonial Igbo power) by creating articles and doing editing. I really learned about Nri in 2004 and begin writing on Nri in 2006.

To learn more about Nri people go to:


Look at the comparison of the Igbo Nsude pyramids to the Step Pyramid of Saqqara in KEMET:


Look at the pictures and videos here:

Aro articles by myself: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Aros —Preceding unsigned comment added by LIL T (talkcontribs) 04:48, 20 May 2008 (UTC)

Igbo kwenu e zine...a Pan African online magazine[edit]

No problem[edit]

I have seen your magnificent work on the Ashanti empire, Oyo, Mali empire, and etc...I must say I am very impressed but not surprised...it is mostly the diasporan Africans that has revived Afrocentricity and Pan Africanism...especially those of Igbo descent...whenever you are ready, you should review these links:


  • this includes Nnamdi Azikwe, Bishop Turner, Edward Blyden, Ebo landing in North Carolina, Olaudah Equiano, Igbo Haiti, Igbo Jamaica, Igbo Virginia, Igbo Belize, Biafra and etc...killing of Thomas Jefferson's father in Montpelier, Igbo uprisings in Jamaica, and more...
  • it is said that 60% of African Americans have at least one Igbo ancestor...

anyway, the problem is that these Westerners viewed Nri culture as uncivilized and evil...they abolished alot of the laws that had to do with peace, justice, and fairness...and since Western culture is mainly centered on death, destruction, and domination they disfavored the Kingdom of Nri while favoring the Benin empire, Igala, and etc which were imperialistic powers...some Afrocentrists still seem to have this mentality...the Westerners were not used to a civilization built on peace and fairness...in fact, Igbo history and culture is still very much colonized...there is a growing efforts among us students of Igbo studies to decolonize it...while we can agree that the authenticity of the Westerners is not evidently 100%, it is close to accurate...the Igbo view of Nri will be more accurate but not 100% because Nri wasn't perfect...however our Nri ancestors taught us that there is three sides of the story...his side, her side, and the truth...let us not rely solely on one side (especially the Western side) to tell us our own history...but we will use both the Western and Igbo sides of the story on Nri to develop a more complete truth... --LIL T (talk) 04:41, 22 May 2008 (UTC)

however...and also..[edit]

Westerners interested in Igbo people like G.I. Jones (took pictures of the Nsude pyramids) Thurston Shaw (helped discovery more Igbo Ukwu bronze castings after Isaiah Anozie), and etc were not bad...I was talking about most Westerners who had racist views against Igbos...

I apologize for the sins of my paternal side (Aro Confederacy) in their role in the slave trade...at least your paternal and my maternal people (Kingdom of Nri) campaigned against the slave trade...as a Nri warrior of peace, I hope you know your four duties...

  • "It is their first duty to accept anybody who walks into the Nri community seeking to have a new life. It does not matter if their former communities rejected them or if they willingly left their communities as long as those immigrants respect Nri laws. He said that the second duty Nri people owe to their environment is to actively spread the message of peace, tolerance, fair play, and non-violence as Agbala (God -- The Perfect Spirit) and Aja-Ana (Earth Goddess, Mother Earth) had shown them. He reminded them that the third duty of the Nri community to their environment is to prescribe and interpret moral laws according to Aja-Ana (the Earth Goddess) and to cleanse whoever had offended Aja-Ana..the fourth duty Nri owe to the earth is to continue to explore what it means to be a perfect human being and, therefore, a perfect society and then make those discoveries a reality in the world."
  • The slave trade brought us Nri warriors of peace allover the world to fulfill our missions and duties...we just have to remember ourselves...

and here is another source of the list of Eze Nris...however, some of the lengths they reigned are questionable...

--LIL T (talk) 05:01, 22 May 2008 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XXVII (May 2008)[edit]

The May 2008 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 23:20, 2 June 2008 (UTC)

6/11 DYK[edit]

Updated DYK query On 11 June, 2008, Did you know? was updated with a fact from the article Military history of the Mali Empire, which you created or substantially expanded. If you know of another interesting fact from a recently created article, then please suggest it on the Did you know? talk page.

--Bedford Pray 11:07, 11 June 2008 (UTC)

What's up, Scott?[edit]

The Military History of Mali article looks excellent, and judging from the fact that you keep getting these "did you know" acknowledgments (I've seen you get these tags before), is a sign that you do great research. Hope your career is going as you planned. Holla back, I'll be around.Taharqa (talk) 23:23, 15 June 2008 (UTC)

Flag of the Kingdom of Kongo.svg[edit]

Hi Scott!
I have re-created the flag according to the orignal PNG, and i would like to know what you think of it.
Why not take a look at my gallery? --Oren neu dag (talk) 23:42, 17 June 2008 (UTC)

Anglo-Asante War[edit]

I have some new resources on Ango-Asante War. Also on Benin Empire. Hit me up on my page or e-mail at enriquecardovaatyahoo_com I can send you a bunch of articles too email to cover a lot of the topics you are working on. Let me know. Enriquecardova (talk) 14:13, 24 June 2008 (UTC)
Email should be working now. If you activate yours under your Preferences link, I can shoot you various articles as Well. Good job on the Mali article by the way.Enriquecardova (talk) 04:28, 25 June 2008 (UTC)

Military History Wiki[edit]

Dear 4shizzal, you are a member of Wikiproject Military History, and I would like to notify you that a new Wiki has been made for Military History. If you are interested in participating in this project, please follow the following link.http://www.militaryhistorywiki.scribblewiki.com/Main_Page. Cheers, ṜέđṃάяķvюĨїήīṣŢ Drop me a lineReview Me!

Wikipedian Survey[edit]

Hello,

My name is Brenton Stewart. I am an African American, doctoral student at the University of Wisconsin- Madison in Library & Information Studies. Currently I am conducting a study on the motivational factors of African American Wikipedians. I am asking for your help by participating in this short online survey which will take take approximately 5 minutes to complete. Please feel free to distribute to other Black Wikipedians. The survey will be available from Tuesday July 1, 2008 until Tuesday August 5, 2008. Thank you so much for your participation.

Survey is here: http://www.surveymonkey.com/s.aspx?sm=HlzQGQIRUjncj7O09zgy4g_3d_3d —Preceding unsigned comment added by Emelian1977 (talkcontribs) 06:01, 1 July 2008 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XXVIII (June 2008)[edit]

The June 2008 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 17:18, 5 July 2008 (UTC)

Just wanting to introduce myself[edit]

email me at bloowis@netzero.com --I go by omniposcent —Preceding unsigned comment added by 71.112.201.42 (talk) 10:06, 20 July 2008 (UTC) Abubakari II

Wow, people are really still debating this??[edit]

Don't have time just yet to hop into the discussion, but I will in soon. Made a few edits, getting back the feel of the site. Though it is curious how much people will go out on a limb to "discredit" what obviously blows holes in distortionist views on Africa.Taharqa (talk) 23:54, 23 July 2008 (UTC)

Oops, my fault.. I was talking about the Abubakari page. I thought I specified but obviously I didn't..Taharqa (talk) 19:21, 24 July 2008 (UTC)

Prince among Slaves[edit]

How ya doin Scott? Hey, I just recently got through watching an excellent documentary from PBS, called "Prince among Slaves".. It's about a former prince by the name of Abdulrahman Ibrahim Ibn Sori, a Fulani from the kingdom of Fouta Djallon who was incidentally sold into slavery as a POW and subsequently shipped to America. I wouldn't at all be surprised if you've already heard about him though. It was a very heart felt story that for me, embodied both where we come from as a people, and the dream we've fought to achieve after our seeming demise. I was wondering if you knew anything about him and/or knew of any books written about him. The only references wiki gives is to the homepage of the said documentary. Taharqa (talk) 05:02, 30 July 2008 (UTC)

African empires[edit]

Yea, I see that. It hasn't gotten too much out of hand yet, but I left somewhat of a warning in the form of useful advice on the talk page. It doesn't make any sense what the guy is trying to do, but I'll be sure whenever I see it to combat any blatant disruption through the various tools out there at our disposal. Don't worry, that page isn't going anywhere..Taharqa (talk) 20:47, 30 July 2008 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XXIX (July 2008)[edit]

The July 2008 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 00:14, 3 August 2008 (UTC)


Alert- certain users are attempting to delete a scholar you referenced on a recent page by stealth- Dr. S.O.Y Keita[edit]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Shomarka_Keita This notice is for your information. Zarahan10 (talk) 06:34, 3 August 2008 (UTC)

James, son of Zebedee[edit]

I just reverted an edit that supposedly was made by you on the named article. Just assumed that it was vandalism since it was odd and had no edit summary. Apparently you are an valued editor. When you reinstate the edit can you explain and give a footnote if none is given? Thanks. Student7 (talk) 21:08, 1 September 2008 (UTC)

Nominations for the Military history WikiProject coordinator election[edit]

The Military history WikiProject coordinator selection process is starting. We are aiming to elect nine coordinators to serve for the next six months; if you are interested in running, please sign up here by 23:59 (UTC) on September 14!
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 21:17, 1 September 2008 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XXX (August 2008)[edit]

The August 2008 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 22:10, 2 September 2008 (UTC)

AfD nomination of Sonni (ruler)[edit]

Ambox warning pn.svg

I have nominated Sonni (ruler), an article you created, for deletion. I do not think that this article satisfies Wikipedia's criteria for inclusion, and have explained why at Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Sonni (ruler). Your opinions on the matter are welcome at that same discussion page; also, you are welcome to edit the article to address these concerns. Thank you for your time. —Remember the dot (talk) 03:39, 8 September 2008 (UTC)

Military history WikiProject coordinator election[edit]

The September 2008 Military history WikiProject coordinator election has begun. We will be selecting nine coordinators to serve for the next six months from a pool of fourteen candidates. Please vote here by September 30!
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 21:03, 15 September 2008 (UTC)

;)[edit]

...And thank you for the appreciation in return, I'm just sometimes trying to make Wikipedia look as optimal as possible you know. By the way I have to say you've done some great work on African-related historical subjects and such, I've found a lot of interesting things I see you wrote. Gabagool (talk) 01:19, 3 October 2008 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XXXI (September 2008)[edit]

The September 2008 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 21:44, 6 October 2008 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XXXII (October 2008)[edit]

The October 2008 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 23:18, 13 November 2008 (UTC)

FYI[edit]

AfD nomination of List of longest-lasting empires[edit]

Ambox warning pn.svg

An article that you have been involved in editing, List of longest-lasting empires, has been listed for deletion. If you are interested in the deletion discussion, please participate by adding your comments at Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/List of longest-lasting empires. Thank you. The Red Hat of Pat Ferrick t 13:33, 6 December 2008 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XXXIII (November 2008)[edit]

The November 2008 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 15:48, 6 December 2008 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XXXIV (December 2008)[edit]

The December 2008 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 01:48, 10 January 2009 (UTC)

African slave trade[edit]

I'm not particularly interested in your idiosyncratic views on the African slave trade. What I am interested in is sources to back up your assertions. So please supply them. The policies of Wikipedia require that you provide sources for contested edits. So please do not revert to your preferred version without doing so. Please also note that you are not considered a good source yourself, so your personal views will not suffice.

And it's not hard to explain. There was a slave trade before the arrival of the Europeans and there was one afterwards. But they were not the same trade. The participants were different; the scale was different; the trade was different. It's like me saying that my job trading futures is the same as trading baseball cards when I was a kid. They are both trading, and I was involved in both, so what's the diff? Are you seeing why that's ludicrous?

While it's true that there was a slave trade in Africa, it did not have the structure of the later slave trade. You are by omission allowing the suggestion that it did. I won't discuss your analysis of the expansion of West African states, but it's entirely wrong. Cheers. Grace Note (talk) 03:19, 21 January 2009 (UTC)

Barnstar Awarded![edit]

Globe-barnstar2.png The Geography Barnstar
I award you the proud Geographic Barnstar for your work on early Africa. Thank you for your contributions to Wikipedia and keep it up!

NewSinew (talk) 04:16, 2 February 2009 (UTC)

Little context in List of monarchs of Kerma[edit]

Information icon.svg

Hello, this is a message from an automated bot. A tag has been placed on List of monarchs of Kerma, by another Wikipedia user, requesting that it be speedily deleted from Wikipedia. The tag claims that it should be speedily deleted because List of monarchs of Kerma is very short providing little or no context to the reader. Please see Wikipedia:Stub for our minimum information standards for short articles.

To contest the tagging and request that administrators wait before possibly deleting List of monarchs of Kerma, please affix the template {{hangon}} to the page, and put a note on its talk page. If the article has already been deleted, see the advice and instructions at WP:WMD. Feel free to contact the bot operator if you have any questions about this or any problems with this bot, bearing in mind that this bot is only informing you of the nomination for speedy deletion; it does not perform any nominations or deletions itself. To see the user who deleted the page, click here CSDWarnBot (talk) 04:20, 2 February 2009 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XXXV (January 2009)[edit]

The January 2009 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 02:54, 10 February 2009 (UTC)

Hey There[edit]

Hey! Sorry I'm responding late (been busy with work). I'd love to help out editing pages dealing with African civilizations. I started trying to work on pages dealing with the subject a little while ago because I noticed articles dealing with African civilizations were noticeably undeveloped compared to pages dealing with European and Asian civilizations. I figured I might as well lend a hand and help Wikipedia paint a more complete picture since articles dealing with Africa, especially sub-Saharan Africa, seem to lacking. Do you need my participation in any particular pages right now? Full Shunyata (talk) 21:31, 20 February 2009 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XXXVI (February 2009)[edit]

The February 2009 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 21:14, 3 March 2009 (UTC)

Coordinator Elections[edit]

Nominations for Coordinator positions in the Military History WikiProject have commenced, and voting will begin on March 14, 2009. Make sure to get involved and ask questions to the candidates. Nominations for Coordinators goes until March 13. Then come out for the voting which begins on March 14. Thanks and Have a Great Day! Lord R. T. Oliver The Olive Branch 23:57, 7 March 2009 (UTC)

Nominations for the Military history WikiProject coordinator election[edit]

The Military history WikiProject coordinator selection process has started; to elect the coordinators to serve for the next six months. If you are interested in running, please sign up here by 23:59 (UTC) on 13 March!
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 17:56, 8 March 2009 (UTC)

Military history WikiProject coordinator election[edit]

The Military history WikiProject coordinator election has started. We will be selecting coordinators from a pool of eighteen to serve for the next six months. Please vote here by 23:59 (UTC) on Saturday, 28 March! Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 23:59, 20 March 2009 (UTC)

Hey Scott![edit]

Long time, no see.. Hope everything is going well for you.. I'm preparing for my undergrad work at UC Davis (African History), in addition to holding down the fam. Decided to see what's been going on with the wiki projects.

1)I've noticed your article on the Manden Charter and was drawn to it due to recent discussions I've had about it elsewhere. I've been reading a lot on the historical methodology involved in recovering actual history from oral sources and have tracked down (for myself) much relating to the recovery of the Kurukan Fuga. It seems hard for some to believe that Mali [Africans] had a constitution assuring universal human rights before European countries did. Hence, the interview with Niane and west African workshop I posted in the external links section.

2) I was also reading Hunwick's Timbuktu and Songhay, where he has a nearly complete translation of the Tarikh al-Sudan and noticed that we may ("we" as in, lay people, students and academics alike) may be writing Mansa Musa's name wrong.. Cissoko claims that the correct reading is "Kankou" (as opposed to "Kankan") Musa ("son of Kankou").

3) I was also editing the Sankore page and noticed a relatively older edit of yours that superseded one of mine. It concerned who initially financed Sankore and I had read in more than one place that it was a local Mandinka lady, yet your edit indicated that it was a "Tuareg woman".. My first thought was that it (the edit) was done by a Eurocentrist until I saw that it was you (you know, these edits are hard to track sometimes, lol).. I'm not sure that it's a problem with source attribution as I cited my sources. It can be either that you've read something different or that you may have misinterpreted Timbuktu's founding as a regional settlement with who financed the later Sankore. Al-Sadi points out that the name for Timbuktu derives from a local slave woman but her ethnicity isn't identified (though many may assume her to have been Tuareg..I'm not sure). In any event, do you even remember editing that? lol...


^^At the end of the day I am amazed at your consistency and can only commend your work (which has in many ways, influenced what region of Africa I'd like to study).. Keep it up, I'll be in and out (likely sporadically) but am not going anywhere..Taharqa (talk) 17:22, 23 March 2009 (UTC) ..........................

Ok, cool.. And I've added those new projects to my watchlist. After I get back from school later tonight I'll see what I can begin to add or clean up (may already have available material for Kush).. Will holler at you later.Taharqa (talk) 16:39, 24 March 2009 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XXXVII (March 2009)[edit]

The March 2009 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 01:45, 3 April 2009 (UTC)

Vai[edit]

How much do you know about this script?? I've seen one of your edits made to the page to clarify that Austin Curtis was actually half black, though I was taken a back by the entire theory in the first place. I've heard about the theories via correspondence with Clyde Winters that the script may in fact be old, based on relatively ancient ideographs. Even disregarding this to address the theory of a "Cherokee" influence, it didn't take me long to discover that it (Cherokee theory) is based on extremely scant evidence, I mean to the point where's it's just ridiculous ("a man who is half Cherokee moved to Liberia"....what else?). Laughable. There's MUCH more evidence of Blacks landing in America, but we see how those kind of ideas are treated by the "mainstream". There is no similarity between the two scripts which would naturally beg the question, why would such a theory hold prominence? Anyways, just felt like getting that off of my chest. The standard of proofs seem to be skewed unfavorably towards African achievement while it seems any far flung theory based on nothing can somehow achieve enough notoriety to obscure it. From my own perception at least.Taharqa (talk) 02:32, 11 April 2009 (UTC)

hi[edit]

Hello I think you might be interested in this "discussion"[[3]] —Preceding unsigned comment added by 69.126.251.101 (talk) 02:54, 28 April 2009 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : Issue XXXVIII (April 2009)[edit]

The April 2009 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 22:15, 5 May 2009 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : XXXIX (May 2009)[edit]

The May 2009 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 21:57, 4 June 2009 (UTC)

Sultanate of Air[edit]

Why did you sign Sultanate of Air, a redirect you've created? I've fixed it, but as you're not a new user, I was somewhat surprised. --Intelligentsium 16:50, 18 June 2009 (UTC)

first battle of dongola[edit]

hi, please check my recent edits on this article here [4]

regards

الله أكبرMohammad Adil 13:54, 23 June 2009 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : XL (June 2009)[edit]

The June 2009 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 21:06, 12 July 2009 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : XLI (July 2009)[edit]

The July 2009 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 18:36, 9 August 2009 (UTC)

Call for editors to join African history Wikiproject[edit]

All editors with a specific interest in African history are invited to help start a new African history Wikiproject. This is not a substitute for the Africa Wikiproject, but editors with a specific interest in African history would collaborate on improving the quality of African history on Wikipedia. For more details click here or here here. —Preceding undated comment added 15:24, 11 August 2009 (UTC).


Hi Scott Free. Thanks for your support for the African History Project idea. The work you've been doing is fantastic - the Military History of Mali is an awesome achievement. If you know of any other editors who you'd like to join, then don't hesitate to ask them. It's recommended that 5 or 6 join a Wikiproject. I think that, given the scale of the tasks ahead, that might be the least we'd need for a steady start. Ackees (talk) 13:18, 15 August 2009 (UTC)

Plus, feel free to edit the proto-project page here Ackees (talk) 13:56, 15 August 2009 (UTC)

At random, after your query I looked at Great Zimbabwe which had an etymology section missing references, not unimportant given that this relates to the name of the modern state. Another random example was the lack of a specific 'History of Asanteman' article. This might be considered duplication as, clearly, the Ashanti Empire is by definition historical. But with an entity as complex as Asanteman, there is scope for, on the one hand a descriptive account of its sociology and structure - and on the other hand, a separate more chronological account of developments. I think a large part of the Project's work will be identifying these sorts of quality and context issues. Ackees (talk) 10:09, 18 August 2009 (UTC)

I'm not much of a Wikicrat. The African History Wikiproject will be my first venture. I've briefly looked at the Empires/Kingdom dispute. It certainly needs a great deal of thought as it is (like African history generally) a very complex area. Take the current title: the term 'pre-colonial kingdom' empire seems very 'euro-centric' (cos it defines the kingdoms by their relationship to the brief period of European colonization). Plus it is also illogical, cos by definition, empires (including African ones) always have a 'colonial' element. So, to define the Mali empire, for example, as 'pre-colonial' seems to accentuate this illogical euro-centricism. Plus, kingdoms are often 'imperialist', even if its only on a small scale. Not all empires are formally 'kingdoms' (take the USA for example - although some might describe it as elective monarchy rather than a genuine democracy). Strangely, when one goes to the 'Sahelian kingdoms' section and article - there is a list of empires (no kingdoms mentioned). Plus, Nok is listed as kingdom - but what is the evidence for that? But the truth is that another word for history might be 'controversy'. Here's another example of oddness. The 'History of North Africa' article begins with the statement 'North Africa is a relatively thin strip of land between the Sahara desert and the Mediterranean'. But in that sentence the phrase 'North Africa' links to the wiki map showing territories that stretch south-north for thousands of kilometers.' So which is it: a vast swathe of giant Saharan nations, or a thin strip of land? HoNA is a weak article - but indicative of the need for an African History Wikiproject. Any luck with the recruitment? —Preceding unsigned comment added by Ackees (talkcontribs) 09:28, 19 August 2009 (UTC)

August 2009[edit]

Nuvola apps important.svg You currently appear to be engaged in an edit war according to the reverts you have made on African empires. Note that the three-revert rule prohibits making more than three reversions on a single page within a 24 hour period. Additionally, users who perform several reversions in content disputes may be blocked for edit warring even if they do not technically violate the three-revert rule. When in dispute with another editor you should first try to discuss controversial changes to work towards wording and content that gains a consensus among editors. If that proves unsuccessful you are encouraged to seek dispute resolution, and in some cases it may be appropriate to request page protection. Please stop the disruption, otherwise you may be blocked from editing. Dougweller (talk) 16:31, 19 August 2009 (UTC)

Counted wrong, you are now at 3RR. Dougweller (talk) 19:51, 19 August 2009 (UTC)

ScottFree, the article title 'African Empires' is legitimate and does not constitute OR. The subject constitutes a chapter heading in part two of the Cultural Atlas of Africa, edited by Dr Jocelyn Murray. I've added the reference to the article. Ackees (talk) 12:55, 23 August 2009 (UTC)


Have found several more academic uses of the term 'African Empires' with reference to indigenous states - have included them in the article and on the talk page. Ackees (talk) 15:34, 23 August 2009 (UTC)

Could you have a look at the WikiProject page and help prepare it for launch, please. I don't think its worth waiting for other recruits too long. Once its up and running, folks might well join in for the ride. Ackees (talk) 01:19, 25 August 2009 (UTC)

Wene wa Zulu[edit]

Yello.

You mentioned on Talk:Zulu Kingdom something which implied that it was you who added the "native name" of the kingdom in question. Would you like to tell me what your source was and/or perhaps confirm that you copied the name correctly? Please go to the talk page to see my concerns, from a purely linguistic (not semantic) point of view, about the name.

Tebello TheWHAT!!?? 20:55, 20 August 2009 (UTC)

Nominations open for the Military history WikiProject coordinator election[edit]

The Military history WikiProject coordinator selection process has started; to elect the coordinators to serve for the next six months. If you are interested in running, please sign up here by 23:59 (UTC) on 12 September!
Many thanks,  Roger Davies talk 04:24, 7 September 2009 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : XLII (August 2009)[edit]

The August 2009 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 18:53, 13 September 2009 (UTC)

Military history coordinator elections: voting has started![edit]

Voting in the Military history WikiProject coordinator election has now started. The aim is to elect the coordinators to serve for the next six months from a pool of sixteen candidates. Please vote here by 23:59 (UTC) on 26 September!
For the coordinators,  Roger Davies talk 22:09, 16 September 2009 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : XLIII (September 2009)[edit]

The September 2009 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 21:59, 2 October 2009 (UTC)

Test your World War I knowledge with the Henry Allingham International Contest![edit]

Henry Allingham in 1916.jpg

As a member of the Military history WikiProject or World War I task force, you may be interested in competing in the Henry Allingham International Contest! The contest aims to improve article quality and member participation within the World War I task force. It will also be a step in preparing for Operation Great War Centennial, the project's commemorative effort for the World War I centenary.

If you would like to participate, please sign up by 11 November 2009, 00:00, when the first round is scheduled to begin! You can sign up here, read up on the rules here, and discuss the contest here!
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 17:30, 8 November 2009 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : XLIV (October 2009)[edit]

The October 2009 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 17:30, 8 November 2009 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : XIV (November 2009)[edit]

The November 2009 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 03:34, 21 December 2009 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : XLVI (December 2009)[edit]

The December 2009 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 02:21, 3 January 2010 (UTC)

AfD nomination of List of longest-lasting empires[edit]

Ambox warning pn.svg

An editor has nominated one or more articles which you have created or worked on, for deletion. The nominated article is List of longest-lasting empires. We appreciate your contributions, but the nominator doesn't believe that the article satisfies Wikipedia's criteria for inclusion and has explained why in his/her nomination (see also Wikipedia:Notability and "What Wikipedia is not").

Your opinions on whether the article meets inclusion criteria and what should be done with the article are welcome; please participate in the discussion(s) by adding your comments to Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/List of longest-lasting empires (2nd nomination). Please be sure to sign your comments with four tildes (~~~~).

You may also edit the article during the discussion to improve it but should not remove the articles for deletion template from the top of the article; such removal will not end the deletion debate.

Please note: This is an automatic notification by a bot. I have nothing to do with this article or the deletion nomination, and can't do anything about it. --Erwin85Bot (talk) 01:12, 15 January 2010 (UTC)

Aro Confederacy[edit]

That is a good question. "Umu" can mean children or union. Umu Aro means children of Arochukwu and union of Aro people. There is another word for union, pact, and etc in Igbo. Sorry for the late response. Thank you for your compliment and great work.

-Chi Bless

--LIL T (talk) 05:33, 25 January 2010 (UTC)----LIL T

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : XLVII (January 2010)[edit]

The January 2010 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 02:40, 5 February 2010 (UTC)

Email?[edit]

Do you have an email you can give me? There's some questions I have regarding the timbuktu manuscripts project. —Preceding unsigned comment added by Mannoro (talkcontribs) 02:22, 12 February 2010 (UTC)

Nominations for the March 2010 Military history Project Coordinator elections now open![edit]

The Military history WikiProject coordinator selection process has started; to elect the coordinators to serve for the next six months. If you are interested in running, please sign up here by 23:59 (UTC) on 8 March 2010! More information on coordinatorship may be found on the coordinator academy course and in the responsibilities section on the coordinator page.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 20:52, 1 March 2010 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : XLVIII (February 2010)[edit]

The February 2010 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 21:29, 4 March 2010 (UTC)

Coordinator elections have opened![edit]

Voting for the Military history WikiProject coordinator elections has opened; all users are encouraged to participate in the elections. Voting will conclude 23:59 (UTC) on 28 March 2010.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 21:17, 18 March 2010 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : XLIX (March 2010)[edit]

The March 2010 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 21:08, 7 April 2010 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : L (April 2010)[edit]

The April 2010 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 18:25, 5 May 2010 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : LI (May 2010)[edit]

The May 2010 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 17:14, 5 June 2010 (UTC)

You are now a Reviewer[edit]

Wikipedia Reviewer.svg

Hello. Your account has been granted the "reviewer" userright, allowing you to review other users' edits on certain flagged pages. Pending changes, also known as flagged protection, is currently undergoing a two-month trial scheduled to end 15 August 2010.

Reviewers can review edits made by users who are not autoconfirmed to articles placed under pending changes. Pending changes is applied to only a small number of articles, similarly to how semi-protection is applied but in a more controlled way for the trial. The list of articles with pending changes awaiting review is located at Special:OldReviewedPages.

When reviewing, edits should be accepted if they are not obvious vandalism or BLP violations, and not clearly problematic in light of the reason given for protection (see Wikipedia:Reviewing process). More detailed documentation and guidelines can be found here.

If you do not want this userright, you may ask any administrator to remove it for you at any time. Courcelles (talk) 02:12, 18 June 2010 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : LII (June 2010)[edit]

The June 2010 issue of the Military history WikiProject newsletter has been published. You may read the newsletter, change the format in which future issues will be delivered to you, or unsubscribe from this notification by following the link. Thank you.
This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 18:31, 6 July 2010 (UTC)

Proposed deletion of List of Rulers of the Igala state of Idah[edit]

Ambox warning yellow.svg

The article List of Rulers of the Igala state of Idah has been proposed for deletion because of the following concern:

fails WP:LIST - all entries in the list do not have articles - notability of the entries is not established

While all contributions to Wikipedia are appreciated, content or articles may be deleted for any of several reasons.

You may prevent the proposed deletion by removing the {{dated prod}} notice, but please explain why in your edit summary or on the article's talk page.

Please consider improving the article to address the issues raised. Removing {{dated prod}} will stop the proposed deletion process, but other deletion processes exist. The speedy deletion process can result in deletion without discussion, and articles for deletion allows discussion to reach consensus for deletion. Amsaim (talk) 07:11, 9 August 2010 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : LIII (July 2010)[edit]

The Bugle.png

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter: Issue LIII (July 2010)
Front page
Project news
Articles
Members
Editorial
Project news

New parameter for military conflict infobox introduced;
Preliminary information on the September coordinator elections

Articles

Milhist's newest featured and A-Class content

Members

July's contest results, the latest awards to our members, plus an interview with Parsecboy

Editorial

Opportunities for new military history articles

To stop receiving this newsletter, or to receive it in a different format, please list yourself in the appropriate section here.

This has been an automated delivery by BrownBot (talk) 21:06, 18 August 2010 (UTC)

Revising various articles[edit]

Hi 4shizzal, After leaving Wikipedia alone for a while, I've decided to do a review of the various African history sites as I teach my course on African History. I know your work and that you're a solid, careful editor and so I'm giving you a heads up on it. I'm starting with the Ghana Empire today and I'm going to do quite a bit of changing, some big and some little. I looked back through a couple of months of editing history just to see what's going on on the article,and I see there's been a good deal of work. However, I don't see too much that is dramatic except that of Abdel Noor, whose work I will be changing a lot. I checked his talk page, and see he has not posted a user page, so I'm not sure where he's coming from, but since I'm changing things he wrote in particular I wanted to let you know, too. Beepsie (talk) 19:29, 8 September 2010 (UTC)—Preceding unsigned comment added by Beepsie (talkcontribs) 19:26, 8 September 2010 (UTC)

Regional categories[edit]

4shizzal: Every time I see your nickname I remember the day I first heard "Let me Ride", and as a historian I divide time into BC (Before Chronic) and AD (After Dre).

I am looking at the ancient Egypt article right now, and I want to see more intergration of this topic into the greater Nile Valley world so that the Nubian and Sudanese component of that civilization can be recognized. Obviously we want Egypt to be about Egypt, and so I wonder about a Nile Valley Civilization (or plural civilizations) category that would allow us to anchor Egypt, the Nubian/Sudanese kingdoms and Punt into a single category. Then an entry like Ancient Egypt would link to that as would the Nubian etc. One would want to include a link to the super-category in the opening section of the Egypt article. I'm going to edit this piece and include a "Nile Valley Civilizations" link in it, and create a Nile Valley Civilizations stub. Tell me what you think of this idea, or if I'm actually duplicating some other linkages, in which case I'll modify. Note also that we need to make regional categories for other parts of Africa, it's possible to do the Western Sudan now as a unit using an existing article I think, but we'll need to think how to devise and work out regional divisions that make sense, in order to integrate individual pre-colonial African country articles more coherently. But we also need to make sure that we chose categories that allow users to identify this architecture. Beepsie (talk) 14:35, 15 September 2010 (UTC)

Mali entry[edit]

Scott, I'm going to start revising the Mali entry, and I see you worked on it a lot. I have some problems with what is there now, so I want to let you know in advance. First, I think that the best secondary source to follow for much of this section is Nehemia Levtzion's Ancient Ghana and Mali (1973). It's an old timer, but for the purposes of much of the history we have, it's still the best. There have been new archaeological discoveries, but mostly they relate to earlier periods, and there have not been any new documents discovered that would change his evidentiary base, including any to be found in Timbuktu. The vast majority of those documents date from the eighteenth and nineteenth cventuries, and as far as I know there are none that predate the late fifteenth century. Most are either "mundane" documents like legal contracts or bills of sale, or are texts in Arabic composed outside Africa and available there as a center of learning within the Muslim world, such as legal texts, works of folklore and the like.

While the text now up makes a lot of oral tradition, and uses Niane's works (his earlier articles from the 60s rather than his UNESCO General History of Africa chapters. Niane used some oral tradition, but most of what he wrote was based on either Arabic sources, or on modern observations of social structure and terminology. We're talking about a fourteenth century empire, and to use modern social structure requires that there be no changes in 600 years, including the period of the period of the jihads in the nineteenth century, the colonial period and the disjunctures associated with that, and then the post colonial period, now 50 years old. Oral tradition has alwasy had a problem with feedback, that is, scholarly work, often by French scholars in the colonial period, ends up being read either directly or indirectly by specialists in oral tradition and incorporated into it. It makes OT problematic. I'd like to think we could learn a lot from it, but frankly I think it's a weak limb, especially for so remote a period.

So in reworking I'll use Levtzion with an eye on Niane, the original sources in Levztion and Hopkins, at least to the degree where it won't fall in the original research category, and maybe a bit more of the secondary literature.

I may be deleting, reverting or other wise disrupting what's written there, and I want to do this in as non-invasive a way as possible. Since I know you love this article, I want you to watch and argue where you see fit. I'm going to start with additions rather than subtractions and work my way forward. I probably won't spend more than a few days thought, and when that's over I'm off the article, since it's keyed to my class.Beepsie (talk) 16:48, 6 October 2010 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : LIV (August 2010)[edit]

The Bugle.png

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter: Issue LIV (August 2010)
Front page
Project news
Articles
Members
Editorial
Project news

The return of reviewer awards, task force discussions, and more information on the upcoming coordinator election

Articles

A recap of the month's new Featured and A-Class articles, including a new featured sound

Members

Our newest A-class medal recipients and this August's top contestants

Editorial

In the first of a two-part series, Moonriddengirl discusses the problems caused by copyright violations

To change your delivery options for this newsletter please list yourself in the appropriate section here. To assist with preparing the newsletter, please visit the newsroom. BrownBot (talk) 22:54, 7 September 2010 (UTC)

The Milhist election has started![edit]

The Military history WikiProject coordinator election has started. You are cordially invited to help pick fourteen new coordinators from a pool of twenty candidates. This time round, the term has increased from six to twelve months so it is doubly important that you have your say! Please cast your vote here no later than 23:59 (UTC) on Tuesday, 28 September 2010.

With many thanks in advance for your participation from the coordinator team,  Roger Davies talk 20:56, 16 September 2010 (UTC)

would love your collaboration[edit]

www.afropedea.org —Preceding unsigned comment added by 216.186.48.62 (talk) 02:50, 21 September 2010 (UTC)

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter : LV (September 2010)[edit]

The Bugle.png

The Military history WikiProject Newsletter: Issue LV (September 2010)
Front page
Project news
Articles
Members
Editorial
Project news

The results of September's coordinator elections, plus ongoing project discussions and proposals

Articles

A recap of the month's new Featured and A-Class articles

Members

Our newest A-class medal recipients, this September's top contestants, plus the reviewers' Roll of Honour (Apr-Sep 2010)

Editorial

In the final part of our series on copyright, Moonriddengirl describes how to deal with copyright infringements on Wikipedia

To stop receiving this newsletter, or to receive it in a different format, please list yourself in the appropriate section here. To assist with preparing the newsletter, please visit the newsroom. BrownBot (talk) 20:58, 21 October 2010 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LVI, October 2010[edit]

The Bugle.png
To stop receiving this newsletter, please list yourself in the appropriate section here. To assist with preparing the newsletter, please visit the newsroom. BrownBot (talk) 01:40, 21 November 2010 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LVII, November 2010[edit]

The Bugle.png
To stop receiving this newsletter, please list yourself in the appropriate section here. To assist with preparing the newsletter, please visit the newsroom. BrownBot (talk) 21:53, 8 December 2010 (UTC)

Revisions of Kongo article[edit]

Scott, I'm intrigued but a bit alarmed by your reorganization of the Kongo article into rule by various houses. First of all there is really no such organization of the subject found in the existing historiography of the country, and so in some ways I think your revision veers toward original research. I'm also not sure that I agree that the country's history can be quite so neatly characterized, and that is why I have avoided doing it in my own work. My sense, given in the "Elite Women" article that you cite is that the organization of the kanda really has three stages: first as a rather informal grouping of partisans that emerges at the time of election of a king, we can't be sure it's Kikongo term was "kanda" then, though I think it probably was (such a use is not literally attested in texts) but certainly it was attested in Portugese as "geração" (see p. 440). I'm not sure that there actually existed a descent group called "Kilukeni" for example, though as you see on pp. 442-45, in any case it was dissolving through the formation of rival factions from within it in 1550. I think a somewhat more solidified vision of houses or factions emerged during the crisis that followed the death of Alvaro II in 1614 and wasn't resolved until the coronation of Alvaro VI in 1636. Here factions became more formal and took on multigenerational life: it's maybe not a surprise that the first use of the "House of Coilo" of example is in a text of 1624, in the midst of this crisis. The third phase is following the death of Antonio I at Mbwila in 1665, then the factions harden into multi-generational durable units that control sections of the country and are never really removed: Pedro IV institutionalized the rotation of the factions as a part of his compromise settlement of 1709-18.

I guess my concerns therefore are two fold. First, I don't think that an encyclopedia is the place for engaging in this reconstruction, ahead of its publication in some academic or related journal where all the implications can be worked out with full reference to the primary sources. Your work in part is inspiring me to attempt such an article or to incorporate it into a book, but I can assure you that such an article will have to be as densely documented as "Elite Women" was, and unlike "Elite Women" the question of house, clan or faction will have to be the explicit purpose of the piece.

For now, however, I really think it needs to be reorganized into a more conventional scheme, perhaps by period through kings. I can see a periodization that runs from Afonso through Alvaro I; a second one that runs through the crisis following Alvaro II's death until 1636, yet another covering Alvaro VI-Antonio I, and then the civil war. Beepsie (talk) 16:53, 28 December 2010 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LVIII, December 2010[edit]

The Bugle.png




To assist with preparing the newsletter, please visit the newsroom. Past editions may be viewed here. BrownBot (talk) 20:13, 18 January 2011 (UTC)

The Bugle: Volume LVIX, January 2011[edit]

The Bugle.png
To stop receiving this newsletter, please list yourself in the appropriate section here. To assist with preparing the newsletter, please visit the newsroom. BrownBot (talk) 15:06, 21 February 2011 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LX, February 2011[edit]

The Bugle.png
To stop receiving this newsletter, please list yourself in the appropriate section here. To assist with preparing the newsletter, please visit the newsroom. BrownBot (talk) 21:04, 17 March 2011 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXI, March 2011[edit]

The Bugle.png
To stop receiving this newsletter, please list yourself in the appropriate section here. To assist with preparing the newsletter, please visit the newsroom. BrownBot (talk) 01:05, 29 April 2011 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXII, April 2011[edit]

The Bugle.png
To stop receiving this newsletter, please list yourself in the appropriate section here. To assist with preparing the newsletter, please visit the newsroom. BrownBot (talk) 21:43, 17 May 2011 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXIII, May 2011[edit]

The Bugle.png
To begin or stop receiving this newsletter, please list yourself in the appropriate section here. To assist with preparing the newsletter, please visit the newsroom. BrownBot (talk) 21:57, 4 June 2011 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXIV, June 2011[edit]

The Bugle.png
To receive this newsletter on your talk page, join the project or sign up here. If you are a member who does not want delivery, please go to this page. BrownBot (talk) 22:21, 16 July 2011 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXV, July 2011[edit]

The Bugle.png
To receive this newsletter on your talk page, join the project or sign up here. If you are a member who does not want delivery, please go to this page. BrownBot (talk) 21:23, 14 August 2011 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXVI, August 2011[edit]

The Bugle.png

To receive this newsletter on your talk page, join the project or sign up here. If you are a member who does not want delivery, please go to this page. EdwardsBot (talk) 17:25, 11 September 2011 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXVII, September 2011[edit]

The Bugle.png

To receive this newsletter on your talk page, join the project or sign up here. If you are a member who does not want delivery, please go to this page. EdwardsBot (talk) 01:45, 27 October 2011 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXVIII, October 2011[edit]

The Bugle.png

To receive this newsletter on your talk page, join the project or sign up here. If you are a member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. EdwardsBot (talk) 07:45, 28 November 2011 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXIX, November 2011[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Ian Rose (talk) and Ed [talk] [majestic titan] 20:05, 27 December 2011 (UTC)

Military Historian of the Year[edit]

Nominations for the "Military Historian of the Year" for 2011 are now open. If you would like to nominate an editor for this award, please do so here. Voting will open on 22 January and run for seven days. Thanks! On behalf of the coordinators, Nick-D (talk) and Ed [talk] [majestic titan] 22:30, 15 January 2012 (UTC) You were sent this message because you are a listed as a member of the Military history WikiProject.

The Bugle: Issue LXX, January 2012[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Ed [talk] [majestic titan] 23:35, 22 January 2012 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXXI, February 2012[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Ed [talk] [majestic titan] 09:25, 21 February 2012 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXXII, March 2012[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Ed [talk] [majestic titan] 01:56, 24 March 2012 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXXIII, April 2012[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Ed [talk] [majestic titan] 23:45, 30 April 2012 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXXIV, May 2012[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Ed [talk] [majestic titan] 14:15, 25 May 2012 (UTC)

GOCE July 2012 Copy Edit Drive[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Ed [talk] [majestic titan] 18:34, 23 June 2012 (UTC)

Reino do Congo[edit]

Dear Scott or 4shizzal...,
I have read your message on my talk page and allow me to say something. I do not take kindly to threats, of which your message was simply a sugar coated one. I care deeply for history which is why I will continue to stage the fact that the Kongo Kingdom was infact a vassalage of Portugal. I too have been in many a ... "rodeo", as you put it, and I can say that I do not always win, but let me say that I will "win", as if to say this is a competition, which it is not, on this matter because it is fact. The making of vassalage in the 19th century was merely officialization, for if you knew of the Congo Kingdom, which I so desperately hope you do, they were long under Portuguese influence and control. I do hate writing messages like this one which show my "ugly side", and I apologize for that, but I always believe old testemant was right in saying "an eye for an eye", so next time you so rudely embarras me on my talk page, be assured the disgrace will be reciprocated.
Thank you,
Cristiano Tomás (talk) 00:56, 1 July 2012 (UTC)

4shizzal, I was notified on my talk that there was a dispute going on at Kingdom of Kongo. This edit of yours (regarding the 'rodeo') might be taken by admins as being a promise to edit war. If so it may be seen as violating our WP:Edit warring policy. To stay out of trouble, I suggest that you follow the steps of WP:Dispute resolution. In case two people cannot agree, that policy explains how to bring in a third or fourth opinion. Thank you, EdJohnston (talk) 04:08, 1 July 2012 (UTC)
I am happy we could comprimise. I am sorry for my mal-mannered behavior earlier. Thank you, Cristiano Tomás (talk) 22:09, 1 July 2012 (UTC)
Per the language, when the kingdom became a vassal it from then on did all official business in Portuguese and that became the court language. Just look at any post-vassal documents. This makes it applicable for that language category in the infobox. I must go right now, but later on I will elaborate on my reasoning. Good editing and thank you, Cristiano Tomás (talk) 22:16, 1 July 2012 (UTC)

Invitation to wikiFeed[edit]

Hello 4shizzal,

I'm part of a team that is researching ways to help Wikipedia editors find interesting content to contribute to Wikipedia. More specifically, we are investigating whether content from news sources can be used to enhance Wikipedia editing. We have created a tool, called wikiFeed, that allows you to specify Twitter and/or RSS feeds from news sources that are interesting to you. wikiFeed then helps you make connections between those feeds and Wikipedia articles. We believe that using this tool may be a lot of fun, and may help you come up with some ideas on how to contribute to Wikipedia in ways that interest you. Please participate! To do so, complete this survey and follow this link to our website. Once you're there, click the "create an account" link to get started.

For more information about wikiFeed, visit our project page. If you have any questions, please feel free to ask via my talk page, or by email at wikifeedcc@gmail.com. We appreciate your time and hope you enjoy playing with wikiFeed!

Thanks! Jeremey Bentham (talk) 21:08, 25 July 2012 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXXVI, July 2012[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Ed [talk] [majestic titan] 09:00, 29 July 2012 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXXVII, August 2012[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Ed [talk] [majestic titan] 00:35, 1 September 2012 (UTC)

Military history coordinator election[edit]

The Military history WikiProject has started its 2012 project coordinator election process, where we will select a team of coordinators to organize the project over the coming year. If you would like to be considered as a candidate, please submit your nomination by 14 September. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact one of the current coordinators on their talk page. This message was delivered here because you are a member of the Military history WikiProject. – Military history coordinators (about the projectwhat coordinators do) 08:30, 10 September 2012 (UTC)

File permission problem with File:Oyo Empire.gif[edit]

Thanks for uploading File:Oyo Empire.gif. I noticed that while you provided a valid copyright licensing tag, there is no proof that the creator of the file agreed to license it under the given license.

If you created this media entirely yourself but have previously published it elsewhere (especially online), please either

  • make a note permitting reuse under the CC-BY-SA or another acceptable free license (see this list) at the site of the original publication; or
  • Send an email from an address associated with the original publication to permissions-en@wikimedia.org, stating your ownership of the material and your intention to publish it under a free license. You can find a sample permission letter here. If you take this step, add {{OTRS pending}} to the file description page to prevent premature deletion.

If you did not create it entirely yourself, please ask the person who created the file to take one of the two steps listed above, or if the owner of the file has already given their permission to you via email, please forward that email to permissions-en@wikimedia.org.

If you believe the media meets the criteria at Wikipedia:Non-free content, use a tag such as {{non-free fair use in|article name}} or one of the other tags listed at Wikipedia:File copyright tags#Fair use, and add a rationale justifying the file's use on the article or articles where it is included. See Wikipedia:File copyright tags for the full list of copyright tags that you can use.

If you have uploaded other files, consider checking that you have provided evidence that their copyright owners have agreed to license their works under the tags you supplied, too. You can find a list of files you have created in your upload log. Files lacking evidence of permission may be deleted one week after they have been tagged, as described on criteria for speedy deletion. You may wish to read the Wikipedia's image use policy. If you have any questions please ask them at the Media copyright questions page. Thank you. Magog the Ogre (tc) 14:15, 27 September 2012 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXXVIII, September 2012[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project and/or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Nick-D (talk) and Ed [talk] [majestic titan] 20:20, 5 October 2012 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXXIX, October 2012[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Nick-D (talk) and Ian Rose (talk) 02:10, 24 October 2012 (UTC)

Getting Africa Peer Review Working[edit]

Nuvola apps edu languages.svg
Hello, 4shizzal. You have new messages at AbstractIllusions's talk page.
You can remove this notice at any time by removing the {{Talkback}} or {{Tb}} template.

The Bugle: Issue LXXX, November 2012[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 02:11, 29 November 2012 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXXXI, December 2012[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 09:53, 24 December 2012 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXXXII, January 2013[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 13:53, 23 January 2013 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXXXIII, February 2013[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 08:10, 27 February 2013 (UTC)

FAR[edit]

I have nominated Kingdom of Makuria for a featured article review here. Please join the discussion on whether this article meets featured article criteria. Articles are typically reviewed for two weeks. If substantial concerns are not addressed during the review period, the article will be moved to the Featured Article Removal Candidates list for a further period, where editors may declare "Keep" or "Delist" the article's featured status. The instructions for the review process are here. Dana boomer (talk) 15:24, 17 March 2013 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXXXIV, March 2013[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 04:44, 25 March 2013 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXXXV, April 2013[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 16:06, 23 April 2013 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXXXVI, May 2013[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 14:00, 22 May 2013 (UTC)

Love history & culture? Get involved in WikiProject World Digital Library![edit]

World Digital Library Wikipedia Partnership - We need you!
WorldDigitalLibraryLogo2.png
Hi! I'm the Wikipedian In Residence at the World Digital Library, a project of the Library of Congress and UNESCO. I'm recruiting Wikipedians who are passionate about history & culture to participate in improving Wikipedia using the WDL's vast free online resources. Participants can earn our awesome WDL barnstar and help to disseminate free knowledge from over 100 libraries in 7 different languages. Please sign up to participate here. Thanks for editing Wikipedia and I look forward to working with you! SarahStierch (talk) 19:44, 22 May 2013 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXXXVII, June 2013[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 09:37, 24 June 2013 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXXXVIII, July 2013[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 16:14, 25 July 2013 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXXXIX, August 2013[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 00:51, 21 August 2013 (UTC)

WikiProject Military history coordinator election[edit]

Greetings from WikiProject Military history! As a member of the project, you are invited to take part in our annual project coordinator election, which will determine our coordinators for the next twelve months. If you wish to cast a vote, please do so on the election page by 23:59 (UTC) on 28 September! Kirill [talk] 18:21, 16 September 2013 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue LXXXXX, September 2013[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 00:49, 21 September 2013 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue XCI, October 2013[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 23:35, 23 October 2013 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue XCII, November 2013[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 06:44, 18 November 2013 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue XCIII, December 2013[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 00:37, 17 December 2013 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue XCIV, January 2014[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 13:49, 16 January 2014 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue XCV, February 2014[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 23:56, 22 February 2014 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue XCVI, March 2014[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 12:37, 26 March 2014 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue XCVII, April 2014[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 14:58, 20 April 2014 (UTC)

Luso-Ethiopian connections[edit]

Hello! First I'd like to say thanks for contributing to those African Empire pages (especially the medieval ones such as the Mali and Songhai; not sure if you did the Almohads and Almavorids, too, but if so, thanks!). I also enjoyed reading about your story finding about your relation to the Igbo and the Mande, among others! It's a bit refreshing to see another person who is black interested in Africa that isn't an extreme Afro-centrist; I know they are out there, but I haven't been fortunate to run across many in person. I also agree with your piece regarding Africans and the lack of writing relative to other cultures. There are many peoples in SE Asia, Oceania, and the Americas (outside of the usual suspects) that didn't use writing, but it isn't b/c of the lack on intelligence, but there wasn't important. Sorry, getting a bit off topic!

My interest is focused on globalization between ancient/medieval/early modern period era, and I'm particularly focused on trying to expand upon the Portuguese Empire page. I wanted to add a bit more information with Luso-Ethiopian contact on the page (although it would serve a larger purpose on the Catholic Church and the Age of Discovery page; Africa and Asia are wholly ignored, and the Jesuits among others certainly had an impact in more than just in the Americas) and I want to know if you know of any good books on the subject, and maybe relations with the Kingdom of Kongo and Portugal, too? Just contact me on my page whenever you get the chance, thanks for reading!LeftAire (talk) 20:15, 12 May 2014 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue XCVIII, May 2014[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 22:49, 20 May 2014 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue XCIX, June 2014[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 15:40, 21 June 2014 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue C, July 2014[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 03:47, 20 July 2014 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CI, August 2014[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 15:22, 17 August 2014 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CII, September 2014[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 02:24, 20 September 2014 (UTC)

WikiProject Military history coordinator election[edit]

Greetings from WikiProject Military history! As a member of the project, you are invited to take part in our annual project coordinator election, which will determine our coordinators for the next twelve months. If you wish to cast a vote, please do so on the election page by 23:59 (UTC) on 28 September! Ed [talk] [majestic titan] 22:15, 23 September 2014 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CIII, October 2014[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 14:32, 19 October 2014 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CIII, October 2014, Redux[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

NOTE: This replaces the earlier October 2014 Bugle message, which had incorrect links -- please ignore/delete the previous message. Thank uou!

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 01:52, 20 October 2014 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CIV, November 2014[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 12:27, 20 November 2014 (UTC)

Nominations for the Military history Wikiproject's Historian and Newcomer of the Year Awards are now open![edit]

The Military history Wikiproject has opened nominations for the Military historian of the year and Military history newcomer of the year. Nominations will be accepted until 13 December at 23:59 GMT, with voting to begin at 0:00 GMT 14 December. The voting will conclude on 21 December. MediaWiki message delivery (talk) 01:35, 7 December 2014 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CV, December 2014[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 12:51, 23 December 2014 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CVI, January 2015[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 13:27, 23 January 2015 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CVII, February 2015[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 22:50, 20 February 2015 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CVIII, March 2015[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 09:36, 27 March 2015 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CIX, April 2015[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 06:31, 26 April 2015 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CX, May 2015[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 23:03, 20 May 2015 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXI, June 2015[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 13:38, 23 June 2015 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXII, July 2015[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 22:34, 22 July 2015 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXIII, August 2015[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 11:45, 22 August 2015 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXIV, September 2015[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 05:08, 20 September 2015 (UTC)

WikiProject Military history coordinator election[edit]

Greetings from WikiProject Military history! As a member of the project, you are invited to take part in our annual project coordinator election. If you wish to cast a vote, please do so on the election page by 23:59 (UTC) on 29 September. Yours, Ed [talk] [majestic titan] 05:21, 25 September 2015 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXV, October 2015[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 21:46, 15 October 2015 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXVI, November 2015[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 03:25, 18 November 2015 (UTC)

ArbCom elections are now open![edit]

Hi,
You appear to be eligible to vote in the current Arbitration Committee election. The Arbitration Committee is the panel of editors responsible for conducting the Wikipedia arbitration process. It has the authority to enact binding solutions for disputes between editors, primarily related to serious behavioural issues that the community has been unable to resolve. This includes the ability to impose site bans, topic bans, editing restrictions, and other measures needed to maintain our editing environment. The arbitration policy describes the Committee's roles and responsibilities in greater detail. If you wish to participate, you are welcome to review the candidates' statements and submit your choices on the voting page. For the Election committee, MediaWiki message delivery (talk) 13:08, 23 November 2015 (UTC)

ArbCom elections are now open![edit]

Hi,
You appear to be eligible to vote in the current Arbitration Committee election. The Arbitration Committee is the panel of editors responsible for conducting the Wikipedia arbitration process. It has the authority to enact binding solutions for disputes between editors, primarily related to serious behavioural issues that the community has been unable to resolve. This includes the ability to impose site bans, topic bans, editing restrictions, and other measures needed to maintain our editing environment. The arbitration policy describes the Committee's roles and responsibilities in greater detail. If you wish to participate, you are welcome to review the candidates' statements and submit your choices on the voting page. For the Election committee, MediaWiki message delivery (talk) 13:33, 23 November 2015 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXVII, December 2015[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 05:06, 24 December 2015 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXVIII, January 2016[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 11:23, 26 January 2016 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXIX, February 2016[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 14:14, 27 February 2016 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXX, March 2016[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 12:15, 26 March 2016 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXXI, April 2016[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 01:37, 30 April 2016 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXXII, May–June 2016[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 12:04, 6 June 2016 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXXIII, July 2016[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 12:44, 7 July 2016 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXXIV, August 2016[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 07:57, 7 August 2016 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXXV, September 2016[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 13:27, 7 September 2016 (UTC)

Invite to the African Destubathon[edit]

Hi. You may be interested in participating in the African Destubathon which starts on October 15. Africa currently has over 37,000 stubs and badly needs a quality improvement editathon/contest to flesh out basic stubs. There are proposed substantial prizes to give to editors who do the most geography, wildlife and women articles, and planned smaller prizes for doing to most destubs for each of the 53 African countries, so should be enjoyable! Even if contests aren't your thing we would be grateful if you could consider destubbing a few African articles during the drive to help the cause and help reduce the massive 37,000 + stub count, of which many are rated high importance (think Regions of countries etc). If you're interested in competing or just loosely contributing, whether it's a river in Malawi, a Nigerian footballer, or a South African civil rights activist, please add your name to the Contestants/participants section. Diversity of work from a lot of people will make this that bit more special. For those of you who signed up to the North African contest, that will hopefully be held in the new year. Thanks. --MediaWiki message delivery (talk) 21:11, 6 October 2016 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXXVI, October 2016[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 14:17, 7 October 2016 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXXVII, November 2016[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 11:30, 7 November 2016 (UTC)

ArbCom Elections 2016: Voting now open![edit]

Scale of justice 2.svgHello, 4shizzal. Voting in the 2016 Arbitration Committee elections is open from Monday, 00:00, 21 November through Sunday, 23:59, 4 December to all unblocked users who have registered an account before Wednesday, 00:00, 28 October 2016 and have made at least 150 mainspace edits before Sunday, 00:00, 1 November 2016.

The Arbitration Committee is the panel of editors responsible for conducting the Wikipedia arbitration process. It has the authority to impose binding solutions to disputes between editors, primarily for serious conduct disputes the community has been unable to resolve. This includes the authority to impose site bans, topic bans, editing restrictions, and other measures needed to maintain our editing environment. The arbitration policy describes the Committee's roles and responsibilities in greater detail.

If you wish to participate in the 2016 election, please review the candidates' statements and submit your choices on the voting page. MediaWiki message delivery (talk) 22:08, 21 November 2016 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXXVIII, December 2016[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 14:09, 7 December 2016 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXXIX, January 2017[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 23:07, 7 January 2017 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXXX, February 2017[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 04:45, 7 February 2017 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXXXI, March 2017[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 23:19, 12 March 2017 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXXXII, April 2017[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 23:50, 8 April 2017 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXXXIII, May 2017[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 03:01, 7 May 2017 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXXXIV, June 2017[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 12:52, 8 June 2017 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXXXV, July 2017[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 07:34, 4 July 2017 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXXXVI, August 2017[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 13:37, 7 August 2017 (UTC)

File:Asante traditional flag.jpg listed for discussion[edit]

Information.svg
A file that you uploaded or altered, File:Asante traditional flag.jpg, has been listed at Wikipedia:Files for discussion. Please see the discussion to see why it has been listed (you may have to search for the title of the image to find its entry). Feel free to add your opinion on the matter below the nomination. Thank you. Jon Kolbert (talk) 14:27, 13 August 2017 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXXXVII, September 2017[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 23:32, 8 September 2017 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXXXVIII, October 2017[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 23:42, 7 October 2017 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXXXIX, November 2017[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 13:29, 7 November 2017 (UTC)

Women in Red World Contest[edit]

Hi. We're into the last five days of the Women in Red World Contest. There's a new bonus prize of $200 worth of books of your choice to win for creating the most new women biographies between 0:00 on the 26th and 23:59 on 30th November. If you've been contributing to the contest, thank you for your support, we've produced over 2000 articles. If you haven't contributed yet, we would appreciate you taking the time to add entries to our articles achievements list by the end of the month. Thank you, and if participating, good luck with the finale!

The Bugle: Issue CXL, December 2017[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 11:16, 10 December 2017 (UTC)

User group for Military Historians[edit]

Greetings,

"Military history" is one of the most important subjects when speak of sum of all human knowledge. To support contributors interested in the area over various language Wikipedias, we intend to form a user group. It also provides a platform to share the best practices between military historians, and various military related projects on Wikipedias. An initial discussion was has been done between the coordinators and members of WikiProject Military History on English Wikipedia. Now this discussion has been taken to Meta-Wiki. Contributors intrested in the area of military history are requested to share their feedback and give suggestions at Talk:Discussion to incubate a user group for Wikipedia Military Historians.

MediaWiki message delivery (talk) 11:30, 21 December 2017 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXLI, January 2018[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 13:15, 8 January 2018 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXLII, February 2018[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 07:16, 11 February 2018 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXLIII, March 2018[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 10:35, 12 March 2018 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXLIIV, April 2018[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 09:55, 8 April 2018 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXLIV, May 2018[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 14:59, 12 May 2018 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXLVI, June 2018[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 10:35, 11 June 2018 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXLVII, July 2018[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 12:11, 10 July 2018 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXLVIII, August 2018[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 08:35, 12 August 2018 (UTC)

The Bugle: Issue CXLIX, September 2018[edit]

Full front page of The Bugle
Your Military History Newsletter

The Bugle is published by the Military history WikiProject. To receive it on your talk page, please join the project or sign up here.
If you are a project member who does not want delivery, please remove your name from this page. Your editors, Ian Rose (talk) and Nick-D (talk) 22:19, 10 September 2018 (UTC)