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|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1680s 1690s 1700s – 1710s – 1720s 1730s 1740s|
|Years:||1711 1712 1713 – 1714 – 1715 1716 1717|
|1714 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada – Great Britain –|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2467|
|Bahá'í calendar||−130 – −129|
|British Regnal year||12 Ann. 1 – 1 Geo. 1|
|Chinese calendar||癸巳年 (Water Snake)
4410 or 4350
— to —
甲午年 (Wood Horse)
4411 or 4351
|- Vikram Samvat||1770–1771|
|- Shaka Samvat||1636–1637|
|- Kali Yuga||4815–4816|
|Japanese calendar||Shōtoku 4
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||198 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2257|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1714.|
- March 7 – Treaty of Rastatt signed between Austria and France concluding the War of the Spanish Succession between them. Austria receives from Spain, Spanish territories in Italy – the Kingdom of Naples, Duchy of Milan and Kingdom of Sardinia – as well as the Southern Netherlands; and from France Freiburg and Landau. The Austrian Habsburg Empire reaches its largest territorial extent yet with Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, succeeding Philip V of Spain as ruler in the ceded territories.
- May 19 – Anne, Queen of Great Britain, refuses to allow members of the House of Hanover to settle in Britain during her lifetime.
- July – Longitude prize: The Parliament of Great Britain votes "to offer a reward for such person or persons as shall discover the Longitude." (£10,000 for any method capable of determining a ship's longitude within 1 degree; £15,000, within 40 minutes, and £20,000 within ½ a degree.)
- July 27 – Battle of Gangut: The Imperial Russian Navy gains its first important victory, against the Swedish Navy.
- August 1 – George, elector of Hanover becomes King George I of Great Britain and Ireland on the death of Queen Anne.
- September 11 – War of the Spanish Succession: Barcelona taken after a long siege and Catalonia surrenders to Spanish and French Bourbon armies.
- December 9 – Ottoman–Venetian War (1714–1718): The Ottoman Empire declares war on the Republic of Venice.
- Archbishop Tenison's School, the world's earliest surviving mixed gender school, is established by Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury, in Croydon, south of London, England.
- Louis Juchereau de St. Denis establishes Fort St. Jean Baptiste at the site of present day Natchitoches, Louisiana (the first permanent European settlement in the Louisiana Territory, after Biloxi (1699) and Mobile, Alabama (1702) were separated).
- Worcester College, University of Oxford is founded (formerly Gloucester College, closed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries).
- Stockholm County founded.
- Redirection of the river Kander (Switzerland) into Lake Thun.
- January 1 – Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lithuanian poet (d. 1780)
- January 6 – Percivall Pott, English surgeon (d. 1788)
- January 26 – Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor (d. 1785)
- February 2 – Gottfried August Homilius, German composer (d. 1785)
- February 22 – Louis-Georges de Bréquigny, French historian (d. 1795)
- February 25
- February 26 – James Hervey, English clergyman and writer (d. 1758)
- March 8 – Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach, German composer (d. 1788)
- March 27 – Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian theologian and historian (d. 1795)
- April 14 – Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader (d. 1788)
- May 10 – Sophie Charlotte Ackermann, German actress (d. 1792)
- June 6 – King Joseph I of Portugal (d. 1777)
- June 17
- July 2 – Christoph Willibald Gluck, German composer (d. 1787)
- July 16 – Marc René, marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer and writer (d. 1800)
- August 1 – Richard Wilson, Welsh painter (d. 1782)
- August 14 – Claude Joseph Vernet, French painter (d. 1789)
- August 28 – Anthony Ulrich II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1774)
- September 10 – Niccolò Jommelli, Italian composer (d. 1774)
- September 19 – Charles Humphreys, American delegate to the Continental Congress (d. 1786)
- October 13 – Pieter Burmann the Younger, Dutch philologist (d. 1778)
- October 16 – Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist (d. 1795)
- October 25 – James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, Scottish philosopher and evolutionary thinker (d. 1799)
- November 13 – William Shenstone, English poet (d. 1763)
- November 25 – Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (d. 1783)
- December 16 – George Whitefield, English-born Methodist leader (d. 1770)
- December 19 – John Winthrop, American astronomer (d. 1779)
- December 21 – John Bradstreet, Canadian-born soldier (d. 1774)
- January 5 – Mamia III Gurieli, Prince of Guria
- February 2 – John Sharp, English Archbishop of Yorkshire (b. 1643)
- February 24 – Edmund Andros, English governor in North America (b. 1637)
- May 15 – Roger Elliott, British general and Governor of Gibraltar (b. c. 1665)
- May 18 – Ivan Botsis, Russian admiral of Greek origin (unknown birth date)
- May 30 – Gottfried Arnold, German church historian (b. 1666)
- June 8 – Electress Sophia of Hanover, heir to the throne of Great Britain (b. 1630)
- June 22 – Matthew Henry, English non-conformist minister (b. 1662)
- August 1 – Anne, Queen of Great Britain (b. 1665)
- August 25 – Constantin Brâncoveanu, Prince of Wallachia (b. 1654)
- August 26 – Edward Fowler, English Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1632)
- October – Raja Sitaram Ray, autonomous king, vassal of the Mughal Empire
- October 5 – Kaibara Ekiken, Japanese philosopher (b. 1630)
- October 10 – Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert, French economist (b. 1646)
- November 5 – Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (b. 1633)
- December 10 – Anthony Günther, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst (b. 1653)