From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the year 1699. For the number, see 1699 (number).
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1660s 1670s 1680s – 1690s – 1700s 1710s 1720s|
|Years:||1696 1697 1698 – 1699 – 1700 1701 1702|
|1699 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2452|
|Bahá'í calendar||−145 – −144|
|English Regnal year||11 Will. 3 – 12 Will. 3|
|Chinese calendar||戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
4395 or 4335
— to —
己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
4396 or 4336
|- Vikram Samvat||1755–1756|
|- Shaka Samvat||1621–1622|
|- Kali Yuga||4800–4801|
|Japanese calendar||Genroku 12
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||213 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2242|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1699.|
- January 19 – The Parliament of England (under Tory dominance) limits the size of the country's standing army to 7,000 'native born' men. King William III's Dutch Blue Guards hence cannot serve in the line. By Act of February 1, it also requires disbandment of foreign troops in Ireland.
- January 26 – Treaty of Karlowitz is concluded. The Republic of Venice, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Holy Roman Empire sign a peace treaty with the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Turks cede to Austria all their former territories in Transylvania, Slavonia, Croatia and the whole of Hungary except for the Banat of Temesvar. The Peloponnese and Dalmatia are ceded to Venice. Large parts of the Ukraine are ceded to Poland. The treaty marks a significant stage in the decline of the Ottoman Empire that has dominated eastern Europe since the fall of Constantinople in 1453.
- February 4 – 350 rebellious Streltsi are executed in Moscow.
- March 2 – The Edinburgh Gazette is first published.
- March 4 – Jews are expelled from Lübeck, Germany. 
- April 13 – The 10th Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh, creates the Khalsa.
- May 1 – Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville founds the first European settlement in the Mississippi River Valley, at Fort Maurepas (Ocean Springs, Mississippi).
- June 11 – England, France and the Dutch Republic agree on the terms of the Second Partition Treaty for Spain.
- June 14 – Thomas Savery demonstrates his first steam pump to the Royal Society of London.
- July 6 – Pirate Captain William Kidd is arrested and imprisoned in Boston, Massachusetts.
- July 26 – William Dampier's expedition to New Holland (Australia) in HMS Roebuck reaches Dirk Hartog Island at the mouth of what he calls Shark Bay in Western Australia and begins producing the first known detailed record of Australian flora and fauna.
- August 25 – Death of Christian V, King of Denmark–Norway since 1670. He is succeeded by his son Frederick IV (to 1730).
- September 22
- December 3 – Baron Jacob Hop is appointed as the treasurer-general of The Hague.
- December 20 – Peter the Great orders the Russian New Year changed from 1 September to 1 January.
- Billingsgate Fish Market in London is sanctioned as a permanent institution by Act of Parliament.
- March 23 – John Bartram, American botanist (d. 1777)
- March 25 – Johann Adolf Hasse, German composer (d. 1783)
- May 1 – Hans Joachim von Zieten, Prussian field marshal (d. 1786)
- May 13 – Marquis of Pombal, Prime Minister of Portugal (d. 1782)
- November 2 – Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, French painter (d. 1779)
- November 25 – Pierre Subleyras, French painter (d. 1749)
- December 10 – King Christian VI of Denmark (d. 1746)
- December 19 – William Bowyer (printer), English printer (d. 1777)
- date unknown – Robert Blair, Scottish poet and cleric (d. 1746)
- January 21 – Obadiah Walker, English writer (b. 1616)
- March 12 – Peder Griffenfeld, Danish statesman (b. 1635)
- April 21 – Jean Racine, French dramatist who wrote several great tragedies based on Greek and Roman literature (b. 1639)
- April 22 – Hans Erasmus Aßmann, Freiherr von Abschatz, German statesman and poet (b. 1646)
- May 12 – Lucas Achtschellinck, Flemish painter (b. 1626)
- May 15 – Edward Petre, English Jesuit and privy councillor (b. 1631)
- June 22 – Josiah Child, English Governor of the East India Company (b. 1630)
- September 26 – Simon Arnauld de Pomponne, French diplomat and minister of Louis XIV (b. 1618)
- August 25 – Christian V, King of Denmark and Norway (b. 1646)
- November 29 – Patrick Gordon, Scottish general (b. 1635)
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 200–201. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Moody, T. W. et al., ed. (1989). A New History of Ireland. 8: A Chronology of Irish History. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-821744-2.
- Bach, J. (1966). "Dampier, William (1651 - 1715)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
- In The (The Holy Science), Sri Yukteswar concludes that we are currently in the beginning stages of Dwapara Yuga, which began around 1699 A.D. This now puts us in the year 311 Dwapara according to Sri Yukteswar. Thus, we are moving closer to the grand center, and will pass into Treta Yuga around the year 4099 A.D.