1845 in the United States
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|1845 in the United States|
|Years:||1842 1843 1844 – 1845 – 1846 1847 1848|
27 stars (1845–46)
Events from the year 1845 in the United States.
- President: John Tyler (Whig/none) (until March 4), James K. Polk (Democratic) (starting March 4)
- Vice President: vacant (until March 4), George M. Dallas (Democratic) (starting March 4)
- Chief Justice: Roger B. Taney
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: John Winston Jones (D-Virginia) (until March 4), John Wesley Davis (D-Indiana) (starting December 1)
- Congress: 28th (until March 4), 29th (starting March 4)
- January 1 – The Cobble Hill Tunnel in Brooklyn is completed.
- January 29 – Raven by Edgar Allan Poe is published for the first time (New York Evening Mirror).
- February 1 – Anson Jones, President of the Republic of Texas, signs the charter officially creating Baylor University. Baylor is the oldest university in the State of Texas operating under its original name.
- February 28 – The United States Congress approves the annexation of Texas.
- March 1 – President John Tyler signs a bill authorizing the United States to annex the Republic of Texas.
- March 3 – Florida is admitted as the 27th U.S. state (see History of Florida).
- March 4
- April 10 – The Great Fire of Pittsburgh destroys much of the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
- May – Frederick Douglass's Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, written by himself, is published by the Boston Anti-Slavery Society.
Unknown date – Spaniards find Lost Dutchman Mine, Arizona.
- July 4 – Near Concord, Massachusetts, Henry David Thoreau embarks on a 2-year experiment in simple living at Walden Pond (see Walden).
- July–August – In the United States Magazine and Democratic Review editor John L. O'Sullivan declares that foreign powers are trying to prevent American annexation of Texas in order to impede "the fullfillment [sic] of our manifest destiny to overspread the continent allotted by Providence for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions". It is the first use of the phrase "Manifest Destiny".
- August 28 – The journal Scientific American begins publication.
- October 10 – In Annapolis, Maryland, the Naval School (later renamed the United States Naval Academy) opens with 50 midshipmen students and 7 professors.
- October 13 – A majority of voters in the Republic of Texas approve a proposed constitution, that if accepted by the United States Congress, will make Texas a U.S. state.
- October 21 – The New York Herald becomes the first newspaper to mention the game of baseball.
- October 22 – The New York Morning News becomes the first newspaper to include a box-score of a baseball game.
- December 2 – Manifest Destiny: U.S. President James K. Polk announces to Congress that the Monroe Doctrine should be strictly enforced and that the United States should aggressively expand into the West.
- December 5 – The Templars of Honor and Temperance is founded in the United States.
- December 6 – Alpha Sigma Phi Fraternity is founded.
- December 27
- Anesthesia is used for childbirth for the first time (Dr. Crawford Long in Jefferson, Georgia).
- American journalist John L. O'Sullivan claims in a newspaper article that the United States has a "Manifest Destiny" to expand its borders. It's the second time he uses the term and it will have a huge influence on the American imperialistic movement of the 19th century.
- December 29 – Texas is admitted as the 28th U.S. state (see History of Texas).
- May 18 – John B. Allen, United States Senator from Washington from 1889 till 1893. (died 1903)
- September 17 – Calvin S. Brice, United States Senator from Ohio from 1891 till 1897. (died 1898)
- November 3 – Edward Douglass White, 9th Chief Justice of the United States from 1910 till 1921, Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court from 1894 till 1910, and United States Senator from Louisiana from 1891 till 1894. (died 1921)
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- March 16 – Isaac C. Bates, United States Senator from Massachusetts from 1841 till 1845. (born 1779)
- June 8 – Andrew Jackson, 7th President of the United States from 1829 till 1837. (born 1767)
- June 9 – Gabriel Moore, United States Senator from Alabama from 1831 till 1837. (born 1785)
- September 10 – Joseph Story, Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court Justice from 1811 till 1845. (born 1779)
- O'Sullivan, John L. (July–August 1845). "Annexation". United States Magazine and Democratic Review 17 (1): 5–10.
- Media related to 1845 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons