1790 in the United States
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|1790 in the United States|
|Years:||1787 1788 1789 – 1790 – 1791 1792 1793|
13 stars, the Betsy Ross version (1777–95)
Events from the year 1790 in the United States.
- President: George Washington
- Vice President: John Adams (Federalist)
- Chief Justice: John Jay
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Frederick Muhlenberg (Pro-Admin.-Pennsylvania)
- Congress: 1st
- Governor of Connecticut: Samuel Huntington (Federalist)
- Governor of Delaware: Joshua Clayton (Federalist)
- Governor of Georgia: George Walton (Democratic-Republican) (until November 9), Edward Telfair (Democratic-Republican) (starting November 9)
- Governor of Maryland: John E. Howard (Federalist)
- Governor of Massachusetts: John Hancock (no political party)
- Governor of New Hampshire: John Sullivan (Federalist) (until June 5), Josiah Bartlett (Democratic-Republican) (starting June 5)
- Governor of New Jersey: William Livingston (no political party) (until July 25), Elisha Lawrence (Federalist) (July 25-October 29), William Paterson (Federalist) (starting October 29)
- Governor of New York: George Clinton (Democratic-Republican)
- Governor of North Carolina: Alexander Martin (Anti-Federalist)
- Governor of Pennsylvania: Thomas Mifflin (no political party)
- Governor of Rhode Island: Arthur Fenner (Country) (starting May 29)
- Governor of South Carolina: Charles Pinckney (Federalist)
- Governor of Virginia: Beverley Randolph (no political party)
- Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut: Oliver Wolcott (Federalist)
- Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts: Samuel Adams (Democratic-Republican)
- Lieutenant Governor of New York: Pierre Van Cortlandt (political party unknown)
- Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island: Samuel J. Potter (Democratic-Republican) (starting May 29)
- Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina: Alexander Gillon (Federalist)
- January 8 – President of the U.S. George Washington gives the first State of the Union address, in New York City.
- February 1 – In New York City the Supreme Court of the United States convenes for the first time.
- February 11 – Two Quaker delegates petition the United States Congress for the abolition of slavery.
- March 1 – The first United States census is authorized.
- March 21 – Thomas Jefferson reports to President George Washington in New York as the new United States Secretary of State.
- April 10 – The United States patent system is established.
- May 29 – Rhode Island ratifies the United States Constitution and becomes the last of the 13 original states to do so.
- June 20 – Compromise of 1790: Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton come to an agreement: Madison agrees to not be "strenuous" in opposition for the assumption of state debts by the federal government; Hamilton agrees to support the capital site being above the Potomac.
- July 16 – The signing of the Residence Bill establishes a site along the Potomac River as the District of Columbia, the capital district of the United States.
- July 31 – Inventor Samuel Hopkins becomes the first to be issued a U.S. patent (for an improved method of making potash).
- August 4 – A newly passed U.S. tariff act creates the United States Revenue Cutter Service, the forerunner of the Coast Guard.
- The first United States federal budget bill is introduced by Alexander Hamilton.
- The 1790 United States Census is taken.
- 5.1% of Americans are living in centers of 2,500 or more people.
- Northwest Indian War (1785–1795)
- January 6 – Arnold Naudain, United States Senator from Delaware from 1830 till 1836. (died 1872)
- January 17 – Powhatan Ellis, United States Senator from Mississippi from 1825 till 1826 and from 1827 till 1832. (died 1863)
- March 29 – John Tyler, 10th President of the United States from 1841 till 1845. United States Senator from Virginia from 1827 till 1836. (died 1862)
- June 1 – Chester Ashley, United States Senator from Arkansas from 1844 till 1848. (died 1848)
- October 1 – Henry H. Chambers, United States Senator from Alabama from 1825 till 1826. (died 1826)
April 17th - Benjamin Franklin. Publisher, inventor, congressman, ambassador, abolitionist and American icon.
- Media related to 1790 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons