1880 in the United States
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|1880 in the United States|
|Years:||1877 1878 1879 – 1880 – 1881 1882 1883|
38 stars (1877–90)
Events from the year 1880 in the United States.
- President: Rutherford B. Hayes (Republican)
- Vice President: William A. Wheeler (Republican)
- Chief Justice: Morrison Waite
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Samuel J. Randall (D-Pennsylvania)
- Congress: 46th
- February 2 – The first electric streetlight is installed in Wabash, Indiana.
- March 31 – Wabash, Indiana becomes the first electrically lighted city in the world.
- May 13 – In Menlo Park, New Jersey, Thomas Edison performs the first test of his electric railway.
- October 6 – Th University of Southern California opens its doors to 53 students and 10 faculty.
- October 15 – The first blizzard from Laura Ingalls Wilder's The Long Winter (novel) swept over the prairie in Dakota Territory.
- November 2 – U.S. presidential election, 1880: James Garfield defeats Winfield S. Hancock.
- November 4 – The first cash register is patented by James and John Ritty of Dayton, Ohio.
- November 22 – Vaudeville actress Lillian Russell makes her debut at Tony Pastor's Theatre in New York City.
- The journal Science is founded by Thomas Edison.
- More than 100,000 Chinese men and 3,000 Chinese women are living in the western United States.
- The Department of Scientific Temperance Instruction of the Women's Christian Temperance Union is established.
- Gilded Age (1869–c. 1896)
- January 6 – Tom Mix, American actor (d. 1940)
- January 20 – Walter W. Bacon, American accountant and politician; 60th Governor of Delaware (d. 1962)
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- January 19 – James Westcott, United States Senator from Florida from 1845 till 1849, died in Montréal, Québec, Canada. (born 1802)
- February 14 – Samuel G. Arnold, United States Senator from Rhode Island from 1862 till 1863. (born 1821)
- June 12 – Albert G. Brown, United States Senator from Mississippi from 1854 till 1861. (born 1813)
- June 13 – James A. Bayard, Jr., United States Senator from Delaware from 1851 till 1864. (born 1799)
- June 17 – James B. Howell, United States Senator from Iowa from 1870 till 1871. (born 1816)
- August 9 – William Bigler, United States Senator from Pennsylvania from 1856 till 1861. (born 1814)
- August 16 – Herschel Vespasian Johnson, United States Senator from Georgia from 1863 till 1865. (born 1812)
- September 19 – Lafayette S. Foster, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1855 till 1867. (born 1806)
- Media related to 1880 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons