1977 in the United States
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|1977 in the United States|
|Years:||1974 1975 1976 – 1977 – 1978 1979 1980|
50 stars (1960–present)
Events from the year 1977 in the United States.
- President: Gerald Ford (Republican) (until January 20), Jimmy Carter (Democratic) (starting January 20)
- Vice President: Nelson Rockefeller (Republican) (until January 20), Walter Mondale (Democratic) (starting January 20)
- Chief Justice: Warren E. Burger
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Carl Albert (D-Oklahoma) (until January 3), Tip O'Neill (D-Massachusetts) (starting January 4)
- Senate Majority Leader: Mike Mansfield (D-Montana) (until January 3), Robert Byrd (D-West Virginia) (starting January 3)
- Congress: 94th (until January 3), 95th (starting January 3)
- January – The world's first personal computer, the Commodore PET, is demonstrated at the winter Consumer Electronics Show in Chicago.
- January 3 – Apple Computer is incorporated.
- January 9 – Super Bowl XI: The Oakland Raiders defeat the Minnesota Vikings 32–14 at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California.
- January 17 – In the first execution after the reintroduction of the death penalty in the U.S., Gary Gilmore is executed by firing squad in Utah.
- January 19 – Snow falls in Miami, Florida (despite its ordinarily tropical climate) for the only time in its history. Snowfall has occurred farther south in the United States only on the high mountains of the state of Hawaii.
- January 19 – U.S. President Gerald Ford pardons Iva Toguri D'Aquino (aka "Tokyo Rose").
- January 20 – Jimmy Carter succeeds Gerald Ford as the 39th President of the United States.
- January 21 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter pardons Vietnam War draft evaders.
- January 23 – Roots begins its phenomenally successful run on ABC.
- January 28 – The Great Lakes Blizzard of 1977 hits Buffalo, New York.
- February 4 – Fleetwood Mac's Grammy-winning album Rumours is released.
- February 18 – The space shuttle Enterprise test vehicle goes on its maiden "flight" while sitting on top of a Boeing 747, at Edwards Air Force Base in California.
- March 9 – Approximately a dozen armed Hanafi Muslims take over 3 buildings in Washington, D.C., killing 1 person and taking more than 130 hostages. The hostage situation ends 2 days later.
- March 15 – Tenor Luciano Pavarotti and the PBS opera series Live from the Met both make their American television debuts. Pavarotti stars in a complete production of Puccini's La Boheme.
- April 4 – Grundy, Virginia experienced a major flood that made around $15 million in damages to 228 residential and commercial structures.
- April 21 – Residents of Dover, Massachusetts report sightings of the so-called "Dover Demon".
- May 26 – George Willig climbs the South Tower of the World Trade Center.
- May 28 – The Beverly Hills Supper Club in Southgate, Kentucky is engulfed in fire, killing 165 inside.
- May 29 – Indianapolis 500: A.J. Foyt becomes the first driver (to date) to win a record four times.
- June 5 – The Portland Trail Blazers defeat the Philadelphia 76ers 109–107 to win the NBA finals 4–2. Bill Walton is named series MVP.
- June 7 – After campaigning by Anita Bryant and her anti-gay "Save Our Children" crusade, Miami-Dade County, Florida voters overwhelmingly vote to repeal the county's gay rights ordinance.
- June 10 – James Earl Ray escapes from Brushy Mountain State Prison in Petros, Tennessee (he is recaptured on June 13).
- June 16 – Oracle Corporation is incorporated in Redwood Shores, California as Software Development Laboratories (SDL) by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner and Ed Oates.
- June 20 – The Supreme Court of the United States rules that states are not required to spend Medicaid funds on elective abortions.
- June 25 – American Roy Sullivan is struck by lightning for the 7th time.
- June 26 – Some 200,000 protesters march through the streets of San Francisco, protesting Anita Bryant's anti-gay remarks and the murder of Robert Hillsborough.
- June 26 – Elvis Presley performs his last-ever concert, in Indianapolis, Indiana's Market Square Arena.
- June 30 – Women Marines disbanded; women are integrated into regular Marine Corps.
- July 13 – The New York City blackout of 1977 lasts for 25 hours, resulting in looting and other disorder.
- July 19 to July 20 – Flooding in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, caused by massive rainfall, kills over 75 people and causes billions in damage.
- July 24 – Led Zeppelin plays their last U.S. concert in Oakland, California at the Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. A brawl erupts between Led Zeppelin's crew and promoter Bill Graham's staff, resulting in criminal assault charges for several of Led Zeppelin's entourage including drummer John Bonham.
- July 28 – The first oil through the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System reaches Valdez, Alaska.
- August 3 – United States Senate hearings on MKULTRA are held.
- August 4 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter signs legislation creating the United States Department of Energy.
- August 10 – David Berkowitz is captured in Yonkers, New York, after over a year of murders in New York City as the Son of Sam.
- August 12 – The NASA Space Shuttle, named Enterprise, makes its first test free-flight from the back of a Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA).
- August 15 – The Big Ear, a radio telescope operated by Ohio State University as part of the SETI project, receives a radio signal from deep space; the event is named the "WOW!" signal for a notation made by a volunteer on the project.
- August 16 – Elvis Presley, the king of rock and roll dies in his home in Graceland at age 42. 75,000 fans lined the streets of Memphis for this funeral.
- August 20 – Voyager program: The United States launches the Voyager 2 spacecraft.
- September 4 – The Golden Dragon Massacre took place in San Francisco, California.
- September 5 – Voyager program: Voyager 1 is launched after a brief delay.
- September 7 – Treaties between Panama and the United States on the status of the Panama Canal are signed. The U.S. agrees to transfer control of the canal to Panama at the end of the 20th century.
- September 18 – Courageous, skippered by Ted Turner, sweeps Australia in the 24th America's Cup.
- September 19 – Under pressure from the Carter Administration, President Anastasio Somoza Debayle lifts the state of siege in Nicaragua.
- September 21 – A nuclear non-proliferation pact is signed by 15 countries, including the United States and the Soviet Union.
- September 30 – A series of partial government shutdowns occur finally ending in December.
- October 1 – Energy Research and Development Administration part of Department of Energy.
- October 1 – Pelé plays his final professional football game as a member of the New York Cosmos.
- October 14 – Anita Bryant is famously pied by four gay rights activists during a press conference in Des Moines, Iowa. This event resulted in her political fallout from anti-gay activism.
- October 18 – Reggie Jackson hits three home runs to lead the New York Yankees to World Series victory.
- October 20 – Three members of the rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd die in a charter plane crash outside Gillsburg, Mississippi, 3 days after the release of their fifth studio album Street Survivors.
- October 21 – Rock singer Meat Loaf (real name Marvin Lee Aday) releases the album Bat Out of Hell.
- November 6 – The Kelly Barnes Dam, located above Toccoa Falls Bible College near Toccoa, Georgia fails, killing 39.
- November 8 – San Francisco elects City Supervisor Harvey Milk, the first openly gay elected official of any large city in the U.S.
- November 22 – British Airways inaugurates regular London to New York City supersonic Concorde service.
- November 27 – The Rankin/Bass animated film The Hobbit premiers on NBC in the United States
- December 1 – The Lockheed's top-secret stealth aircraft project, designated Have Blue, precursor to the U.S. F-117A Nighthawk, makes its first flight.
- December 13 – A DC-3 charter plane carrying the University of Evansville basketball team to Nashville, Tenn., crashes in rain and dense fog about 90 seconds after takeoff from Evansville Dress Regional Airport. Twenty-nine people die in the crash, including 14 members of the team and head coach Bob Watson.
- December 19–21 – The Great Bakersfield Dust Storm hits the Southern San Joaquin Valley, in California; resulting in 3 deaths and $40 million in damages.
- Polish-American mathematician Antoni Zygmund authors his major work Measure and Integral.
- Feature films released in 1977 include: Star Wars, Annie Hall, Saturday Night Fever, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, The Goodbye Girl, A Bridge Too Far, Exorcist II: The Heretic, The Turning Point, New York, New York, Smokey and the Bandit
- John Travolta's role in Saturday Night Fever inspired young Americans to wear Flare jeans, an updated version of Bell-bottoms.
- Atari 2600, released in October, popularized the use of microprocessor based hardware and cartridges containing game code.
- Mormon sex in chains case with the alleged abduction in England of an American Mormon missionary by a former Miss Wyoming.
- November 16 – Maggie Gyllenhaal, actress
Births to incorporate of their date
- Amber Benson
- Orlando Bloom
- A. J. Burnett
- Vince Carter
- John Cena
- David Clinger
- Daunte Culpepper
- Gavin DeGraw
- Dustin Diamond
- Jason Earles
- Joey Fatone
- Sarah Michelle Gellar
- Barry Hall
- Becky Hammon
- Chandra Levy
- Stephon Marbury
- Ahmad Merritt
- Randy Moss
- Brittany Murphy
- John Oliver
- Lyle Overbay
- Zachary Quinto
- Kevin Rose
- Mike Shinoda
- Bree Turner
- Liv Tyler
- James Van Der Beek
- Sean Watkins
- Gerard Way
- Tom Welling
- Media related to 1977 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons