Griffith, Indiana

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Town of Griffith, Indiana
Town
GriffithIN.jpg
Nickname(s): The Town That Came to the Tracks
Griffith's location in Lake County (left)and the state of Indiana (right).
Griffith's location in Lake County (left)
and the state of Indiana (right).
Coordinates: 41°31′51″N 87°25′33″W / 41.53083°N 87.42583°W / 41.53083; -87.42583Coordinates: 41°31′51″N 87°25′33″W / 41.53083°N 87.42583°W / 41.53083; -87.42583
Country United States United States
State Indiana Indiana
County Lake
Townships Calumet and St. John
Incorporated 1904
Named for Benjamin Griffith
Government[1]
 • Type Town
 • Body Town Council
 • President Rick A. Ryfa (R, 3rd)
 • Members: Glen "Bud" Gaby (R, 1st) Larry Ballah (R, 2nd) Patricia Schaadt (R, 4th) Stanley Dobosz (D, 5th)
 • Clerk-Treasurer George Jerome (R)
Area[2]
 • Total 7.73 sq mi (20.02 km2)
 • Land 7.73 sq mi (20.02 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 630 ft (192 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 16,893
 • Estimate (2013) 16,619
 • Density 2,185.4/sq mi (843.8/km2)
Standard of living (2008-12)[3]
 • Per capita income $26,548
 • Median home value $141,600
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP code 46319
Area code 219
FIPS code 18-30042[4]
GNIS feature ID 0435501[5]
Website griffith.in.gov

Griffith is a town in Calumet and St. John townships in Lake County, Indiana, United States. It is a part of the Chicago metropolitan area. The population was 16,893 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Griffith is 630 feet (190 m) above sea level. The town's boundaries encompass part of the ancient Calumet shore lines of Lake Michigan.[6]According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 7.73 square miles (20.02 km2), all of it land.[2]

Griffith borders the town of Highland to the west, the city of Hammond to the northwest, the city of Gary to the northeast, the town of Schererville to the south, and unincorporated Calumet Township to the east.

Education[edit]

Griffith Public Schools operates five local public schools (one high school, one middle school, and three elementary schools).[7]

  • Griffith Senior High School (9-12)
  • Griffith Middle School (7-8)
  • Beiriger Elementary School (K-6)
  • Ready Elementary School (K-6)
  • Wadsworth Elementary School (K-6)

St. Mary Catholic Elementary & Junior High School is in Griffith.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 523
1920 630 20.5%
1930 1,176 86.7%
1940 2,116 79.9%
1950 4,470 111.2%
1960 9,483 112.1%
1970 18,168 91.6%
1980 17,026 −6.3%
1990 17,916 5.2%
2000 17,334 −3.2%
2010 16,893 −2.5%
Source: US Census Bureau

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 16,893 people, 6,668 households, and 4,559 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,185.4 inhabitants per square mile (843.8/km2). There were 7,070 housing units at an average density of 914.6 per square mile (353.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 75.8% White, 16.9% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 3.9% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.3% of the population.

There were 6,668 households of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.6% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.06.

The median age in the town was 36.1 years. 24.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.2% were from 25 to 44; 27.3% were from 45 to 64; and 11.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 17,334 people, 6,728 households, and 4,749 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,417.7 people per square mile (933.4/km²). There were 6,990 housing units at an average density of 974.9 per square mile (376.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 84.01% White, 10.11% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.81% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.86% from other races, and 1.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.43% of the population.

There were 6,728 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $50,030, and the median income for a family was $57,090. Males had a median income of $44,817 versus $27,036 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,866. About 2.7% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Gary/Chicago International Airport in Gary is Griffith's nearest commercial airport.

Griffith-Merrillville Airport, (generally known locally simply as “Griffith Airport”) is a smaller airport within the boundaries of the Town of Griffith.

Cline Avenue runs through Griffith north to East Chicago. Interstate 65, The Borman Expressway, The Indiana Toll Road US 30 and US 41 are all short drives from Griffth.

The closest Amtrak station is in Whiting, while the closest South Shore Line station is in East Chicago.

Broad Street, the major north/south road through Griffith, used to be designated Indiana State Route 73. It was what has come to be called a "feeder road", connecting US 6 at the north end to US 30 at the southern end, and at the southern end of the downtown area crossed over the six intersecting rail lines' 13 tracks, creating what was known for a time as the busiest railroad crossing in the country. SR 73 was the shortest state route in Indiana, and was known as the only Indiana state route to exist in only one town. Technically part of it straddled the border between St. John township and Schererville, but since the entire right of way did not reside in either, that part that did lie entirely within the borders of any designated area were only in Griffith, and so the appellation stuck. As the railroad traffic decreased and truck traffic increased US 30 was moved south to its present divided 4 lane route, and the old road became known as "Old US 30", Joliet Road, and SR 330. Also, US 6 was removed from its route along Ridge Road at the northern terminus of SR 73 to the Borman Expressway. Its importance diminished and its major connections removed, the Indiana legislature felt that a road that lay entirely within a single town (or at least did not have a portion that sat entirely in another town), should not be provided state funding as its primary source of upkeep. As such, SR 73 was decommissioned as an Indiana state route on September 26, 1969.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2014 Public Officials Directory". Lake County Board of Elections and Voter's Registration. Retrieved 2014-06-10. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. [dead link]
  3. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Griffith Public Schools". http://c2.griffithps.schoolwires.net/. GPS. Retrieved 18 December 2014. 
  8. ^ "St. Mary School". http://www.smgriffith.org/. Saint Mary Church and School. Retrieved 18 December 2014. 

External links[edit]