Jomo Kenyatta International Airport
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2013)|
|Jomo Kenyatta International Airport|
|Aerial view of the terminal|
|IATA: NBO – ICAO: HKJK|
|Airport type||Joint (Civil and Military)|
|Operator||Kenya Airports Authority|
|Elevation AMSL||5,327 ft / 1,624 m|
|Source: List of the busiest airports in Africa|
Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, (IATA: NBO, ICAO: HKJK) formerly called Embakasi Airport and Nairobi International Airport, is Kenya's largest aviation facility, and the busiest airport in East Africa. It is the sixth-busiest airport in Africa. The airport is named after the first Kenyan prime minister and president, Jomo Kenyatta.
Kenyatta airport is located in Embakasi, a suburb to the south-east of Nairobi. The airport is situated 15 kilometres (9 mi) from Nairobi's Central Business District, and at the edge of the city's built up area. The Mombasa Highway runs adjacent to the airport, and is the main route of access between Nairobi and the airport; a rail link is planned.
The airport is the main hub of Kenya Airways, JetLink Express and Fly540. Jomo Kenyatta airport is served by a single Runway 06/24. Runway 06 is ILS-equipped, and is used for take-offs and landings. The airport is served by one terminal building constructed in the 1970s. The former "Embakasi" terminal, now used for cargo and for a Kenya Air Force training facility, was constructed before the 1960s.
The airport served 4,922,542 passengers in 2008.
Nairobi Embakasi Airport was opened in May 1958, by the last colonial Governor of Kenya, Sir Evelyn Baring. The airport was due to be opened by Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, however, she was delayed in Australia and could not make the ceremony.
Later the current terminal was built on the other side of the runway, and the airport was renamed Jomo Kenyatta International Airport. The old terminal is now sometimes referred as Old Embakasi Airport and is used by the Kenya Air Force.
Jomo Kenyatta International Airport's terminal has 3 units that cater for both arrivals and departures. Units 1 and 2 are mainly used for international flights whereas unit 3 is mainly used for domestic flights.
Departing passengers check-in through units 1 and 2 depending on their destinations. Both units have airline check-in counters that operate on a Common Use Terminal Equipment (CUTE) system, and immigration desks at the ground floor where passengers are cleared before they proceed to the departure lounge in the first floor via escalators or lifts. There are eight departure gates used to board aircraft via boarding bridges. Arriving international passengers enter via the same gates into a concourse which leads to immigration counters at the first floor before coming to the baggage hall situated in the ground floor. The baggage hall is well served with baggage conveyor belts.
Banking facilities, taxis, car hire, tour operators and hotel booking offices are conveniently situated at the arrival areas. A scheduled bus service to and from the town center is available at unit 1 and 2 bus stops.
Simba restaurant is situated in the 5th floor of the main central building. There is a cafeteria operated by Home Park in unit 1, a restaurant and pub in unit 2, a cafeteria and snack bar in unit 3 and an international arrival hall – all operated by NAS. Beverage and soft drink vending machines are strategically placed in each unit.
Information desks manned by customer care officers, are strategically placed in all the units and at the arrival hall. Flight information display systems (FIDS) and signage helps the passenger find his/her way around the airport.
Future expansion 
On 14 October 2005, the Kenya Airports Authority announced their plans to expand Jomo Kenyatta International Airport. Over the next two years, the authority announced that it would improve airport facilities across Kenya, especially at Nairobi.
The expansion project was prompted as Jomo Kenyatta airport's annual passenger flow topped 4 million, while the airport was only constructed to handle 2.5 million passengers.
The expansion of the airport will more than double its size, from 25,662 to 55,222 square metres (276,223 to 594,405 sq ft). Aircraft parking, which is currently constrained, will be increased from 200,000 to 300,000 square metres (49.4 to 74.1 acres), and additional taxiways will be built. The arrivals and departures section will be fully separated, and the waiting area will be revamped.
The expansion will increase the airport's capacity to 9 million passengers a year. The project will cost the Kenya Airports Authority $100 million. The World Bank will provide $10 million. The first phase of upgrading commenced on 29 September 2006.
The Kenya government is currently debating on a proposal to build a second parallel runway at the Airport. This debate was caused by an incident which closed the only operational runway for 1 day.
As of December 2011, JKIA has entered the first phase of the second runway construction. This including the demolition of several dozens of illegal dwellings to make way for the future runway.
Airlines and destinations 
Other facilities 
The Kenya Civil Aviation Authority has its head office in the KAA Complex on the airport property. African Express Airways has its head office on the airport property. In addition the Kenya Airports Authority also has its head office at JKIA.
Accidents and incidents 
- On 20 November 1974, Lufthansa Flight 540, a Lufthansa Boeing 747-130, D-ABYB, LH 540, "Hessen" (German state), delivered 1970, crashed on take off from runway 24 in Nairobi killing 59 of the 157 on board. The aircraft was on a flight from Frankfurt to Nairobi and onwards to Johannesburg. This was the first fatal accident and third hull loss of a Boeing 747.
- In May 1989 a Boeing 707-330B plane operated by Somali Airlines overran the runway and crashed into a field near the Airport. The plane had 70 on board, but no fatalities resulted.
- On 4 December 1990, a Boeing 707-321C operated by Sudania Air Cargo crashed near the airport while landing. All 10 persons on board died.
- Kenya Airports Authority (2009-09-22). "JKIA Voted Best Marketed Airport In Africa Once Again". kenyaairports.co.ke. Retrieved 2010-01-14.
- "Kenya Broadcasting Corporation: – KBC News". Retrieved 2010-11-09.
- Nairobi Airports
- "GroundSupportWorldWide.com – The Creation of an African Aviation Epicenter", groundsupportworldwide.com.
- Kenya Airways begin Nairobi-Abu Dhabi serice from July 2013
- "Kenya Airways: une nouvelle route vers la Zambie". Air Journal. 16 March 2013. Archived from the original on 19 March 2013.
- Etihad Crystal Cargo Schedule
- "Saudia Cargo adds Amsterdam and Nairobi to network]". Air Cargo News. 1 December 2012.
- "Welcome to KCAA." Kenya Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved on 14 January 2011. "The Authority’s head offices are currently situated at KAA Complex, JKIA in Nairobi."
- "Contact Us." Kenya Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved on 14 January 2011. "KCAA Headquarters KAA Complex, Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, Embakasi."
- "Home." African Express Airways. Retrieved on 21 June 2010. "AFRICAN EXPRESS AIRWAYS CONTACTS NAIROBI: Airport North Road, JKIA"
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Jomo Kenyatta International Airport|
- Kenya Airports Authority – Jomo Kenyatta International Airport
- Airport information for HKJK at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.
- Current weather for HKJK at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for NBO at Aviation Safety Network
- Car Hire Jomo Kenyatta Airport