|Founded||1932 (as Misr Airwork)|
|Hubs||Cairo International Airport|
|Frequent-flyer program||EgyptAir Plus|
|Destinations||78 (incl. subsidiaries)|
|Company slogan||Enjoy The Sky|
|Parent company||EgyptAir Holding Company|
|Headquarters||EgyptAir Administrative Complex
EgyptAir (Arabic: مصر للطيران, Miṣr liṭ-Ṭayarān) is the flag carrier airline of Egypt. The airline is based at Cairo International Airport, its main hub, operating scheduled passenger and freight services to more than 75 destinations in the Middle East, Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Americas. An extensive network of domestic services is focused on Cairo, Egypt's capital. The airline is a member of Star Alliance, having joined on 11 July 2008.
The airline's logo is Horus, the sky deity in ancient Egyptian mythology, usually depicted as a falcon or a man with the head of a falcon. The airline has taken Horus as its logo because of its ancient symbolism as a "winged god of the sun".
Origins and early history 
The airline was founded in May 1932 as Misr Airwork. It was managed prewar by Airwork Ltd of the United Kingdom. Regular services were begun in June 1933 with a small fleet of De Havilland Dragon eight-seat biplane airliners. Services linked Cairo with Mersa Matruh via Alexandria. In 1934 international services began to Lydda and Haifa, being extended to Baghdad in 1936. Misr Airwork's routes were taken over by the Egyptian government in September 1939.
Postwar the airline used the name Misrair and Beech C-45's were supplemented in 1948 by the larger Vickers VC.1 Viking which was operated until 1961. Sud-Est Languedoc four-engined airliners were purchased in 1952. These were supplanted by the turboprop Vickers Viscount in 1955, the type serving the airline until 1965.
Misrair was renamed United Arab Airlines (UAA) in 1960. Jet equipment arrived in mid 1960 with the delivery of De Havilland Comet 4C airliners. These enabled the UAA route structure to be extended to London from 1 July 1960, followed by services to other European cities.
Operations since 2002 
EgyptAir is a state-owned company with special legislation permitting the management to operate as if the company were privately owned without any interference from the government. The company is self-financing without any financial backing by the Egyptian government.
The airline underwent a major corporate re-engineering in 2002, when its structure was changed from a governmental organization into a holding company with subsidiaries. The move coincided with establishment of the Egyptian Minister of Civil Aviation and the government's ambitious strategy to modernize and upgrade its airports and airline. The airline was given the right to operate without any interference from the government and the duty to do so without any financial backing
In 2004, EgyptAir became the first IOSA certified airline in Africa.
The airline launched a regional subsidiary called EgyptAir Express with a fleet of new Embraer E-170 jets. The carrier links Cairo with Sharm El Sheikh, Hurghada, Luxor, Aswan, Marsa Alam, Abu Simbel and Alexandria (Egypt) in addition to secondary regional destinations to complement the parent company's pattern of service. In June 2009 the subsidiary received the last of the 12 Embraer E-170 aircraft on order.
The EgyptAir Holding Company has recorded substantial profits in past years, reaching US$170 million during the 2007/2008 financial year. This is fortified by huge assets of more than US$3.8 billion. The airline's financial year is from July to June. For the fiscal year ending 31 July 2007, EgyptAir achieved a record total revenue of US$1,143 billion. Total group revenue grew by 14%, as compared with the previous year.
In early 2007, the airline partnered with the Egyptian Ministry of Civil Aviation and 'Egyptian Holding Company for Airports & Air Navigation' to form a new corporate airline, Smart Aviation Company, based at Cairo Airport.
On October 16, 2007 the Chief Executive Board of Star Alliance voted to accept EgyptAir as a future member. The airline had already forged commercial and cooperative agreements with several members of the Star Alliance by then, including Lufthansa, Singapore Airlines, Austrian Airlines, Thai Airways International, Swiss International Airlines, South African Airways, Turkish Airlines and bmi. Nine months after being invited as a future member (a record time by any airline joining an alliance), EgyptAir became the 21st member of Star Alliance in a ceremony held in Cairo on 11 July 2008.
In 2009, EgyptAir's operations at its Cairo International Airport hub (where it holds 61% of the airport's departure slots) were notably overhauled due to the inauguration of the new Terminal 3 in April 2009. The airline transferred all its operations (international and domestic) to the new terminal that has more than doubled the airport's capacity. Under the Star Alliance “Move Under One Roof” concept at Cairo Airport, all Star Alliance member carriers serving Cairo, have moved to the new Terminal 3. In 2010 the airline will overhaul operations at its Alexandria base by transferring operations from the older facilities at Alexandria International Airport to the brand new airport in Borg El Arab Airport. The airline's CEO also stated the company was evaluating whether to set up a low cost carrier subsidiary for its Alexandria operations to address the growth of LCCs in the city.
During the 2009-2010 Paris Airshow, the airline announced a new venture with US lessor Aviation Capital Group (ACG) and other Egyptian private and public shareholders to establish a leasing joint venture focusing on the Middle East and Northern Africa region. The new joint venture - named Civil Aviation Finance and Operating Leases (CIAF-Leasing) will initially focus on narrowbody aircraft.
On 10 March 2010 the airline took delivery of its largest aircraft, the Boeing 777-300ER in Cairo Airport, with a seat capacity of 346. The aircraft is equipped with a new on-board product and the largest business cabin to-date. This is the first aircraft to enter the fleet on an operating leasee (from GECAS). All other mainline aircraft are owned. The airline is initially operating the aircraft to London Heathrow and Tokyo Narita followed by John F. Kennedy International Airport from 31 October 2010. In August 2010 EgyptAir will also receive new Airbus A330-300, which will replace the Boeing 777-300ER on the London Heathrow route from 1 September 2010.
Corporate affairs 
Ownership and structure 
There are three carriers, which operate under the same AOC but are managed separately and have their own profit and loss accounts:
- EgyptAir Airlines, the core airline company
- EgyptAir Cargo, a dedicated cargo airline (established in 2002)
- EgyptAir Express, the domestic and regional airline (launched in June 2007)
Other companies within EgyptAir Holding Company are:
- EgyptAir Maintenance & Engineering, originally an in-house operation but now also carrying out 3rd party business; EASA Part 145 and FAA Certified
- EgyptAir Ground Services, providing services to over 75% of the air carriers flying to Egypt
- EgyptAir In-flight Services
- EgyptAir Tourism & Duty Free Shops
- EgyptAir Medical Services
- EgyptAir Supplementary Industries Company (formed in 2006)
Subsidiaries and associates 
The airline has stakes in:
- Air Cairo (60%)
- Smart Aviation Company (13.33%)
- Air Sinai (100%)
- Egypt Aero Management Service (50%)
- LSG Sky Chefs Catering Egypt (70%)
- Civil Aviation Finance and Operating Leases - 'CIAF-Leasing' (Ownership % - TBD)
Business trends 
Trends for recent years, for the EgyptAir Holding Company and for its main subsidiary Egyptair Airlines, are shown below (for years ending 30 June):
|EgyptAir Holding Company|
|Net Profits (E£m)||579||695||573||533||−1,059|
|Number of employees||20,734||29,285||31,725|
|Number of passengers (m)||7.8||8.2||8.7||8.0|
|Passenger load factor (%)||72||68|
|Cargo carried (tons m)||127||121|
|Number of aircraft (at year end)||45||50||59||66||76|
|Net Profits (E£m)||161||232||208||130||−2,205|
|Number of employees||7,600|
|Number of passengers (m)||5.7||6.7||6.8||7.3||6.8|
|Passenger load factor (%)||63||67||68||72||68|
|Number of aircraft (at year end)||38||40||48||50||63|
Trends for EgyptAir Express and EgyptAir Cargo are shown on the relevant articles. Figures for the year ending 30 June 2011 reflect the disruption that occurred because of the Egyptian Revolution in early 2011.
Head office 
As of July 2011 EgyptAir serve 76 destinations; 12 in Egypt, 17 in Africa, 20 in the Middle East, 7 in Asia, 20 in Europe and 1 in the Americas.
* Star Alliance member
As of November 2012, the EgyptAir fleet consists of the following aircraft:
|Airbus A321-200||4||—||—||0||22||139||161||New configuration|
|Airbus A330-200||7||—||3||0||24||244||268||Aircraft SU-GCK painted in Star Alliance livery|
|Airbus A330-300||4||—||—||0||36||265||301||OnAir internet and mobile usage capability
New business class featuring lie-flat beds.
Economy cabins equipped with PTV
|Airbus A340-200||3||—||—||12||24||224||260||phased out|
|Boeing 737-500||4||—||—||0||8||96||104||All Leased to Badr Air|
|Boeing 777-200ER||4||—||—||12||21||286||319||1 Stored|
|Boeing 777-300ER||6||—||—||0||49||297||346||New business class featuring full lie-flat beds
New economy cabins equipped with PTV
|EgyptAir Express Fleet|
|EgyptAir Cargo Fleet|
|Airbus A300B4-200F||2||—||—||96,000 kg||SU-BDG stored at CAI airport|
|Airbus A300-600RF||2||—||—||97,000 kg|
Incidents and accidents 
- On 27 July 1963, United Arab Airlines Flight 869, a de Havilland Comet, crashed into the sea on approach to Bombay Airport, India, all 62 passengers and crew on board were killed.
- On 18 March 1966, United Arab Airlines Flight 749, an Antonov An-24, crashed while attempting to land at Cairo International Airport. All 30 passengers and crew on board were killed.
- On 20 March 1969, a United Arab Airlines Ilyushin Il-18 crashed while attempting to land at Aswan Airport. 100 of the 105 passengers and crew on board were killed in the disaster.
- On 19 March 1972, EgyptAir Flight 763 crashed into a mountain on approach to Aden International Airport in Yemen killing all 30 passengers and crew on board.
- On 25 December 1976, EgyptAir Flight 864 crashed into an industrial complex in Bangkok, Thailand. All 52 persons on board plus 19 people on the ground were killed.
- On 23 November 1985, EgyptAir Flight 648 operated by a Boeing 737 was hijacked to Malta International Airport by three men from the Abu Nidal terrorist group. Omar Rezaq was among them. An Egyptian Sky Marshall on board shot and killed one of the hijackers before being gunned down himself. After several hours of negotiations, Egyptian troops stormed the aircraft and battled with the hijackers, who threw several hand grenades and shot / killed five Israeli and US passengers. The aircraft was severely damaged by the explosions and fire. Two of the six crew members and 59 of the 90 passengers were killed.
- On 31 October 1999, EgyptAir Flight 990, a Boeing 767 flying between New York City and Cairo, crashed into the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Nantucket, all 217 passengers were killed. The relief first officer of the flight, Gameel Al-Batouti, was suspected by U.S. authorities of committing suicide and intentionally crashing the plane. Egyptian officials have strongly disputed that claim.
- On 7 May 2002, EgyptAir Flight 843, a Boeing 737-500, crashed into terrain in heavy rain, fog, and a sandstorm on its approach to Tunis, Tunisia, killing 15 of 64 occupants.
- Davies, R.E.G. (1964). A History of the World's Airlines. Oxford University Press. ISBN None Check
- Davies, 1964, p. 199
- Davies, 1964, pp. 404-405
- NTSB Group Chairman's Factual Report, January 18, 2000
- "Annual Report 2010-2011". 2012.
- "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-04-03. p. 76.
- "EgyptAir Airlines Annual Reports 2006-2007". EgyptAir. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
- "EgyptAir Annual Reports 2009-2010". EgyptAir. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "EgyptAir Annual Reports 2008-2009". EgyptAir. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "EgyptAir Annual Reports 2010-2011". EgyptAir. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
- "EgyptAir profile". Arab Air Carriers Organization. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
- "Egyptair Plus Hand Book." Egyptair. 6 of 10. Retrieved on 2 May 2010.
- "Egyptair[dead link]." Arab Air Carriers Organization. Retrieved on 29 September 2009.
- EGYPTAIR - Welcome to EGYPTAIR website
- Worldwide codeshare list aug 2011
- "EgyptAir fleet list". Retrieved 2010-12-16.
- "EgyptAir 864". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2009-11-01.
- "EgyptAir Flight 990 Accident Information". 2007-09-07. Retrieved 2007-11-12.
- "Flight Safety Australia July/August 2002" (PDF– Globewatch). Civil Aviation Safety Authority. Retrieved 2007-11-12.
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