McCarran International Airport

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McCarran International Airport
McCarran International Airport.png
Las Vegas McCarran.jpg
IATA: LASICAO: KLASFAA LID: LAS
WMO: 72386
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Clark County
Operator Clark County Department of Aviation
Serves Las Vegas, Nevada
Location Paradise, Nevada
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 2,181 ft / 665 m
Coordinates 36°04′48″N 115°09′08″W / 36.08000°N 115.15222°W / 36.08000; -115.15222Coordinates: 36°04′48″N 115°09′08″W / 36.08000°N 115.15222°W / 36.08000; -115.15222
Website www.McCarran.com
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
LAS is located in Downtown Las Vegas
LAS
LAS
Location within Las Vegas
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
1L/19R 8,988 2,740 Concrete
1R/19L 9,771 2,978 Concrete
7L/25R 14,512 4,423 Asphalt
7R/25L 10,525 3,208 Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Aircraft operations 527,739
Passengers 41,856,787
Based aircraft 130
Sources: ACI[1] and FAA[2]

McCarran International Airport (IATA: LASICAO: KLASFAA LID: LAS) is the main commercial airport serving the Las Vegas Valley and Clark County, Nevada, United States. The airport is about 5 miles (8.0 km) south of downtown Las Vegas, in the unincorporated area of Paradise in Clark County. It covers roughly 2,800 acres (1,100 ha), with four runways and two terminals. McCarran is owned by Clark County and operated by the Clark County Department of Aviation (DOA).[2] The airport is named after former Nevada senator Pat McCarran (1876–1954).[3]

The airport is a focus city and the largest operating base for Allegiant Air and Southwest Airlines. In February 2012, McCarran also became a crew and maintenance base for Spirit Airlines.[4]

McCarran is ranked the 24th busiest airport by passenger traffic in the world, with 41,856,787 passengers transiting through the airport in 2013.[1] In terms of aircraft movements, the airport ranks 8th in the world with 527,739 takeoffs and landings.[5]

Between May 2013 and April 2014, the busiest scheduled airlines flying out of McCarran were Southwest Airlines (44%), Delta Airlines (10%), United Airlines (9%), American Airlines (7%), and Spirit Airlines (6%).[6] Canadian airline WestJet is McCarran’s largest international carrier, transporting over 1 million passengers in 2013 and connecting Las Vegas with 11 cities in Canada.[7]

History[edit]

McCarran’s main taxiway
McCarran passengers wait for baggage, with a record-setting Cessna 172 hanging overhead
Slot machines in the D-Gates concourse

In the beginning, Rockwell Field was the airport serving Las Vegas. Commercial flights were brought to the airport by Western Air Express Airlines in 1926.[3] Rockwell Field closed in 1930 and was replaced by a new airport, later named McCarran Airport. The United States Army Air Corps, who had been surveying the Las Vegas area since the 1930s, became interested in the new airport. During World War II, they established a gunnery training school there, which closed at the end of the war.[3] However, the Air Force wanted to reopen the base in 1947, provided commercial air traffic was transferred to a different airport. (The reopened base would become Nellis AFB.) County officials selected Alamo Field as the current commercial airport.[3] American aviator George Crockett, who established the field in 1942, agreed to sell Alamo Field to Clark County. On December 19, 1948, the airport was renamed McCarran Field after then senator Pat McCarran, a longtime Nevada politician who authored the Civil Aeronautics Act and played a major role in developing aviation nationwide.[3]

In its first full year of operation, McCarran Field was used by more than 35,000 passengers. As Las Vegas’ casino/resort industry expanded during the 1950s, air traffic rapidly increased. In 1959, the number of daily flights had gone from 12 to 73, and 959,603 passengers had transited through the airport.[3]

The immense increase in air traffic necessitated a new, larger terminal. It was constructed on Paradise Road and opened on March 15, 1963.[3][8] The terminal, designed by Welton Becket and Associates and John Replogle, was inspired by the TWA terminal at JFK.[8] Four years after the airport was officially renamed McCarran International Airport, the A and B gates were constructed to meet the constant need for growth.[3]

In 1978, Senator Howard Cannon pushed the Airline Deregulation Act through Congress. Airlines no longer had to get the federal government's permission to fly to a city, but instead dealt directly with airports. After deregulation, the number of airlines at McCarran doubled from seven to fourteen.[3]

An expansion plan, McCarran 2000, was adopted in 1978 and funded by a $300 million bond issue in 1982. The three-phase plan included a new central terminal; a nine-level parking facility; runway additions and expansions; additional gates; upgraded passenger assistance facilities; and a new tunnel and revamped roadways into the airport. The first phase of McCarran 2000 opened in 1985 and was completed by 1987.[3]

A second terminal was opened in 1986. It had eight gates and served all charter and international airlines flying into McCarran.[9]

In 1997, McCarran became the first U.S. airport to implement Common Use Terminal Equipment (CUTE). This common set of computer hardware eliminates the need for each airline to have their own equipment, and it allows the airport to reassign gates and counters without having to address individual airlines' computer systems. McCarran is also among the only major airports in the United States that entirely uses CUTE.[10][11]

In 1998, the D Gates SE and SW wings opened, adding 28 gates. They were designed by Leo A Daly and Tate & Snyder.[12] The D Gates project is a modification to the original McCarran 2000 plan.

On October 16, 2003 the airport installed SpeedCheck kiosks which allow customers to obtain a boarding pass without having to go to a specific airline kiosk or counter. McCarran was the first airport in the US to provide this service and the first in the world to provide the service to all airlines from a single kiosk.[13][14][15] At the same time, six kiosks were activated at the Las Vegas Convention Center allowing convention attendees to get boarding passes on their way to the airport.[13] This system was enhanced to add printing of baggage tags in 2005.

In 2003 the airport announced it was implementing a baggage-tracking system that will use Radio-frequency identification (RFID) bag tags from Matrics Inc. to improve air safety. The decision to implement the tracking system makes McCarran one of the first airports to use the RFID technology airport-wide.[16]

On January 4, 2005 the airport started offering wireless internet service at no charge. The signal is available in the boarding areas and most other public areas. While not the first airport to offer free WiFi throughout the entire facility,[17] the airport was perhaps the first major airport with free WiFi throughout.[18] At the time, this was the largest (2 million square feet (180,000 m²)) free wireless Internet installation in the world.[19]

In 2005, the northeast wing of the D-Gates concourse opened with eleven gates. A 160-foot ramp control tower was also added to the concourse.[20]

On April 4, 2007 the consolidated rental car facility opened, 3 miles (5 km) from the terminals (see Transportation section). The distance from the airport (including a segment of US Interstate 215) requires the facility be permanently linked via bus to the airport.[21]

In 2008, the northwest wing of the D-Gates concourse opened with another nine gates. It cost $179 million to build. With the concourse now completed, there are a total of 44 parking positions at the D-Gates for aircraft.[22]

Due to Continental Airlines moving into the Star Alliance, along with cost-cutting moves at US Airways because of the 2008 night-flight hub closure, the US Airways Club was closed on September 13, 2009. All passengers flying on US Airways or United Airlines could access the Presidents Club in Concourse D.[23] Delta Air Lines' Crown Room lounge had previously closed in 2001.

The US Airways night-flight hub operation, established in 1986 by predecessor America West Airlines, made the carrier McCarran's second busiest airline. Due to the 2008 energy crisis the night hub was closed in September 2008. US Airways closed its crew base on January 31, 2010.[24] On August 31, 2011, US Airways announced that it will keep shrinking its operations by cutting 40% of its flights out of Las Vegas. The airline eliminated nonstop service to Boston, Dallas/Fort Worth, Fresno, Los Angeles, and San Francisco on November 29, 2011, leaving the airline with only flights from Las Vegas to its hubs in Charlotte, Philadelphia, Phoenix, and its focus city at Washington Reagan National Airport.[25]

Meanwhile, the airport has experienced significant growth in international traffic. Between 2003 and 2011, there was a 92.4% increase in foreign passengers transiting through McCarran.[26] One reason for this increase is the several foreign airlines that have begun operation to the airport. These include British Airways to London-Heathrow, Copa Airlines to Panama City, and Edelweiss Air to Zurich.[27]

In response to increasing international traffic to Las Vegas, Terminal 3 was opened on June 27, 2012. The new terminal replaces Terminal 2, which will eventually be demolished. Terminal 3 cost $2.4 billion to build and consists of 14 gates. It handles all international airlines and some domestic airlines flying into McCarran.[28][29]

Terminals[edit]

Inside the northeast wing of the D-Gates concourse
Near the check-in counters at Terminal 3

McCarran International Airport has two public passenger terminals. Other terminals service private aircraft, U.S. government contractors, sightseeing flights and cargo.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 handles most flights and contains a total of 96 gates in four concourses: Concourse A (A3, A5, A7, A8, A10–A12, A14, A15, A17–A23). Concourse B (gates B1–B2, B6, B9–B12, B14, B15, B17, B19–B25), Concourse C (gates C1–C4, C5, C7–C9, C11, C12, C14, C16, C19, C21–C25), and Concourse D (gates D1–D12, D14, D16–D26, D31–D43, D50–D59), completed in June 1998.[30] The McCarran International Airport Automated People Movers connect with Concourse C and the satellite Concourse D with a centralized check-in and baggage claim area. The C gates were added in October 1987 with a new, 12-lane screening checkpoint added on September 30, 1998.[30] Terminal 1 also houses several lounges: a USO lounge for American service members, a United Club, The Club at LAS, and the Centurion Lounge by American Express.[31][32][33]

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 opened on December 18, 1991, as The Charter International Terminal and was used for all international as well as most charter flights into Las Vegas. It contained eight gates (T2-1 through T2-8), four of which were equipped with facilities for international flights, and a VIP lounge for full-fare, first class passengers. Terminal 2 closed on June 28, 2012, and will be demolished at a date that has not been set.[30]

Terminal 3[edit]

Terminal 3 (T3), opened on June 27, 2012,[34] and is used for all international flights as well as some domestic airlines. The building includes Concourse E which contains 14 gates (E1–E12, E14–15), with the easternmost seven gates (gates E1–E7) being used for international flights. Gates E1–E3 have two jetways to accommodate large aircraft. A people mover system connects Terminal 3 to Concourse D. Ticketing counters for domestic airlines using Concourse D are split between T1 and T3.

T3, the largest public works project in Nevada, cost $2.4 billion and was constructed in one phase opening on June 27, 2012. Upon the opening of T3, the gates at McCarran totaled 117. Terminal 3 has its own bag claim, ticketing and parking facilities[35] (as with Terminal 2) including a multistory parking garage with 5,954 spaces. The 2,300 feet (700 m) long terminal offers 162 check in locations. It has almost 300 slot machines and four welcome signs inspired by the Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas sign.[30] There is also one VIP lounge, The Club at LAS, which is available to all passengers at a fee.[32] There is also the American Express Centurion Lounge across from gate D1. Access is complimentary for Centurion and Platinum card holders; all other AMEX holders can enter for a nominal fee. The terminal was designed by PGAL Architecture, Robert A. Fielden, Inc., and Welles Puglsey Architect.[36]

In addition to hosting all international carriers, T3 provides ticketing, baggage claim, and gates for domestic carriers Alaska Airlines, Frontier Airlines, JetBlue Airways, Sun Country Airlines, Virgin America, operating out of Concourse E. Air Canada Rouge, Hawaiian Airlines, and United Airlines use Terminal 3 for ticketing and baggage claim, and continue to use gates in Concourse D.[37]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Domestic destinations served nonstop from McCarran (click for larger view)
McCarran is a focus city for Allegiant Air
Southwest Airlines operates the most average daily domestic flights from McCarran[38]
A Hawaiian Airlines Airbus A330 at the D-Gates concourse
An Interjet Airbus A320 at Terminal 3
Virgin Atlantic began flying nonstop from McCarran to London in June 2000[39]
Airlines Destinations Terminal-Concourse
Aeroméxico Guadalajara, Mexico City, Monterrey, Puerto Peñasco 3-E
Air Canada Rouge Calgary, Montréal-Trudeau,[40] Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver 3-D
Air Europa Seasonal: Madrid[41] 3-E
Air North Seasonal charter: Victoria, Whitehorse 3-E
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau[42] 3-D
AirTran Airways
operated by Southwest Airlines
Atlanta
Seasonal: Baltimore (all service ends November 30, 2014)
1-B
Alaska Airlines Anchorage,[43] Bellingham, Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma 3-E
Alaska Airlines
operated by Horizon Air
Salt Lake City[44]
Seasonal: Mammoth Lakes (begins January 15, 2015)[45]
3-E
Allegiant Air Appleton, Austin,[46] Bellingham, Bentonville/Fayetteville, Billings, Bismarck, Boise, Bozeman, Casper, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Chicago-Rockford, Cincinnati (begins December 18, 2014),[47] Colorado Springs, Des Moines, Duluth, Eugene, Fargo, Fresno, Grand Forks, Grand Island, Grand Junction, Grand Rapids, Great Falls, Honolulu, Idaho Falls, Kalispell, Laredo, McAllen (TX), Medford, Minot, Missoula, Monterey, Moline/Quad Cities, Pasco, Peoria, Phoenix/Mesa, Rapid City, Reno/Tahoe, Santa Maria (CA), Shreveport, Sioux Falls, Springfield/Branson, South Bend, Stockton, Wichita 1-A
American Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, New York-JFK 1-D
British Airways London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow 3-E
Condor Frankfurt 3-E
Copa Airlines Panama City 3-E
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Boston,[48] Cincinnati, Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK, Orlando, Raleigh/Durham, Salt Lake City
Seasonal: Memphis, Seattle/Tacoma
1-D
Delta Connection Los Angeles, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma[49] 1-D
Edelweiss Air Zurich[50] 3-E
Frontier Airlines Cincinnati (begins October 26, 2014), Cleveland, Denver, Washington-Dulles 3-E
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu 3-D
Interjet Monterrey, Toluca/Mexico City 3-E
JetBlue Airways Boston, Fort Lauderdale (begins October 29, 2014), Long Beach, New York-JFK 3-E
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon 3-E
Omni Air International Honolulu
Seasonal: Anchorage
1-A
Southwest Airlines Albany, Albuquerque, Amarillo, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Birmingham (AL), Boise, Buffalo, Burbank, Chicago-Midway, Cleveland, Columbus (OH), Dallas-Love (begins October 13, 2014),[51] Denver, Des Moines, Detroit, El Paso, Flint, Fort Lauderdale, Houston-Hobby, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Little Rock, Los Angeles, Louisville, Lubbock, Midland/Odessa, Milwaukee, Nashville, New Orleans, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Raleigh/Durham, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma, Spokane, Tampa, Tucson, Tulsa, Washington-Dulles (begins November 2, 2014),[52] Wichita
Seasonal: Hartford/Springfield, Jacksonville (FL), Norfolk/Virginia Beach, Providence
1-B, 1-C
Spirit Airlines Baltimore,[26] Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Houston-Intercontinental, Kansas City,[53] Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Oakland, Philadelphia,[26] Portland (OR), San Diego
Seasonal: Fort Lauderdale
1-A
Sun Country Airlines Minneapolis/St. Paul 3-E
Sunwing Airlines Toronto-Pearson[54]
Seasonal: Edmonton
3-E
Thomas Cook Airlines Glasgow-International, Manchester (UK)
Seasonal: London-Stansted (begins July 20, 2015),[55] Belfast-International (begins 5 July 2015)[55]
3-E
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles 3-D
United Express Denver, Los Angeles, San Francisco 3-D
US Airways Charlotte, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Washington-National 1-D
US Airways Express Phoenix 1-D
Virgin America Los Angeles, New York-JFK, San Francisco 3-E
Virgin Atlantic London-Gatwick
Seasonal: Glasgow-International (begins September 10, 2015),[56] Manchester (UK)[57]
3-E
Vivaaerobus Monterrey (resumes December 5, 2014)[58] 3-E
Volaris Guadalajara, Mexico City 3-E
WestJet Calgary, Edmonton, Montréal-Trudeau, Regina, Saskatoon, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Victoria, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Kelowna, Ottawa
3-E
XL Airways France Seasonal: Paris-Charles de Gaulle 3-E

Cargo[edit]

A UPS Airbus A300 at the Marnell Air Cargo Center

In October 2010, a new air cargo center was opened in partnership with Marnell Properties. It cost $29 million to build. Located near Terminal 3, the two buildings of the facility take up 200,928 square feet and sit on 19 acres of land. The center’s current tenants are the following: UPS, US Airways, Airport Terminal Services, Allegiant Air, Worldwide Flight Services, Southwest Airlines, and FedEx.[59][60]

In 2013, the airport handled 205,095,310 pounds of cargo.[61]

Airlines Destinations
Antonov Airlines Hong Kong
FedEx Express Memphis, Oakland, Reno/Tahoe
UPS Airlines Louisville, Ontario

Other terminal operations[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from Las Vegas (July 2013 - June 2014)[6]
Rank City Passengers Top carriers
1 Los Angeles, California 1,167,000 American, Delta, Southwest, Spirit, United, Virgin America
2 Denver, Colorado 879,000 Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, United
3 San Francisco, California 841,000 Southwest, United, Virgin America
4 Atlanta, Georgia 668,000 AirTran, Delta, Southwest
5 Phoenix, Arizona (PHX) 637,000 Southwest, US Airways
6 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 634,000 American, Spirit
7 Seattle/Tacoma, Washington 621,000 Alaska, Southwest, Delta
8 Chicago-O'Hare, Illinois 548,000 American, Spirit, United
9 New York City, New York (JFK) 537,000 American, Delta, JetBlue, Virgin America
10 Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota 505,000 Delta, Spirit, Sun Country

Top international carriers[edit]

Busiest international carriers from McCarran[7][64]
Rank Airline Passengers (2013) Passengers (2012) Destinations  % Change since 2012
1 WestJet 1,019,942 975,353 Calgary, Edmonton, Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Winnipeg

Seasonal: Kelowna, Ottawa, Regina, Saskatoon, Victoria

Increase04.6
2 Air Canada 508,340 479,318 Calgary, Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver Increase06.1
3 Virgin Atlantic Airways 312,544 275,533 London-Gatwick, Manchester (UK) Increase013.4
4 British Airways 293,353 231,569 London Gatwick, London-Heathrow Increase026.7
5 Volaris 207,601 235,172 Guadalajara, Mexico City Decrease013.3
6 Aeromexico 206,784 192,185 Guadalajara, Mexico City, Monterrey Increase07.6
7 Copa Airlines 93,944 37,507 Panama City Increase0250.0
8 Condor 75,459 74,010 Frankfurt Increase02
9 Korean Air 75,326 64,111 Seoul-Incheon Increase017.5
10 Interjet 43,023 2,650 Monterrey, Toluca/Mexico City Increase01,600

Howard W. Cannon Aviation Museum[edit]

The Howard W. Cannon Aviation Museum is located on the Esplanade, Level 2, above the baggage claim area. The museum concentrates on Las Vegas’ airline history, and contains exhibits such as a copy of the first emergency vehicle that was used on the airfield. A small branch of the museum is located at the D gates, and some of the other concourses and check-in areas also have small displays. The current curator of the museum is Mark Hall-Patton, a 20th-century historian and administrator of the Clark County Museum, who has frequently appeared as an appraisal expert on the reality television series, Pawn Stars.[65][66]

Airport public art[edit]

Wall tiles at the D-Gates tram station

Some of the public art displays in McCarran Airport includes:

  • Murals in McCarran International Airport D Gates (artists include Tom Holder, Mary Warner, Robert Beckmann, Harold Bradford)
  • Greg LeFevre's Flights Paths—in the D Gates rotunda's terrazzo floor
  • Tony Milici's steel and glass sculpture at McCarran's D Gates
  • McCarran's D Gates feature wall tiles of international skylines by sixteen Clark County fourth graders
  • Wildlife sculptures of Clark County wildlife at the D Gates, by David L Phelps[67]

Ground transportation[edit]

McCarran Airport is reached from Tropicana Avenue (State Route 593) to the north or the Las Vegas Beltway (Interstate 215) to the south. Vehicles enter the airport via the McCarran Airport Connector, which includes Paradise Road/Swenson Street and the airport tunnel.

The airport is served by various taxicab firms and by RTC Transit, the public bus service of the Las Vegas valley. RTC Transit services (Route 108, Route 109, Westcliff Airport Express, Strip & Downtown Express) provide transportation from downtown, the Strip, and other locations throughout the valley. All of these services stop at Terminal 1 outside the Zero Level.[68]

To transport passengers between terminals, a courtesy shuttle service is provided.[69]

A consolidated rental car facility opened in April 2007, located about 3 miles (4.8 km) from the airport. The facility, which sits on 68 acres (28 ha) of land, houses 11 rental car companies with 5,000 parking spaces on multiple levels. A fleet of 40 buses provides free transportation from the terminals to the facility.[21]

For parking, there are multistory parking garages located just off Terminals 1 and 3. There are also economy parking lots for the two terminals, which offer cheaper rates. Complementary shuttles transport passengers between the terminals and economy lots.[70]

Future plans[edit]

In 2007 airport officials estimated the maximum capacity for the airport at 53 million passengers and 625,000 aircraft movements per year. As McCarran was predicted to reach this capacity around 2017, Ivanpah Airport near Primm was planned as a relief airport in the late 1990s.[71] However, due to a downturn in traffic due to the Great Recession, the passenger count dropped to 39.8 million in 2010. Also, recently the FAA began making progress on the Next Generation Air Transportation System to allow more flights per hour essentially increasing capacity beyond 53 million passengers per year.[72] As of June 2011, the Ivanpah Airport is completing environmental assessments but is officially on hold while the Department of Aviation has asked airport planners to study adding additional gates to the former Terminal 2 site once Terminal 3 opens for additional capacity.[73]

Las Vegas Monorail connection[edit]

A plan to extend the Las Vegas Monorail to McCarran is under consideration. This proposed extension will add underground stations at Terminal 1 and at Terminal 3.[74] The part of the extension north of the airport will be elevated. This expansion is opposed by taxi and limousine services who garner significant revenues shuttling the public to and from the airport.[75]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b FAA Airport Master Record for LAS (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective April 10, 2008.
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  5. ^ Traffic Movements 2012 Final from Airports Council International
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External links[edit]