Republican Party presidential primaries, 1988

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Republican Presidential Primaries, 1988
United States
1984 ←
January 14 to June 14, 1988 → 1992

  George H. W. Bush, President of the United States, 1989 official portrait.jpg Bob Dole bioguide.jpg Pat Robertson Paparazzo Photography.jpg
Nominee George H. W. Bush Bob Dole Pat Robertson
Party Republican Republican Republican
Home state Texas Kansas Virginia
States carried 41 5 4
Popular vote 8,253,512 2,333,375 1,097,446
Percentage 67.90% 19.19% 9.02%

1988RepublicanPresidentialPrimaries.svg

Gold denotes a state won by George H. W. Bush. Green denotes a state won by Pat Robertson. Purple denotes a state won by Bob Dole. Grey denotes a state that did not hold a primary.

President before election

Ronald Reagan

Republican presidential candidate-elect

George H. W. Bush

The 1988 Republican presidential primaries were the selection process that Republican voters used to choose their nominee for President of the United States in the 1988 U.S. presidential election. Incumbent Vice President George H.W. Bush was selected as the nominee through a series of primary elections and caucuses culminating in the 1988 Republican National Convention held from August 15 to August 18, 1988 in New Orleans, Louisiana.

Primary race[edit]

Vice President George H. W. Bush had the support of President Ronald Reagan and pledged to continue Reagan's policies, but also pledged a "kinder and gentler nation"[1] in an attempt to win over some more moderate voters. Bush faced some prominent challengers for the GOP nomination, despite his front runner status.

At the start of the primary election season in early 1988, televangelist Pat Robertson's campaign was attacked because of a statement he had made about his military service. In his campaign literature, he stated he was a combat Marine who served in the Korean War. Other Marines in his battalion contradicted Robertson's version, claiming he had never spent a day in a combat environment. They asserted that instead of fighting in the war, Robertson's primary responsibility was supplying alcoholic beverages for his officers. (See Education and military service).

Robertson's campaign got off to a strong second-place finish in the Iowa caucuses, ahead of Bush. Robertson did poorly in the subsequent New Hampshire primary, however, and was unable to be competitive once the multiple-state primaries like Super Tuesday began. Robertson ended his campaign before the primaries were finished. His best finish was in Washington, winning the majority of caucus delegates. However, his controversial win has been credited to procedural manipulation by Robertson supporters who delayed final voting until late into the evening when other supporters had gone home. He later spoke at the 1988 Republican National Convention in New Orleans and told his remaining supporters to cast their votes for Bush, who ended up winning the nomination and the election. He then returned to the Christian Broadcasting Network and has remained there as a religious broadcaster.

Bush unexpectedly came in third in the Iowa caucus (that he had won back in 1980), behind the winner Senator Bob Dole, and Robertson. Dole was also leading in the polls of the New Hampshire primary, and the Bush camp responded by running television commercials portraying Dole as a tax raiser, while Governor John H. Sununu stumped for Bush. These efforts enabled the Vice President to defeat Dole and gain crucial momentum. Bittered by his loss in New Hampshire, Dole told Bush directly, on live television that evening, to "stop lying about my record."[2]

Once the multiple-state primaries began, Bush's organizational strength and fundraising lead were impossible for the other candidates to match, and the nomination was his. The Republican party convention was held in New Orleans, Louisiana. Bush was nominated unanimously.

In his acceptance speech, Bush made an energetic pledge, "Read my lips: No new taxes", a comment that would come to haunt him in the 1992 election.

Candidates[edit]

Declined to run[edit]

Notable Endorsements[edit]

George H. W. Bush

Bob Dole

Jack Kemp

Results[edit]

Statewide[edit]

Date State George H.W. Bush Bob Dole Pat Robertson Jack Kemp Pete du Pont
January 14 Michigan 57% 3% 22% 17% 0%
February 4 Hawaii 9% 9% 82% 0% 0%
February 7 Kansas 0% 99% 0% 0% 0%
February 8 Iowa caucus 19% 37% 25% 11% 7%
February 16 New Hampshire 38% 29% 9% 13% 10%
February 18 Nevada 27% 22% 15% 13% 1%
February 23 Minnesota 11% 43% 28% 15% 0%
February 23 South Dakota 19% 55% 20% 5% 1%
February 24 Wyoming 23% 46% 11% 7% 2%
February 28 Maine 64% 8% 14% 2% 0%
March 1 Alaska 24% 20% 49% 7% 0%
March 1 Vermont 49% 39% 5% 4% 2%
March 5 South Carolina 49% 21% 19% 11% 0%
March 8 Alabama 65% 16% 14% 5% 0%
March 8 Arkansas 47% 26% 19% 5% 1%
March 8 Florida 62% 21% 11% 5% 1%
March 8 Georgia 54% 24% 16% 6% 0%
March 8 Kentucky 59% 23% 11% 3% 0%
March 8 Louisiana 58% 18% 18% 5% 1%
March 8 Maryland 53% 32% 6% 6% 1%
March 8 Massachusetts 59% 26% 5% 7% 1%
March 8 Mississippi 66% 17% 13% 3% 0%
March 8 Missouri 42% 41% 11% 4% 0%
March 8 North Carolina 45% 39% 10% 4% 0%
March 8 Oklahoma 37% 36% 21% 5% 0%
March 8 Rhode Island 65% 23% 6% 5% 1%
March 8 Tennessee 60% 22% 13% 4% 0%
March 8 Texas 64% 14% 15% 5% 0%
March 8 Virginia 53% 26% 14% 5% 1%
March 8 Washington 24% 26% 39% 8% 0%
March 15 Illinois 55% 36% 7% 1% 1%
March 29 Connecticut 71% 20% 3% 3% 0%
April 4 Colorado 76% 0% 10% 0% 0%
April 5 Wisconsin 82% 8% 7% 1% 0%
April 26 Pennsylvania 79% 12% 9% 0% 0%
May 3 District of Columbia 88% 7% 4% 0% 0%
May 3 Indiana 80% 10% 7% 3% 0%
May 3 Ohio 81% 12% 7% 0% 0%
May 10 Nebraska 68% 22% 5% 4% 0%
May 10 West Virginia 77% 11% 7% 3% 0%
May 17 Oregon 73% 18% 8% 0% 0%
May 24 Idaho 81% 0% 9% 0% 0%
June 7 California 83% 13% 4% 0% 0%
June 7 Montana 73% 19% 0% 0% 0%
June 7 New Jersey 100% 0% 0% 0% 0%
June 7 New Mexico 78% 10% 6% 0% 0%
June 14 North Dakota 93% 0% 0% 0% 0%

Nationwide[edit]

Popular vote results:[4]

VP Selection[edit]

Bush selected U.S. Senator Dan Quayle of Indiana as his running mate.

Other politicians mentioned as possible GOP V.P. nominees before Quayle was selected included:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "George H.W. Bush: 1988 Republican National Convention Acceptance Address". American Rhetoric. Aug 18, 1988. 
  2. ^ Dillin, John (February 18, 1988). "Even with win, Bush seen to be vulnerable". Christian Science Monitor. p. 1. 
  3. ^ O'Toole, James (30 March 1988). "Dole leaves race, urges keeping GOP in the White House". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Our Campaigns - US President - R Primaries Race - Feb 01, 1988

External links[edit]