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Component City
Baybay City Hall
Baybay City Hall
Motto: A Place of Discovery, Beauty and Serenity
Map of Leyte showing the location of Baybay
Map of Leyte showing the location of Baybay
Baybay is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°41′N 124°48′E / 10.683°N 124.800°E / 10.683; 124.800Coordinates: 10°41′N 124°48′E / 10.683°N 124.800°E / 10.683; 124.800
Country Philippines
Region Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)
Province Leyte
Congr. district 5th district of Leyte
Founded 1620
Incorporated 1910
Cityhood June 16, 2007
Barangays 92
 • Mayor Carmen L. Cari
 • Vice Mayor Michael L. Cari
 • Total 459.34 km2 (177.35 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 102,841
 • Density 220/km2 (580/sq mi)
Demonym Baybayanons
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6521
Dialing code 53
Income class 4th class city, partially urban

Baybay is a component city located on the western coast of the province of Leyte, Philippines. It is bounded by Camotes Sea on the west, Albuera on the north, Inopacan on the south, Burauen, La Paz and MacArthur on the northeast, Javier on the east, and Abuyog and Mahaplag on the southeast.

It has a Type 4 climate, which is generally wet. Its topography is generally mountainous in the eastern portion as it slopes down west towards the shore line. Generally an agricultural city, the common means of livelihood are farming and fishing. Some are engaged in hunting and in forestal activities. The most common crops grown are rice, corn, abaca, root crops, fruits, and vegetables. Various cottage industries can also be found in Baybay such as bamboo and rattan craft, ceramics, dress-making, fiber craft, food preservation, mat weaving, metal craft, Philippine furniture manufacturing and other related activities.

Also, it is the home of the premier university of the Visayas and also in Philippines and one of the leading schools in Southeast Asia on agricultural research, and was called as Resort University, the Visayas State University.

Baybay is a major port on the central west coast of Leyte, Philippines, where ferries leave for Cebu and other islands. It has also the Baybay Public Terminal, which serves routes from Tacloban, Ormoc, Maasin, Manila, Davao City and some other major towns in Leyte, Southern Leyte and Samar provinces.

According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 102,841 people. Also, it is the 2nd largest city after Ormoc City in the province in terms of land area. Before, Baybay was the biggest town in Leyte in terms of population and 2nd in terms of land area, following Abuyog. Covering an area of 46,050 hectares (459.3 km2), Baybay is composed of 92 barangays, 23 of which are in the poblacion, with one barangay jointly located. The remaining 68 are rural barangays.


Baybay is politically subdivided into 92 barangays.[2]

  • Altavista
  • Ambacan
  • Amguhan
  • Ampihanon
  • Balao
  • Banahao
  • Biasong
  • Bidlinan
  • Bitanhuan
  • Bubon
  • Buenavista
  • Bunga
  • Candadam
  • Can-ipa
  • Caridad
  • Ciabu
  • Cogon
  • Gaas
  • Gabas
  • Gacat
  • Guadalupe (Utod)
  • Gubang
  • Hibunawan
  • Higulo-an
  • Hilapnitan
  • Hipusngo
  • Igang
  • Imelda
  • Jaena
  • Kabalasan
  • Kabatuan
  • Kabungaan
  • Kagumay
  • Kambonggan
  • Kansungka
  • Kantagnos
  • Kilim
  • Lintaon
  • Maganhan
  • Mahayahay
  • Mailhi
  • Maitum
  • Makinhas
  • Mapgap
  • Marcos
  • Maslug
  • Matam-is
  • Maybog
  • Maypatag
  • Monterico
  • Monteverde
  • Palhi
  • Pangasugan
  • Pansagan
  • Patag
  • Plaridel
  • Poblacion Zone 1
  • Poblacion Zone 2
  • Poblacion Zone 3
  • Poblacion Zone 4
  • Poblacion Zone 5
  • Poblacion Zone 6
  • Poblacion Zone 7
  • Poblacion Zone 8
  • Poblacion Zone 9
  • Poblacion Zone 10
  • Poblacion Zone 11
  • Poblacion Zone 12
  • Poblacion Zone 13
  • Poblacion Zone 14
  • Poblacion Zone 15
  • Poblacion Zone 16
  • Poblacion Zone 17
  • Poblacion Zone 18
  • Poblacion Zone 19
  • Poblacion Zone 20
  • Poblacion Zone 21
  • Poblacion Zone 22
  • Poblacion Zone 23
  • Pomponan
  • Punta
  • Sabang
  • Sapa
  • San Agustin
  • San Isidro
  • San Juan
  • Sta. Cruz
  • Sto. Rosario (located in poblacion)
  • Villa Mag-aso
  • Villa Solidaridad
  • Zacarito

Local government[edit]

Baybay City Legislative Building and Convention Center.

The executive power of the is vested on the mayor. The Sangguniang Panlungsod or the city council has the legislative power to create city ordinances. It is a unicameral body composed of ten (10) elected councilors and certain numbers of ex officio and sectoral representatives. It is presided by the vice-mayor, the City Mayor and the elected city councilors are elected-at-large every three (3) years.[citation needed] Also, the city has also Regional Trial Court Branch 14 and Municipal Trial Court in Cities whose both located at the city proper in front of the Baybay Legislative Building and Convention Center.

List of former mayors[edit]

"Capitan Municipal" or "Gobernadorcillos" of Baybay during the Spanish Regime:

  • Sr. Capitan Bique
  • Sr. Marcelo Galenzoga
  • Sr. Paulino Avellana
  • Sr. Julian Lacerna
  • Pedro Valenzona
  • Sr. Gregorio Loreto
  • Sr. Bartolome Bartolini
  • Sr. Mariano Prado
  • Sr. Alejandro Avellana
  • Sr. Eustiquio Galenzoga
  • Sr. Juan Galenzoga

Presidentes Municipal:

  • Quirimon V. Alkuino - 1899-1903
  • Domingo Torres - 1904–1905
  • Eriberto A. Loreto - 1906–1907
  • Filemon Mascariñas - 1908–1909
  • Teodoro Prado - 1910–1911
  • Serafin Loreto - 1912–1915
  • Apolinario Tavera - 1916–1919
  • Pedro de Veyra - 1920–1923
  • Lope Montefolka - 1924–1927
  • Pedro de Veyra - 1928–1931
  • Saturnino Abique - 1932–1935

Town Mayors:

  • Serafin Loreto - 1935–1939
  • Juan Baquerfo - 1940–1941
  • Godofredo Modina - 1942–1947
  • Zacarias Pancito - 1948–1949
  • Regino Palermo - 1949–1950
  • Paterno M. Tan - 1951–1959
  • Nello Y. Roa - 1960–1963
  • Eriberto V. Loreto - 1964–1979
  • Jose V. Loreto - 1980–1986
  • Florencio Centino - 1986
  • Marilyn V. de Leon - 1986–1987
  • Rodulfo Torcende - 1987
  • Ma. Cleofe Veloso - 1987
  • Arturo Astorga - 1987
  • Carmen L. Cari - 1988–1995
  • Jose Carlos L. Cari - 1995–2007

City Mayors:

  • Michael L. Cari - 2007 - 2010
  • Carmen Cari - 2010–2013


Population census of Baybay
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 82,281 —    
1995 86,179 +0.87%
2000 95,630 +2.26%
2007 102,526 +0.96%
2010 102,841 +0.11%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Based on the 2007 NCSB report, Baybay registered a total population of 102,526[4] showing an increase of over that of 1990 NSCO report which was established at 82,281. The town has ninety-two (92) barangays. Among the 92 barangays, the poblacion is composed of 23 zones which retained the highest number of 17,391 in population, and 82,289 for the 69 rural barangays. In the latest edition of the CLUP for Baybay, only 10 barangays were identified as urban barangays in accordance with requirements by Philippine National Government.

Urban-Rural Population Distribution

In the year 1990, the urban population of Baybay was 15,034 or 18.27% while the rural population was 67,247 of 81.73% of the total population. The 2000 NCSO population count revealed a population of 17,391 or 17.44% showing a difference of 2,357, which indicates that there is an increase in population. The rural population registered a total of 82,298 or 82.56% of the total population with an increment of 14,941 from that of the 1990 count.

People of Baybay called as Baybayanons or Baybayanos (depending on the usage) which is Cebuano-speaking people. Most of the people are Roman Catholic, almost 90% of the whole population. But, there are also the presence of Baptist and Protestants, and also, Iglesia ni Cristo. Just recently, the presence of Muslims have added the population of the city.


People of Baybay City are mostly Cebuano-speaking Leyteños with some words influenced by Waray-waray language and Boholano dialect. Baybayanon is the language spoken by inhabitants of the original settlements of Baybay City before mass migration of Cebuanos into the area and widely recognized as predating the surrounding Cebuano communities. It is a more representative language reference name than the so-called "Utodnon" or "Waya-waya" since it does not refer to a single barangay but spoken in five barangays namely Guadalupe (Utod), Gabas, Kilim, Patag, and Pangasugan. It is a living language given an ISO 639-3 language code, bvy, and has an approximate 10,000 speakers (2009 J. Lobel). It has been listed by Ethnologue as a dialect of Waray-waray, however, it is distinct from Waray-waray, and is not mutually intelligible. Furthermore, Baybayanon speakers do not consider themselves or their language to be Waray-waray. No published works have argued that Baybayanon is a dialect of Waray-waray; in fact, published works (by Rufino, as well as Lobel's forthcoming dissertation) have specifically referred to this as a distinct language. Other languages spoken by few in the city are Filipino, English, Waray-waray, Spanish, Chinese, etc.


Potpot, the public transportation in the Baybay Poblacion and southern municipalities of Leyte. Potpot in some places in the Philippines is referred to buses. Hilariously, the word "potpot" is referred to this.

Baybay is known as a hub of business and industry for the western coast of Leyte, with a commercial service sector in the city that includes banks, virtual assistance centers, restaurants, cafes, night spots, sports centers, as well as retail and whole-sale stores. The City's Seaside promenade is the most visited, especially at night-time.


Baybay City can be reached by different types of transportation. It is 5 hours from Cebu City over sea, 6 hours from Mindanao (via Bachelor Express) and 20 hours from Manila by passenger vessels. Shipping companies like Lapu-Lapu Shipping Lines services trip from Baybay City to Cebu City with the ferries M/V Rosalia 3, M/V Lapu-lapu Ferry 8, and M/V "Lapu-lapu Ferry 1" while Roble Shipping via M/V "Sacred Stars".

It can also be reached by air from Manila through Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport which is located in Tacloban City. From Tacloban, ride a Public Utility Van and it takes 2 hours or by a BUs which takes 3 hours trip. Also, from Ormoc City, ride a bus and it takes 1 hour trip, same also in Maasin City.


  • Binaybayon Festival - is the City's Festival, is celebrated every 27th day of December (the city fiesta) in honor of the Patroness of Baybay, Our Lady of Immaculate Conception for the blessings that she gave every year. It also depicting the rich history of Baybay and also, showing the main source of livelihood of most Baybayanons like fishing, farming and weaving.
  • Halaran Festival - is celebrated at Brgy. Sto. Rosario every month of October in honor of the Holy Rosary. It also depicting the history of Brgy. Sto. Rosario and also, it shows the main source of livelihood among residents in the place which is fishing, because the barangay itself is resided beside in the seashore.
  • Sirong Festival - is celebrated at Brgy. Pomponan every 13th day of June in honor of Saint Anthony of Padua. Like other festivals in Baybay, it also showing the history of Brgy. Pomponan and its main source of livelihood which is farming.


Visayas State University Administration Building

The City is home to various reputable colleges and universities in the country. The Visayas State University (VSU) is a zonal agricultural university in the Visayas and is one of the country's largest universities in terms of land area. VSU is also one of the premier universities in Southeast Asia in agricultural research. VSU is the only university in the region recognized by the Department of Tourism in the entire Visayas region as a tourist site for its resorts, convention facilities, and most of all its 180-degree view of Mount Pangasugan and the Camotes Sea. It is the only university acknowledged by the Philippine Department of Tourism as a tourist destination because of its diverse flora and fauna bounding the mainland and sea from side to side.

The city is also home to the Franciscan College of the Immaculate Conception (FCIC), a privately owned college maintained and developed by the Sisters of St. Francis of Perpetual Adoration based in Olpe, Germany through the cooperation of the Sisters of St. Francis of Perpetual Adoration in Mishawaka, Indiana, USA.

Tertiary Education[edit]


The Baybay National High School Administration Building. Baybay NHS is the biggest high school in the city (in terms of land area and population) and also the oldest high school in the city because it is founded in 1945.


  • Baybay National High School
  • Baybay City National Night High School
  • Bitanhuan National High School
  • Bunga National High School
  • Caridad National High School
  • Ciabu National High School
  • Plaridel National High School
  • Pomponan National High School
  • Mailhi National High School
  • Makinhas National High School
  • Visayas State University Laboratory High School


All in all, there are 71 elementary schools in the city, 3 are located in the poblacion (including the 2 central schools and the Pres. Carlos P. Garcia Elem. School) while 68 are those in rural areas.


  • Baybay I Central School
  • Baybay II Central School
  • Plaridel Central School
  • Gabas Central School
  • Pres. Carlos P. Garcia Elementary School
  • There are also primary and elementary schools in every barangay within the city.



There are also day care centers in different barangays


  • Western Leyte Provincial Hospital (WLPH)
  • Baybay Doctors' Hospital (BDH)
  • Baybay Rural Health Unit I
  • Baybay Rural Health Unit II
  • Visayas State University Hospital
Baybay sunset in baywalk, May 2012.


Recently Baybay lost its cityhood, along with 15 other cities, after the Supreme Court of the Philippines granted a petition filed by the League of Cities of the Philippines, and declared the cityhood law (RA 9389) which allowed the town to acquire its city status, unconstitutional. The said cities, the court ruled, did not meet the requirements for cityhood.

However, more than a year later, on December 22, 2009, acting on the appeal of the so-called "League of 16 Cities" (of which Baybay is a part of), the Supreme Court reversed its earlier ruling as it ruled that "at the end of the day, the passage of the amendatory law (regarding the criteria for cityhood as set by Congress) is no different from the enactment of a law, i.e., the cityhood laws specifically exempting a particular political subdivision from the criteria earlier mentioned. Congress, in enacting the exempting law/s, effectively decreased the already codified indicators."[5] As such, the cityhood status of Baybay is effectively restored.

But on August 24, 2010, in a 16-page resolution, the Supreme Court reinstated its November 18, 2008, decision striking down the Cityhood laws[6] making Baybay a municipality again.

Voting 7-6, with two justices not taking part, the SC reinstated its Nov. 18, 2008 decision declaring as unconstitutional the Republic Acts (RAs) converting 16 municipalities into cities again.

On February 15, 2011, the supreme court upheld for the 3rd time the cityhood of Baybay and 15 other towns in the Philippines.[7] Baybay is a city again.


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Leyte". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ SC reverses self, upholds creation of 16 cities
  6. ^ SC Reinstates 2008 Decision Voiding 16 Cityhood Laws
  7. ^

External links[edit]